Friday Match 23 2018, Daily News Digest

ifisa

News Comments Today’s main news: Prosper changes pricing. Revolut launches disposable virtual cards. OakNorth reports annual profit. Lufax delays IPO. eToro raises $100M for blockchain development. Today’s main analysis: Isas that pay up to 16%. Today’s thought-provoking articles: Is personal service getting lost in digital? What makes big data BIG? How quantum computing can change financial services. Can the blockchain prevent bank […]

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News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

European Union

International

India

Other

News Summary

United States

Prosper Announces Pricing Changes (Prosper), Rated: AAA

Earlier this week in anticipation of the Fed Rate hike, we discussed Prosper’s approach to portfolio pricing in a rising rate environment. Our goal with rate-setting is to deliver value for both sides of the Prosper platform by providing a fair price for borrowers and a reasonable return for investors.

In order to deliver on this objective, the borrower rates offered in our marketplace must react to rate changes in the economy at large.  Today, the Federal Reserve announced a 25 basis point (bps) increase in the Fed Funds rate.  In light of this development, the rates offered to borrowers through the Prosper platform are being modified.

Pricing Change Impact Simulation

The table below summarizes the simulated impact of the rate increase on the portfolio originated through the Prosper platform in March month-to-date (MTD) 2018.  Overall borrower rates on the platform are increasing by 26 bps.

Source: Prosper

 

Is Personal Service in Fintech Getting Lost Amid the Digital Mindset? (Lend Academy), Rated: AAA

Profitability of digital-only businesses can be astounding because the model is so cost-efficient. Some just don’t want customers with “high maintenance” needs such as human customer support.

The best overall answer is to offer all options. Enable customers to interact solely in a digital way or with live support to guide through the process, answer questions and solve problems. Make it easy to use both, such as Amazon does. Online ordering is usually a breeze. But when a problem or concern arises, they have caring and competent live human beings to help.

Ways To Show That You’re Invested (Or Want To Be) In Human Caring

  1. Check in with your world.
  2. Beat your “human caring” drum.
  3. Extend human touch company-wide.

WHAT MAKES BIG DATA SO … BIG? (AllAboutAlpha), Rated: AAA

A Paper from Citi

A new paper by Citi Business Advisory Services throws a lot of light on where Big Data stands.

The paper argues that due to Big Data, “the innovation seen in systematic trading models over the past decade could accelerate” and (a closely related point) the “differences between what used to represent quantitative versus qualitative research” could disappear.

Not all Roses and Plush Toys, Though

The process by which the new data capabilities and principles get internalized by the swifter funds, those that want to be on the winning side of the arb plays, isn’t a painless one. There are “integration and cultural challenges” that have to be overcome. After all, the experts that an aspiring arbitrageur would hire come from “internet firms, gaming companies, the military” and consumer research. The world of asset management will be new to them, so everyone on the developing teams can “work effectively together.”

2017 Digital Lending Fraud Report (Mitek), Rated: A

The explosive adoption of the digital channel is changing the nature of lending. Consumers are coming to expect the kind of convenience and speed that a digital experience can deliver, and lenders are increasingly looking to oblige. Although many of the consumer benefits of digital lending are clear, certain complications related to fraud arise when lending goes digital. This is a function of the degree of separation and anonymity in the digital lending process. Building on these factors, today’s fraudsters are relying on a diversified playbook of schemes and techniques to commit loan fraud in digital channels, including the use of synthetic identities, volumetric attacks, and technology designed to disguise their digital footprint. In this report, Javelin explores how these issues have come to unfold and the steps that lenders must take if they want to effectively resist this growing epidemic of digital lending fraud.

Key questions discussed in this report:

  • What effect has the use of digital channels had on the lending space?
  • How has fraud changed as a result of lending going digital?
  • What are the technology factors affecting the risk of lending fraud in digital channels?
  • What are the fraud risks specific to each type of loan product?
  • How are different segments of consumers affected by digital lending fraud?
  • What are the steps that FIs and other lenders can take to effectively prevent new account fraud?

Foolishness Versus Fintech: Foolishness Wins Again (Lexology), Rated: A

A recent decision from a federal district court in Colorado, Colorado ex rel. Meade v. Avant, strikes another blow against many of the financial technology firms that are revolutionizing the way consumers and businesses access credit. Joining what is now a line of decisions, the court limited the valid-when-made doctrine, which provides that a loan that is valid when it is made does not become invalid (i.e., usurious) when it is sold or assigned to a third party.

2nd Colo. ‘True Lender’ Case Sent Back To State Court (Law360), Rated: A

A Colorado federal judge ruled Wednesday that the Federal Deposit Insurance Act doesn’t so completely preempt a state financial regulator’s claims against nonbank lender Marlette Funding LLC that they have to be heard in federal court.

U.S. District Judge Philip A. Brimmer remanded the case from Julie Ann Meade, the administrator of Colorado’s Uniform Consumer Credit Code, making it the second such “true lender” action to get kicked back to Denver state court this month.

CFPB handled over 84K debt collection complaints last year: Report (American Banker) Rated: A

In a joint annual report to Congress released Tuesday with the Federal Trade Commission about debt collection practices, the CFPB said it had initiated four enforcement actions last year, had resolved one case and has five others pending related to unlawful debt collection practices.

Acting CFPB Director Mick Mulvaney has indicated that debt collection will be a top priority for the agency. About 26% of consumers with a credit file have debt that is being collected by a third party, the CFPB said.

The CFPB recovered $577,000 in consumer relief from its enforcement actions while $78,800 was paid into the civil penalty fund, which is used to provide relief to eligible consumers who otherwise would not be compensated.

 

United States: Taking Stock Of Washington State’s New Student Education Loan Bill Of Rights (Consumer Protection), Rated: A

On March 14, Governor Jay Inslee of Washington signed the Washington Student Education Loan Bill of Rights. This law had been in the works since 2017 when a report, released by Attorney General Bob Ferguson in December, documented significant disparities across gender, income, age, and race in student loan borrowing and highlighted a handful of the hundreds of complaints the office received from student loan borrowers about their student loan servicers. Providing strong protections for Washington’s more than 730,000 student loan borrowers, whose debt now totals $22.9 billion, the law changes Washington’s regulatory schematic for lenders and servicers operating in the student loan marketplace in the following ways:

  • It creates the position of “Advocate” within the Washington Student Achievement Council to assist student education loan borrowers with student loans, akin to the position off “ombudsman” under proposed and enacted servicing bills in other states.
  • It requires servicers to obtain a license from the DFI.
  • Per this law, all student loan servicers, except those entirely exempt from the statute, are made newly subject to sundry statutory duties.
  • It imposes several requirements on third-parties providing student education and loan modification services.
  • It compels institutions of higher education to send borrower notices regarding financial aid.
  • It calls for the establishment, by rule, of fees sufficient to cover the costs of administering the program that it itself creates.
  • Lastly, the statute provides for a complete exemption for “any person doing business under, and as permitted by, any law of this state or of the United States relating to banks, savings banks, trust companies, savings and loan or building and loan associations, or credit unions.”

Upstate N.Y. popular for millennial home buyers, study says (Rochester Business Journal), Rated: B

Upstate New York is a popular place for millennials to buy houses, according to a national survey by online lender Lending Tree. For home buyers 35 and under, Rochester ranks 16th among the nation’s 100 largest cities for home mortgage requests and offers from borrowers between Feb. 1, 2017, and Feb. 1, 2018.

STUDY: FRESNO SMALL-BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AMONG BEST IN NATION (The Business Journal), Rated: B

LendingTree, an online lending exchange company, released a study listing the best and worst cities for a new small business, and Fresno ranked ninth for best cities to start a new small business.

Ranking at first is Sacramento.

To conduct the study, LendingTree used data from over 80,000 queries submitted by new small-business owners seeking loan offers through their small business loan marketplace to find out where businesses tend to perform the best.

 

Even Financial Announces Expanded Partnership With Credit.com; Will Power Personal Loan Marketplace (Benzinga), Rated: B

Fintech service provider Even Financial has announced an expanded partnership with Credit.com that will make it the sole provider of Credit.com’s personal loan marketplace.

The change will allow Credit.com users to get matched with personal loan offerings that can be pre-approved in real-time without leaving the site thanks to Even’s technology. Previously, users looking for personal loans on the site were referred to individual lender websites.

Roostify Adds Mark McLaughlin as Vice President of Business Development (Business Wire), Rated: B

Roostify today announced the addition of Mark McLaughlin as the company’s Senior Vice President of Business Development. McLaughlin will be responsible for formulating the company’s overall partner strategy, creating a scalable operational model, and further developing an ecosystem of technology partners and strategic alliances.

Citi sets restrictions on gun sales by retail clients (KFGO), Rated: B

Citigroup Inc added restrictions on firearms sales for new retail-sector clients, the Wall Street bank said on Thursday, the strongest move to date by a major U.S. lender following last month’s high school shooting in Florida.

In an emailed statement Citi said it will require those clients only sell firearms to customers who have passed a background check, restrict firearms sales for buyers under 21, and not sell so-called “bump stocks” or high-capacity magazines.

United Kingdom

Revolut launches disposable virtual cards (AltFiNews), Rated: AAA

In an effort to stay one step ahead of the game at all times, digital banking app Revolut is set to launch disposable virtual cards next week to help users of its Premium service protect themselves against online card fraud.

Revolut users will be able to create disposable virtual cards for online purchases in seconds, with card details that automatically regenerate after each transaction. This will also protect users from inconveniences like chargebacks from sites on one-off purchases, as well as preventing fraudsters from tracking bank account information.

The virtual cards will work alongside existing Revolut security features, such as location-based transaction security, the familiar “freeze/unfreeze” physical card ability, as well as being able to disable swipe and contactless payments.

OakNorth becomes first UK digital bank to report annual profit (Financial Times), Rated: AAA

UK based digital bank OakNorth reported an annual profit of $149mn, becoming the first digital bank to do so; in their second year of full operations the bank has seen their loan book triple in size and deposits double in size; Rishi Khosla, OakNorth chief executive, told the Financial Times, “we build them for profit and on strong foundations so as you grow you’re scaling a real business rather than what happens to a lot of fintech where you just keep building for top-line or number of customers, but don’t necessarily have the strongest business model.”

These Isas pay up rates of up to 16%: what’s the catch? (Which? News), Rated: AAA

See the table below to see what Ifisas are on the market, what industry they invest into, the minimum investment amount and what kind of returns you can expect.

Source: Which? News

Among the highest rates, FundingSecure offers up to 16% on investments from £25. However, as a peer-to-peer ‘pawnbroking platform’ borrowers are looking for urgent loans to be given within 24 hours, which are secured against their assets. Borrowers are not required to pass any credit checks. Ablrate offers variable rates up to 16%, but they’re set by the borrower and you have to decide if the return is worth the risk. Past funded loans include units for a film studio, a waste management company and a modular building company.

Where else can I find high interest rates? They may not offer 16% interest, but there are a number of current accounts that pay up to 5% – and they don’t come with the associated risks of a Ifisa.

  • Nationwide’s FlexDirect account offers 5% AER on balances up to £2,500 when you pay in at least £1,000 a month. This is only for the first 12 months, however.
  • The TSB Plus account offers 3% AER on funds up to £1,500 as long as £500 is paid in each month and you register for online and paperless banking. There’s also the opportunity to earn up to £10 cashback a month, for a limited time.
  • The Tesco Bank current account also offers 3% AER on balances up to £3,000. You need to pay in £750 a month and set up at least three direct debits.

Tide gets FCA-authorised, launches new card and integrations (AltFiNews), Rated: A

From today, digital business bank Tide has been authorised by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) as an electronic money institution (EMI), which according to Bevis will give Tide “the option to access the same banking infrastructure as older banks”. Since the bank launched last January, 1 in 12 of all business accounts opened in the UK has been with Tide.

Now managing the accounts of over 30,000 businesses, Tide has today also launched a new vertical card and updated app design, and an integration with online accounting provider FreeAgent, which will automatically upload Tide transaction data into the software for easy expenses tracking.

Tide’s recent partnership with iwoca for business lending is also proving fruitful, with the fastest rate of service from first click to credit in the user’s account sitting at 6 minutes and 1 second.

China could snatch the crown of fintech capital, Britain is warned (The Times), Rated: B

Mark Tucker, chairman of HSBC, Britain’s largest bank, and Nigel Wilson, chief executive of Legal & General, the insurer, said that there was no room for complacency in Britain’s so-called fintech industry.

Philip Hammond, the chancellor, told an industry conference yesterday that the UK was the “global capital of fintech” and that the emerging industry contributes £7 billion to the economy.

China

Lufax Delays IPO Amid Regulatory Crackdown (Financial Times), Rated: AAA

One of China’s largest online lenders has shelved their IPO because of the regulatory crackdown on online lending; the FT reports that Lufax is waiting until the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) required online lenders to apply for a license; the current thinking is the government will approve licenses in April, though the time frame could be a bit longer; Lufax wants to ensure they get it right instead of rushing to be first.

Small Business Confidence in Mainland China Booms, Driven by Technology, E-commerce and Social Media (Markets Insider), Rated: A

Seventy-eight per cent of small businesses in Mainland China expect to grow in 2018 and 97.5 per cent of small business are confident that the local economy will remain the same or improve in the next 12 months. These are the best survey results for MainlandChina since 2014.

“The high rates of technology use among Mainland China’s small businesses is one of the key drivers of growth, with over 80 per cent of businesses in Mainland China earning more than 10 per cent of revenue from online sales — ranking MainlandChina at the top of the surveyed markets.

European Union

Will PSD2 Open up New B2B Lending Opportunities? (Payments Journal), Rated: A

This referenced posted blog is a good question and likely the answer is ‘yes’, but also we need to wait and see how effective.  Since PSD2 is a legal imperative, one key question posed by the author is whether or not end user companies (the client buying or using a particular financial services product) wishes to share actual bank or account data with the 3rd party vendors for which API-based sharing was designed to assist.

‘When it comes to new services around B2B and working capital, I believe like any good market hypotheses to test, we need to understand a basic question when it comes to corporates – will they provide third party vendors this access?   I don’t know the answer to that question, but I do know it comes down to trust and value proposition.  Certainly making sure vendors have the security around your bank data will be important in this age of constant hacking threats’. 

Cerberus Capital Management Appoints Roberto Nicastro as Senior Advisor in Europe (PR Newswire), Rated: B

Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. and its affiliates (“Cerberus”), a global leader in alternative investing, announced today that Roberto Nicastro has become a Senior Advisor to the firm. In this role, Mr. Nicastro will consult with Cerberus as it continues its focus on investment opportunities and strategic partnerships in the European financial services sector.

International

eToro raises $ 100m Series E to fund blockchain effort (AltFiNews), Rated AAA

The raise is set to support eToro’s expansion as it heads into new markets, and continued research and development of blockchain technology and digital assets. The round brings the platform’s total capital raised to $162m, following a signficant period of growth for the business driven in part by its foray into cryptocurrency investments.

eToro added Stellar as its eighth cryptocurrency asset listed on its Crypto Copyfund in February, joining fellow cryptos Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, Ethereuem and Ripple amongst others. The trader launched its Crypto Copyfund in July 2017, which uses CFDs to enable investors to diversify across all available cryptocurrencies (weighted by market cap) with just one click.

How quantum will change everything (including banking, money and security) (The Financier), Rated: AAA

Basically, a quantum computer doesn’t work with bits but with qubits using particles that can be in superposition (two or more quantum states added together to create another state). This is why particles can take on the value 0, or 1, or both simultaneously. The reason that this is important is that it will allow computers to process and store far more information with far less energy and far more speed than current state computers. For example, in 2016, a team of Google and Nasa scientists found a quantum computer was 100 million times faster than a conventional computer. Elsewhere, in a step towards quantum computing, researchers have guided electrons through semiconductors using incredibly short pulses of light. These extremely short, configurable pulses of light could lead to computers that operate 100,000 times faster than they do today.

This is important in banking because it could displace blockchain, ledger and digital identity developments within a decade. This is because the quantum internet would excel at sending information securely through what is known as quantum encryption. This technology enables banks and businesses to be able to send “unhackable” data over a quantum network. This is because quantum cryptography uses a mechanic called quantum key distribution (QKD), which means an encrypted message and its keys are sent separately. Tampering with such a message causes it to be automatically destroyed, with both the sender and the receiver notified of the situation.

Australia/New Zealand

Cash, crypto and crowdlending: meet New Zealand’s rising FinTech future (The Spinoff), Rated: A

It’s this hassle that Hnry (pronounced ‘Henry’) wants to help resolve, doing away with the need for spreadsheets, software and even costly accountants. Whether it’s income tax, GST, ACC or student loan repayments, Hnry will calculate and pay all of these for you. Same goes for your tax returns, which Hnry will complete on your behalf. It’ll also handle all your invoices, regardless of whether you work for a single client or multiple clients at the same time.

Source: the Spinoff

Jrny

Born from a desire to change how enterprise companies and individuals interact with one another, Jrny uses AI and conversational interfaces to create more relevant, two-way channels of communication. Jrny allows businesses to handle thousands of messages instantly in an effort to build a closer relationship between company and customer.

India

Could blockchain tech help prevent bank fraud? (American Banker), Rated: AAA

A massive fraud that cost India’s second-largest bank at least $2 billion is highlighting concerns about vulnerabilities in institutions’ internal controls and spurring some to claim that blockchain could have prevented the crime.

In a recent incident at Punjab National Bank, a deputy branch manager and his subordinate allegedly falsified 150 letters of undertaking directing other banks to give loans to a group of jewelry companies, with PNB providing surety for those letters. Virtually all of them defaulted, causing PNB to be on the hook.

What made the fraud so difficult to detect was that, as far as its internal systems were concerned, the transactions didn’t exist. The letters of undertaking were sent using the Swift network, but none were recorded on PNB’s internal record-keeping software, which wasn’t linked to the Swift system.

Source: American Banker

That’s why some are arguing that bockchain, or distributed ledger technology, could have prevented the fraud. Because immutable records are kept on a decentralized database that multiple parties can view, it’s possible that the fraud either wouldn’t have happened or could have been detected sooner.

Now here’s a crypto bank you can grow with (The Economic Times), Rated: A

In this virtual bank, your savings are stored in crypto format on a blockchain, and instead of interest on your savings, you get a virtual share in the revenue of the bank.

This is an unconventional concept developed by Mumbai-based entrepreneurs Varun Deshpande, Ratnesh Ray and Siddharth Verma, whose product Nuo Bank went live this week.

Afica

Naspers To Sell $ 10bn Tencent Shares To Invest In Fintech (Forbes), Rated: AAA

Naspers, the most valuable listed company in Africa, will be selling $10-billion of its shares of Chinese messaging giant Tencent to invest in fintech, classified and online food delivery businesses.

Naspers announced it will sell up to 190-million Tencent Holdings Limited shares, or  2% of Tencent’s total issued share capital. Naspers is reducing its stake in the maker of WeChat and QQ – which is worth an estimated $545-billion – from 33,2% to 31,2%.

Canada

Royal Bank of Canada Launches API Developer Portal (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

On Tuesday, the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) announced it has opened its very own API developer platform. According to the bank, the RBC Developers platform will allow eligible external software developers, industry “innovators,” and clients to access select RBC APIs. While sharing more details about the platform, Sumit Oberai, Senior Vice President of Digital Technology at RBC, stated: “Across other industries we’ve seen the transformational effects of APIs. By providing external developers, industry innovators, and clients with access to select RBC APIs, we have the opportunity to increase connectivity, create new tools and experience for clients, and enable open and innovative collaboration to improve the future of banking.”

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

Friday March 16 2018, Daily News Digest

Friday March 16 2018, Daily News Digest

News Comments Today’s main news: SoFi CEO’s top 3 things to focus on. KBRA assigns prelim ratings to Prosper Marketplace Issuance Trust, Series 2018-1. Funding Circle fund dividend in line with target. Assetz Capital secures new funding. Experian acquires ClearScore. Today’s main analysis: Credit analysis and valuation methods for MPL. (A MUST-READ) Today’s thought-provoking articles: Top 5 trends of institutional […]

Friday March 16 2018, Daily News Digest

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

European Union

International

Other

News Summary

United States

New SoFi CEO Anthony Noto on the 3 things his fintech company must do to outpace competition (CNBC), Rated: AAA

“First, we have to have the best selection — and not just selection of each product, but variations of those products,” Noto said. “Second, we have to provide unmatched convenience. Anytime, anywhere, on any device, you should be able to access all of your financial information, do any activity that you want across the broad spectrum of products that we’ll launch over time.”

Noto’s third initiative for the company — which helps its “members,” or customers, refinance student and mortgage loans, take out personal loans and even get career advice — had to do with speed.

KBRA Assigns Preliminary Ratings to Prosper Marketplace Issuance Trust, Series 2018-1 (BusinessWire), Rated: AAA

Kroll Bond Rating Agency (KBRA) assigns preliminary ratings to four classes of notes issued by Prosper Marketplace Lending Issuance Trust 2018-1 (“PMIT 2018-1”). This is a $647.5 million consumer loan ABS transaction.

Preliminary Ratings Assigned: Prosper Marketplace Issuance Trust, Series 2018-1

Class Preliminary Rating Expected Initial Class Principal
A A+ (sf) $387,800,000
B BBB (sf) $112,000,000
C BB (sf) $79,450,000
D B+ (sf) $68,250,000

Credit Analysis and Valuation Methods for Marketplace Lending Loan Portfolios (Lend Academy), Rated: AAA

As Marketplace lenders continue to lend at a fast pace, there has been a significant increase in the past several years in non-bank consumer, student and small business lending.

1. What are the most prevalent methods of valuing loan portfolios today?

Discounted cashflow (DCF) methodology at the loan or cohort level is the most prevalent valuation methodology used today to value marketplace loan portfolios and related assets, including tranches in securitizations and servicing rights, regardless of the lending vertical.

2. Are valuation methods standardized? If not, why not? How does this lack of a valuation standard affect investors?

Marketplace lending is a fragmented space, and it is also diverse, with innovative forms of underwriting and funding methods being deployed.

3. How do loan valuation methods differ across lending verticals?

Marketplace lending verticals cover a wide spectrum of product, ranging from $500 installment loans, to $100,000 merchant cash advances (MCAs) made to small businesses, to sub-650 FICO unsecured consumer loans to credit impaired borrowers, to student loans extended to borrowers in medical school with high future earning potential. Thus, any methodology that falls short of incorporating all impactful data to project full cashflows does not do justice to the portfolio. In essence, the assumptions used in the DCF are based on loan characteristics that have the biggest impact on prepayment, default, and recovery behavior. These loan characteristics depend on the asset class but often include underwritten payment schedule (e.g. 36 months amortizing term, 60 months amortizing term, daily pay MCA, etc.) credit metrics (e.g. FICO bands, platform ratings, repeat borrower flags), loan size (e.g. <$5K, $20-$30K, etc.), note rate, and more. These assumptions then feed into the DCF model to project principal and interest cashflows generated from the loan portfolio, incorporating prepayments and defaults, net of recoveries.

7. What about the secondary market? How are deals priced relative to what valuation methods tell us they should be priced? How do valuation analysts obtain information about private sales of loans? In the securitization market is there a valuation standard? How are these deals priced relative to the valuation of the underlying loans?

While many new platforms have started originating in the past few years, several lenders have been originating loans since early 2010s, albeit initially at lower volumes. Data on these loans has been normalized and made available for analysis by firms such as PeerIQ and dv01. More established lenders have returned to securitization markets as issuers with sizeable deals.

The Top 5 Trends of Institutional Investors Allocating Capital to Marketplace Lending (Lendit), Rated: AAA

The types of institutional investors allocating to the marketplace lending asset class has changed dramatically, from mostly family offices and fund of funds about five years ago to institutional investors such as pensions, endowments and sovereign wealth funds today.

It is a big shift from what the typical fund used to look like just a few years ago, which:

  1. only purchased loans from origination platforms
  2. invested only in consumer loans
  3. invested in loans only from the largest platforms such as Prosper and Lending Club
  4. used a credit model to purchase only select loans from the platforms (active buying versus passively buying)
  5. offered only one fund to allocators

The expansion of institutional investors has ushered in higher investment standards for this asset class which now require a very high level of portfolio management expertise, risk management oversight and robust operational infrastructure before making an allocation.

As a result, these allocators and investors have generally shifted investment activity towards the top five trends:

  1. investing through a combination of loans, securitizations and warehouse lines of credit
  2. investing in multiple sub-asset classes
  3. using both well established and newer origination platforms
  4. investing both actively and passively from platform
  5. investing through multiple sub-asset class funds

Marketplace Lending Update: Who’s My Lender? (Lexology), Rated: A

Over the last several weeks, two notable cases in federal court challenging certain aspects of the business model of marketplace lending companies headed down separate paths. First, in an action brought against Kabbage, Inc. and Celtic Bank Corporation in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts,1 the parties agreed to, and the Court approved, a stipulation staying the proceedings pending an arbitrator’s review of whether the claims in that action are covered by the arbitration provisions in the governing loan agreements. Second, in an action against marketplace lender Avant in the United States District Court for the District of Colorado,2 the Court accepted a magistrate judge’s recommendation to remand the case to state court over Avant’s objection.

Online lender’s new target: Small businesses waiting to get paid (American Banker), Rated: A

According to Fundbox, it takes the average small business 21 days to get paid, 81% of small- business invoices are 30 days past due, and the value of small businesses’ unpaid invoices is $825 billion — which is equivalent to 5% of U.S. GDP.

Source: Fundbox

Fundbox’s underwriting software pulls data from accounting systems, invoicing systems, payments (e.g. screen scraping from PayPal), public records, web interactions, social networks and tax returns. It uses artificial intelligence to assess the creditworthiness of the company and can render a credit decision in minutes based on the business’s incoming and outgoing invoices. Borrowers pay by the week for whatever credit they use.

Using the new Fundbox Pay product, a small business that has provided a product or service (a lawyer, say, or a construction company) puts in a request for payment and gets paid immediately by Fundbox. The seller pays a 2.9% transaction fee, in return for immediate cash flow and not having to worry about the buyer defaulting.

Even Financial Expands Partnership with Credit.com (Credit.com), Rated: A

Even Financial, the technology platform powering financial services online, has expanded its strategic partnership with Credit.com, a go-to source for expert information about credit scoring, credit reporting, credit cards and personal finance. Even Financial will now power Credit.com’s personal loans marketplace, as well as its related content tools.

With this expanded partnership, Credit.com will provide its users access with a native, personalized and optimized loan matching experience, powered by Even Financial’s proprietary technology. Even’s technology utilizes machine learning, big data and an extensive network of touchpoints and financial products to provide a personalized experience.

Consumer Capital Files For $ 40 Million Nasdaq IPO (Seeking Alpha), Rated: A

Consumer Capital Group (OTCQB:CCGN) intends to sell shares of its common stock for gross proceeds of $40 million from a U.S. IPO, according to an S-1 registration statement.

The firm aims to become a one-stop shop that focuses on lending service for micro, small-to-medium sized enterprises (“SMEs”) in China. The company is specifically engaged with micro financing services and financial advisory services, operating through the subsidiary Arki E-Commerce, and VIE, Arki Network.

Digital Assets Data Raises Seed Funding Round (Finsmes), Rated: B

Digital Assets Data, a NYC-based fintech startup, raised a seed funding round of undisclosed amount.

Vestigo Ventures, an early-stage venture capital firm focused on fintech, made the investment. In conjunction with the funding, Mark Casady, general partner of Vestigo Ventures, will serve on Digital Assets Data’s Advisory Board.

 

United Kingdom

Funding Circle fund announces on target dividend (AltFiNews), Rated: AAA

The £311m Funding Circle SME Income fund has revealed its latest dividend of 1.625p per share, in line with its forecast rate.

Its eighth pay-out and seventh at the same level – it’s first was 1p, the latest dividend will be paid on 30 April 2018 to shareholders on the register as at the close of business on 23 March 2018 (the record date) and the corresponding ex-dividend date will be 22 March 2018.

Assetz Capital secures new line of institutional funding (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

ASSETZ Capital has secured a new line of institutional funding that it says will widen its scope and scale of lending.

The peer-to-peer lender said the unnamed institutional investor was part of a $100bn (£71.5bn) global multi-asset manager and would provide funding dedicated to the residential property bridging, refurbishment and conversion markets.

Monzo adds investments and peer-to-peer lending to its marketplace (AltFiNews), Rated: A

In an update to its first release, Monzo has added a new category to its marketplace beta: investments.

Source: AltFi

AltFi can now reveal that users on the beta are able to access digital wealth investment accounts from Scalable CapitalWealthifyWealthsimple and WiseAlpha, peer-to-peer lending accounts with Zopa, and property-backed investments with Bricklane.com and Octopus Choice.

Challenger banks are edging ahead of the high street on savings (AltFiNews), Rated: A

Challenger banks like OakNorth, Masthaven, Aldermore and Axis Bank are coming out ahead of the game by offering savings rates more than 1 per cent higher than the average offered by high street incumbents.

New research conducted by fellow challenger Gatehouse Bank revealed today that the average one year fixed-term deposit account offered by UK challengers pays 1.82 per cent on average in interest returns, compared to 0.63 per cent by high street competitors.

Likewise, the average 2 year fixed-term deposit account at a challenger bank pays 1.29 per cent more than the high street, coming in at 2.05 per cent on average compared to only 0.76 per cent from incumbents.

Source AltFi

 

Experienced bankers are moving into alternative finance sector (London School of Business & Finance), Rated: A

Experienced bankers are moving into the alternative finance sector, creating an ideal environment for SMEs seeking finance, according to alternative finance provider ThinCats.

The shift towards digital banking was highlighted in a 2016 study from the Federation of Small Businesses, with 1,500 towns being without bank branches as banks aim to direct their customers towards digital banking.

Whilst more than 90 per cent of small businesses use internet banking, face-to-face services are still valuable to businesses when it comes to making decisions regarding the future of their company and obtaining finance.

SMEs becoming more aware of P2P lending (Peer2Peer Finance), Rated: A

The latest SME Finance Monitor, from insight agency BDRC, shows 32 per cent of the 130,000 firms interviewed were aware of P2P lending in the fourth quarter of 2017 .

When combined with crowdfunding, awareness of these forms of finance was 46 per cent. This was up from 36 per cent at the start of 2017.

Larger SMEs tend to be more aware of P2P, the research shows, with 48 per cent of firms with 50 to 249 employees familiar with the sector, compared with just 32 per cent of one-man bands and 31 per cent of those with fewer than 10 members of staff.

 

 

P2P platform sees strong growth in investors (AltFiNews), Rated: A

P2P lending platform Lendy has grown its investor base to 20,000 in the past year, according to a statement by the firm, representing a more than 50 per cent increase.

The secured property lender has seen strong demand in particular from investors under 40 years of age. It had 13,000 investors in total a year ago, it says. Investors aged below 40 now represent 50 per cent of the property platform’s investor base.

Investors, Lendy adds, have now received more than £37m in interest from Lendy loans since inception in 2012, up from £16m at the end of 2016.

Lenders warned against selling products to vulnerable consumers (Peer2Peer Finance News), Rated: B

In a speech to the Credit Summit on Thursday, Jonathan Davidson, executive director of supervision – retail and authorisations at the FCA, said there are worrying numbers of households who are too deeply in debt.

He said one in five mortgages today are interest-only mortgages, many of which were made at the height of the credit boom to borrowers with little equity in their homes and not a lot of disposable income. These mortgages will not mature until about 2032.

He said the £14.8m fine paid by rent-to-own firm BrightHouse last year shows how seriously the regulator takes the issue.

On a more positive note, Davidson reassured the industry that consumer debt in the UK has not reached levels that are likely to be harmful to lenders.

He also said there has been progress by the sector in addressing conduct issues and that “by and large you do a good job for us, your customers”.

European Union

Revolut adds direct debits in Europe (Tech Crunch) Rated: AAA

Fintech startup Revolut is slowly making traditional bank accounts irrelevant. The company is adding direct debits in EUR to make it easier to pay for utilities and subscription services.

The Top Three Irish Startups to Watch Out For This St. Patrick’s Day (Red Herring), Rated: A

Mingo

Backed to the tune of €650m ($800m) Mingo has clearly impressed more than a few crypto-noobs. Its versatility and learning curve should ensure it stays ahead of the crowd heading past St. Pat’s into the 2018 summer.

Flender

The company already has dozens of success stories to tell since its 2014 foundation – including itself, which has raised $1.5m to date.

“We’re addressing two markets across two countries with Flender: business lending and consumer lending in the UK and Ireland – an established market currently worth £2.5bn ($3.46bn) per annum,” co-founder and sales director Oli Cavanagh recently told Silicon Republic.

International

PayPal CEO sees international potential as countries like India skip over legacy fintech (CNBC), Rated: AAA

For PayPal CEO Dan Schulman, the main driver of his company’s gains to date has been “the digitization of cash.”

With 227 million subscribers, 65 percent of whom reside outside of North America, PayPal has seized on this “explosion” of digital payments around the world, Schulman said.

In its latest quarter, PayPal added 8.6 million net new active users, a record since Schulman joined the payment processing giant as president and CEO in 2014.

With over 50 percent of its revenues coming from outside North America, PayPal has started to leverage its international ecosystem to benefit small businesses in the United States as well, the CEO said.

“In North America, … only 5 percent of small businesses export internationally. Eighty percent of small businesses on PayPal in the U.S. export internationally,” Schulman said.

Experian Acquires ClearScore for $ 385 Million (Finovate), Rated: AAA

About a year after Experian received authorization from the U.K.’s FCA, the company has made further inroads into the nation with the acquisition of U.K.-based ClearScore. The deal is anticipated to close for $385 million (£275 million).

Founded in 2014, ClearScore has onboarded 6 million members in the U.K. through its free membership model. The company matches individuals to personal financial products, offers free credit reports, and provides financial education.  The company is projected to generate $55 million in revenue in 2018, a 50% increase over what it earned in 2017.

Debitum Network (DEB) gets listed on KuCoin (Crypto Insider), Rated: A

Debitum is a borderless, small business financing network that seeks to revolutionize the alternative finance industry to enable more small to medium businesses to obtain loans in situations that may previously have been difficult, time consuming, or outright impossible.

According to a review by the World Bank, although SMEs’ more than 2/3rds of SMEs do not have access to credit. Over recent years alternative financing via peer-to-peer lending, crowdfunding, balance-sheet lending, invoice trading (loans backed by account receivables) and VAT financing, has served to assist financing for SMEs, however no single solution encompasses all fields of business.

As a result, the global credit gap still stands at a whopping $2 trillion, accounted by the World Bank Organization and the IFC.

Singapore and Lithuania agree fintech collaboration deal (Finextra), Rated: B

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) and the Bank of Lithuania have agreed to work together to support the development of the FinTech ecosystems and encourage greater financial innovation in the two countries.

The FinTech Co-operation Agreement between the two countries was signed on the sidelines of the Money 20/20 Asia conference in Singapore today.

Australia/New Zealand

Guidance For Crowdfunding And Peer- to-Peer Lending Published (Proshare), Rated: AAA

FMA today published guidance on fair dealing in advertising and communications for licensed crowdfunding services, peer-to-peer lenders and the companies that offer financial products on these platforms.

The fair dealing provisions of the Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013 ban:

  • misleading and deceptive conduct
  • false or misleading representations
  • unsubstantiated representations
  • offers of financial products in the course of unsolicited meetings.
Asia

Securities Commission to push ahead with digital agenda (New Straits Times), Rated: AAA

The Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) and Bank Negara Malaysia established Brokerage Industry Digitisation Group (BRIDGe) yesterday, a joint working group between the regulators and industry to accelerate digitisation of the stockbroking industry.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

What Led to the Think Finance Bankruptcy?

Think Finance

Post-2008 financial crisis, the alternative lending industry flourished providing access to quick funds to individuals and SMEs left in the lurch by their banks. Behind it’s unprecedented growth was also a weak regulatory framework and a risky business plan that sometimes involved circumventing states’ usury laws. Think Finance is the latest addition to the list […]

Think Finance

Post-2008 financial crisis, the alternative lending industry flourished providing access to quick funds to individuals and SMEs left in the lurch by their banks. Behind it’s unprecedented growth was also a weak regulatory framework and a risky business plan that sometimes involved circumventing states’ usury laws. Think Finance is the latest addition to the list of high-flying fintech startups that got crushed due to their inability to navigate lending laws and/or placate their principal backers over their performance.

Introduction

Think Finance was started in 2001 by Ken Rees in Fort Worth, Texas. It raised $60 million in venture capital from Sequoia Capital and others, and secured a $90 million credit facility from Victory Park Capital Advisors in 2010.

Think Finance is an online provider of software technology, analytics, loan servicing, and marketing services. Working with other companies, the offer and service lines of credit and installment loans over the internet throughout the United States. In 2013, with revenues of over $500 million, Think Finance was ranked #2 on the Forbes list of America’s Most Promising Companies. In 2014, the company did a strategic restructuring, resulting in the spinoff of a new independent company called Elevate, which became a five-time honoree on the Inc. 5000 List of Fastest Growing Companies (2010-2015).

Founder and CEO

Think Finance founder and former CEO Ken Rees is a serial entrepreneur, innovator, and veteran of the financial services industry. In 2001, he founded CashWorks Inc., a non-bank financial technology company in Dallas, served as CEO and president, and, in 2014, sold it to GE. After that, he founded Payday, one of the first online payday lenders. He moved on to head Elevate after the restructuring. Martin Wong, a financial industry veteran, with stints in Citigroup, Western Union, and Cigna, now leads the company.

Trouble in the “Think Finance” Paradise: Filing for Bankruptcy

Privately held Think Finance and five affiliated debtors filed for Chapter 11 protection with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in the Northern District of Texas, lead case number 17-33964, on October 23, 2017. The company is represented by Gregory G. Hesse of Hunton & Williams.

According to documents filed with the court, “While Think Finance had intended to leverage its successful track-record and explore opportunities for continued growth and innovation in the fast-moving fintech industry, it has been forced to seek bankruptcy protection because of a liquidity crisis caused by hedge fund Victory Park Capital Advisors, LLC (‘Victory Park’). Victory Park has caused GPL Servicing, Ltd. (‘GPLS’) – an entity that owes Think Finance and its subsidiaries tens of millions of dollars – to stop paying Think Finance for its services and Victory Park has raided GPLS’s bank accounts. The scheduled payments from GPLS that Victory Park has intercepted represent a major component of Think Finance’s near-term cash flow. Without these funds, Think Finance soon could be forced to cease or substantially curtail its operations.”

Think Finance’s Chapter 11 petition indicates total assets greater than $100 million.

The debtors intend to continue in the possession of their respective properties and the management of their respective businesses as debtors in possession pursuant to sections 1107 and 1108 of the Bankruptcy Code.

What Caused This Meltdown?

Think Finance has been accused of being a predatory lender in multiple federal lawsuits. Along with the Chicago Hedge Fund, Victory Park Capital Advisors, the company was alleged to be running a “rent-a-tribe” scheme under which they were running investors’ money through a web of shell companies to make it look like legally-exempt Native Americans are making short-term, high-interest loans to needy borrowers.

Many lenders have used Native Tribes to dodge the usury law. The law targets the practice of charging excessively high rates on loans by setting caps on the maximum amount of interest that can be levied. But trouble brewed when Victory Park cut off Think Finance’s access to funds. Pennsylvania Attorney General has accused both of being active participants in this scheme.

Both parties are contesting the case on the grounds they do not fall under the scope of a “lender.” Think Finance is portraying itself as a financial technology provider, and Victory Park stated it merely provided money through “commercial transactions” that was used to make the online loans. Bankruptcy should help clear the air on how these transactions were actually structured. But for now, the company’s future looks bleak.

Final Nail? CFPB Sues Think Finance

“We are suing Think Finance for deceiving consumers into repaying loans they did not legally owe,” said Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) Director Richard Cordray. “Think Finance wrongly took money from people’s bank accounts, so we are seeking relief for consumers and a civil money penalty.”

The two main grounds for these accusations against Think Finance are:

  1. Think Finance allegedly conned consumers into making payments for a debt they did not owe – Usury laws void a loan if the rate charged exceeds the interest rate allowed by the state. Think Finance allegedly duped its customers into paying for the debt even though those loan agreements were void under the state’s usury laws. Moreover, ThinkFinance was allegedly unlicensed in some states thus rendering those loans void, as well.
  2. Think Finance allegedly collected loan payments that consumers did not owe – Think Finance, without the knowledge of its customers, allegedly transferred loan installments electronically from customer bank accounts and allegedly sent letters to customers asking for payments that they were not obligated to pay.

Therefore, the CFPB is seeking monetary relief for consumers, civil money penalties, and injunctive relief, including a prohibition on Think Finance’s collecting on void loans.

Conclusion

It is safe to say that Think Finance is in an extreme legal quagmire. In the bigger scheme of things, this situation throws light on the “shortcuts” used by fintech companies to grow their lending books. Think Finance’s bankruptcy feels like a tip of the iceberg. With regulations getting more stringent, more such cases are expected to pop up in the future.

Authors:

Written by Heena Dhir.

What Led to the Think Finance Bankruptcy?

Think Finance

Post-2008 financial crisis, the alternative lending industry flourished providing access to quick funds to individuals and SMEs left in the lurch by their banks. Behind it’s unprecedented growth was also a weak regulatory framework and a risky business plan that sometimes involved circumventing states’ usury laws. Think Finance is the latest addition to the list […]

Think Finance

Post-2008 financial crisis, the alternative lending industry flourished providing access to quick funds to individuals and SMEs left in the lurch by their banks. Behind it’s unprecedented growth was also a weak regulatory framework and a risky business plan that sometimes involved circumventing states’ usury laws. Think Finance is the latest addition to the list of high-flying fintech startups that got crushed due to their inability to navigate lending laws and/or placate their principal backers over their performance.

Introduction

Think Finance was started in 2001 by Mike Stinson in Fort Worth, Texas. Ken Rees replaced Stinson as CEO in 2004. The company raised $60 million in venture capital from Sequoia Capital and others, and secured a $90 million credit facility from Victory Park Capital Advisors in 2010.

Think Finance is an online provider of software technology, analytics, loan servicing, and marketing services. Working with other companies, the offer and service lines of credit and installment loans over the internet throughout the United States. In 2013, with revenues of over $500 million, Think Finance was ranked #2 on the Forbes list of America’s Most Promising Companies. In 2014, the company did a strategic restructuring, resulting in the spinoff of a new independent company called Elevate, which became a five-time honoree on the Inc. 5000 List of Fastest Growing Companies (2010-2015).

Trouble in the “Think Finance” Paradise: Filing for Bankruptcy

Think Finance former CEO Ken Rees is a serial entrepreneur, innovator, and veteran of the financial services industry. In 2001, he founded CashWorks Inc., a non-bank financial technology company in Dallas, served as CEO and president, and, in 2004, sold it to GE. After that, he founded Payday, one of the first online payday lenders. He moved on to head Elevate after the restructuring. Martin Wong, a financial industry veteran, with stints in Citigroup, Western Union, and Cigna, now leads the company.

Privately held Think Finance and five affiliated debtors filed for Chapter 11 protection with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in the Northern District of Texas, lead case number 17-33964, on October 23, 2017. The company is represented by Gregory G. Hesse of Hunton & Williams.

According to documents filed with the court, “While Think Finance had intended to leverage its successful track-record and explore opportunities for continued growth and innovation in the fast-moving fintech industry, it has been forced to seek bankruptcy protection because of a liquidity crisis caused by hedge fund Victory Park Capital Advisors, LLC (‘Victory Park’). Victory Park has caused GPL Servicing, Ltd. (‘GPLS’) – an entity that owes Think Finance and its subsidiaries tens of millions of dollars – to stop paying Think Finance for its services and Victory Park has raided GPLS’s bank accounts. The scheduled payments from GPLS that Victory Park has intercepted represent a major component of Think Finance’s near-term cash flow. Without these funds, Think Finance soon could be forced to cease or substantially curtail its operations.”

Think Finance’s Chapter 11 petition indicates total assets greater than $100 million.

The debtors intend to continue in the possession of their respective properties and the management of their respective businesses as debtors in possession pursuant to sections 1107 and 1108 of the Bankruptcy Code.

What Caused This Meltdown?

Think Finance has been accused of being a predatory lender in multiple federal lawsuits. Along with the Chicago Hedge Fund, Victory Park Capital Advisors, the company was alleged to be running a “rent-a-tribe” scheme under which they were running investors’ money through a web of shell companies to make it look like legally-exempt Native Americans are making short-term, high-interest loans to needy borrowers.

Many lenders have used Native Tribes to dodge the usury law. The law targets the practice of charging excessively high rates on loans by setting caps on the maximum amount of interest that can be levied. But trouble brewed when Victory Park cut off Think Finance’s access to funds. Pennsylvania Attorney General has accused both of being active participants in this scheme.

Both parties are contesting the case on the grounds they do not fall under the scope of a “lender.” Think Finance is portraying itself as a financial technology provider, and Victory Park stated it merely provided money through “commercial transactions” that was used to make the online loans. Bankruptcy should help clear the air on how these transactions were actually structured. But for now, the company’s future looks bleak.

Final Nail? CFPB Sues Think Finance

“We are suing Think Finance for deceiving consumers into repaying loans they did not legally owe,” said Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) Director Richard Cordray. “Think Finance wrongly took money from people’s bank accounts, so we are seeking relief for consumers and a civil money penalty.”

The two main grounds for these accusations against Think Finance are:

  1. Think Finance allegedly conned consumers into making payments for a debt they did not owe – Usury laws void a loan if the rate charged exceeds the interest rate allowed by the state. Think Finance allegedly duped its customers into paying for the debt even though those loan agreements were void under the state’s usury laws. Moreover, ThinkFinance was allegedly unlicensed in some states thus rendering those loans void, as well.
  2. Think Finance allegedly collected loan payments that consumers did not owe – Think Finance, without the knowledge of its customers, allegedly transferred loan installments electronically from customer bank accounts and allegedly sent letters to customers asking for payments that they were not obligated to pay.

Therefore, the CFPB is seeking monetary relief for consumers, civil money penalties, and injunctive relief, including a prohibition on Think Finance’s collecting on void loans.

Conclusion

It is safe to say that Think Finance is in an extreme legal quagmire. In the bigger scheme of things, this situation throws light on the “shortcuts” used by fintech companies to grow their lending books. Think Finance’s bankruptcy feels like a tip of the iceberg. With regulations getting more stringent, more such cases are expected to pop up in the future.

Authors:

Written by Heena Dhir.

Friday November 3 2017, Daily News Digest

p2p lending volumes

News Comments Today’s main news: Kabbage sued over true lender doctrine. Orchard to launch online lending industry page on Bloomberg terminal. KBRA assigns preliminary ratings to SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6. DBRS assigns provisional ratings to SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6. RateSetter changes approach to property loan defaults. Lendy breaks another record. MarketInvoice enters business loan market. Today’s main analysis: FT Partners’ […]

p2p lending volumes

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

European Union

International

India

Asia

Africa

News Summary

United States

Small Business Borrower Sues Kabbage (PYMNTS), Rated: AAA

A small business (SMB) in Massachusetts borrowing funds via marketplace lender Kabbage has sued the platform, igniting new debate in the conversation over the definition of a “true lender,” according to reports in the National Law Review on Tuesday (Oct. 31).

The small business that sued the parties is reportedly arguing that Celtic let Kabbage “rent” that bank charter to originate loans with excessive interest rates, despite Kabbage being the “true lender,” because Kabbage, not Celtic, bears the risk of loss. The plaintiffs are using state usury and consumer protection statutes, the publication said, as well as the federal RICO statute and Lanham Act.

Orchard to Launch Online Lending Industry Page on the Bloomberg Terminal (PR Newswire), Rated: AAA

Orchard Platform’s online lending industry data and insights will be made available to Bloomberg terminal subscribers, providing a wealth of information on an asset class that offers a number of potential investment opportunities.

KBRA Assigns Preliminary Ratings to SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6 (BusinessWire), Rated: AAA

Kroll Bond Rating Agency (KBRA) assigns preliminary ratings to three classes of notes issued by SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6 (“SCLP 2017-6”). This is a $591 million consumer loan ABS transaction.

Preliminary Ratings Assigned: SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6

Class Preliminary Rating Initial Class Principal
A-1 AA+ (sf) $315,000,000
A-2 AA+ (sf) $175,000,000
B A (sf) $75,000,000
C BBB (sf) $26,000,000

DBRS Assigns Provisional Ratings to SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6 LLC (DBRS), Rated: AAA

DBRS, Inc. (DBRS) assigned provisional ratings to the following classes of notes issued by SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-6 LLC (SCLP 2017-6):

— $315,000,000 Class A-1 Notes at AA (sf)
— $175,000,000 Class A-2 Notes at AA (sf)
— $75,000,000 Class B Notes at A (sf)
— $26,000,000 Class C Notes at BBB (sf)

FinTechs Taking Larger Share of Personal Loan Market While Increasing Portfolio Risk-Return Performance (Globe Newswire), Rated: AAA

FinTech lenders continue to gain market share in the personal loan space while maintaining their portfolio risk-return performance. Results from TransUnion’s “Fact versus Fiction: FinTech Lenders” study were released today during the Digital Lending + Investing Conference in New York.

To better understand the personal loan market, TransUnion studied unsecured personal loan originations over the past several years, as well as more detailed portfolio performance between 2014 and 2016. The analysis differentiated between those loans issued by banks, credit unions, FinTechs and traditional finance companies to compare performance across lender types. The study found that the balance share of these loans originated by FinTechs had dramatically risen in recent years. At the end of 2016, FinTechs represented 30% of all personal loan balances, up from about 4% in 2012 and less than 1% in 2010. This trend continued through the first six months of 2017, with FinTechs now representing 32% of personal loan balances.

Share of Originated Personal Loan Balances

Timeframe/Lender Banks Credit Unions FinTechs Traditional Finance
2017 (Through June) 29 % 24 % 32 % 15 %
Full year 2016 26 % 23 % 30 % 21 %
Full year 2015 27 % 22 % 28 % 23 %
Full year 2012 35 % 32 % 4 % 29 %

As part of this study, TransUnion developed a coarse risk-return metric*. While loans provided by FinTechs experienced higher delinquencies than competitors, specifically within the lower credit risk tiers, TransUnion’s study found that they generated effective portfolio risk-return ratios that exceeded those of banks and credit unions. As of Q2 2017, FinTechs averaged an 8.7% return compared to 6.7% for banks and 6.3% for credit unions. Traditional finance companies average the highest return at 11.5%.

The study demonstrated how FinTechs focus their originations in the near prime and prime risk tiers.  As of Q4 2016, 59% of FinTech balances originated were in those two risk tiers. This is slightly higher than the 57% rate in Q1 2014.

Personal Loans Continue to Grow

The study also observed general personal loan trends. Personal loan total balances and consumer participation have both grown considerably. As of Q2 2017, 16.1 million consumers possessed a personal loan, compared to 14.8 million in Q2 2016 and 13.1 million in Q2 2015. Just five years ago in Q2 2012, approximately 9.8 million consumers had a personal loan. Total outstanding balances have risen from about $45 billion in Q2 2012 to $106 billion in Q2 2017.

While conventional wisdom holds that personal loan borrowers fall in the subprime risk bucket, TransUnion data through Q2 2017 show that personal loan adoption is greatest in the near prime (26%) and prime and above (49%) risk levels. Subprime constituted only 25% of such loans.

The most recent TransUnion data show that the number of lenders issuing personal loans has decreased in recent years from 7,245 in 2012 to 6,896 in 2015 and 6,680 in 2016. However, the number of lenders issuing large volumes of personal loans (at least 10,000 annually) has nearly doubled in the last 5 years from 68 in 2012 to 128 in 2016.

FT Partners’ CEO Monthly Alternative Lending Market Analysis (FT Partners), Rated: AAA

October was another very active month for the FT Partners team as we announced seven significant FinTech transactions. We are pleased to announce our role advising:

  • Source: FT Partners

    Download the full report here.

    6th Avenue Capital Secures $ 60 Million Commitment For Merchant Cash Advance Funding (AltFi), Rated: A

    6th Avenue Capital, LLC (“6th Avenue Capital”), a provider of small business financing solutions, announced today its securement of a $60 million commitment from a large institutional investor. The investor made their commitment based on 6th Avenue Capital’s industry-leading underwriting, compliance standards and processes. 6th Avenue Capital will draw from this commitment to offer merchant cash advances to small businesses through its nationwide network of Independent Sales Organizations (“ISOs”) and other strategic partnerships, such as banks and small business associations.

    Success of CFPB data-sharing guidance relies on how it is enforced (American Banker), Rated: A

    This month, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau took an important step toward making that potential a reality with its release of consumer-authorized data-sharing and aggregation principles. In the principles, the bureau reiterated consumers’ right to share data, recognizing that connectivity is the underlying magic fueling the consumer fintech revolution. The guidelines will promote innovation, competition and consumer control.

    Data sharing often requires consumers to provide their bank account usernames and passwords to third parties. In the guidance, the CFPB clarified that granting consumers access to their data does not necessarily mean sharing login credentials. At the same time, the bureau made it equally clear that if banks and others want to prevent the sharing of credentials, they need to find another, more secure way to provide access. Both banks and data aggregators should have an incentive to eliminate the use of credentials.

    Third, banking regulators could update their third-party vendor risk management guidelines to clarify the kinds of due diligence banks are required to conduct on parties with whom they share data.

    Elevate Credit Third Quarter 2017 Earnings Release Available on Its Investor Relations Website (CNBC), Rated: A

    Elevate Credit, Inc. (NYSE:ELVT) (“Elevate” or the “Company”), today announced financial results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2017. Elevate has posted its third quarter earnings release to its Investor Relations webpage at 

    Fintech Brokerage Robinhood Launches Spotify-Like Web Platform (Benzinga), Rated: A

    Robinhood, the fintech brokerage that offers commission-free trading through a mobile app, announced Wednesday it’s launching a web platform.

    Bhatt says the web trading platform is primarily geared towards informing people who are interested in investing about the stock market. However, the company faces an interesting product design challenge, in that about half of its users have invested previously on another platform.

    LendingTree Announces Top Customer-Rated Lenders by Loan Product for Q3 2017 (Business Insider), Rated: A

    LendingTree®, the nation’s leading online loan marketplace, today released its quarterly list of the top customer-rated lenders on its network based on actual customer reviews for the third quarter of 2017. The list features the top lenders in multiple loan product categories, including Mortgages, Personal Loans, Business Loans and Auto Loans, all of which are included in LendingTree’s online loan marketplace.

    Mortgage Category

    #1 Winner:
    Busey Bank

    Personal Loans Category

    #1 Winner:
    Best Egg

    Auto Loans Category

    #1 Winner:
    RefiJet

    Online lenders shrug off scandals to increase US market share (Financial Times), Rated: A

    The online lenders set up to upend US retail banking in the wake of the financial crisis are still expanding in spite of scandals and setbacks at some of the biggest names in the business.

    Financial technology groups originated $15bn of personal loans in the first half of the year, according to figures published on Thursday by TransUnion, the credit bureau whose database covers the borrowing habits of 220m consumers.

    That was almost a third of the total US market for new personal loans — a bigger share than banks or credit unions or other traditional consumer finance companies — and compares with just 4 per cent in 2012 and 28 per cent in 2015.

    R3 to take on Ripple with cross-border payments blockchain (American Banker), Rated: A

    R3 is working with 22 of its member banks to build a real-time, cross-border payments solution on Corda, the consortium’s “blockchain inspired” distributed ledger.

    The banks include U.S. Bank, TD Bank, Barclays, BBVA, CIBC, Commerzbank, DNB, HSBC, Intesa, KBC, KB Kookmin Bank, KEB Hana Bank, Natixis, Shinhan Bank and Woori Bank, R3 said Tuesday.

    What type of data is fair in credit models? (American Banker), Rated: A

    It’s long been a mantra in the fintech community: Traditional underwriting models that rely heavily on conventional credit scores leave out people who haven’t built up a credit history. A percentage of these people are creditworthy, but without a history to go on, the credit bureaus haven’t created profiles of them yet.

    To assess whether unscored people can repay loans, lenders are increasingly looking at “alternative data” — information that comes from someplace besides a traditional credit bureau that can help predict how a potential ….

    Foundation Capital Leads CoverWallet Series B Financing (Foundation Capital), Rated: A

    Which is why we’re excited to have led the Series B for CoverWallet, an online insurance broker for small businesses which is upending the industry.

    Small-to-medium business (SMB) insurance is a profitable, but highly fragmented $100 billion/year market. At the present, SMB insurance is sold through 40k+ brick-and-mortar insurance brokers, which employ 500k+ agents and move 99% of premiums. The typical SMB insurance application has 27 pages, and is completed while having “the talk” with the agent, which will include many upsell & cross-sell attempts. The typical SMB insurance quote takes 7-10 days. For SMB owners, this process is time consuming and painful.

    Affirm Now on Apple and Android (NewsCenter.io), Rated: A

    Affirm, a popular web service that allows users to buy online and pay off their purchases in fixed monthly payments, has launched their Android and iPhone app.

    Remitly Raises up to $ 115M in Series D Funding (FINSMES), Rated: A

    Remitly, a Seattle, WA-based independent digital remittance company, is to raise up to $115m in Series D funding.

    The financing – subject to applicable third party and regulatory approvals – will be led by Naspers’ fintech investment division PayU, a global online payment service provider, with participation from existing investors Stripes Group, DFJ, and DN Capital. In conjunction with the funding, Laurent le Moal, PayU CEO, will join Remitly’s board of directors.

    New, New Real Estate Crowdfunding Platform (Business Insider), Rated: A

    When you see prominent investors such as George SorosLarry Silverstein and Goldman Sachs participating in the real estate crowdfunding business – it means something. So, let’s follow the smart money. The real estate crowdfunder that everyone is talking about now is CityVest, which claims a top pedigree of founders and investors. And CityVest.com is living up to its mission – Smarter Real Estate Investing.

    CityVest provides wealthy individuals with online access to institutional real estate funds and the higher rates of return they generate.

    Which States Do Home Buyers Want to Move to—and From? (Realtor.com), Rated: A

    Prospective home buyers overwhelmingly want to head south, according to a recent LendingTree analysis. The online loan marketplace looked at the 1.5 million mortgage requests it received from October 2016 to October 2017 to come up with the results.

    Which state do home buyers most want to move to?

    But of all the Southern states, which was the most desirable? Drumroll please … that would be Florida. The Sunshine State was the top destination for folks from 18 states, or about 9.14% of those looking at loans on LendingTree.

    Which state do home buyers most want to leave?

    Vermont residents were the most likely to want to hightail it out of the Green Mountain State. Despite its popular ski resorts, only about 76% of locals were looking for in-state mortgages.

    Which state do home buyers most want to stay in?

    Texans were the most happy of any state’s residents to stay put. About 92.5% of folks looking for potential mortgages wanted to stay within Texas, according to LendingTree’s report.

    Real Estate Investing For The Tech-Minded (Forbes), Rated: A

    So as a techie, how does one go about evaluating not just the real estate but also the platform offering the investment?

    That’s why it’s critical for real estate investing platforms to be willing and able to answer questions from prospective investors — even those would-be investors without a ton of prior real estate knowledge. These companies should take a page out of Amazon’s book and develop a customer obsession.

    Be leery of any cliché claims of leveraging big data to automate underwriting. Underwriting is as much science as it is intuition/experience, and the best commercial real estate professionals have a carefully tailored mix of both.

    In the long run, the track records of the platforms will speak loudest.

    Steven Dupree was SoFi’s first marketing executive and VP of marketing for 3 years. He and his growth-oriented team took SoFi from originating 10 loans a day to over 1000.

    The three most basic ingredients for being able to succeed in FinTech are:

    1) “Good enough” technology

    2) Tremendous capital markets expertise

    3) Some sort of customer acquisition strategy

    Companies like Experian and Equifax know if you have loan balances, and specifically they know if you have student loan balances. We sent pre-screened offers to prospects with outstanding student loan debt through physical mail about how SoFi could help them with those loans.

    Plan Would Take Payday Lending Interest Rates From As High As 600% to 28% (StateNews.org), Rated: A

    Several community groups rallied to show their support for a bipartisan bill they think is needed reform against predatory lending.

    The bill would cap the interest rate of payday lenders at 28% and close any loopholes around that cap.
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    Filene, QCash Financial, CFSI Offer Free Webinar on the Benefits of Small-Dollar Lending (BusinessWire), Rated: A

    QCash Financial, a CUSO providing automated, cloud-based, omni-channel small-dollar lending technology for financial institutions, announces it will co-host a free webinar with Filene Research Institute and the Center for Financial Services Innovation to discuss the opportunities for credit unions in offering small-dollar lending on November 14.

    During the webinar, QCash Financial will address our industry’s impact and opportunity to deliver small dollar loans. QCash Financial, the Center for Financial Services Innovation and Filene will collaborate to discuss the omni-channel lending solution that serves members in search of small, short-term unsecured loans.

    Registration information can be found at filene.com. The webinar is scheduled from 2 p.m. CST / 12 p.m. PST until 3 p.m. CST / 1 p.m. PST.

    Ken Rees, CEO of Elevate, to Speak at Dallas Techweek Conference (BusinessWire), Rated: A

    Ken Rees, Chief Executive Officer at Elevate, a leading tech-enabled provider of innovative and responsible online credit solutions for non-prime consumers, will speak on a panel session at Dallas Techweek on Thursday, November 2, at 9:15am CT. The panel will focus on data intelligence, breaking down the hype around data science, and exploring ways companies can turn that hype into actionable business intelligence.

    Rees will be joined by local tech talent and founders, including Clarisa Lindenmeyer, Chief of Strategy/Partnerships at Launch DFW; Sravan Ankaraju, President of Divergence.Academy, CEO of Divergence.AI; Dave Copps, CEO of Brainspace; and Steve Hebert, Co-Founder & CEO of Nimbix, Inc.

    Elizabeth Warren Warns: Navient Deal A Danger To Student Loan Borrowers (International Business Times), Rated: A

    U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren warned Wednesday that the nation’s largest student loan servicer has positioned itself to stealthily strip consumer protections from unwitting borrowers across the country. In an interview with International Business Times, she also said the loan servicer, Navient, should not be permitted to be a government contractor handling student loans on behalf of the U.S. Department of Education.

    The Massachusetts Democrat was sounding an alarm about Navient’s recent acquisition of online lender Earnest. She said the transaction opened up the possibility that the company will try to boost its profits by selling debtors on refinancing their current federal student loans with the company’s own private loans — the kind that she said to do not necessarily permit income-based repayment options.

    BrightPlan Launches ‘Hybrid-Robo’ Advisory Service (Plan Adviser), Rated: B

    A new robo-advisory platform has hit the market, under the moniker BrightPlan.

    Important to note, according to the firm, clients are not required to invest through BrightPlan in order to receive financial planning advice. They can manually input external account balances or link external accounts from more than 10,000 financial institutions to BrightPlan, which will monitor goal progress and provide advice to stay on track.

    Will a robot take your job? These startups hope so (PitchBook), Rated: B

    Avant wants to replace loan officers

    Avant has created an online lending platform that uses Big Data and machine learning algorithms to streamline the loan decision process helping borrowers consolidate debt through personal loans. The company, led by CEO and co-founder Al Goldstein (pictured), raised $325 million in Series E financing back in September 2015, with General Atlantic leading a round at a $2 billion valuation.

    Avant isn’t alone, with competitors like publicly traded Lending Club (NYSE: LC) and VC-backed Kabbage using a similar strategy: automating the credit creation process.

    Dreiling and Stamets join Attune (Royal Gazette), Rated: B

    Two new appointments have been made at data-enabled platform Attune, the company jointly created last year by American International Group, Hamilton Insurance Group and Two Sigma Investments.

    Martha Dreiling takes on the role of head of analytics and corporate operations, while Richard Stamets has been appointed head of underwriting strategy.

    United Kingdom

    RateSetter changes approach to property loan defaults (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

    RATESETTER is changing the way it deals with defaulted property development loans, which could involve taking control of the project and completing it itself.

    The peer-to-peer lender said on Wednesday that if a property development is only partially completed and has gone into default, it will now examine whether maximum value would be delivered via an immediate sale or by completing the development and then selling it.

    Lendy Update: Breaks Previous Monthly Loan Repayment Record; Recovers £20 Million in October 2017 (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

    UK-based peer-to-peer property platform Lendy announced on Thursday it has broken all previous records for loan repayments generated in any one month, recovering £20 million in total in October 2017 alone. The online lender reported that this exceeds its previous September 2016 high of £14.5 million. The record figure includes repayments on P2P loans on three caravan parks in Christchurch, Dorset, totaling £7.6 million and a Manchester mill of £1.35 million.

    This UK fintech is taking on big banks with business loans — and one key EU law is driving it (CNBC), Rated: AAA

    A digital invoice finance platform in the U.K. will provide business loans to its customers for the first time, it was announced Wednesday.

    The firm said it would expand into the business lending market, pitting it against established players such as U.S. listed peer-to-peer lender LendingClub and Britain’s Funding Circle. The latter raised £82 million ($100 million) in funding from venture capital investors earlier this year.

    CEO and co-founder Anil Stocker told CNBC that MarketInvoice will take advantage of an incoming European Union regulation called the Second Payment Services Directive (PSD2), which forces banks to open up data about their customers to third party companies.

    Citigroup Bets Millions on U.K. Mortgage Lender (Bloomberg), Rated: A

    Brexit may be roiling Westminster and inflating prices on supermarket shelves, but don’t tell that to financial institutions eyeing the U.K.’s burgeoning online-lending industry.

    In the latest sign of confidence in the sector, Citigroup Inc. has agreed to provide a fintech firm called LendInvest Ltd. with funding for mortgages, the startup said in a statement Wednesday.

    Citi Provides Warehouse Facility to LendInvest in Buy to Let Expansion (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

    LendInvest, a Fintech marketplace platform for property finance, has agreed a long-term warehouse facility with Citi boosting its entry into the UK’s £40 billion buy-to-let (BTL) market.

    The perils and profits of of peer-to-peer lending (The Spectator), Rated: AAA

    ‘We’re taking business from the banks, from the invoice discounters and from the traditional suppliers of finance, in ever larger amounts,’ says Angus Dent, chief executive of ArchOver, a P2P lender that launched in September 2014. ‘We only lend to companies with strong balance sheets and we only lend against accounts receivable (ARs). We will loan up to 80 per cent of the value of the ARs. Once the loan is made the ARs must be maintained at 125 per cent of the value of the loan, monitored by us on a monthly basis. This provides a quickly realisable asset for our investors in case the borrower gets into difficulties over repaying for the loan.’ The minimum amount that ArchOver expects clients to invest is £1,000 per project.

    For Anil Stocker, chief executive and co-founder of MarketInvoice, P2P lending against receivables (amounts owed to a business) offers a particularly interesting investment class ‘because it’s of short duration, a liquid product, with invoices typically taking 45 to 50 days to be paid.

    Source: The Spectator

    Lenders must help brokers meet specialist challenge – LendInvest (Mortgage Solutions), Rated: A

    IMLA found that lending by specialists has grown by an average of 19% each year from 2009 to 2016, with a total of almost £17bn lent last year. That’s enormous growth from a sector that was particularly badly dented by the effects of the financial crisis.

    Even with these enormous annual increases in lending, the market share of these specialists remains modest. According to IMLA it has grown from 3.5% in 2009 to 6.8% in 2016, and that still lags significantly below the levels seen before the onset of the financial crisis.

    UK fintechs take market share from dominant high-street banks (Financial Times), Rated: A

    Britain’s leading financial technology start-ups are celebrating a record-setting week as they accelerate their push to take market share from high-street banks in areas such as payments and lending.

    TransferWise will on Thursday announce that it has collected $280m from investors, a record fundraising round for a UK fintech, to finance expansion of its cross-border payments service into more countries around the world.

    Meanwhile, Funding Circle has for the first time outstripped net new lending by the major high-street banks to UK small businesses, according to figures released by the Bank of England this week and data provided by Europe’s largest peer-to-peer lender to SMEs.

    Britain’s small businesses bank on alternative finance options (Finextra), Rated: A

    Of 1000 small biz owners quizzed by WorldPay, more than half say that they are planning for growth in 2018, yet 52% admit to being concerned that the traditional routes to finance, such as bank loans, are not going to be as easily available in the coming year.

    While 21% of business owners aged 44 or under say they’re still most likely to apply for a bank loan when looking for funding, nearly as many respondents (17%) say they’re more likely to look at crowd-funding, while 11% prefer P2P lending, and six per cent say they favour business cash advance.

    HSBC unveils robo-advisor plans (Business Insider), Rated: A

    HSBC’s head of retail wealth, Dean Butler, provided his perspective on automated advice, and the bank’s plans for new products in the area, at the UK Robo-Advice Innovation Forum on Wednesday, attended by BI Intelligence.

    Source: Business Insider

    Landbay & Buy to Let Club Complete Lending to New Southgate Building in Less Than Two Months (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

    Earlier this week, Landbay and Buy to Let Club completed lending to a new building in Southgate, a suburban area of north London, in under two months. The initial case was reportedly submitted on the broker portal by Buy to Let Club on August 24th.

    Fintech firm MarketInvoice enters business loans market (Asset Finance International), Rated: A

    Fast-growing fintech firm MarketInvoice has launched a new business loans service that expands its solutions beyond invoice finance.

    Businesses will now be able to obtain unsecured business loans from £10,000 to £100,000 over a 12-month term, with no early repayment fees.

    By expanding into the £35 billion business loans sector, MarketInvoice aims to increase support for businesses which need working capital around their invoice finance requirements.

    Natural evolution (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

    Stuart Lunn, co-founder and chief executive of Edinburgh-based P2P business lender LendingCrowd, sees the benefits of both.

    “For P2P investing to become truly mainstream, it’s essential to simplify the products on offer and enable greater comparability between opportunities,” he asserts.

    “Passive products force greater diversification and I think that will benefit the sector as a whole.”

    Funding Circle and RateSetter make LinkedIn’s ‘Top 25’ companies list (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

    Funding Circle and RateSetter have been placed at number eight and number 21, respectively, in the ‘LinkedIn Top 25 Companies – Startups’ list, which was released on Thursday morning.

    Funding Circle was the highest-ranking P2P platform, and it was praised for funding more than 28,800 companies over the past seven years, with more than £2.8bn allocated to borrowers.

    CEO switch for online lender Patch of Land (AltFi), Rated: A

    Jason Fritton returns to his former post as CEO, as Paul Deitch steps down.

    P2P firm Assetz continues profitability (AltFi), Rated: A

    Assetz Capital notches seven figure pre-tax profit during the six months from April to September 2017.

    Durham’s Atom Bank named by LinkedIn as one of UK’s top 25 start-ups (ChroncleLive), Rated: A

    A North East company has been named by social media site LinkedIn as one of the country’s 25 most disruptive companies.

    Durham ’s Atom Bank, which is shaking up the banking world with its mobile-based app and personalised services, is named alongside companies including Deliveroo, Uber and Airbnb, on a list of start-ups which LinkedIn says are changing the UK business landscape.

    Online retailer Asos offers buy now pay later option with Klarna (Finextra), Rated: B

    Today, leading European payments provider Klarna has announced a UK partnership with ASOS – one of the world’s leading destinations for fashion loving 20-somethings.

    The news means that UK customers with the iOS or Android ASOS app can now use Klarna’s ‘Pay later’ solution to pay for their items up to 30 days later – with no interest or fees.

    Alternative lender Sancus announces new managing director (AltFi), Rated: B

    The alternative finance services firm has announced that Dan Walker will take over from current MD Caroline Langron in January 2018.

    The group is part of GLI Finance, which acquired peer-to-peer lending platform FundingKnight in 2016. Earlier this year, FundingKnight was moved into Sancus BMS Group, was awarded full FCA authorisation in July.

    China

    Chinese Listed Banks still create more profits than BAT (Xing Ping She), Rated: AAA

    In recent years, with the rise of Internet financial and the change of macroeconomic environment, the traditional commercial banks did go through a “severe winter”. Since 2011, banking climate index has been down all the way. It is not until 2017 that the new season of spring is coming.We selected 38 listed Chinese Banks in exchange of Shanghai, Hong Kong and Shenzhen as the performance comparison samples, and analyzed their comprehensive profitability based on the financial data of the first half of 2017.During this time, the total net profit of the 38 banks selected in this paper was 823.93 billion RMB, up 4.14 percent from the same period last year. The chart below described the profit data of all the 38 banks in the first half of 2017.


    Profitability Banks Ranking
    Among the 38 listed banks, we can also find the Top10 earning banks as follows, including 5 large-scale commercial banks and 5 joint-equity commercial banks. In addition, the net profit of Ping An Bank and Beijing Bank has reached the threshold of 10 billion RMB.


    Chinese listed banks VS internet giants in profitability
    According to the total value and earning data of the selected 38 listed banks as follow, their total market capitalization is about 10 trillion RMB, and the total net profit was 823.93 billion RMB. That means the net profit ratio was about 0.082.

    As for the BAT giants which are closely watched in the Internet industry, the three Internet companies are worth about 6.5 trillion RMB in total for the first half of 2017, and the net profit reached 52 billion RMB. That means their net profit ratio was just 0.008, much lower than the listed banks. Obviously, Banks still have an advantage over emerging Internet companies in terms of profit creation.

    In fact, research shows that the rise of the Internet financial companies has little impact on the profitability of large commercial Banks and rural commercial Banks, while has a great influence on city commercial Banks, and Joint-stock commercial Banks have been promoted instead because they can seize the Internet financial opportunities. In general, though the development of Internet finance has brought adverse effects on the profitability of commercial Banks, and also forced it to actively adjust the profit model and promote the diversified development of the profit structure.

    Data resource: Wind Database

    Another Chinese P2P lender! Senmiao Technology files for a $ 20 million IPO (NASDAQ), Rated: A

    Senmiao Technology, a early-stage Chinese marketplace for peer-to-peer lending, filed on Monday with the SEC to raise up to $20 million in an initial public offering.

    China pours millions into facial recognition start-up Face++ (Financial Times), Rated: A

    Chinese facial recognition start-up Megvii Face++ has raised $460m in an investment round led by a government fund, as the country pours money into efforts to become an artificial intelligence superpower to rival the US.

    The Beijing-based Face++ said on Wednesday that it had raised money from China State-Owned Venture Capital Fund and the China-Russian Investment Fund, which is backed by the sovereign wealth funds of both countries. Private investors including Alibaba’s payments affiliate Ant Financial also participated.

    Chinese listed company transferred shares of Wei Dai Network, making over 1B RMB (Xing Ping She), Rated: A

    On October 17, Handing Yuyou(300300.SZ), a listed company that was suspended from trading, began to transfer its assets of internet finance continuously. On October 30th, the company announced that it would transfer a 2 percent stake in the Wei Dai Network for 170m RMB, and then they announced to transfer a 1.5 percent stake in the Wei Dai Network for 127.5 million RMB. Through the two deals, Handing Yuyou(300300.SZ) will receive nearly 300 million RMB in cash. Deducting the previous investment costs, Handing Yuyou(300300.SZ) won over 100 million RMB in less than half a year. In the past three years, according to the company’s history of the investment in Wei Dai Network, we can find that the company has earned at least 10 times to the original investment.

    The transferee of this transaction is Beijing Qianshan Xinyuan Investment Management co., LTD. According to the public information, Beijing Qianshan Xinyuan Investment Management co., LTD. was established in 2015 with the registered capital of 10 million RMB. Its parent company, Qianshan Capital Management co., LTD is a private company registered in 2016. The parent company also have the other several subsidiary corporations, including Qianshan Venture Investment Management co., LTD., Beijing Qianshan Wealth Management co., LTD., etc. Currently, the parent company has a total capital size of 1 billion RMB.

    European Union

    Mintos Scraps Secondary Market Fees (P2P-Banking), Rated: AAA

    Starting from today, November 1, 2017, we have removed the 1% fee for selling loans on the secondary market of the Mintos marketplace. This means from now on, there are absolutely no fees for investing through Mintos.

    Source: P2P-Banking

    Orange is the new bank? Telecoms giant ventures into lending (Business Insider), Rated: A

    Telecoms giant Orange launches its own bank on Thursday, aiming to win 25 percent of France’s online banking market by capitalizing on the rising use of smartphones to steal share from established lenders with inferior technology.

    Orange is starting from a small base – Coisne says it has 25,000 customers have expressed interest ahead of the launch, a tiny fraction of the company’s 21 million mobile clients. But the timing of its entry gives some room for optimism.

    In France, 793.4 million online banking e-payments were made last year according to the European Central Bank, up from 586.2 million in 2014.

    INFOGRAPHIC: FINTECH AND THE FUTURE (Irish Tech News), Rated: A

    The GetLine Network  a decentralized P2P lending platform, recently reached out to us with one of their infographics on FinTech, and we thought it was appropriate and timely for our audience.

    Financing and loans are even being re-thought of with new forms of capital raising, such as ICOs, crowdsourcing/crowdfunding, and P2P lending, making banks and legacy financial institutions even less needed.

    Source: Irish Tech News
    International

    Lendio Gives supports Kiva borrowers (Bankless Times), Rated: AAA

    Small business loan marketplace Lendio announced it has provided more than $25,000 in loans to over 1,200 small business owners in 75 countries around the world through its employee-based Lendio Gives program in partnership with Kiva.

    The top five sectors supported by Lendio’s funding are agriculture, food, retail, clothing, and services. Of the loans Lendio has funded, 86 percent have gone to women or women’s groups. The top countries Lendio has supplied funding to include Zimbabwe, Peru, Haiti, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, the Philippines, Kenya, El Salvador, and Senegal.

    International P2P Lending Volumes October 2017 (P2P-Banking), Rated: AAA

    Thincats reached the milestone of 250 million GBP loans originated since launch.

    This month I added Bolden.

    Source: P2P-Banking

    Fintech and Cross-Border Payments (IMF), Rated: AAA

    To gauge the IMF’s most recent analysis: A speech last month, at the Bank of England, by the IMF’s Managing Director—Christine Lagarde—analyzed potential challenges posed by fintech innovations to central banking.

    In my remarks here today—focusing on implications of fintech for cross-border payments—I’ll explore three broad areas: [1]

    • First, a sketch of the economic framework on how fintech applications will affect financial services and the market structure.
    • Second, the current landscape of cross-border payments, and the possible evolution of cross-border payment systems; and
    • Third, the role of central banks, themselves, and the possible reasons for them to issue their own digital currencies.

    Alternatives assets such as P2P loans to double in volume by 2025 (AltFi), Rated: B

    Alternative asset classes – in particular, real assets, private equity and private debt – will more than double in size, reaching $21.1trn by 2025, accounting for 15 per cent of global AuM as investors diversify to reduce volatility and target specific return and risk outcomes, according to research by PwC.

    Zelle adds major tech partners to roster (Banless Times), Rated: B

    Zelle – a new, real-time payments network from bank-owned Early Warning Services – has added ACI Worldwide, CGI, D3 Banking Technology, and IBM to its growing list of technology partners.

    India

    One Size Fits All? Regulating Peer-To-Peer Lending Platforms (India Corporate Law), Rated: A

    Briefly, as per the Master Directions:

    • It is now mandatory for entities proposing to undertake this business to be registered as ‘NBFC-P2P Lending Platforms’ with the RBI (NBFC-P2P). To ensure business continuity, existing players have been given a period of three months to apply for this licence. Applicants will be scrutinised for scalable and secure technological capabilities, financial standing as well as fit and proper management.
    • Fundamentally, the NBFC-P2P is expected to operate only as an intermediary and not undertake any lending activities itself or hold any funds of its participants (lenders or borrowers) on its books. Towards this end, an escrow mechanism for movement of funds has also been envisaged.
    • The exposure of each lender and loans (not exceeding a three year maturity period) availed by each borrower across all NBFC-P2Ps has also been capped at INR 10 lakhs, with each borrower not permitted to avail more than INR 50,000 per lender.
    • In addition, directions also prescribe that NBFC-P2Ps adopt minimum standards of transparency, disclosure requirements and fair practices.

    Impact on Aggregators

    • To the extent P2P lending platforms are servicing individuals and/or unregulated entities, there is merit in regulating such operators to contain any systemic risks. However, there are existing players in the market who primarily service regulated financial institutions (viz. banks and NBFCs) as lenders. The Master Directions fail to recognise this distinction.
    • Separately, banks and NBFCs today use distribution channels including web-based loan aggregators.

    SBI partners with Primechain Technologies and Intel to adopt blockchain-driven KYC (The Times of India), Rated: A

    PrimechainTechnologies announced on Wednesday that the country’s largest bank, State Bank of India (SBI), will adopt blockchain technology to manage the mandatory Know Your Customer (KYC) details in its system. Intel Corporation will act as a technology provider to facilitate the implementation.

    Asia

    P2P lender PeopleFund aims to change landscape (The Investor), Rated: A

    Korea’s accumulated peer-to-peer lending reached 1.47 trillion won (US$1.31 billion) by end-September as more and more borrowers are embracing the new, more convenient platforms for connecting with investors.

    Considering that the figure accounts for only 60 members of the Korea P2P Finance Association among the industry estimates of 130 lenders, the market is actually bigger. It also reflects a sharp upward trend; back in June 2016, when the association first began compiling data, accumulated loans granted by 22 members stood at just 152 billion won.

    Against this background, Kim founded PeopleFund in March 2015. Since then, the bank has been on a roll. On Nov. 1, its accumulated loans stood at 121 billion won, compared to 19 billion won in February. It’s the No. 3 player in the local industry.

    Africa

    SME failure rate set to spike unless funding issue is addressed (Engineering News), Rated: AAA

    The South African SME sector is set for a major crisis unless access to adequate business funding can be ensured as a matter of urgency. This was the key takeout from the just-released Key Funding Challenges for South African SMEs 2017 report developed by online lenderLulalend.

    “76% of respondents to our national survey of SMEs said they had undergone a tedious months-long paperwork-heavy process in applying for businessfunding from traditional lenders, only to have their applications denied.

    Considering access to credit was the #1 business challenge for nearly three out of every five SMEs surveyed, this disconnect between the needs of business owners and the lenders that have traditionally supported them is creating conditions of high risk and volatility.”

    Authors:

    George Popescu
    Allen Taylor

Thursday September 22nd 2016, Daily News Digest

Thursday September 22nd 2016, Daily News Digest

News Comments Today’s main news: Zopa’s securitization ; SoFi’s new life insurance product; New true lender decision in California. Today’s main analysis: 4 charts about emerging markets; Today’s thought-provoking : Ant Financial is worth more than Goldman Sachs. Are you paying attention yet ? ; Lemonade’s charity model to reduce fraud. United States SoFi is about to […]

Thursday September 22nd 2016, Daily News Digest

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

New Zealand

Australia

China

News Summary

 

United States

SoFi Plans to Offer Life Insurance by End of Year, (Bloomberg Technology), Rated: AAA

The San Francisco company will soon start selling term life insurance to its base of mostly millennial customers, said people familiar with the matter. SoFi expects to roll out the product, which pays out a benefit if a customer dies during the period of time covered by the plan, before the end of the year or as soon as next month.

SoftBank Group Corp. led a $1 billion investment in the startup last year, valuing it at $4 billion, and it’s now seeking to sell an equity stake of about $500 million to help fund its rapid growth, people familiar with the matter said this month. Last year, the company issued $5 billion in loans and is on pace to double that this year, two of the people said.

SoFi could take a slice of the $159 billion in U.S. life insurance premium revenue generated last year, according to data from the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, a trade group.

People are more likely to purchase policies around certain life events, such as getting married, having children or buying a home, according to a study published last year by Deloitte LLP. SoFi may be well positioned to capitalize on that demographic thanks to its already sizable base of young customers.

Mike Cagney, SoFi’s chief executive officer, chairman, and co-founder, has said his goal is to eventually render banks obsolete.

New true lender case provides support for the bank partnership model, (Pepper Hamilton), Rated: AAA

On September 20, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California dismissed a class action suit alleging illegally charged usurious interest rates on private student loans in violation of California law. Beechum v. Navient Solutions, Inc.

In doing so, the court rejected the plaintiff’s arguments that the defendants were the de facto “true lenders” of loans made by a national bank under a bank partnership with a non-bank partner.

The plaintiffs, in this case, obtained private student loans using loan applications that identified Stillwater National Bank and Trust Company, a national bank, as the “lender.”

The plaintiffs alleged that the “actual lenders” of the loans were the Student Loan Marketing Association (SLMA) or subsidiaries of the SML Corporation.

Under the agreement, SLMA would originate, underwrite, market and fund loans on which Stillwater would be identified as the lender and which SLMA would then purchase from Stillwater.

The court relied on two California appellate decisions in holding that courts “must look only at the face of a transaction when assessing whether it falls under a statutory exemption from the usury prohibition and not look to the intent of the parties.”

In looking “solely to the face of a transaction” in determining whether the subject loans were exempt from California’s usury prohibition, the court applied an objective standard that, unlike the highly subjective and fact-sensitive “true lender” line of reasoning, would result in consistent outcomes from one case to the next.

While this recent decision does not address the question of whether the claims were preempted by the National Bank Act, the case represents the latest “true lender” case, with a reasoned and measured approach to bank partnerships. In dismissing this case, the court rejected the idea of looking beyond the face of the transaction and into the intentions of the parties.

The Central District of California is the same court that, just three weeks prior, provided the decision in Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. CashCall, Inc.Unlike the CashCall decision, the court did not use the “predominant economic interest” test for determining “true lender” status and acknowledged the negative effect on the secondary market of looking to the intentions of the parties instead of the transaction on its face.

Lendio and Supplier Success Partner to Improve Access to Capital for Minorities, (PR Web), Rated: A

Lendio, a marketplace for small business loans, today announced a partnership with Supplier Success, LLC, a Detroit-based company focused on providing working capital solutions, and on improving minority and women business owners’ access to capital.

Through this strategic partnership, Lendio and Supplier Success will provide minority and women business owners access to transparent lending rates and respectful business practices. Lendio recently reported facilitating more than $250 million in funding to more than 10,000 small businesses.

By joining forces with Supplier Success, we’re able to expand our capabilities to provide minority business owners easier access to financing,” said Brock Blake, CEO, and co-founder of Lendio.

P2P insurance startup Lemonade launches with charity pledge, (FinExtra), Rated: A

Lemonade raised $13 million in the biggest seed round of 2015 and, having secured a license as a full-stack insurance carrier by New York State, the firm is now inviting homeowners and renters to sign up online and through its app. Under the peer-to-peer model, Lemonade will ask customers to nominate a charity when they buy a policy.

Claims are paid out of these pools and any funds that are left at the end of the year go to the chosen charity. Policies start at $35 a month for homeowners and $5 for renters, with the entire process digitized, “replacing brokers and bureaucracy with bots and machine learning”. Lemonade takes a flat 20% fee and says that its model not only benefits charities but also customers and the company itself by reducing the incentive for fraud.

American Express Adds Its Bot to the Party, (Bank Innovation), Rated: A

When Facebook Messenger launched five (!) years ago this month, it was not immediately clear why or what it might do — messages already existed within Facebook, everyone was texting madly already, so why launch a whole new app?

A Forrester report in August warned banks off bots. Today’s bots are not ready for regulated industries that demand a certain level of user experience.

But the warning came too late — banks embraced bots, and a whole host of bots was wheeled out at Finovate. Perhaps most significantly, Kore (from the guys that brought you Kony) introduced its Smart Bot platform for banks to build their own bots. (In response to Kore’s demo a few fintech watchers at the show tweeted various versions of, “Uh oh.”)

DOL fiduciary rule to cost the securities industry $ 11 B by 2020: study, (Investment News), Rated: A

Implementing the Department of Labor’s new fiduciary rule for retirement accounts will cost the brokerage industry $11 billion in revenue over the next four years.

Hardest hit will be independent broker-dealers, who stand to lose $4 billion in revenue, or 22%, of the industry’s total, according to the study, which was released in August. IBDs are also expected to see a decline of $350 billion in client assets, or 11% of the industry’s total.

Personal Finance App MoneyLion Launches in Malaysia, (Business Wire), Rated: A

MoneyLion is headquartered in New York with offices in San Francisco and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

MoneyLion’s free mobile app will help Malaysian consumers gain a 360-degree view of their finances through a suite of analytics tools that track spending and saving activity across multiple bank accounts.

RealtyMogul.com Closes $ 8.2 Million in Multifamily and Retail Transactions, (Business Wire), Rated: A

Following last month’s launch of MogulREIT I, RealtyMogul.com’s first crowdfunded real estate investment trust, the company announced today that it had closed five transactions in markets across the country. Four of the five deals were equity investments into multifamily properties, while the fifth marked the commercial real estate platform’s largest 1031-qualified transaction to date.

4 charts on banks, mobile money and financial inclusion in emerging markets, (Tradestreaming), Rated: AAA

Africa has long been touted as the continent whose specific geographical challenges and the widespread poverty of many of its inhabitants have enabled it to skip over traditional banking infrastructures into the waiting arms of cost-efficient fintech solutions.

The statistics, for those who are rooting for a cashless, bankless Africa, are encouraging. The following charts, sourced from a recent report on financial inclusion in emerging markets published by the institute of international finance, demonstrate that the economy is Africa is starting to pick up, along with mobile phone ownership.

Mobile money accounts aren’t exactly threatening the banks, even in developing countries.

According to an analysis from the Global Findex, 2.2 billion, or 95 percent, of the total 2.3 billion adults in low- and middle-income countries with a financial account held the account at a financial institution in 2014.

Moreover, contrary to popular belief, financial incumbents are major drivers of economic inclusion in developing countries.

Banks have a number of reasons aside from profitability to expand their activities in emerging markets, such as CSR and investment. Whatever the cause, the way forward for banks in developing countries will probably start with cellphones, smart or otherwise.

United Kingdom

Zopa readies £ 138 m debut securitisation, receives Aa3 rating, (AltFi News), Rated: AAA

The first securitisation of loans issued by leading consumer lending platform Zopa – “Marketplace Originated Consumer Assets 2016-1 plc” (“Moca 2016-1”) – has been provisionally rated by Moody’s. The loans that make up the £138m portfolio were funded in the first instance by P2P Global Investments, the £870m investment trust.

Deutsche Bank was heavily involved in Funding Circle‘s inaugural securitisation and is now acting as the sole arranger and lead manager for the Zopa deal.

Moody’s has assigned a rating of (P)Aa3 to the £114m senior tranche of Class A Notes. The Class B Notes, of which there are £7.5m, were rated (P)A2. The £7.5m of Class C Notes were assigned a rating of (P)Baa2. The £9m of Class D notes were rated (P)Ba3. There are also £12m of Class Z Notes which will not be rated. All Notes are due October 2024. Target Servicing Limited has been appointed as the back-up servicer of the portfolio.

We now learn that Fitch has conferred a landmark rating on the Zopa deal. Fitch rated the Class A Notes “AA-(EXP)”. This is the highest rating to have ever been assigned to a marketplace lending transaction by Fitch. There has been over $10bn in global securitisation issuance by the marketplace lending sector to date. Fitch declined to rate Funding Circle‘s SBOLT 2016-1 earlier this year.

This will be the UK marketplace lending sector’s second securitisation to date. Funding Circle’s SBOLT 2016-1, a £130m transaction, received an Aa3 rating from Moody’s in April. The Class A Notes, which were sold to KfW, came with a guarantee from the European Investment Fund attached.

Moody’s assigns provisional ratings to Marketplace Lending ABS to be issued by Marketplace Originated Consumer Assets 2016-1, (Moody’s Investor Service), Rated: AAA

The securitised portfolio as of 31 August 2016 consists of unsecured consumer loans to UK private borrowers. According to the borrower but not verified by the platform provider these loans are mainly used to finance cars (36.2%), for debt consolidation (34.0%) and for home improvements (22.3%). The portfolio consists of 27,137 contracts with a weighted average seasoning of 10 months and a maximum loan term of five years. Most borrowers are employed full-time (89.9%) and their average outstanding loan balance with Zopa is GBP 5,500.

According to Moody’s, the transaction benefits from: (i) a granular portfolio originated through the Zopa marketplace lending platform, (ii) a static structure that does not allow to buy additional receivables after closing, (iii) continuous portfolio amortization from day one, (iv) an independent cash manager and liquidity provided through two reserve funds, (v) an appointed back-up servicer at closing, and (vi) credit enhancement provided through subordination of the notes, reserve funds, and excess spread.

Moody’s notes that the transaction may be negatively impacted by: (i) misalignment of interest between the platform provider Zopa and investors who finance the loans, (ii) the fact that Zopa does not retain a direct economic interest in the securitized portfolio, (iii) the limited historical data that does not cover a full economic cycle, (iv) a higher fraud risk due to the online origination process, (v) an unrated servicer with limited financial strength, and (vi) the regulatory uncertainty due to the still developing regulation for the marketplace lending segment.

Moody’s determined the portfolio lifetime expected defaults of 7.0%, expected recoveries of 5% and Aaa portfolio credit enhancement (“PCE”) of 35.0% related to the loan portfolio. The expected defaults and recoveries capture our expectations of performance considering the current economic outlook, while the PCE captures the loss we expect the portfolio to suffer in the event of a severe recession scenario. Expected defaults and PCE are parameters used by Moody’s to calibrate its lognormal portfolio default distribution curve and to associate a probability with each potential future default scenario in the ABSROM cash flow model to rate Consumer ABS.

The principal methodology used in these ratings was “Moody’s Approach to Rating Consumer Loan-Backed ABS” published in September 2015. Please see the Ratings Methodologies page on www.moodys.com for a copy of this methodology.

In rating consumer loan ABS, default rate and recovery rate are two key inputs that determine the transaction cash flows in the cash flow model. Parameter sensitivities for this transaction have been tested in the following manner: Moody’s tested six scenarios derived from a combination of mean default rate: 7.0% (base case), 7.5% (base case + 0.5%), 8.0% (base case + 1.0%) and recovery rate: 5.0% (base case), 0% (base case – 5%).

Bar Chain BurningNight Group Secures Over £ 500,000 Within First Week on Crowdstacker, ( Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

BurningNight Group, a city center bar chain, successfully raised over £500,000 within the first week of its crowdfunding campaign on UK’s peer-to-peer lending platform, Crowdstacker. The company is currently offering 7% p.a. interest to those investing in the £3.5 million raise.

According to Crowdstacker, approximately half the funds raised so far have been invested through the Innovative Finance ISA.

Lendinvest announces industry first auction finance partnership is now live, ( Property Reporter), Rated: A

Last month, the two firms announced their partnership as an industry first and will see LendInvest pre-qualify lots at LOT11 auctions which fall within the lender’s criteria.  Lendinvest, the world’s first online lending business for the property, has announced today that details of the properties it has pre-qualified ahead of the next LOT11 auction are now live.

The partnership begins with LOT11’s quarterly auction on 27 September.

NeEw Zealand

New Zealand’s top five P2P lending platforms, (SMN Weekly), Rated: A

HarmoneyCorp Ltd. (www.harmoney.co.nz) – Harmoney became the first FMA-licensed P2P lending platform in mid-2014. The platform has helped match borrowers and lenders for more than $307 million in loans.

Lending Crowd Ltd. (www.lendingcrowd.co.nz) – The platform can be used by either individuals or businesses. It was the fourth P2P lending platform to obtain a license in New Zealand.

Lendme Ltd. (www.lendme.co.nz) – LendMe, New Zealand’s second authorized P2P lender, got licensed in April 2015 and commenced operations just five months later.

Pledgeme Ltd. (www.pledgeme.co.nz) –PledgeMe is a platform that combines three different crowdfunding models in one place – project (aka reward), equity, and lending (aka P2P lending) crowdfunding.

Squirrel Money Ltd. (www.squirrelmoney.co.nz) – Squirrel Money is part of the Squirrel Group, which also provides mortgage brokerage services. The platform helps people borrow funds to finance everyday needs such as renovations or buying a car, or events such as marriage or starting a family. In August 2016, the platform launched New Zealand’s first P2P secondary market, which allows loans to be on-sold to other investors.

Australia

Fintech lender aims to break $ 200 m barrier, (Australian Broker), Rated: AAA

Marketplace lender SocietyOne believes 2016 will be a breakthrough year as it aims to push past $200m in lending.

According to the lender’s latest financial update, the first week of September saw it reach the $150m lending milestone, one year after it hit the $50m mark.

The lender has also announced a significant increase in its funding available for lending, up to $75m after sitting at $20 million on 30 June.

China

Jack Ma’s Finance Business May Be Worth More Than Goldman Sachs, (Bloomberg), Rated: AAA

Leung estimates that most of Ant Financial’s value is in Alipay, China’s most popular online payment service, with a projected worth of $50 billion. Its micro loans service is probably worth another $8 billion, while Ant’s wealth management unit is given a valuation of $7 billion. The rest of Ant Financial’s valuation comes from investments and cash on hand, outstripping Goldman’s roughly $70 billion market value as of Monday.

The company could grow to $100 billion in two years, as the current valuation doesn’t include growth brought in by insurance, credit scoring, and cloud computing, Leung said.

Ant Financial is considering an initial public offering in Hong Kong in the first half of next year, people familiar with the matter said last month.

China big P2P lenders shrug off crackdown, (Morgans), Rated: A

Regulators have unveiled a series of measures to head off signs of rising risks in its fast-growing P2P market, including borrowing limits and forcing P2P platforms to use third-party banks as custodians of investor funds. The regulator’s announcement knocked 22 per cent off the New York-listed shares of Chinese P2P lender Yirendai Ltd, while Chinese stocks fell to a two-week low, weighed by banking shares on concerns over the crackdown on riskier lending practices.

But many larger P2P companies including Lufax, Yirendai, PPDAI and Dianrong.com say they already comply with many of the new requirements, so could benefit from the restrictions.

The volume of P2P loans surged more than 20 times to 656.8 billion yuan ($US98.7 billion) at the end of July from just 30.9 billion yuan in January 2014, according to industry data provider Wangdaizhijia.

Nomura estimates that could reach 880 billion yuan by the end of 2016 and 1.5 trillion yuan by the end of 2018.

Several lenders already segregate investors’ funds into custodial accounts with banks to prevent fraud, while for companies like Lufax, a typical unsecured loan would be in the 100,000 yuan to 200,000 yuan range, below the government cap.

Author:

George Popescu