Tuesday December 26 2017, Daily News Digest

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News Comments Today’s main news: 3 Reg CF portals no longer FINRA-approved. Zopa launching a bank. LexinFintech completes $108M IPO. European banks prep for PSD2. Australia releases second MPL survey. Today’s main analysis: PeerIQ’s MPL Loan Performance Monitor. Today’s thought-provoking articles: 2017 was a wild ride for alternative lending. Is Congress expanding credit for the poor or enabling high-interest rates? Megatrends […]

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News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

European Union

Australia

India

Asia

News Summary

United States

The Wild Ride In Alternative Financing In 2017 (PYMNTS), Rated: AAA

But as 2017 pulled into the station, it became clear that a decade-long era in financial services was officially drawing to a close, other than this transitional year between what was and what’s next.

It became clear that Act I of digital era financial services was drawing to a close – and that Act II is getting warmed up backstage.

The CFPB

The CFPB has spent a year generating surprising questions – with even more surprising answers.

Moreover, there was some thought that the federal courts might render much of the discussion moot, by ruling the CFPB’s independent structure rendered it unconstitutional in the CFPB v. PHH case.

That ruling was thrown out by a three-judge panel of the D.C. Circuit court of appeals, and a final ruling is still awaited.

The Congressional Review Act (And The Fate Of The Old Rules)

The 20-year-old law, which had only been used once before 2017, has been used 15 times since January of last year to undo Obama-era rules.

The law was effectively used to bounce the CFPB’s arbitration rule from going into effect. That rule would have made it illegal for financial services companies to insert mandatory arbitration clauses into consumer contracts, thus forcing consumers to surrender their right to form class-action lawsuits.

A similar maneuver was attempted to block controversial rules the CFPB passed regarding the regulation of prepaid cards. The House approved the CRA resolution, but the bill was unable to garner majority support in the Senate. That means going forward, prepaid cards that offer overdraft protection will be regulated as though they are credit cards, as opposed to debit cards.

The Future Of Innovation Instead Of Regulation

Affirm, founded by PayPal’s Max Levchin, built a POS financing product dedicated to offering consumers an honest, transparent way to pay for items on installment.

Affirm’s mission to expand consumer access to honest financing will rev into high gear next year, on the heels of a $200 million capital raise on an estimated $1.6 billion valuation, and now with the ability for any consumer to take advantage of its credit option at any merchant.

LendUp wants to calibrate financial services to what it calls “the new average consumer” or the “emerging middle class.”

EVEN’s new partnership with Walmart is a new tool to help smooth the income volatility for its workers by allowing them to be paid in real time for the hours they have already worked, instead of having to wait for the traditional payday.

“This isn’t that people just don’t have the money to pay their bills in general, but that they are forced to make bad decisions because the money they have already earned by working is not available to them at the right time,” EVEN CEO Jon Schlossberg told Karen Webster. “That adds up to a $100 billion industry a year in payday loans and late fees. That’s crazy; we can fix that and we should fix that.”

So EVEN – now with Walmart as a partner – is fixing it, both by giving customers access to their funds early, but also by providing access to financial management software so they can better control their money.

What’s Next

Perhaps in 2018, they will even find ways to write studies that use terms properly and do not directly contradict the research of other regulators.

Millennials, she noted, tend to enter the credit system with a bang once they start having families.

MPL Loan Performance Monitor (PeerIQ), Rated: AAA

This week, we introduce our redesigned MPL Loan Performance Monitor where we track the delinquency rates, cumulative losses, and transition matrices on public marketplace lending data that is comprised of loans originated by LendingClub and Prosper.

Source: PeerIQ
Source: PeerIQ

Is Congress expanding credit for the poor or enabling payday lenders? (Salon), Rated: AAA

Ken Rees has made a fortune selling loans with triple-digit interest rates to borrowers with poor credit history or no credit history.

But in 2008, federal regulators ordered First Delaware to stop working with payday lenders — including ThinkCash — so Rees changed his company’s name to Think Finance and started striking deals with Native American tribes, which, as sovereign entities, are also exempt from state usury laws. Think Finance filed a still-pending lawsuit claiming Think Finance used the tribes as a front to make deceptive loans. Think Finance denies the charges and Rees started a new company, Elevate Credit, which operates from the same building in Fort Worth, Texas. Elevate deals in online installment loans, a cousin to payday loans, and partners with a Kentucky-based bank to offer lines of credit with effective annual interest rates much higher than would otherwise be allowed in some states.

Sponsors say the Protecting Consumers Access to Credit Act facilitates bank partnerships by ensuring third parties like debt buyers and rapidly growing financial technology firms can buy, and collect on, loans originated by federally regulated banks regardless of state laws governing interest rates. These partnerships can help make credit available to those left out of the traditional banking system, primarily low-income individuals, backers say.

“The bill covers every flavor of online lending,” said Adam Levitin, a consumer law professor at Georgetown University. “Some members of Congress have gotten snookered that they are fostering innovation, but a loan is just a loan whether you do it online or not.”

But now more payday-style lenders are moving online and donning the friendly face of a tech startup. Some, like LendUp, a lender charging more than 200 percent on some loans and counting Google Ventures among its investors, have attracted mainstream support. Like many high-interest online lenders, LendUp says it is “a better alternative to payday loans” because they use alternative data sources to determine interest rates but consumer advocates say the product, a high-interest loan that can quickly lead to a cycle of debt, is essentially the same thing.

Elevate said in an email it is committed to lowering rates further, and said its loan terms are more transparent and it doesn’t charge expensive fees associated with payday lenders.

Elevate’s installment loan called RISE is licensed in 17 states that don’t impose interest-rate caps and charges annual interest rates as high as 299 percent. Elevate says repeat borrowers can eventually qualify for interest rates as low as 36 percent on subsequent loans.

Fifteen states and the District of Columbia impose interest-rate caps, most around 36 percent, to protect consumers from high-interest loans.

This article originally appeared on publicintegrity.org.

Three Reg CF Crowdfunding Portals are No Longer FINRA Approved (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

Ufunding was the first to depart FINRAs list of approved platforms. In hindsight it is a wonder the platform was ever approved. The action by FINRA took place a little over a year ago as “potential for fraud” was evident on Ufunding as was “an almost complete failure to follow disclosure and filing requirements.”

DreamFunded Marketplace has hit the exit. We are not certain exactly why DreamFunded left but, if one speculates, it is most likely due to the fact real estate investing is better suited for Reg A+ and Reg D crowdfunding rules which allow issuers to raise more money.

The other former CF platform is Crowdboarders out of Texas. Crowdboarders appears to have pivoted to more of a promotional platform.

After the tech wake-up call… (Banking Exchange), Rated: A

Not long ago, Indiana’s Peoples Bank SB had a business prospect come in who had a loan with Kabbage, the online lender, at 20%. “We reviewed their credit, and we got them into the bank at close to 5%,” says Benjamin Bochnowski, president and CEO at the $914.2 million-assets bank.

With credit that was worthy of a rate like that, the bank asked the customer why it had gone to Kabbage in the first place—and been willing to pay nearly 15 percentage points more for credit. Simple, the new customer responded. Kabbage was easy to use and delivered the proceeds of the loan quickly.

Camilo Concha of LendingUSA (Lend Academy), Rated: A

In this podcast you will learn:

  • The founding story of LendingUSA.
  • The different verticals they operate in today.
  • How their point of sale lending process works.
  • The typical terms on these loans.
  • A profile of the typical borrower who uses LendingUSA.
  • How they do marketing outreach to the merchants offering their loans.
  • The different revenue streams they have.
  • The scale that LendingUSA is at today.
  • How their loan performance has been to date.
  • Why LendingUSA is not competing as much on price as other consumer lenders.
  • Their overall approval rate for loan applications.
  • How they approach fraud prevention.
  • Who is providing the capital for these loans.
  • Where they are on the path to profitability.
  • Why the marketplace lending challenges of 2016 did not impact LendingUSA that much.
  • Why their cost of customer acquisition is going down.
  • Their biggest challenge in getting their business to where it is today.
  • Camilo’s long term vision for LendingUSA.

P2Binvestor CEO Krista Morgan on Marketplace Lending: What to Expect in 2018 (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

P2Binvestor CEO Krista Morgan founded P2Binvestor in 2012 with a mission to help growing businesses succeed. Morgan is not only CEO of a fast growing Fintech, she is also the cohost of the podcast “Women Who Startup Radio”, an ardent mentor to other women entrepreneurs who speaks regularly on business finance, fundraising, and scaling a startup.

I recently connected with Morgan via email to learn her 2018 predictions for the Marketplace Lending sector and more specifically, her predictions for P2Binvestor. Her observations follow:

  • More focus will be placed on business models and profitability
  • Platform mergers and shut downs will occur as equity investors remain on the sidelines
  • Capital will start to look for shorter duration assets
  • The conversation about diversity will continue

When asked what PB2i has in store for 2018, Morgan targeted the platform’s growth in four areas:

  • More bank partnerships
  • Tech focused on portfolio monitoring
  • Tighter credit standards

Modo Creates A Payments Data Highway Between The World’s Largest Financial Institutions (Benzinga), Rated: A

Bruce Parker, Modo CEO: Modo creates interoperability in the payments industry by conducting the exchange of data between systems via our translation utility service. Modo allows clients to bring together capabilities from around the payments and commerce industry by directly solving for interoperability between different payment systems.

We’re doing this for some of the biggest names in the payments game: Bank of America Corp BACVeriFone Systems Inc PAY, FIS, Klarna, and Alliance Data Systems CorporationADS, and are proud to say that list is growing.

Who are your customers?

Banks, networks, payments providers and their partners.

PayPal CEO Dan Schulman talks Fintech on Capitol Hill with Georgetown’s Chris Brummer (MENAFN), Rated: A

Other topics touched on during the interview with Mr. Brummer included how fintech can and should improve financial inclusion—and the continued need to eradicate banking deserts—as well as the necessity to better coordinate and launch public-private partnerships. Despite PayPal’s notable profile and 210 million users, it operates in a $100 trillion industry with approximately 1% market share—and there are still nearly 2 billion people around the world who live outside financial mainstream.

Getting Smart About Thin File Student Grads and Their Credit Card Worth (PaymentsJournal), Rated: A

The CARD Act of 2009 disrupted student credit card marketing with a means test and parental approval for certain types of accounts.  The market, which used capture about 12% of total card consumer spend now only contributes a fraction.

The American Banker covered an interesting story about how BankMobile, a digitial only bank with 800 university partners, is attempting to build a model based on academic history and how they maintained their student bank accounts.

3 Real Estate Investing Trends That Gained Steam in 2017 (Realty Biz), Rated: A

In 2016, the real estate crowdfunding industry produced 3.5 billion dollars in a market that has largely gone unnoticed. It’s anticipated by 2025 that the industry is going to be valued at more than 300 billion. Three trends emerged in 2017 that can help the informed investor understand the best approach to this dynamic and explosive industry.

  1. Investors Move Toward Institutional Capital
  2. Non-Accredited Investors Gain Steam
  3. Consolidation allows for the emergence of new players

Can real estate crowdfunding help the homelessness crisis? (Curbed), Rated: A

In addition to commercial space and two market-rate residential lofts, the two-story Jolene’s complex will also contain an 11-room SRO, or single-room occupancy, a dorm-like living arrangement where each resident gets their own 100-square-foot bedroom and access to shared common space. Six of the room will be given to working homeless Portlanders, as part of a partnership with the Street Roots non-profit, while the other five will be rented out to the general population for $425 a month.

After seeing that 90 percent of the participants in Fair-Haired Dumbbell were from Portland, they experimented with a slightly different form of crowdfunding that allowed anybody in Oregon making $70,000 a year or more to invest $3,000 or more in the project (technically, it’s taking advantage of Rule 504 of Regulation D, qualified by the SEC and the Oregon Secretary of State).

EquityStat Brings Portfolio Management To The Cloud (Benzinga), Rated: A

What does your company do? What unique problem does it solve?

Karl Swierenga, founder: EquityStat is an online investment portfolio manager. It allows investors to track and manage their stocks, mutual funds and ETFs, online in the cloud. Many investors own a combination of stocks, bonds, mutual funds and ETFs.

Who are your customers?

Our customers are individual investors who own mutual funds, stocks, bonds and ETFs.

FindBob Closes $ 1.26M USD Seed Round (Business Insider), Rated: A

FindBob () announced today that its seed round is closed at over $1.25 million USD. Grinnell Mutual led the investment.

The capital will allow FindBob to grow its sales and marketing teams, expand into additional U.S. markets and execute on its multi-generational product roadmap.

FindBob champions better transition behavior among financial professionals and their firms in order to perpetuate and protect their most precious asset: their book of business. By allowing company principals to take control of their futures on a secure digital channel, FindBob helps them safely discover opportunities to buy, sell, merge, partner or address succession and to be confident in their plan for the business they worked so hard for.

Fintechs that flamed out or faded in 2017 (American Banker), Rated: A

Source: American Banker
Source: American Banker

Fintech Outlook For 2018: US Banks Look To AI (The National Law Review), Rated: B

With 2017 at a close, US banks have set out their 2018 FinTech new year resolutions. According to American Banker, US banks are likely to focus their FinTech investment in 4 major areas in 2018:

  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning
  • Open banking
  • Cybersecurity and biometrics
  • Commercial banking innovation

Anyone invest in p2p lending? (blind), Rated: B

Just found out that I can earn annual returns of 6-12% by investing in p2p lending platforms like lendingclub and prosper. Way more than the measly 1.3% I get from my savings account.

Lendio Announces New Franchise in Rochester, New York (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: B

Lendio, an online lending marketplace for small business loans, announced on Thursday the opening of a new Lendio franchise in the Rochester area.

LendingTree,Inc. (NASDAQ:TREE) Files An 8-K Departure of Directors or Certain Officers (Market Exclusive), Rated: B

On December 19, 2017, our Board of Directors and Nikul Patel mutually agreed to change Mr. Patel’s position to Chief Strategy Officer, effective January 1, 2018. He currently serves as Chief Product and Strategy Officer, a position he held since November 2016.

United Kingdom

Zopa to launch a bank (Monzo), Rated: AAA

It’s why we’re applying to launch our own next-generation bank. We’ve listened, and we’re confident that we can deliver the bank that will be the best place for your money.  

Leading comparison websites have removed potentially misleading information from their sites after a Moneywise investigation found peer-to-peer (P2P) investment products included in the same best buy tables as high street savings products.

Moneywise looked at the UK’s leading product comparison websites and found issues with the four sites which offer P2P comparisons – Go Compare, Love Money, Money.co.uk and MoneySuperMarket.

A helping hand for small businesses (Money Week), Rated: A

A decade after the credit crunch, too many small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the UK still feel their potential is being hampered by a lack of access to appropriate financing. The government’s Industrial Strategy report, published at the end of November, identified financing issues as a clear problem for SMEs that are looking to grow; surveys of sentiment continue to reveal frustration.

Research from Hitachi Capital Business Finance shows that two-thirds of SMEs with growth plans for the year ahead fear that their expansion plans could be derailed if they cannot secure appropriate finance. A third of SMEs applying for finance aren’t securing enough funding to underpin their investment plans, according to similar research from Close Brothers Group; a quarter of SMEs think funding is still too dear.

New rules clarify P2P business borrowers are not deposit takers (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

In an announcement titled ‘protecting the future of P2P lending’, the Treasury said that no P2P business borrower needs to be regulated as a ‘deposit taker’ – often referred to as a ‘banking licence’ – unless that is their core business.

This clarification will be added to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Carrying on Regulated Activities by Way of Business) Order 2001.

10 business trends to look out for in the coming year (inside.co.uk), Rated: B

“I think we will see a strong increase in the number of Scottish businesses sourcing peer to peer lending, which matches borrowers directly with lenders, in 2018,” Hardie said. “Companies such as the Lending Crowd are currently the business world’s best kept secret, but their ability to deliver speedy transactions with attractive terms are firmly establishing them as strong alternatives to the banks.”

“A European directive being implemented in January 2018 will ban businesses from charging customers extra for making payments using a debit or credit card in the EU,” said Lynne Walker, head of business advisory at Johnston Carmichael.

China

China’s LexinFintech Completes $ 108M Listing As Sixth Chinese Fintech IPO In US (China Money Network), Rated: AAA

LexinFintech Holdings Ltd. (NASDAQ:LX), a Chinese online lender previously known as Fenqile backed by investors including Matrix Partners and JD.com Inc., has completed a listing on the NASDAQ to raise US$108 million.

Chinese online lender LexinFintech surges in US market debut (China Economic Review), Rated: A

Chinese online lender LexinFintech Holdings Ltd’s shares surged in their US market debut on Thursday, as investors brushed aside worries about Beijing’s recent crackdown on China’s booming microlending industry.

LexinFintech’s shares jumped 53% from its IPO price, which valued the Shenzhen-based company at $4.5 billion, to reach a high of $14.88.

China IPOs In New York Rebound To 16 In 2017, Online Lender Lexin Aces Nasdaq (Forbes), Rated: A

The 16 Chinese companies in 2017 raised $3.7 billion or about 8 percent of the total $35.6 billion raised by 160 IPOs.

Chinese tech titans Tencent and Alibaba are behind some of this pick-up, as they backed recent new listers including Chinese search engine Sogou, e-book company China Literature, microlender Qudian and logistics company Best.

Squeezing in its IPO before the year, Chinese online lender LexinFintech Holdings listed on Nasdaq on Dec. 21, raising $120 million and trading upward on its opening day by 19.4 percent.

Fintech Pioneer Sees Money in the Masses (Caixin), Rated: A

China’s booming fintech sector will see growth come from small business loans, wealth management tools for the “affluent masses,” and technology that helps you sift through thousands of insurance products in minutes, according to Tang Ning, founder and CEO of financial conglomerate CreditEase.

As of September, the company’s wealth management business oversaw assets worth $20 billion for nearly 50,000 high net-worth customers in China. It also manages $1 billion through a venture fund, which is among the ten most active venture capital investors in global fintech companies, according to data provider CB Insights.

Caixin: What are the most promising fintech trends over the next decade?

Tang Ning: We see small business lending being a key area of growth. In the past 10 years, creative lending models have done a good job at serving individuals, but there is much more to be done for small businesses.

We also see the emergence of insurance tech.

How are Chinese investors’ needs changing?

We are seeing the Chinese wealth management industry go through profound changes. It is moving from fixed-income investments to equity investment, from short-term speculation to long-term investment, from China-focused investment to global opportunities, from investing into single products, single opportunity to comprehensive risk management and comprehensive asset allocation, from managing this generation’s wealth to thinking about succession planning and inheritance.

Chinese peer-to-peer lender Golden Bull sets terms for $ 9 million US IPO (NASDAQ), Rated: A

The Shanghai, China-based company plans to raise $9 million by offering 2 million shares at a price range of $4.00 to $4.50. At the midpoint of the proposed range, Golden Bull would command a market value of $64 million.

European Union

Europe’s banks brace for a huge overhaul that throws open the doors to their data (CNBC), Rated: AAA

On January 8, banks operating in the European Union will be forced to open up their customer data to third party firms — that is, when customers give consent.

Banks will be required to build application programming interfaces (APIs) — sets of code that give third parties secure access to their back-end data.

Spain’s BBVA, Denmark’s Saxo Bank, Nordic lender Nordea and Ireland’s Ulster Bank have already published open developer portals ahead of the EU legislation.

HSBC has also made early moves toward meeting the incoming rules. In October, the bank launched a beta version of an app that lets customers see all of their bank accounts — including those from competitors — on one screen.

Several small lenders set up with the aim of competing with larger institutions are hoping to take advantage of the move toward a more open data infrastructure. U.K. firms Starling and Monzo, for instance, are want to make banking more like a “marketplace,” by connecting consumers with a number of products and services — including those from other providers — within their apps.

How PSD2 will make personal lending more competitive (IT ProPortal), Rated: A

Today, banks sell few unsecured personal loans to new customers – of seven of the UKs tier one banks only two offer personal loans to new customers – instead focusing on the needs and data of their own clients. The establishing credit risk and difficulties of pricing accurately has simply made it too complex to be competitive.

Also, although many peer-to-peer lending sites now have better protection for consumers as the industry became regulated by the FCA in April 2014, it can be argued this protection is greater for savers and lenders than it is for those borrowing and that the industry is still high-risk when compared with traditional routes.

This could all be about to change with the introduction of the intertwined The Second Payment Services Directive (PSD2) and open banking regulation.

First, XS2A will significantly improve the customer experience for loan applicants.

Hive Project buzzing after ICO (Bankless Times), Rated: A

After securing $8.95 million (BTC 2,087) from 2,234 participants through an ICO in August, Hive Project has released a demo version of their platform and completed an eight-market deal.

Hive Project uses distributed ledger technology to grant every issued invoice a unique fingerprint.

“In the Russian market alone there are  5.67 million SMEs with a combined turnover of €700 billion,” Mr. Soklic said.

Australia

ASIC releases second marketplace lending survey (Lexology), Rated: AAA

ASIC has released its second survey on the marketplace lending industry, which indicates steady growth in both borrowing and lending activity in the market since the last report.

Key findings from the report are outlined below:

  • there are three new marketplace lending platforms in the industry;
  • with $300 million in loans written to consumers and SMEs, there was a doubling of activity in relation to the number of borrowers and total amount borrowed since 2015-16;
  • the average reported default rate across the respondents was 2.2%;
  • there are an additional 4,187 retail investors since 2016, representing $12 million of extra investment in the industry; and
  • loan origination fees remained the primary source of revenue for marketplace lending providers.

The True Threat to Aussie Banks (Money Morning), Rated: A

The updated code of practice brings a number of changes. Most are simple consumer protections. Making it easier to cancel credit cards online, for example, and preventing banks from soliciting customers for credit limit increases.

India

Digital payments, P2P lending among key mega-trends of the year gone by (The Hindu Business Line), Rated: AAA

It was a great year for digitalisation and digital payments in the country.

Besides reducing the merchant discount rate for debit card transactions, the Centre announced a subsidy on transactions up to ₹2,000 via debit cards to expand the digital payment ecosystem.

P2P lending boost

Also, 2017 was a milestone year for the peer-to-peer (P2P) lending industry, as the RBI issued some guidelines in October.

Other defining changes

In April 2017, five associate banks of State Bank of India and Bharatiya Mahila Bank were merged into SBI, catapulting the latter into the league of top 50 global banks.

In May, the much talked about NPA ordinance giving greater power to the RBI to handle the bad loan crisis came about.

The other key decision of the RBI this year to improve transparency in the system was the move to make it mandatory for the banks to disclose in their balance sheets the extent of divergences between the gross NPAs in their book and those determined in RBI inspection. Private sector lenders such as Axis Bank, YES Bank and ICICI Bank were found to have under-reported their bad loan assets in recent years, prompting the central bank to take this decision.

How retail lending is set to scale up in 2018 (Financial Express), Rated: A

Major factors like steady decline in lending rates, strong focus and performance on growth and credit metrics in retail lending, investor interest in the segment, P2P regulation formalising the new category, increased focus on digitisation and path-breaking initiatives towards affordable housing are helping set a strong base for retail lending. Some of the big trends I see in the New Year are:

Consumer lending

Contrary to the slowdown in credit offtake by the corporate sector, retail credit segment has registered a strong growth of around 20% this calendar year.

Mobile: India today has more than 300 million smartphone users, removing geographical constraints of access to financial products. New venture investments will drive experiments in alternate lending.

Growth in MSME lending

With around 55 million MSME units employing over 80 million people, this sector contributes about 8% to the national GDP. Around 90% of these units are classified as micro businesses.

Growth in affordable housing segment

With home loan to GDP ratio of just 9%, the Indian housing finance sector remains relatively under-penetrated when compared to its Asian peers like China (20%), Thailand (17%), and Malaysia (34%).

The P2P Lending Segment will Drive the Next Phase of Growth of the Indian Fintech industry (BW Disrupt), Rated: A

With the much-awaited legitimacy, the sector is only at growth radar and trust in the segment is developing at a much faster pace. With more and more people moving towards online payments and transactions, the P2P lending space will witness a remarkable rise in the number of borrowers as well as investors. The growth will not only arrive from the urban India but also from Tier II and Tier III cities, leading the country towards the national goal of financial inclusion.

As predicted by NASSCOM, the Indian fintech space is expected to reach $2.4 billion by 2020, 2018 will act as a major contributor towards this direction.

How can P2P lending disrupt MSME sector in India? (MENAFN), Rated: A

There are more than 5 crore MSMEs in India and their contribution to the Indian economy is quite significant. The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises are creating massive employability i.e. up to 12 crore people which is close to 33% of Indias manufacturing output. But still MSMEs suffer from an incredible capital shortage that amounts to Rs. 32 trillion as per the International Finance Corporation.

Fintech start-ups tap small-town users (Business Standard), Rated: A

Paynear, a start-up, has more users in small towns than in the metros. The Hyderabad-based firm, which provides a platform to traders for accepting digital payments, has seen a surge in growth from small towns. Of its 50,000 merchants, two-thirds are in small towns.

Funding Galore: Indian Startup Funding Of The Week [18-23 Dec] (Inc42), Rated: B

This week 19 Indian startups raised about $41 Mn in funding altogether in the Indian startup ecosystem.

Peel-Works: The consumer focussed SaaS and big data analytics startup raised an undisclosed amount in Series B funding led by Mumbai-based Unilever Ventures and Amazon Internet Services.

Faircent: Gurugram-based P2P lending startup Faircent raised $3.9 Mn (INR 25 Cr) in a Series B round of funding.

Asia

Financial inclusion is in your hands (National Multimedia), Rated: AAA

Aside from offering new innovative financial services to their existing customers, the use of Fintech also allows banks to serve potential |customers – those considered “underbanked” and “unbanked” – who in the past did not have access to financial services due to costs, lack of credit or access. The ability for the banks to serve everyone is known as “financial inclusion.” According to the World Bank, around 2 billion people don’t use |formal financial services and over 50 per cent of adults in the poorest households are unbanked.

A report from Thailand’s Ministry of Finance in 2016 shows that 56 per cent of Thais received micro finance from special financial institutions and less than 9 per cent from commercial banks. Clearly, most Thais often turn to non-bank providers for small sums of money.

The K Plus Shop is an example of fintech for financial inclusion from KBank. It is a mobile application designed to be a one-stop solution for micro businesses such as small shops and street vendors. The app is a point of sale, sales tracking, sales reports and PR tool combined into one app that anyone can download and use free of charge on any smartphone – iOS or Android. With K Plus Shop, the vendor can receive QR payment from any customer using K Plus, other mobile banking or e-Wallet applications via the standard QR for PromptPay, as well as from WeChat Pay and Alipay.

FintruX partners with blockchain data exchange DataWallet (Cryptoninjas), Rated: A

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

Monday April 24 2017, Daily News Digest

credit card delinquency rates

News Comments Today’s main news: Credit Card ABS vs installment loans ABS comparison. Assetz Capital hits 240M GBP in four years. Octopus Choice close to 50M GBP in first year. Lendix expands to Italy. Today’s main analysis: 90+ wealthtech companies. Today’s thought-provoking articles: 88% of global banks sweat losing revenue to fintechs. 17 fintechs that may become unicorns. China SME […]

credit card delinquency rates

News Comments

United States

  • Credit Card ABS vs installment loans ABS comparison. GP:” People often try to use credit cards data, which there is plenty of, and goes back very far, to predict installment loans behavior. However, Americans have a priority in defaults which is proportional to the pain point if the product stops working. We believe unsecured personal loans are very low on the totem pole of default priorities. PeerIQ here analyzed the difference quantitatively and concluded very interestingly: ‘Peak delinquencies in credit card ABS are ~8% in a stress scenario. By contrast, three-year unsecured personal loans (such as loans in the seminal CHAI shelf) are typically associated with a ~12% cumulative loss estimate (under a benign base case).’ “
  • 90+ companies transforming investment, wealth management. GP:” We saw Wealthfron enter lending last week. Perhaps we should look at a few other companies for partnerships.” AT: “WealthTech as a sub-niche seems to have come out of nowhere. Yet, many of these companies are important to the overall fintech ecosystem, and I see WealthTech growing by leaps and bounds worldwide in the foreseeable future.”
  • Why having a trust strategy is key to fintech’s future. AT: “Building trust is the single most important thing for any financial services company.”
  • Allianz invests in Lemonade. GP:”Insuretech is coming? Is Lemonade the Lending Club of insurance?”
  • NASDAQ announces venture investment program for fintechs. AT: “This is interesting. I like reading the NASDAQ analyses on the industry on NASDAQ’s blog. I’d be interested in seeing how their investments perform, and how they choose which companies to invest in.”
  • North American Financial Institutions go social. GP:” Our readers are already aware of this trend I believe. Nothing really new.”
  • Fintech puts payday lending in old wine in new bottles. GP:” It is very hard to point exactly when innovation happens. Before 1990 there was no online payday lending, because there was no internet. Today it exists. Something did change. Everything we build is built on top of online lending. Perhaps lending was invented when the first money was invented and searching who invented something, for the glory, is not very useful in this case. We are losing time with the history of lending or with the exact meaning of certain words. I would rather look who is making the money, Elevate Credit or brick and mortar stores? Who’s revenue is growing?”
  • Fintech lures MBAs away from banking and consulting. GP:”Fintechs even lures executives and CEOs of Wall Street banks, no wonder MBAs are also following. “AT: “We’re also starting to see banks and traditional financial institutions poach talent from the fintech companies.”
  • Biz2Credit to expand to Puerto Rico. GP:” Puerto Rico doesn’t often make the lending news. I wonder if it is underserved.”
  • Inside Online gives off good vibes with digital branded magazine. AT: “I applaud Elevate Credit starting an online brand magazine. This is one of the most underrated and most effective online marketing strategies to implement, and I’m glad to see at least two companies in this space pursuing this channel.”
  • Elevate appoints Tony Leopold as GM.
  • BMO Harris Bank launches fintech partnership program with 1871.

United Kingdom

European Union

International

Australia

China

India

Asia

  • Indonesia’s fintech landscape. GP:” The Indonesian market is particularly closed to international ownership, investment, etc. However, they are the 4th most populous country in the world and their financial sector is far from being mature. Which leaves a lot of opportunity if people are willing to approach the Indonesian market properly, perhaps in partnership with local entrepreneurs and by structuring firms through local law firms .”
  • ASIC signs agreement with Indonesia.

Africa

News Summary

United States

Credit Trend Through Delinquency Rates (PeerIQ), Rated: AAA

Banks earnings season continued this week following strong Q1 results from JP Morgan and Citi last week. Morgan Stanley beat expectations on each line of business increasing year-over-year profits by 82%. The investment bank also generated 122% YOY revenue growth in the fixed income currency and commodities business. Bank of America exceeded expectations and benefitted from the greater net interest income due to a rise in long-term rates.

For the first time since 2015, GS surprised analysts by missing expectations on top and bottom line performance. Fixed income revenues were flat year-over-year trailing double-digit business unit gains across peers including JPM, C, MS, and BAC.

Bloomberg reports that, Navient, the largest servicer of student loans, reached an agreement to purchase JPMorgan’s approximately $6.9 Bn FFELP education loan portfolio.

In the ABS space, Yirendai reported its progress in funding consumer loan products via ABS. Another Chinese online lender, China Rapid Finance, announced that it plans to list on the NYSE, making it the second Chinese online lender to go public in the US.

We are often asked by investors whether credit card receivables are a proxy for installment loan performance. This week, we dig into credit performance of credit card securitizations representing over $100 Bn+ in consumer credit ABS deals. We include the following issuers in our analysis: American Express, Bank of America, Discover, Capital One, JP Morgan Chase, and Citi.

We compare delinquency and loss levels of credit card ABS to installment loans and conclude that credit card ABS performance is a poor proxy for installment loans, and that installment loan delinquencies are arguably a leading indicator of credit risk.

Credit Card ABS – A Strong History of Credit Performance

The credit card ABS market has historically been the benchmark sector in consumer ABS due to its liquidity, transparency, and strong performance including through the Great Recession.

The Credit Card ABS market is not an originate to distribute risk-transfer market, but rather a critical channel for funding and liquidity. Issuer incentives are strongly aligned with investors due to their dependence on debt capital markets for funding.  Credit Card ABS provides over 50% of funding for card issuers (followed by deposits). New Credit Card ABS issuance is expected to grow in the wake of higher rates and funding costs from deposits.

Post-2008, new ABS issuance contracted significantly, including in the credit card markets. Consumers entered a de-leveraging phase reducing demand for loans. Large banks, in response to the new capital and liquidity regime, shifted to borrowers with higher credit scores and focused on existing relationships. Wider spreads and higher capital charges also reduced available sources of funding for consumer credit.

Post-crisis, non-bank lenders emerged to fill the lending gap by offering installment loan products to expand access to credit. Since installment loans sometime re-finance higher rate credit card debt, some investors have drawn analogies between credit card performance to installment loan debt.

Credit Card ABS Delinquencies are Near Multi-Decade Lows

In our March 2016 newsletter, we discussed credit card master trust performance, noting that delinquencies from 2011 through 2015 followed a downward trend for major credit card issuers.

We continue our analysis below, observing delinquencies continuing the downward trend in 2016, reaching historic lows in early 2016.

While the Composite index shows this trend, there is variability among the individual trusts. Discover and Capital One, with a mass-market tilt in customer base, experienced larger rises in delinquencies, compared to Amex and Chase which have a mass affluent footprint.

Source: Federal Reserve

Installment Loans Lead Credit Card Losses

There are limitations in comparing delinquency rates on credit card ABS to installment loans. For instance, unlike MPL ABS deals which consist of static pools, credit card trusts are revolving securitizations that re-invest principal and interest over time. Also, we do not have access to the credit score distributions for credit card issuers to compare risk on an apples-to-apples basis.

Nevertheless, when comparing credit card ABS performance to the PeerIQ loan performance monitor we can draw some conclusions:

Delinquencies on credit cards reached multi-decade all-time lows in early 2016.

Credit card delinquencies are in early stages of reverting to historical levels, whereas the Loan Performance Monitor indicates that the unsecured personal installment loans have started a pattern of higher losses in successive vintages starting in 2015.

Through-the-cycle losses on credit card products are lower than losses on installment lending products.

Peak delinquencies in credit card ABS are ~8% in a stress scenario. By contrast, three-year unsecured personal loans (such as loans in the seminal CHAI shelf) are typically associated with a ~12% cumulative loss estimate (under a benign base case).

Note: We should expect higher losses on installment loans as non-banks offer access to credit to borrower segments outside of a traditional bank’s higher credit score underwriting box.

Historical credit card performance data is a poor proxy for measuring installment loan performance.

We can also offer the following tentative hypotheses which we look forward to testing with our TransUnion partnership:

Installment loans are lower in the consumer payment priority stack.

Installment loan losses lead performance in other asset classes such as credit card.

Credit card account management strategies (e.g., re-pricing of delinquent loans, credit line decrease tactics, etc.) are powerful levers for managing risk as compared to installment loans where issuers can only set terms at time of approval.

Deeper borrower relationship engagement (as measured by breadth of product penetration) reduces borrower’s credit risk all things being equal.

90+ Companies Transforming Investment And Wealth Management (CB Insights), Rated: AAA

Wealth tech investments reached a record of 74 deals in 2016.

We identified over 90 companies in the wealth tech space and organized them into 7 main categories based on the services and software they offer, then sub-categorized them by the client group they serve, whether business-to-consumer (B2C), business-to-business (B2B) or both.

Wealthfront has raised approximately $129.5M from investors, including Social Capital, Spark Capital, Greylock Partners, and Index Ventures.

This includes AdvisorEngine which raised a $20M Series A investment from WisdomTree Investments.

Stash, for example, is a goal-based digital investment platform that lets investors contribute as little as $5. Another company, Acorns, rounds up credit and debit card purchases to the nearest dollar then automatically collects and invests that spare change.

This category is exclusively B2B focused and includes Plaid Technologies, a software intermediary that securely connects financial application users with their respective bank accounts.

Click here to see a full list of WealthTech startups.

Why Having A Trust Strategy Is Key To The Future Of FinTech (Forbes), Rated: A

FinTech continues to see massive investment across the board and according to the annual FinTech Report, global cumulative investment will exceed $150 billion in 2017 alone. At least 80% of financial institutions PwC recently surveyed believe that they are at risk to innovators whether that be mobile banks like Monzo and N26 or more hardcore technological innovations like Lemonade and Algodynamix who want to change FinTech from the inside out with AI and other technologies like Blockchain. Trust is central to all of these emerging propositions whether it is from an emotional perspective because of previous traditional banking issues or a technological one like Blockchain.

Tom Blomfield, CEO, Monzo wants the youth market to come through word of mouth; “We’re focused on people who live their lives on their smartphones. Generally (but certainly not exclusively), these people tend to be younger and more willing to try out new products and services. For these customers, ‘trust’ is earned by making a product or service that demonstrably works well. It’s less about expensive advertising campaigns or branches on the high street… For us, it’s centred around transparency and community. We have a very active community forum.”

Ajay Bhalla, President, Global Enterprise and Security, Mastercard wants to increase trust by removing friction from the tedium of security.

Allianz Invests in Lemonade (PR Newswire), Rated: A

Lemonade, the insurance company powered by artificial intelligence and behavioral economics, today announced a strategic investment by Allianz, the world’s largest insurance company.

Nasdaq Announces Venture Investment Program For Fintech Companies (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

U.S. stock exchange group Nasdaq (Nasdaq: NDAQ), announced on Wednesday the launch of its venture investment program, Nasdaq Ventures, which is dedicated to discovering, investing in and partnering with unique fintech companies worldwide. According to the group, this program’s main objective is to identify and collaborate on new technologies and groundbreaking services and solutions which align with its clients’ needs an d the company’s long-term objectives in the global capital markets.

Innovation spotlight: North American FIs going social (Banking Tech), Rated: B

As banking continues to go digital, online innovators and niche players in North America are getting personal by adding social activities to their customer services.

SoFi, short for Social Financial, combines better rates on student loan refinancing with parties for its members (aka borrowers), around the country. It even offers career and financial counselling.

CommonBond offers an online student loan evaluation tool to help prospects determine the best ways to manage their debt. It estimates that members save an average of $14,581 as they repay their student loans, and even more for people like doctors and dentists with advanced degrees and higher debts.

Fintech Puts Payday Lending Old Wine in New Bottles (Naked Capitalism), Rated: A

And before you conclude that I am being a reflexive skeptic, Georgetown law professor Adam Levitin weighed in via e-mail:

First, Fintech is a meaningless term. The consumer-facing stuff is mainly (1) gussied up payday lenders (see, e.g., Think Financial and their tribal lending alliances), (2) money transmitters, and (3) BitCoin Bros. The money transmitters are probably harmless enough, but the first group are just trying to escape state usury laws and rollover restrictions, while the third group are grab bag of fools and con artists who think they are much more clever than they actually are. People on the Hill go ga-ga for Fintech without having any real knowledge of what they are and assuming that a digital platform represents a material (and better) transformation of a product.

The Lyric Financial website is remarkably content-free, particularly for specific product features and details of terms and conditions. Apart from the cloying trendiness which it is far too early in the morning to stomach, it’s very hard to find out what the deal really is.

You’re subjected to mandatory binding arbitration, which for a sophisticated product aimed at financially unsophisticated customers is a very bad sign.

It gets worse. In the bowels of their T’s and C’s I found this:

Governing Law

These Terms & Conditions, as well as any claims arising from or related thereto, whether in tort, contract or otherwise, are governed by, and are to be interpreted and enforced in accordance with, the laws of the State of Tennessee, without regard to New York’s conflicts of laws principles.

Which sounds suspect  – my take is that they are under Tennessee’s statutes (don’t know if that signifies anything noteworthy, either good or bad) but they don’t want to be liable under an aspect of NY law (which I’m guessing is much better settled and consumer-friendly than TN’s).

Fintech lures MBAs away from banking and consulting (Financial Times), Rated: A

Many fintech founders went to business school. Insead’s MBA alumni include Giles Andrews, British founder of peer-to-peer lending platform Zopa, and Taavet Hinrikus, the Estonian-born chief executive of online foreign exchange marketplace TransferWise. Jeff Lynn and Carlos Silva jointly developed the business plan for equity crowdfunding business Seedrs as part of their MBA course at Oxford’s Saïd Business School.

Now, as fintech founders grow their businesses, they are heading back to business schools to find well-qualified staff. About a fifth of hires from the international MBA class at Madrid’s IE Business School last year were made by financial services companies. Fintechs made 5 per cent of those hires, up from none last year.

Eight of Nutmeg’s 78 staff are MBA graduates, including two product managers, its chief marketing officer, chief architect and head engineer.

MBA graduates are unlikely to join fintech companies in the expectation of high salaries. Many,particularly those who have worked in private equity, understand start-ups operate differently, Nutmeg’s Mr Hungerford says.

Biz2Credit to Expand Online Access for Small Business Financing in Puerto Rico (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Biz2Credit announce on Thursday it has formed a partnership with Puerto Rico’s Oriental Bank to help develop a digital lending platform for the bank’s commercial clients. According to the Biz2Credit, Oriental Bank will be considered the first bank in Puerto Rico to engage commercial clients through a digital platform that supports applications for business credit cards, as well as lines of credit, term loans, real estate loans, equipment purchase, and SBA loans.

Inside Online gives off Good Vibes with “digital branded magazine” (Prolific North), Rated: A

Inside Online has launched an online magazine as part of a digital marketing campaign for an online lending company.

Good Vibes aims to build a greater owned audience for Elevate Credit brand, Sunny.

Good Vibes will include in-house editorial, an external newsroom and illustrated graphics.

Elevate Appoints Tony Leopold as General Manager, Rise (BusinessWire), Rated: B

Elevate Credit, Inc. (“Elevate”), a leading provider of innovative online credit solutions for nonprime consumers, today announced the appointment of Tony Leopold as the General Manager of its Rise product, effective immediately.

BMO Harris Bank Launches FinTech Partnership Program with 1871 (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: B

BMO Harris Bank today announced a partnership with 1871 – a leading technology and entrepreneurship ecosystem which is currently home to nearly 500 high-growth digital startups in the Merchandise Mart – that will provide a select group of FinTech startups the opportunity to participate in a three-month mentorship program.

United Kingdom

Assetz Capital hits £240m of lending in four years (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

ASSETZ Capital hit its fourth anniversary with £240m lent to date and a plan to double that figure over the next 12 months.

The peer-to-peer lending platform, which channels funds to small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and small property developers, confirmed on Friday that it has returned over £20m of interest to investors since inception, yielding rates ranging between 3.75 and 18 per cent to investors.

Thanks to a recent surge in borrower demand, it also launched a temporary rate hike offer on its 30-day account last week to 4.75 per cent for a 90-day window.

Octopus Choice close to £50m loan target ahead of first anniversary (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

OCTOPUS Choice is set to have raised £50m within its first year of operation.

The lender offers average returns of 4.2 per cent based on conservative loans-to-value of up to 70 per cent and currently has 20 loans open for investment.

It pre-funds the loans, which a spokesman said has been given the green light by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) – despite several other P2P lenders having to stop the practice in order to gain approval from the City watchdog.

The platform’s loan book shows it has funded loans of as little as £95,000 to more than £5m, secured on properties valued between £175,000 and £8m.

What Brexit Means for London’s First FinTech Unicorn TransferWise (Coin Telegraph), Rated: A

According to a report published by GP Bullhound, TransferWise is one of Europe’s fastest growing unicorns. Also, according to the same report, the UK has the largest number of fastest growing unicorns, which are fast-growth, profitable businesses at 18 with a cumulative value of $39.6 bln.

Despite the clouds of Brexit looming, British tech deals hit a high in 2016 according to GP Bullhound. Whether the growth in the tech sector can be maintained post-Brexit is an interesting question.

Moneysupermarket pioneer sets up new financial advice business eVestor (The Telegraph), Rated: A

Duncan Cameron’s jointly-owned eVestor service aims to cut the cost of full-service financial advice by 80pc. He says it will deliver sophisticated advice to investors “whether they have £1 or £1m”.

He says eVestor will use complex digital “decision trees” to replicate the role of human advisers at a fraction of the cost and “provide more consistent outcomes”.

My Moneything Investment Experience after 13 Months (P2P-Banking), Rated: A

Last year I started investing on British p2p lending marketplace Moneything. Read my past article about opening a Moneything account. Moneything mostly offers property backed loans, with a few different asset-backed deals in between. I used Transferwise and Currencyfair to deposit money from my Euro account. Recently I also used the Revolut App to transfer money from another UK p2p lending marketplace to Moneything.

I am invested in 31 loans right now, mostly at 12% interest rate with small amounts also at 10.5%, 11% and 13% invested. I have had no defaults and there are no fees for investors.

Why choose a robo-adviser? (IG.com), Rated: B

Anyone can use robo-advice to manage their finances, whether that involves a £500 initial investment in a Stocks and Shares ISA, or a £100,000 Self Invested Personal Pension (SIPP).

Just last year, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) warned that 16 million UK consumers could be trapped in a ‘financial advice gap’ where they need professional investment advice but simply can’t afford it.

There is a £310 billion shortfall in the UK’s pension savings, according to Aviva’s calculations, while Zurich Insurance recently found that 41% of women and 30% of men aged 25 to 39 have nothing saved in their pension fund.

According to a MetLife survey, 45% of retirement savers are so concerned about their dwindling returns that they feel forced to take on more risk – a decision which could have disastrous consequences in the absence of professional financial guidance.

Fintech Startup Prime Trust Appoints Former Hambrecht Partner Whitney White As New CTO & COO (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: B

Nevada-based Fintech startup Prime Trust announced on Friday it has appointed former Hambrecht Partner and CTO, Whitney White as its new COO and CTO. 

European Union

Lendix Now Offering Loans to Italian SMEs (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

European marketplace lending platform Lendix has opened its platform to Italian SMEs. As of today, Italian businesses may borrow from €30,000 to €2 million directly financed by international investors. Lendix called the operation “a new step towards a true European credit market.”

International

88% of Global Banks Sweat over Losing Revenue to FinTech Firms (Cryptocoins News), Rated: AAA

The report, Global Fintech Report 2017 [PDF], found that 88 percent of global banks are increasingly concerned that they will lose revenue to fintech businesses. The areas major banks feel they will lose out on include payments, fund transfers and personal finance sectors. In response, 82 percent claim that they intend to increase partnerships with financial technology services over the next three to five years.

The survey found that difference in management and culture in addition to regulatory uncertainty and legacy technology limitations, are identified as being significant challenges for financial technology companies and banks. Not only that, but banks are restricted to a system of checks and balances that can hinder the innovation process while fintechs are able to adapt easily due to a lack of bureaucracy.

The technology is moving from hype to reality and as it does so funding in the sector increased 79 percent year-over-year in 2016 to $450 million.

17 fintech businesses that could one day be worth over billion (Business Insider), Rated: AAA

GP Bullhound, a boutique investment bank focused on tech, on Thursday published an in-depth report looking at the global fintech industry.

The report found 39 fintech companies around the world already valued at $1 billion or over, and found that global venture capital investment into the sector has risen almost fivefold in the past three years to reach $13.6 billion in 2016.

GP Bullhound identified promising businesses in the alternative lending space, data analytics, digital banking, insurance, and asset management. Here are the 17 businesses that made the cut and, in GP Bullhound’s view, could be the next fintech unicorns:

  • LendInvest — Online mortgage platform
  • Prodigy Finance — Peer-to-peer university loans for overseas students
  • ID Finance — Online lending in Russia
  • Ebury — Financing for small businesses trading overseas
  • iZettle — Mobile phone linked card readers
  • WorldRemit — International money transfer on your smartphone
  • Cardlytics — Analytics of card spending
  • Kreditech — Digital credit scoring and lending
  • Taulia — Supply chain finance
  • PolicyBazaar — Indian insurance marketplace
  • Collective Health — Tools for employers to manage company health insurance
  • Atom — Digital-only challenger bank
  • OakNorth — Digital challenger bank pitched at entrepreneurs
  • N26 — App-only bank that is hugely popular across Europe
  • Betterment — Online investment advisor
  • Wealthfront — Online investment manager targeting millennials
  • Nutmeg — Online investment managet

SME Lending Activity: China Spikes, US Banks Reboot (PYMNTS.com), Rated: AAA

Small business lending activity across the globe is in flux. China saw a whopping 17 percent increase in small business lending in Q1, while U.S. banks are rebooting their efforts to capture SMEs from their alternative rivals. The U.K. and Canada, meanwhile, see their small businesses struggling to find financing.

$3.2 trillion worth of outstanding SME loans in China means lending activity to small businesses in the community has inched up in Q1 2017. New data from the People’s Bank of China released the statistic, which signals a 17 percent increase from a year ago, reports said.

Three out of five London SMEs have been turned away from lenders, according to data released by SME finance LDF. Its research revealed that more than half of London’s SMEs say the jargon associated with financing has turned them off from accessing a loan, and 57.6 percent said they have been turned down from a loan outright.

Fewer than 15 percent of Canada’s small businesses are run by entrepreneurs aged 25 to 39, said CIBC Capital Markets in a new report.

Three minutes could be all it takes for a small business to get financed from NatWest. The bank said last week that it has rolled out a new platform for its SME customers that have been pre-assessed for financing.

A dip of 1.1 in the PayNet Small Business Lending Index may appear to be bad news — signaling a slight decline in Canadian small business lending in February compared to January. But according to PayNet data, medium-sized business lending increased nearly two points in the index, marking the highest level since January 2016 and reflecting separate data from CIBC Capital Markets that signals strong growth among Canada’s SME community.

Australia

The fake offset accounts that could make your savings vanish (The Sydney Morning Herald), Rated: A

You recently answered a question regarding the safety of a home loan with an online lender (the debt would be on-sold to another provider and the loan would continue). My question relates to the security of money in an associated offset account. How secure would the money in the offset account be? If the lender goes bust would they be able to take all of our savings in the offset account and then on-sell the full value of the loan?

There was a time when a compelling reason not to go with a cheaper online lender was that, not being authorised deposit-taking institutions, they could not offer offset accounts. Some have since begun splitting out certain repayments in a quasi offset – on occasion, simply like a displayed redraw facility.

But there is a downside: offset accounts set up in this way are not subject to the Financial Claims Scheme or the scheme protecting deposits of up to $250,000 in the event the provider goes bust … only truly separate deposit accounts of locally incorporated authorised deposit-taking institutions (ADIs) are, whether they are offset or not.

Note APRA regulates ADIs (mainly banks, building societies and credit unions); online and other non-bank lenders are subject to the Consumer Credit Code and can be ruled on by the Credit and Investments Ombudsman.

Gerard Brody, chief executive of Consumer Action, says: “Non-bank lenders that offer these products should be warning customers clearly that if they go under, the money in the account won’t be protected by the government guarantee.”

China

WeiyangX Fintech Review (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

On April 11, Xiaomi Corp., China’s leading mobile phone maker, launched the mobile application Xiaomi Lending in Android market, signaling a strong ambition to expand in the country’s booming Internet Finance sector.

On March 20, Dianrong.com announced to enter into a strategic partnership with Quark Finance, with an aim to launch a new online microcredit platform.

On April 12, Chinese online peer-to-peer lending service Renrendai.com announced that its P2P business would be operated as an independent platform.

National Internet Finance Association of China has announced the first major report to its members regarding the legal and regulatory status of consumer finance. The document, which is echoing to the P2P Finance Association established by the organization in March, is the first to officially classify consumer finance in the eyes of the Chinese government.

On April 8, the first Committee of Internet Finance Law was established in Beijing. The committee held symposiums about the technology innovation and legal protection in Fintech industry, which attracted several representatives of governmental organizations and university professors.

India

P2P lending can play a pivotal role in financial inclusion (India Times), Rated: AAA

However, what is noteworthy is that P2P as a product does have the ability to make a real difference in the financial inclusion space.

According to “Accenture’s Digital Disruption: The Growth Multiplier” report, digital tech could power $2 trillion of global economic output by 2020. The survey states that the US is leading the race with digital revenue making up a third (33%) of output. In terms of industry sector, Financial Services is the largest contributor in terms of their digital contribution to national and global GDP. In fact the same is true for every country across the world.

P2P lending and borrowing ticks all the boxes in terms of being simple, rates that appeal to both borrowers and lenders and is available to individuals often neglected by banks. As a result, it is finding traction regardless of social strata, age or education.

Our lenders are young with 51% belonging to the age bracket of 30-39 years. About 36 % of the lenders are over 40 and 13 % are below the age of 30.

It is well known in India that it is very difficult to get a loan from a bank if you are an SME. When we talk of financial inclusion, it should not be merely limited to an individual, but also ensuring access to finance for companies of all sizes. P2P has done a great job in lending to SMEs and this is largely possible because of wide range of data sets used to arrive at a lending decision.

Financial institutions feeling fintech heat, says PwC study (India Times), Rated: AAA

Financial institutions are increasingly at risk of losing business to fintech innovators, with 67 per cent already feeling the heat, says a PwC study.

According to PwC’s Global FinTech Report, 67 per cent believe their business is at risk from financial technology (fintech) firms and as many as 95 per cent of incumbents seek to explore fintech partnerships to boost innovations.

In India, 67 per cent financial institutions acknowledge that non-traditional fintech poses a threat to their businesses, lower than the global average of 80 per cent, indicating that the market in India is not yet as matured as it is globally.

Can e-KYC Service Providers Like Finahub Ride The Aadhaar Wave? (Bloomberg Quint), Rated: A

Finahub Technology Solutions, a Kerala-based software technology solutions company, is riding a building wave in financial services–the increasing use of Aadhaar-enabled e-KYC (know your customer) by banks and non-banking financial services (NBFC).

The bank or the financial institution is a KYC User Agency, and must first register with the UIDAI. The intermediary, called a KYC Service Agency, transfers the confidential Aadhaar information in an encoded form from the user to the UIDAI, and then back to the bank’s server.

The software solutions provider, in this case Finahub, provides software that connects all the points in the chain.

The software solutions provider, in this case Finahub, provides software that connects all the points in the chain.

The company also offers an Aadhaar e-sign facility as an add-on service. If this option is chosen, once the e-KYC process is complete, the bank’s representative asks the customer to scan his fingerprint a second time.

Asia

Understanding Indonesia’s Burgeoning Fintech Landscape (Global Indonesian Voices), Rated: A

From 2008 until 2013, the investment value in fintech had increased threefold.

As reported by Tech In Asia, in Indonesia fintech is the business sector with the second largest investment in 2016, after e-commerce. According to Bank Indonesia, there are around 142 local fintech companies in Indonesia. They are categorized into four types: Market Provisioning, which includes CekAja and Cermati; Deposit, Lending, and Capital Raising, which includes UangTeman and Investree; Investment and Risk Management, which includes Bareksa and Stockbit; and Payment, Clearing, and Settlement, which includes Midtrans and Doku. This last category is the one with the most players, comprising around 80 companies.

There are at least 11 fintech startups that received funding from investors during 2016.

ASIC signs fintech agreement with Indonesia (InvestorDaily), Rated: A

The agreement, signed on Friday, provides a framework for the two regulators to share information on market trends and regulatory issues that develop from innovation within their respective markets.

The regulator said increased co-operation between the two regulators will support them to promote innovative practice, and described the agreement as “positive confirmation” of the relationship between ASIC and the OJK.

Africa

How Africa’s FinTech Industry Is Impacting Its Growth And Development (The Marketing Mogul), Rated: AAA

The emergence of Africa’s FinTech industry, through its software and platforms, has made financial products and services more accessible to consumers in developing countries with low standards of living. It has also made these products and services more affordable by reducing the cost of doing business for financial institutions and other intermediaries.

Africa’s largest economy, Nigeria has experienced 27% growth in mobile money usage between the years of 2011 and 2016. The country’s FinTech industry currently comprises of over 50 companies with investments exceeding $200m in the last two years. Nigeria, according to Irrational Innovations, has developed effective payment and lending platforms, with 37% of FinTech start-ups focused on offering payment and remittances services (such as Paga and Remitta) while 32% offer lending and financing services (like Renmoney and Onefi). The remaining 31% are divided amongst insurance, banking, trading, data, bitcoin and business solutions.

Kenya has also exhibited very promising potential and growth in the mobile money lending operations. In March 2015, financial times reported that $150m worth of loans had been issued to borrowers, following the collaboration between Kenya Commercial Bank and M-Pesa (a mobile money platform). The vast majority of these borrowers are low income earners previously regarded as un-bankable due to their lack of credit history and access to financial services (financial exclusion).

Ghana has also been on the rise in regards to Africa’s FinTech space. As of 2009, about 70% of Ghana’s population were un-banked, and the country had a GDP growth rate of 4%. But between 2011 and 2015, largely due to the utilisation of mobile money, the country recorded a 41% increase in the population’s access to formal financial services, as well as a compounded GDP growth rate of 7.7% between the same periods.

The use of mobile money in Sub-Saharan Africa has increased over the years, with approximately 70% of adults in Kenya, for example, utilising mobile phones for money transactions. African small- to medium-sized businesses (SMEs) account for over 45% and 33% of the continent’s employment and GDP rates respectively.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor