Thursday July 11 2019, Weekly News Digest

Asset-backed securities

News Comments Today’s main news: Morningstar completes DBRS purchase. Figure issues $85M in loans per month. Zopa chief says banks are trying to put fintech lenders in a box. DBRS praises Funding Circle. Yirendai’s Q1 results. Octopus expands into Germany. Today’s main analysis: Over 60% of purchase borrowers received mortgage rates under 4.5% last week (A […]

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Asset-backed securities

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China/Hong Kong

European Union

International

Other

News Summary

United States

Former SoFi CEO Mike Cagney’s New Blockchain Startup Is Issuing $ 85 Million In Loans A Month (Forbes), Rated: AAA

Since the streamlined HELOC Mike Cagney, the co-founder and former CEO of fintech unicorn Social Finance (SoFi), knows that it is essential to focus on customer experience to build a loyal client base. Today, he is using that knowledge to create a platform aimed at driving mainstream adoption of blockchain technology in the financial sector.

Over 60% of Purchase Borrowers Received Mortgage Rates Under 4.25% Last Week (LendingTree), Rated: AAA

Mortgage Rate Distribution

  • For 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages, approximately 60.1% of purchase borrowers received offers of 4.25% or less. That is up from 57% of borrowers the previous week. A year ago, 0.06% of offers were under 4.25%.
  • Across all 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage purchase applications on LendingTree, 4.125% was the most common interest rate. This rate was offered to 14.3% of borrowers.
  • Of 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage refinance borrowers, 72.8% received offers of 4.25% or less, which is up from 70.4% the previous week. A year ago, no refinance offers were under 4.25%.
  • Across all 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage refinance applications, the most common interest rate was 3.875%, offered to 18.9% of borrowers.

Mortgage Rate Competition Index

  • Across all 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage purchase applications on LendingTree, the index was 1.19, down from 1.22 the previous week.
  • How big of a deal is it to get a mortgage APR that’s 1.19 percentage points lower than the competition? Over 30 years, that could translate to $56,826 in savings on a $300,000 loan (see Mortgage Savings Tracker graphic below).
  • The index was wider in the refinance market at 1.35, up from 1.34 the previous week. Refinance borrowers could have saved $65,108 by shopping for the lowest rate.
Source: LendingTree

It’s Taking Less Time to Close on a Mortgage in 2019 (LendingTree), Rated: AAA

  • The time to close in new purchase transactions has been steadily declining, from 74 days in 2017 to 51 days in 2018 and just 40 days thus far in 2019.
  • For refinances, the decline has been less dramatic: from 55 days in 2017 to 43 days in 2018 and just 38 days so far in 2019.
  • Some of the decline can be attributed to lower mortgage volumes, as refinancings have been on a downward trend. But increased digitization is also playing a major role.
  • Closing times vary based on the characteristics of the mortgage type and borrower. Having a higher credit score can knock a few days off: Purchase borrowers with scores above 760 averaged 38 days in 2019 compared with 45 days for those below 720. Refinancings did not show much variation by credit score.
  • Loan-to-value ratios below 80% had shorter closing times for refinances, at 37 days compared with 42 days on mortgages with a ratio above 95% in 2019.
  • Loan amounts also affect closing times, with lower amounts, perhaps surprisingly, taking the most time. Loans under $150,000 averaged 47 days compared with 39 days for those above the conforming limit ($484,350 in 2019). Why? Higher loan amounts are typically being made to more credit-worthy borrowers. Lower-priced homes may be in some form of distress or have some type of damage; lenders thus may require more extensive appraisals to better estimate the home’s value and this adds time to the process.

Mortgage Fintech Innovation (PeerIQ), Rated: AAA

In broad-brush strokes, mortgage innovation centers on:

  • Customer experience (Better, Roostify, Blend, HomeCaptain) solutions are re-inventing the onerous mortgage with a digital experience, speeding decision times and opening up the lending buy box in the process.
  • Intermediation (OpenDoor, HomeLight, Zillow) – Some platforms are stepping in between buyers and sellers to provide liquidity, capturing transaction fees in the process
  • Data (House Canary, Zillow, Atom Data) – are amassing large data sets to providing accurate, standardized pricing models for investment decisioning
  • Banking 2.0 (SoFi, ZeroDown) – seek to provide a range of banking or investing services to consumers
Source: PeerIQ

Guaranteed Rate Companies Breaks 15 Company Records with Exceptional June Production Volume (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: A

Guaranteed Rate Companies, one of the largest retail mortgage lenders in the nation, announces 15 new company milestones—breaking its monthly total locked volume for the fourth consecutive month in June.

Breaks its record of total locked volume with $5.31 Billion earned across more than 15,000 units

Can Commercial Real Estate Investment Truly Be Democratized? (Commercial Observer), Rated: AAA

Most real estate crowdfunding sites continue to highlight the equalizing benefits of the model. Fundrise provides “access to a once-unattainable investment class,” and Rich Uncles, which has a minimum of $5, wants to “level the playing field” for the average investor. The sites offer investments in funds that focus on income-producing assets, like single-tenant office, multifamily housing and convenience centers nationwide.

Jeff Holzmann, the former COO of crowdfunding site iintoo, says the definition of an accredited investor is very divisive: “You can have an economics degree, and if you make $199,000 a year, you can’t invest, but Kim Kardashian can walk right on up and buy a multifamily building for $200 million. Should our bar be set by how much money you make?”

Ryan Williams Is Bringing the ‘Proptech’ Revolution to Real Estate Investing (Fortune), Rated: A

Real estate is an industry notoriously stuck in its ways and slow to change. Cash-generating, bricks-and-mortar assets are at the very heart of the enterprise, and in many ways, business is conducted the same way it was 100 years ago. Until recently, real estate owners, investors and brokers had little patience for the kinds of technological advances that have swept through myriad other industries.

But that’s all changing now. Just as there’s fintech, medtech, edtech and regtech, so is there proptech—and there are few companies in the realm of real estate technology as closely watched as Cadre, led by a 31-year-old Blackstone Group and Goldman Sachs alum named Ryan Williams.

7 Reasons Why Long Distance Investing Isn’t As Risky As You Think (Forbes), Rated: A

In 2019 we have many ways we can verify the information we are provided when we invest outside of our own market. These methods will be the focus of this article. By the time you’re done with this, I think you’ll have a much better understanding of how to conduct due diligence, why out out state investing isn’t as risky as you thought, and why I’m such a big proponent of it

1.The Internet

There is very little you can’t find out with a little online searching.

2. You Can Find Rent Estimates Easily

Websites like Rentometer and Craigslist make a preliminary rent search fast and easy.

7. You Can Find Comps Yourself Online

BlueVine Reaches $ 2 Billion In Total Funded Volume (Bluevine), Rated: A

This past month, BlueVine achieved a major milestone, having provided access to more than $2 billion in total working capital to businesses across the nation.

Finitive Announces $ 100 Million Credit Facility For Platinum Auto (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Finitive announced on Monday its client Platinum Auto of Tampa Bay secured a $100 million credit facility through its platform. Platinum notably purchases auto loan contracts from a network of over 300 auto dealers in the southeast region of the U.S.

Affirm lets you pay off a large online purchase over time — here are 35 stores that accept it (Business Insider), Rated: A

You can apply for a loan as you’re shopping at one of many Affirm’s partner stores, which include women’s and men’s fashion, furniture, sports and fitness, electronics, jewelry, and watch brands.

You can see which online retailers accept Affirm below.

They’re divided by category and we’ve also designated which ones offer loans starting at 0% APR with an asterisk.

Will Abercrombie & Fitch’s “Buy Now, Pay Later” Plan Lock in Gen Z Shoppers? (The Motley Fool), Rated: AAA

Abercrombie & Fitch (NYSE:ANF) recently partnered with payment solutions provider Klarna to let U.S. shoppers split purchases into up to four interest-free payments over two months. A&F is aiming this “buy now, pay later” system — which its rival Urban Outfitters (NASDAQ:URBN) has also adopted — at younger shoppers with less spending power.

But will “buy now, pay later” work?

Only a third of millennials have credit cards according to Bankrate. The average millennial in the U.S. also has a net worth of just $8,000 according to Deloitte, which gives them significantly less spending power than previous generations. Most Gen Z shoppers don’t have credit cards yet. They mostly use debit cards or linked payment apps, which restrict purchases to the amount of cash in their bank accounts.

rue21 is Totally on Trend with the Addition of Klarna (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: A

Klarna, the global alternative payments provider, is getting trendy with the Millennial favorite fashion brand rue21. Customers can choose to pay with four equal payments collected bi-weekly – with no interest or fees. With Klarna, these cool customers get the ability to stay ahead of trends even faster with a smooth checkout and a payment option that boosts flexibility and purchase power.

The necessity for businesses to keep up with the customer is increasingly important considering that U.S. shoppers admit to buying clothes and accessories online an average of 10 times a year. For Gen Z shoppers, aged 16-24, this number increases to 18 times per year, with nearly a quarter (23%) of them admitting to shopping online 1-3 times per month. Millennials are shown to shop online 14 times per year and the 55+ age group, 8 times per year. Considering these Millennial and Gen Z demographics are credit card averse and debt conscious, Klarna delivers an appealing and accessible method for shoppers to take control of their finances in a manageable way.

Metro Denver businesses mostly seeing green, not red (Denver Post), Rated: A

Of 42,610 businesses in metro Denver, 29,560 or 69.4 percent reported turning a profit, according to an analysis from online lender LendingTree.

That placed fifth out of the 50 metro areas that LendingTree ranked based on Census Bureau data. Seattle had a business profitability rate of 70.9 percent, making it the leader nationally. The only other cities ahead of Denver were Louisville, Ky.; Indianapolis and Portland, Ore.

U.S. Consumer Borrowing Climbs on Bigger Credit Card Balances (Bloomberg), Rated: A

U.S. consumer debt climbed in May at about the same pace as a month earlier, led by the largest advance in revolving debt outstanding since October, suggesting Americans’ favorable economic outlook is underpinning continued spending.

Total credit rose $17.1 billion from the prior month, in line with the median estimate of economists, following a $17.5 billion gain in April, Federal Reserve figures showed Monday. While credit card and other revolving debt outstanding increased at a faster rate, non-revolving credit posted the smallest increase in almost a year.

Small Business Loan Approvals at Big Banks Hit Record Highs (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: A

Approval rates for small business loan applications inched up to yet another record high of 27.6% at big banks ($10 billion+ in assets) in June, while the approval percentage also climbed at small banks, hitting 50% for the first time in 2019, according to the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Indexreleased today.

Small bank approvals of small business loan applications climbed one-tenth of a percent from 49.9% in May to 50% in June.

Small business loan approval rates among alternative lenders dropped one-tenth of a percent to 57.0% in June, down a notch from 57.1% in May.

LendingTree Survey Finds 45% of Newlyweds Went into Debt for Their Wedding (PR Newswire), Rated: A

Approximately 45% of newlyweds between the ages of 18 and 53 went into debt to pay for their wedding. And once married, nearly half of the newlyweds who obtained wedding-related debt said money has caused them to consider divorce. On the flip side, only 9% of couples without wedding-related debt contemplate divorce.

LendingTree released its study on newlyweds and wedding expenses.

How Using Fintech Can Help Pay Off Student Loans (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: A

Companies like SoFi, Laurel Road and Splash Financial are just a few of the fintech industry names that have made their way into the student lending world.

Credible. This is a platform that allows you to compare student loan refinance rates from eight different lenders.

LendKey. Similar to Credible, Lendkey is a platform that allows the borrower to compare refinance rates side by side.

CommonBond. CommonBond for Business offers a flex contribution program that includes an option to directly contribute to paying down employee student loans, or to work with employees on financial literacy techniques for reducing their debt.

Gradifi. Gradifi is another fintech offering refinance options, bundled with employee benefits packages called SLP, or “student loan paydown”.

Earnest. This fintech offers refinance options to individuals with a more limited credit history that may not qualify for other traditional options.

FutureFuel. FutureFuel uses behavioral economics, which is the study of human behavior to explain economic decisions people make.

3 Alternative Financing Options for Small Businesses in 2019 (Digital Journal), Rated: B

Online finance is a very popular option to emerge of late. A few click on the website can bring about quick processing and loan approval.

Another alternative financing option is that of merchant cash advance.

Crowdfunding is an innovative and extremely popular way to raise money for new ideas, concepts, prototypes and creative products.

New Study on Digital Identity Shows Changing Consumer Behaviors (Lend Academy), Rated: A

Today, according to Pew Research Center more than 50 million American adults are mobile-only consumers.

Each year, IDology publishes a Consumer Digital Identity Study aimed at giving businesses visibility into how consumer preferences and opinions related to identity and fraud are shifting. This year’s study confirms the continued movement toward mobile, finding that in the last 12 months, for the first time, consumers opened more new accounts online with their mobile devices than on computers. A closer look at the data shows that 50 million American consumers (20% of all online adults) registered for new accounts exclusively on a mobile phone, up 10% from last year. This growing number has implications for financial service providers as they strive to keep fraud out while giving consumers a seamless digital experience.

Online Lending Startup Tries To Push Usury Suit To Arbitration (Law360), Rated: B

Online lending startup MoneyLion told a North Carolina federal court Tuesday that a suit over alleged unlicensed payday lending belongs in arbitration, arguing the proposed class of borrowers had signed valid arbitration agreements when taking out their loans.

United Kingdom

Zopa boss Jaidev Janardana: big banks are trying to ‘put fintech lenders in a box’ (The Telegraph), Rated: AAA

In just a few months, a string of Zopa’s rivals in peer-to-peer lending have collapsed. Others have exited the sector altogether.

The latest company to fall into administration, Lendy, resulted in £165m of customer cash being put on the line and affected more than 20,000 investors.

Zopa survey finds Brits are more open about bank balance than Netflix password (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

A survey of 2,000 adults by the peer-to-peer lender found that 47 per cent of respondents felt more comfortable revealing details about their bank accounts with their partner than their most intimate secret, while the same percentage would prefer to give an insight into their finances over their Netflix password.

Zopa looks to grow secured car finance offering (P2P Finance News), Rated: B

ZOPA is readying to launch its secured car finance product as a direct offer on its website, as it looks to expand this segment of the business.

Ratings agency backs Funding Circle strategy to tighten lending (AltFi), Rated: AAA

SME focused peer-to-peer lender Funding Circle was correct to proactively take the decision to tighten its lending criteria in pulling back from higher-yielding lower-quality loans, according to ratings agency DBRS.

Investor fintech demand drives record six months for Crowdcube (AltFi), Rated: A

Crowdcube saw revenues soar 39 per cent to £3.72m in the first half of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018, with £103.4m pledged to companies through the platform.

NatWest-backed Esme hits £60m lending milestone (AltFi), Rated: A

Esme Loans said it has hit over £60m of lending to UK small businesses just two years after its launch.

The small business lender unit said its loans have leapt 20 per cent since the end of April.

Habito launches buy-to-let mortgages (Which), Rated: A

Online mortgage broker Habito has launched a comprehensive range of buy-to-let mortgages, as it makes its first foray into lending.

The brokers offers a range of two and five-year loans for landlords, as well as more niche three, seven and 10-year fixed terms.

FCA misconduct probes into retail financial services firms increase by a third (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

THE NUMBER of Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) cases opened into misconduct in retail financial services has increased by 29 per cent in the past year.

The number of cases has increased to 101 for the 12 months ended 31 March, up from 78 the previous year, the FCA said in its annual report on Tuesday.

The regulator also said that the overall number of enforcement cases it is undertaking is up by 31 per cent over the past year – rising to 650 from 496 at the beginning of the year.

OakNorth lends £19.5m to Care Concern Group (Fintech Finance), Rated: B

Klarna teams up with UK festival We Out Here (Retail Tech Innovation Hub), Rated: B

PayTech venture Klarna has announced a partnership with new jazz and electric festival We Out Here.

It will unveil a ‘Smoooth Sanctuary’ at the event, which will be held in Cambridgeshire in August.

China/Hong Kong

Yirendai Reports First Quarter 2019 Financial Results, Closing of Business Realignment Transactions with CreditEase (GlobeNewswire), Rated: AAA

First Quarter 2019 Operational Highlights

Consumer Credit—Yiren Credit

  • Total loan originations in the first quarter of 2019 reached RMB 10.9 billion (US$1.6 billion), representing a decrease of 45% from RMB 19.8 billion in the first quarter of 2018.
  • Cumulative number of borrowers served reached 4,404,812, representing an increase of 15% from 3,824,341 in the first quarter of 2018.
  • Number of borrowers in the first quarter of 2019 was 149,715, representing a decrease of 48% from 287,166 in the first quarter of 2018.
  • The percentage of loan volume generated by repeat borrowers was 38.8% in the first quarter of 2019.
  • Total outstanding principal balance of loans reached RMB 63,213.8 million (US$9,419.2 million) as of March 31, 2019, representing a decrease of 16% from RMB 75,271.5 million March 31, 2018.

Reviewing China Rapid Finance Limited (XRF)’s and X Financial (NYSE:XYF)’s results (NBO News), Rated: A

This is a contrast between China Rapid Finance Limited (NYSE:XRF) and X Financial (NYSE:XYF) based on their analyst recommendations, profitability, institutional ownership, risk, dividends, earnings and valuation. The two companies are Credit Services and they also compete with each other.

Earnings & Valuation

Gross Revenue Price/Sales Ratio Net Income Earnings Per Share Price/Earnings Ratio
China Rapid Finance Limited 1 0.27 N/A -0.85 0.00
X Financial 5 0.00 N/A 0.85 6.34

Table 1 shows the top-line revenue, earnings per share (EPS) and valuation for China Rapid Finance Limited and X Financial.

Court Upholds Ruling That Sent Two Peer-to-Peer Lending Executives to Prison for Life (Caixin Global), Rated: AAA

Shanghai Kuailu Investment Group Co. Ltd., along with two affiliated companies, and 15 defendants were convicted of fraudulent fundraising or illegal fundraising or both, according to the final ruling (link in Chinese) made by the Shanghai High People’s Court on Tuesday.

Kuailu, along with its affiliates, illegally raised more than 43.4 billion yuan ($6.3 billion) from the public, causing 40,000 people to take financial losses, the court said.

Foreign Investment Restrictions in P2P Lending Intermediaries (Lexology), Rated: A

The Interim Administrative Measures for the Business Activities of Peer-to-Peer Lending Information Intermediaries define “peer-to-peer lending” as direct lending/borrowing realized between peers on an internet platform. Peers include natural persons, legal persons and other organizations.

Bitmain’s Affluent Co-Founder Establishes the New Crypto Startup Matrixport (All Stocks), Rated: A

With the hope of capitalizing on the recent rise of the Bitcoin price, the co-founder of the mining giant Bitmain, Wu Jihan, has organized a group to develop “Matrixport,” a financial services startup for cryptocurrencies. According to its CEO Ge Yuesheng, Matrixport will function as a one-stop-shop for not just safekeeping of digital assets but also for crypto lending and over-the-counter trading.

European Union

Online Lender October Pushes into Germany as it Continues Expansion (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

Marketplace lending platform October, which is based in France, has expanded in Germany, according to a blog post by CEO and founder Oliver Goy.

October has selected Thorsten Seeger, a Funding Circle veteran, as CEO of October Deutschland as its plots its ongoing expansion across Europe. October currently operates in France, Spain, Italy, and the Netherlands.

Investors are putting £9bn to work in P2P Lending across Europe, UK still dominating (AltFi), Rated: A

The peer-to-peer lending market is now funding more than £9bn of loans across Europe each year with two thirds (67 per cent) of this funding coming through UK platforms.

Revolut brings the fintech battle to Berlin with a new hub (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: A

British fintech startup Revolut is opening a new European tech centre in Berlin, the home turf of its online-banking rival N26.

Lagan Investments takes 10% stake in Property Bridges (Irish Times), Rated: A

Lagan Investments, a fund founded by the North’s biggest house-builder, Kevin Lagan, has taken a 10 per cent stake in peer-to-peer lender Property Bridges and is to supply it with €5 million in lending capital.

International

Morningstar Names Detlef Scholz President of Expanded Credit Ratings Organization (Morningstar), Rated: AAA

Morningstar, Inc. (Nasdaq: MORN) has named Detlef Scholz as president of its expanded, global ratings organization. The leadership announcement comes as Morningstar today completes its previously announced acquisition of DBRS, the world’s fourth largest credit ratings agency, for a purchase price of US$669 million.

Scholz will assume his new role Aug. 1, 2019 and report to Morningstar Chief Executive Officer Kunal Kapoor.

Source: Morningstar

View the Morningstar/DBRS overlapping ratings.

Deutsche Bank in partnership talks with SoftBank-backed OakNorth (Reuters), Rated: A

Deutsche Bank (DBKGn.DE) is in talks with SoftBank-backed (9984.T) British fintech firm OakNorth to use the latter’s credit analysis and monitoring platform, a source with knowledge of the discussions told Reuters.

CoVEX Exchange — A Single Platform to Complete the Entire Crypto Lifecycle (Coinfomania), Rated: B

P2P loan: The CoVEX platform also implementing a decentralized p2p lending service. This allows users across the world to receive loans in lesser time and even reduces the repayment fee while at the same time protecting the interests of the lender.

Australia/New Zealand

An alternative loan scheme could help 2.1 million Australians in financial distress (UNSW Sydney), Rated: AAA

A social lending scheme could help bridge the gap between traditional lenders and government welfare for the 2.1 million Australians under high levels of financial stress.

Alexa Chung partners with Klarna challenger Laybuy (AltFi), Rated: A

Payments platform Laybuy has struck a new retail partnership with fashion brand of Alex Chung  – called ALEXACHUNG – allowing customers to spread the cost of purchases over six equal weekly payments.

New Zealand’s largest digital buy now, pay later app launched in March with its first partnership with Footasylum.

The true role of the SME broker (Australian Broker), Rated: A

Yet SMEs are being stiffed by traditional lending practices: 44% of small businesses have been knocked back for finance in the last 12 months. Put simply, SMEs are being underserved and ignored by the banks.

India

‘NiYO’ Raises US$ 35 Mn in Series B Round led by Horizons Ventures & Tencent (Yahoo! Finance), Rated: AAA

Indian new-age digital banking start-up NiYO Solutions has raised US$ 35 million in Series B funding round from Horizons Ventures, Tencent and existing investor, JS Capital. NiYO is founded by banking veteran Vinay Bagri and technology veteran Virender Bisht. NiYO had previously raised US$ 14 million in funding rounds led by Prime Venture Partners. With the current round the total fund raised by NiYO is US$ 49 million.
Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

The post Thursday July 11 2019, Weekly News Digest appeared first on Lending Times.

The Rise of Marketplace Lending Securitization

Cumulative MPL securitizations

With the evolution of digital banking and mobile-commerce, marketplace lending (MPL) has entered a new growth phase. If compared on the basis of loan volume, the U.S. is said to have one of the biggest P2P lending markets in the world (second only to China). According to a report by PwC, the size of the […]

The post The Rise of Marketplace Lending Securitization appeared first on Lending Times.

Cumulative MPL securitizations

With the evolution of digital banking and mobile-commerce, marketplace lending (MPL) has entered a new growth phase. If compared on the basis of loan volume, the U.S. is said to have one of the biggest P2P lending markets in the world (second only to China). According to a report by PwC, the size of the U.S. MPL market is expected to touch almost $1 trillion by 2030. The industry has already crossed $50 billion in originations for 2018, and such numbers have obviously attracted institutional capital to the sector. Financial institutions have been structuring their MPL investments in multiple ways, but, by far, the most important for the growth of the industry is securitization.

The Nascent Stage of Marketplace Lending Securitization

Securitization, in layman language, refers to the selling of illiquid loans by converting them into marketable securities via a process of bundling thousands of small loans into one single security. The buyers of the securities earn returns when people pay back their loans. Securitization provides the twin benefits of increased market liquidity because of easy buying and selling and lower cost to the borrower as the risk of holding (and managing) a small loan gets consolidated.

As per the U.S. Department of Treasury, P2P loan securitization has emerged as a prime funding avenue in the U.S., capturing investment of around $13 billion in 2017. The trend started when Eaglewood Capital Management undertook the first P2P loan securitization in 2013. The transaction was worth $53 million in value. The deal involved securitizing unsecured consumer loans originated by Lending Club.

The securitization of loans helps to tap a new market that may not be available otherwise. In the Eaglewood securitization deal, the final buyer was an insurance company that was not able to directly invest in Lending Club loans. But the securitization deal allowed the insurance company to fund the P2P loans. In 2014, Eaglewood announced yet another round of securitizations worth $75 million.

Along with institutional involvement, the participation of rating agencies in P2P securitizations has also gained momentum. For instance, Blackrock’s securitization of $327 million in Prosper loans was rated by Moody’s and it became the first rated MPL securitization in history. The first quarter of 2017 saw all securitization deals being rated by the rating agencies. Another Prosper loan (Prosper’s PMIT 2017-1) was rated by Fitch, which represents the growing acceptance of P2P securitizations across such agencies. With rating agencies entering the market, even the skeptical institutional investors should not be far behind.

The Growth of MPL Securitization

The increasing securitization of loans is seen as a shift in the P2P loan market as they fight the traditional banking industry for the multi-trillion dollar lending market. This will help the MPL industry go mainstream in its aim to raise funding, and will also deepen the market. Even more importantly, it will bring an additional level of oversight for young lending startups.

Large institutional investors and Wall Street are actively observing the developments in the sector and simultaneously undertaking their research. This signals a strong future of institutional participation in the industry. In the end, if MPL players are able to deliver the promised returns over an extended period of time, fixed income investors will be forced to invest in MPL securities in search for higher yields.

Deal Book

SoFi, the student loan giant, securitized a total of $727 million in loans by issuing SoFi Consumer Loan Program notes in November 2017. The transaction was recorded as the largest offering by an MPL company to date. The company claimed to be one of the U.S.’s biggest sponsors of ABS, completing deals worth $6.5 billion over the past year.

A total of seven deals worth $4.3 billion were finalized in the first quarter of 2018. The total volume indicated an increase of 34% year-on-year against the total volume in the first quarter of 2017. Out of the total issuance, student loan deals accounted for $2.1 billion. SoFi ,who had issued $1.8 billion in just two deals, led the student loan segment.

Average Deal Size Over Time

The Q3 2018 Securitization Report by PeerIQ confirms the growth trend. There were eight MPL securitizations this quarter worth a total of $3.5 billion. The industry has seen a cumulative $40 billion over 134 deals. All deals were rated, and rating agencies seem to be warming up to the sector with 119 upgrades as compared to just 12 downgrades. Wall Street has (as usual) joined the party with Citigroup, Deutsche Bank, and Credit Suisse dominating the issuance league with a combined 57% market share.

Conclusion

The Asset Backed Securities market is backing the MPL industry and record issuances with tightening spreads, and dropping yields are an important testimony to the fact. Investors are voting with their wallets, and they like what they are getting with the burgeoning MPL industry. But the Fed has started with its rate-tightening cycle, and the first wave of defaults will sooner or later hit marketplace lenders. This will help in determining the actual depth in the MPL market and how much the industry has matured.

Author:

Written by Heena Dhir.

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Lenders Bet On Artificial Intelligence for Credit Scoring

Lenders Bet On Artificial Intelligence for Credit Scoring

Banks have to struggle with a lot of challenges – from issuing credit to operational risks, and technological troubles to good old fashion fraud. In addition to the risks of yesteryear, modern banks face falling long-term rates, growing fintech competition, and low profitability. In this challenging environment, savvy modern banks focus more of their attention […]

Lenders Bet On Artificial Intelligence for Credit Scoring

Banks have to struggle with a lot of challenges – from issuing credit to operational risks, and technological troubles to good old fashion fraud. In addition to the risks of yesteryear, modern banks face falling long-term rates, growing fintech competition, and low profitability. In this challenging environment, savvy modern banks focus more of their attention to mitigating risks.

Chief among these challenges are low-performing loan portfolios, which are a constant thorn in the side of lenders. For example, European non-performing loans stand above €1 trillion with more than one third of banks having NPL ratios above 10% (ECB, 2017).

This minefield of factors has driven lenders to seek out new ways to increase profits and cut funding costs in order to stay competitive.

Artificial Intelligence in Fintech: Will it take over?

AI is a powerful tool for banks, thanks to its ability to harness vast quantities of data to learn more about customer patterns and behaviors”, says Steve Ellis, head of the innovation group at Wells Fargo.

As powerful as artificial intelligence (AI) is, traditional banking is still heavily reliant on statistical methods that were developed over half a century ago. Lenders determine creditworthiness based on 20+ data points, which leave otherwise worthy customers behind.

Modern machine learning (ML) makes it possible to go much deeper when analyzing data, and allows lenders to extract valuable insights from available data patterns.

According to a McKinsey report, a number of European banks have already replaced the antiquated statistical-modeling approach with machine-learning techniques. The results speak for themselves: a 10% increase in the sale of new products, 20% savings in capital expenditures, and a 20% decline in churn.

Source: thefinancialbrand.com

The data doesn’t lie: Lenders are betting on AI. Evidence of this modern trend can be seen in numerous ‘banks and fintech collaborations’ and AI-based software releases:

  • JPMorgan Chase pioneered a Contract Intelligence platform designed to “analyze legal documents and extract important data points.”
  • American MobileBank deploys AI software to lend to thin-file millennials.
  • Canadian TD Bank uses Layer 6’s AI engine for scoring and cybersecurity.
  • Deutsche Bank came out with new AI-based equities to predict their pricing and volume more accurately.
  • Wells Fargo employs its own AI team to provide more personalized services and strengthen digital offerings.
  • Bank of America Merrill Lynch implements HighRadius’ AI solution to speed up receivables reconciliation for their large business clients.

Logistic regression is no longer the de facto standard

Nine times out of 10, logistic regression is used to build scoring models and solve classification issues. Before it can take over and provide predictive results, there’s an important step of preliminary analysis and data quality control that must be taken. If the dataset contains:

  • imperfect and missing values, outliers and unstructured data;
  • numerical and categorical values (age, income vs marital status, education);
  • raw data that doesn’t fit strict parameters(data with fractions or decimals, etc.)

data analysts will spend days (if not weeks) just to preprocess the data before it can be assessed. Cutting corners and ignoring such data may lead to the loss of valuable insight and incorrect predictions.

How modern AI/ML methods build better risk models

Today, lenders have the ability to collect more data than ever about their clients. In addition to traditional socio-demographic data, this may include transactional data, records from credit bureaus, social media, Google Analytics, as well as other non-traditional sources.

Processing and interpreting this data so that it can be used to issue loans to worthy credit seekers is where modern ML/AI methods give banks the edge they need.

Machine learning techniques like gradient boosting, random forest, or neural networks can better find hidden dependencies in a dataset, which helps to gain more accurate predictions. This assists banks in determining how collected parameters in a dataset should be weighed to predict whether borrowers will consistently repay their loans on time.

This is made possible by data signals, which define significant parameters that affect the power of a scoring model. Depending on the type of business, geography, target audience, and data authenticity, significant parameters may differ. Modern ML can determine which data points contain the desired signal.

Traditional data sources like credit bureaus still remain an important part of the process and provide the data that contain the above-mentioned signal. Unfortunately, they do not cover noteworthy market segments such as millennials, self-employed entrepreneurs, small business owners, immigrants, or the unbanked.

The team at GiniMachine carried out pilot projects to build accurate scoring models with minimal data points and without access to an applicant’s credit history. Some of the most promising and predictive parameters included the applicant’s industry and occupation, the size of their company, the total years they’d been in business, the size of their family, and data from social networks like their overall activity, as well as the quantity and quality of their connections.

The team at GiniMachine has proven that it is possible to capitalize on information about borrowers that is collected from alternative sources to accurately and efficiently assess borrower’s credibility and make effective lending decisions.

Modern ML methods can build more accurate risk models because of their capacity to:

  1. use built-in ‘raw’ data pre-processing tools
  2. find hidden dependencies of arbitrary complexity
  3. harness unstructured, big data, and data from alternative sources

The financial world, and lending businesses in particular, have seen major changes throughout the last few years. Using ML and AI in concert with traditional practices is the way forward for banks that want to remain competitive in the modern world. It’s clear that making good loans to the people of the future requires a futuristic helping hand.

Author:

Dmitry Dolgorukov is a CEO and co-founder of GiniMachine & HES, a technology entrepreneur, and an investor with over 15 years of executive experience in software development and fintech. In 2018, Dmitry was ranked as one of the top 200 Fintech leaders in Europe that contribute to the industry as influencers through action.

 

Tuesday June 6 2017, Daily News Digest

u.s. FICO scores

News Comments Today’s main news: Proposed U.S. REIT credit rating methodology. Tisa group pushes for P2P lending in Sipps. Dumiao issues first digital lending ABS on Shanghai exchange. Today’s main analysis: Borrowers accelerating paydowns on six-figure student loan debt. Top 10 P2P lending platforms by volume and loan balance in China. Today’s thought-provoking articles: Millions of Americans just got […]

u.s. FICO scores

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

  • Dumiao issues first digital lender ABS in Shanghai. GP:”ABS offering on Shanghai Stock Exchange. In general investors see the Shanghai Stock Exchange as being particularly prone to insider trading and not many international investors participate in the market. Despite this there is a need for Chinese ABS and there will be, with or without international investors, a Chinese ABS bond market due to the needs of local insurance, private equity, banks and other participants.”
  • Top 10 P2P lending platforms. GP:”A very useful list.”AT: “Interesting, Yirendai, #2 by loan balance, isn’t on the volume list.”
  • Renaud Laplanche to keynote at LendIt’s Lang Di Fintech conference. GP:”I think his return to the public speaking circuit in our industry in China will not receive as much visibility as expected. Renaud should speak in the US again.”

International

Australia

India

Asia

News Summary

United States

Proposed U.S. Real Estate Investment Trust Credit Rating Methodology (Morningstar), Rated: AAA

The four key components that drive MCR’s credit rating methodology for REITs are:

  1. Our Business Risk encompasses various measures of a REIT’s business risk.
  2. Our Cash Flow Cushion ScoreTM is an evaluation of a REIT’s ability to cover debt maturities, interest, and other debt-like obligations.
  3. Our Solvency ScoreTM is a predictor of default based on four key metrics.
  4. Our Distance to Default Score is based on a REIT’s likelihood of financial distress using market-based inputs.

Two separate component scores converge to form our final Business Risk assessment: Country Risk and Company Risk. Once we assign these two component scores, we weight them as follows to determine the overall Business Risk assessment for each REIT:

  • Country Risk: 10%
  • Company Risk: 90%

We believe EBITDA is the best measure of size for REITs and assign points for size according to the following scale:

Source: Morningstar

The distance to default metric is a market-based measure of financial health. Both inputs, equity volatility, and the ratio of enterprise value to market capitalization, are calculated using daily updated market data. This allows us to incorporate new information faster through the distance to default calculation compared with accounting-based measures of financial health. As a result, our credit ratings can be more responsive to early signs of financial distress.

  • Step 1: Calculate annualized trailing 300-day equity total return volatility (EQVOL).
  • Step 2: Calculate current enterprise value/market cap ratio (EVMV).
  • Step 3: Transform EQVOL into a percentile [0, 1] by ranking it relative to all other stocks in the calculable universe (EQVOLP). 1 represents high equity volatility, 0 represents low equity volatility.
  • Step 4: Transform EVMV into a percentile [0, 1] by ranking it relative to all other stocks in the calculable universe (EVMVP). 1 represents high leverage companies, 0 represents low leverage companies.
  • Step 5: Calculate new raw DTD = 1-(EQVOLP + EVMVP + EQVOLP*EVMVP)/3
  • Step 6: Transform new raw DTD into a decile [1, 10] by ranking it relative to all calculable U.S.-domiciled stocks. 10 represents poor financial health while 1 represents strong financial health.

Request for Comment (Morningstar), Rated: AAA

Morningstar Credit Ratings, LLC (MCR) will accept comments on this Request for Comment until 5 p.m. Eastern Time on July 5, 2017.

Comments should be submitted by the deadline date and time via email to NRSROconsultations@morningstar.com. Comments should contain your name, your title (if writing on behalf of an organization), your organization (if applicable), address, phone number, and email address.

Millions Of Americans Just Got An Artificial Boost To Their Credit Score (Zero Hedge), Rated: AAA

Stated simply, the definition of the all important FICO score, the most important number at the base of every mortgage application, was set for a series of “adjustments” which would push it higher for millions of Americans.

Now, as the Wall Street Journal points out today, efforts to rig the FICO scoring process seems to be bearing some fruit.  The average credit score nationwide hit 700 in April, according to new data from Fair Isaac Corp., which is the highest since at least 2005.

Meanwhile, the share of consumers deemed to be riskiest, with a score below 600, hit a new low of roughly 40 million, or 20% of U.S. adults who have FICO scores, according to Fair Isaac. That is down from 20.5% in October and a peak of 25.5% in 2010.

Extreme refinancing: Borrowers accelerating paydowns on six-figure student loan debt (Credible), Rated: AAA

A growing number of Americans who have student loan debt are enrolling in repayment plans that ease the burden of their monthly payments by stretching them out over a longer time period. Some borrowers pursuing this strategy may qualify to have their remaining debt forgiven after 10, 20, or 25 years of payments. Others will rack up thousands of dollars in additional interest rate charges without qualifying for loan forgiveness.

Credible’s analysis found most borrowers who have refinanced more than $100,000 in educational debt are taking the opposite approach. Most are on track to dispatch their loans in 10 years or less — saving tens of thousands of dollars in interest payments in the process. Many who have refinanced six-figure educational debt at lower rates will pay it off in just 5 years, Credible found.

Read the full report here.

June Legislative Update (Experian Email), Rated: A

Highlights include:

  • On May 19 Experian submitted comments in response to the CFPB’s Request for Information (RFI) on the use of alternative credit data and alternative credit scoring models. The CFPB sought comments on the types of information that should be considered alternative data and how it could be used to improve financial inclusion.
  • On May 18, Representative Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) introduced the Balancing the Rights of Web Surfers Equally and Responsibly (BROWSER) Act of 2017 (H.R. 2520). Blackburn is joined by Representatives Brian Fitzpatrick (R-PA) and Bill Flores (R-TX) as original co-sponsors of the bill. The legislation seeks to bring internet service providers and edge service providers under the same privacy regime, by designating the FTC as the nation’s sole online privacy enforcement agency.
  • On May 8, Representative Barry Loudermilk (R-GA) introduced H.R. 2359, the FCRA Liability Harmonization Act. The bill seeks to bring consistency to national consumer financial protection laws by capping class action damages and eliminating punitive damages to align the Fair Credit Reporting Act with other consumer financial protection laws.
  • In New York, S.B. 5601 amends the state’s breach law by adding biometric data to the definition of personal information and permitting email notification unless the breach includes access credentials for an email account. Notification would instead be provided in real time by providing clear and conspicuous notice when the consumer is accessing the account from their usual location.

Read the update here.

Marketplace ABS evolving (Structured Credit Investor), Rated: A

At the upcoming SCI Marketplace Lending Securitisation Seminar in New York on 22 June, panellists will discuss the structuring and evolution of marketplace loan ABS. The fact that deals are increasingly incorporating features to reduce risk is one area that is expected to be covered.

This trend is supported by the recent US$495m Prosper Marketplace Issuance Trust Series 2017-1 – the first ABS launched by Prosper via its own branded shelf, when previous deals had been issued by Citi on the CHAI shelf. Rated by KBRA and Fitch, the deal comprises US$311m A/A- class A notes and US$70.67m BBB/BBB- class B notes. KBRA rated the US$113m class C notes single B-plus, but these are unrated by Fitch.

Plaid Is Powering the Future of Banking and Finance (Inc.), Rated: A

Plaid co-founders William Hockey and Zachary Perret noticed the need for something simpler, a system that would do the heavy lifting for other companies aiming to work with real financial data. The pair developed APIs that can ingest the mass volumes of financial data on the backend, transform it into a useable format, and then build a service on top – in other words, a platform.

As developers themselves, they focused on building a platform that was developer-friendly and for building integrations. Due to this focus, they quickly saw growing demand from developers and the emerging fintech industry to help build new applications for financial services.

Hockey and Perret’s goal is to drive innovation in financial services. Instead of attempting to serve consumers directly, the pair believed it was a smarter move to build a business- and developer-facing platform, one that would power the entire fintech ecosystem for consumers indirectly.

Moving forward, Plaid will focus on scaling this year. Its main goal is to continue to grow the platform that is seeing a lot of demand — which also means recruiting more people to join the team. Although the team currently numbers around 90, the leadership hopes to grow the team to somewhere around 120 by the end of the year, hiring across all departments.

How this Ohio mutual is getting an edge in tech (American Banker), Rated: A

Recently, First Federal was one of the founders of an Ohio-based fintech accelerator. It’s also invested in Numerated Growth Technologies — a commercial lending technology that lets banks make lending decisions in as little as five minutes.

“Why can’t a group of 10 community banks figure out how to make investments in an innovative platform down the road?” he said. “Or a group of banks being part of a development fund to steer a variety of tech initiatives?”

With the accelerator, First Federal is teaming up with larger banks. Its partners in the accelerator include Fifth Third Bancorp, Huntington Bancshares, KeyCorp and the insurer Progressive. JPMorgan Chase and Silicon Valley Bank are also part of the initiative.

Sweden’s Klarna looks to fuel US growth with e-commerce financing products (451 Research), Rated: A

The vendor has grown from a niche Nordic payments specialist to a global player with operations in 18 markets in little more than a decade. Recently launching in the US, Klarna has chosen to orient its primary go-to-market efforts around an alternative financing offering for e-commerce purchases.

Sequoia raises $ 2 bln for global growth fund, additional capital for China, India funds (PE Hub), Rated: A

Sequoia Capital said it has raised more than $4 billion for venture and growth funds in the United States, China, India and elsewhere in the world, according to filings with the SEC.

The Silicon Valley-based firm said it raised nearly $2 billion ($1.9995 billion) for its Sequoia Capital Global Growth Fund II, according to the filings. The firm had unveiled the fund in 2015 but without a target. Commitments came from 104 LPs.

What is Nevada’s Pro-blockchain Bill? (The Merkle), Rated: A

The state of Nevada has proven to be quite open-minded when it comes to blockchains and cryptocurrencies these days. In fact, the State Legislature approved a bill preventing local governmental entities from taxing any blockchain transaction.

Senate Bill 398 was first introduced in March of this year and is now presented by Governor Brian Sandoval to be signed. Governmental entities can’t impose any tax or fee on the use blockchains by both individuals and entities alike. Moreover, they can’t require these users obtain a license or permission to use blockchain technology either.

Is Marketplace Lending a Safer Investment Than the Stock Market? (National Real Estate Investor), Rated: B

While equities are often thought to yield high returns with fairly low risk, it takes time for them to fully develop and come to fruition. Alternative investment vehicles are coming into the market that are becoming particularly attractive when investing with a low appetite for risk.

With consistency and diligence, the stock market can make for a profitable long-term strategy. According to Credit Suisse, as of February 2017, the U.S. averaged 6.4 percent in inflation-adjusted equity return.

Marketplace lending, on the other hand, has consistent returns with lower volatility. Investopedia names marketplace lending as one of the best investments for high return rates.

Essentially, the main risk associated with marketplace lending is that you are loaning to people who may not have been able to get approved through traditional outlets.

United Kingdom

Tisa group pushes for P2P lending in Sipps (Citywire), Rated: AAA

A working group run by the Tax Incentivised Savings Association (Tisa) is gathering advisers’ views on the use of alternative finance products such as peer-to-peer (P2P) lending in Sipps.

The group, which consists of the heads of several P2P and crowdfunding firms along with consultants and Tisa technical policy director Jeffrey Mushens, first met on 19 January.

It has highlighted tax regulation as a key barrier, as well as wider concerns about non-standard assets being held in Sipps.

Despite the industry body helping to push P2P into the mainstream, advisers may take some convincing, with many hesitant until the market has ‘matured’.

The survey is available here.

Most investors not expecting to beat cash, says peer-to-peer lender (AltFi), Rated: A

Major peer-to-peer lender RateSetter has unveiled the findings of a new survey of 2,000 people, of whom more than 500 invest their money via products like equities, bonds or peer-to-peer loans. The findings suggest that most of these investors expect their portfolios to be outperformed by cash over the next 12 months.

The average return on cash currently stands at a meagre 0.15 per cent, according to Bank of England data.

LendInvest launches new three-year bridge (Financial Reporter), Rated: A

LendInvest has launched a new three-year bridge product with 110% ICR as a funding alternative to a conventional buy-to-let loan.

The product is available on loans between £100,000 and £2 million with a maxmimum LTV of 70% on day 1, rising to 75% as interest on the loan is deferred and rolled up.

China

PINTEC Subsidiary Dumiao is First Digital Lending Tech Provider to Issue ABS on Shanghai Exchange (PR Newswire), Rated: AAA

PINTEC Group, China’s leading financial technology provider, announced that its wholly owned digital lending technology subsidiary Dumiao successfully issued RMB245 million worth of asset-backed securities (ABS) on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, in the first such issue by a digital lending technology provider.

The underlying assets of the ABS are receivables facilitated by Dumiao on Qunar’s “Naquhua” installment payment service. Qunar, a leading online travel agency in China, is supporting the ABS program, ensuring the asset formation and stable service operation. Dumiao, a leading digital consumer lending technology provider, supplies Qunar with a digital lending technology solution and offers consumers flexible and efficient financial service.

The Dumiao offering represents the first internet consumer finance ABS sponsored by a third-party digital lending technology provider. Prior to the listing of Dumiao’s ABS on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, ABS offerings from the internet finance sector had been dominated by e-commerce companies.

Top 10 P2P Lending Platforms (Xing Ping She Email), Rated: AAA

By the end of May 2017, the total loan balance of P2P lending platforms in China reached to $1146.30 billion, and the total volume reached to $366.05 billion. According to the ranking list issued by Online Lending House, we picked out the top 10 P2P lenders per Loan Balance and Volume.

Top10 P2P Lending Platform per Loan Balance in May 2017
Rank Lending Platform Location Loan Balance

(Billion dollars)

Growth of loan balance (%) Overall yield Rate(%) Loan term (Month)
1 Lufax Shanghai 19.48 4.34 7.9 31.01
2 Yirendai Beijing 4.90 5.12 11.56 30.68
3 JBH Beijing 4.18 1.37 7.45 5.39
4 Eloancn Beijing 4.10 -5.12 9.1 10.32
5 PPDAI Shanghai 3.28 12.49 17.22 11.24
6 Xiaoying.com Guangdong 3.06 21.35 7.34 8.4
7 IQianJin Beijing 2.82 13.31 10.96 30.17
8 Hongling Capital Guangdong 2.56 1.68 7.67 2.66
9 Niwodai Shanghai 2.49 -0.02 10.73 16.98
10 Renrendai Beijing 2.35 5.08 10.19 35.07

 

Top10 P2P Lending Platform per Volume in May 2017
Rank Lending Platform Location Volume

(Billion dollars)

Growth of loan balance (%) Overall yield Rate(%) Loan term (Month)
1 Lufax Shanghai 1.65 -0.68 7.9 31.01
2 Xinhehui.com Zhejiang 1.60 8.34 7.13 0.75
3 Hongling Capital Guangdong 1.30 2.22 7.67 2.66
4 Wei Dai Network Zhejiang 1.09 -7.70 7.62 2.81
5 Xiaoying.com Guangdong 1.02 52.99 7.34 8.40
6 Tuandai Network Guangdong 0.73 24.64 9.05 3.59
7 IQianJin Beijing 0.68 42.77 10.96 30.17
8 PPDAI Shanghai 0.61 -7.52 17.22 11.24
9 Yidai.com Sichuan 0.57 53.67 11.70 7.57
10 PPmoney Guangdong 0.52 185.77 9.50 6.35

Renaud Laplanche Joins LendIt’s Lang Di Fintech as Keynote Speaker (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Now Laplanche is returning to the public stage as a keynote speaker roster for Lang Di Fintech 2017, LendIt’s Chinese conference. Lang Di Fintech, said to be the largest Fintech conference in China, marks Laplanche’s first public speaking role since founding Upgrade. His presentation is said to focus on the concept of online lending 2.0, including how new technologies such as Blockchain are increasingly incorporated into a Fintech company’s technology architecture.

International

Singapore fintech hub LATTICE80 launches initiative to connect Asia and Nordic fintech ecosystems (e27), Rated: AAA

Singapore-based fintech hub LATTICE80 has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Nordic Finance Innovation (NFI), an independent Nordic executive network for the finance industry.

The partnership will raise awareness of fintech’s potential between Asia and the Nordics; office space sharing; events collaboration; in-country exclusivity; exchange programs for members; and the leveraging of mutual contacts and networks.

Meanwhile, 42 per cent of Nordic financial institutions surveyed want to expand their existing partnerships with fintech firms. 42 per cent of Nordic banks surveyed also intend to set up fintech incubators.

Tommaso Zanobini to Lead Fintech at Deutsche Bank (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Deutsche Bank has hired Tommaso Zanobini as Managing Director and Global Head of Financial Technology (Fintech), a joint venture between Deutsche Bank’s FIG and TMT banking team.

SAIL Capital Awarded Most Innovative Sustainable Investment Firm, Recognised Leader in Global Resource Investing (PRWeb), Rated: B

Wealth & Finance magazine have announced the winners of the 2017 Alternative Investment Awards. SAIL Capital of Newport Beach, CA has been awarded Most Innovative Sustainable Investment Firm 2017 (Energy & Water) & Recognised Leader in Global Resource Investing 2017.

SAIL Capital has been a pioneer and thought leader in impact/alternative investing since the early 2000’s under the leadership of Founder and CEO Walter Schindler.

Now in its fourth year, the 2017 Alternative Investment Awards casts a light on the individuals, firms and departments from across all sectors that have played a part in shaping this dynamic and imitable industry.

Australia

How peer-to-peer lending could hit big bank profits (The Motley Fool), Rated: AAA

For example ANZ pays 2.4% annual interest on its one-year term deposit, and charges 13.95% annual interest on its personal loan.

Direct banks usually offer slightly higher interest rates on deposit accounts, lower loan costs, and reduced fees because they do away with the costs and inefficiencies (and arguably some of the service) of the traditional banks.

For example, the direct bank ME pays 2.85% annual interest on its term deposit, and charges 12.49% annual interest on its personal loan, making for a spread of 9.64%. Compare this to ANZ’s spread of 11.55% and you’ll note that ME’s more bare bones set up allows it to better cater to the more cost-conscious customers.

For example, the P2P lender DirectMoney Ltd (ASX: DM1) pays the investor around a 7.50% annual return for their personal loan fund, and charges the borrower around 9.50% annual interest on their personal loan. The spread is just 2.0% – a fraction of the banks with ANZ at 11.55% and ME at 9.64%.

Big BankANZ Direct BankME P2P LenderDirectMoney
Lender (Personal Loan) 13.95% 12.49% 9.5%
Borrower (Term Deposit) 2.4% 2.85% 7.5%
Net interest spread 11.55% 9.64% 2.0%

* All rate as of 2/6/17

Australia’s ASIC Proposes Next Steps on RegTech (The National Law Review), Rated: A

On Friday 26 May 2017, ASIC released its Report 523 titled “ASIC’s Innovation Hub and our approach to regulatory technology”. This report gives an update on the work of ASIC’s Innovation Hub and outlines ASIC’s current and proposed future approach to RegTech.

The report proposes that ASIC increase its focus on supporting RegTech developers, including by:

  • establishing a new RegTech liaison group comprising industry, technology firms, academics, consultancies, regulators and consumer bodies to enable networking, discussion of RegTech developments and collaboration opportunities that promote positive applications of RegTech;

  • continuing to hold RegTech trials and sharing knowledge about those trials with the market to promote wider use of technologies that promote good consumer and market integrity outcomes; and

  • hosting a problem-solving event (“hackathon”) later in 2017 to stimulate thinking and approaches to deal with problems of regulation commonly faced by the financial services sector.

India

Sundaram Finance backs online education loans marketplace GyanDhan (VC Circle), Rated: A

GyanDhan, an online marketplace for education loans operated by Delhi-based Senbonzakura Consultancy Pvt. Ltd, has secured an undisclosed amount from Sundaram Finance Holdings, a subsidiary of Chennai-based Sundaram Finance Ltd, it said in a statement.

The platform had raised an undisclosed amount in seed funding from Stanford Angels & Entrepreneurs and Harvard Angels in July last year .

It had earlier received angel funding from Satyen Kothari, founder of Cube and Citrus Pay.

Fintech platform MaxMyWealth raises funds from two UK firms (VC Circle), Rated: A

London- and India-based Heathwalk Advisors Pvt. Ltd, which runs financial technology platform MaxMyWealth, has raised an undisclosed amount from two UK-based firms, it said in a statement.

The firm will use the funds to build the team, enhance its offering and grow its customer base.

Asia

Top 10 Fintech Companies South Korea (TechBullion), Rated: A

According to Statista, the Transaction Value in the fintech market amounts to US$43,032m in 2017.

Developed by Samsung electronics, Samsung Pay allows users to make payments using compatible phones and other Samsung-produced devices.

Founded in 2013, Viva Republica is a fintech company that offers innovative peer-to-peer money transfer services via a mobile app called “Toss”.

8percent is a leading start-up that brings together savvy investors and creditworthy borrowers together so that both can benefit financially.

Founded in 2012, Rainist offers financial products recommendation based on individual’s life patterns and purchase behaviour.

DAYLI Financial Group is a leading financial technology platform consisting of innovative technologies such as machine learning, payment solutions, big data analytics, bitcoin exchange, and blockchain solutions.

‘Stocks Plus for Kakao’  enables users to check their stock quotes in real-time via Kakaotalk, a multi-platform messaging app.

Founded in 2011, Newsystock is a Robo-Portfolio platform that provides accurate analysis and equity purchase recommendations in the stock market.

Infosonic is the start-up that produces Sonic Pass as mobile authentication and payment app.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

Wednesday March 22 2017, Daily News Digest

Lending Club Prosper tax filing

News Comments Correction: In yesterday’s Lending Times, March 21s 2017, we have stated that the reason why Lending Club recently increased borrowing rates was due to an increase in defaults. In fact, Lending Club is matching the US FED central rate increase and plans to continue doing so. We, in fact, believe that this is the […]

Lending Club Prosper tax filing

News Comments

Correction: In yesterday’s Lending Times, March 21s 2017, we have stated that the reason why Lending Club recently increased borrowing rates was due to an increase in defaults. In fact, Lending Club is matching the US FED central rate increase and plans to continue doing so. We, in fact, believe that this is the proper decision in order to keep the investors attracted to this investment.

United States

  • Prosper reports wider loss on loan slowdown. GP:” The story here is that in 2016 Prosper revenues came down by 33% while expenses rose by 11%. In the same time Lending Club and OnDeck also lost money. A few thoughts: 2016 was a change year for the industry and Prosper who changed board members, CEOs, CFOs. So the Prosper team were aware changes were needed and they are in place. The second part is that it’s unclear at what scale Prosper needs to be to be profitable. Do they need to originate $2bil per year as they did in 2016 , $20 bil or $200 bil? Zopa and other companies showed that in the billions the scale is enough for profitability. Therefore I think it’s fair to expect 2016 to have been the transition year and 2017 to be the poster child year where Prosper and their competitors probably break even.” AT: “Huge drop. Maybe next year will be better for Prosper since payments on its 2013 settlement of a class action lawsuit were to end after three years.”
  • Sofi,Quovo show off new wealth management API.
  • Fitch upgrades CHAI 2016-PM1 Class A, B. GP:” It’s good news on the Prosper securitizations, the ratings got upgraded. This is a good sign to the overall Prosper notes investors.”
  • LC, Prosper tax information for 2017. AT: “You should consult your tax advisor for more specific information and advice regarding your own marketplace lending investments.”
  • SoFi inks office lease in NYC. GP:” SoFi is clearly hiring in NYC or will very soon. If you read Lending Times and are looking for your next opportunity perhaps you should email them a CV and you may beat the crowd.”
  • Would you trust Goldman Sachs with robo-advice? AT: In a few years, no one will think to ask this question.”
  • Deutsche Bank launches tech startup in NYC. GP:”Possibly a good incubator for fintech startups, worth a discussion.”
  • WorldRemit launches in Hawaii.
  • Brooklyn real estate is attractive to China’s middle class. AT: “I would imagine that American real estate is attractive to Chinese investors, even the middle class.”
  • Jilliene Helman on the future of investing. GP:” RealtyMogul has 110,000 investors on the platform. To me that seems very valuable beyond real estate investing. These investors probably need also fixed income and other asset classes allocation.”  AT: “Mostly about RealtyMogul.”
  • CRB names regulatory expert to BOD.

United Kingdom

European Union

  • Circle, Kabbage expand into Ireland. GP:” I wonder why UK lenders have not leveraged their existing fixed costs by entering the Irish market relatively quickly.”
  • Carrefour launches online banking service. GP:” Possibly this is a play for a cheap source of capital for Carrefour? Would US retailers be interested for something similar? How about a fintech startup to help any large corporation launch an online bank? “

International

China

News Summary

United States

Online Lender Prosper Reports Wider Loss on Loan Slowdown (WSJ), Rated: AAA

San Francisco-based Prosper reported an annual loss of $118.7 million, compared with a loss of $26 million for 2015. The company said the bigger loss was due to lower loan volumes and higher costs related to restructuring efforts and a legal settlement.

Prosper’s loss compared with $85.5 million red ink for 2016 at online small-business lender On Deck Capital Inc. and a $146 million loss at online consumer lender LendingClub Corp.

Prosper’s loan volume fell 41% to $2.2 billion as a result of money managers “pausing or significantly reducing” their purchases of the company’s credits,” according to the filing. Prosper makes money mostly from fees it charges borrowers who take out unsecured personal loans, and the slowdown contributed to revenue falling by one-third to $132.9 million.

Meanwhile, expenses rose 11% to $254.2 million.

Sofi, Quovo Show Off New Wealth Management API (Bank Innovation), Rated: AAA

The alternative lender demoed its new Authentication API, built in partnership with Quovo, a financial data aggregator for wealth management, at the FinDEVr conference today.

The API service is available primarily for the U.S., but it does support international accounts; Quovo has served customers in Canada and Australia, as well as clients in Europe.

Fitch Upgrades CHAI 2016-PM1 Class A and B; Affirms Class C (Fitch Ratings), Rated: AAA

Fitch Ratings-New York-20 March 2017: Fitch Ratings has taken the following rating actions on Citi Held for Asset Issuance 2016-PM1 (CHAI 2016-PM1), which is backed by marketplace loans originated via the Prosper platform:

–Class A upgraded to ‘Asf’ from ‘A-sf’; Outlook Stable;
–Class B upgraded to ‘BBBsf’ from ‘BBB-sf’; Outlook Stable;
–Class C affirmed at ‘Bsf’; Outlook Stable.

CE and Liquidity Support: Hard CE for class A, B, and C is 52.7%, 39.4%, and 17.3%, respectively. Liquidity support is provided by a non-declining reserve account, which is currently 0.84% of the pool balance. While subordination available to the class A and B notes will grow as the transaction pays down, overcollateralization (OC) is at its target release level of 16.5%, and will not grow until it hits its floor of 2% of the initial balance ($6.29 million). In addition, a growing proportion of the OC consists of delinquent assets. As a result, the class C notes are particularly exposed to defaults occurring later in the transaction life, which is currently the key constraint to their ratings.

Lending Club and Prosper Tax Information for 2017 (Lend Academy), Rated: AAA

Lending Club has made the process easy if you use TurboTax to file your taxes. They have dedicated part of the help section of their website to outline the step by step process of how to accomplish the import. If you’re not a TurboTax customer, Lending Club has provided a 2016 update to their Tax Guide for Retail Investors.

 

My 1099-B shows proceeds of $151.17. This is the total amount of proceeds I received from charged off loans. The “Cost or Other Basis” is the cost basis for the loans that have charged off. If you take any proceeds and subtract it from the basis you calculate the losses which is broken down by loan in the tax statement and also totaled at the bottom. In my case I had $366.62 short term losses and $980.52 long term losses totaling $1,347.14 in total losses for the year.

Generally, gains and losses from recoveries, sales or charge-offs related to Lending Club Notes are reported for tax purposes as capital gains or losses, rather than ordinary gains or losses. Generally, Lending Club Notes are considered capital assets because they are owned for the purposes of investment (similar to a stock or a bond).

Filing Taxes on Prosper Loans

Filing your taxes if you’re an investor on Prosper is similar to that of Lending Club. Your Prosper tax documents can be found by clicking on “History” under your name. Next, click “Statements”. Prosper provides each document separately instead of a consolidated report. In my case I received a 1099-OID and two 1099-B documents (one for short term and one for long term). Prosper breaks down what documents you will receive on the help section of their website.

My 1099-OID outlined the interest received of $1,226.42 and below that is my 1099-B outlining proceeds and losses from charged off loans. Although these documents look different than the ones Lending Club provides, the information and how it should be reported on your taxes is the same.

 

Capital losses first offset capital gains. With no capital gains, the losses will be deducted from ordinary income. Depending on your ordinary income tax rate, this means that your capital losses may be offset first by long-term gains that have more favorable tax treatment, usually 15% (depending on your income), as opposed to your potentially higher ordinary income tax rate. Short-term gains on the other hand have a higher tax rate, similar to the ordinary income tax rates (see Capital gains tax in the U.S.).

Online lender SoFi inks pricey office lease at 860 Washington (The Real Deal), Rated: A

The $4.3 billion startup inked a lease at the Meatpacking District’s 860 Washington Street covering the full second floor, which sits level with the High Line and the millions of visitors who traverse the trendy park each year, sources told The Real Deal.

The 10-year lease covers 13,000 square feet of space in the 10-story building developed by Property Group Partners and Romanoff Equities, with 280 feet of frontage along the High Line and West 13th Street. Asking rent in the deal was $155 per square foot.

Goldman Sachs: Would you trust its robo advisors with your money? (Independent), Rated: A

It’s almost always close to the top of the list when companies are seeking advisors to help them out with deals. And it’s not just wealthy and powerful corporations that beat a path to its door. The wealthy and powerful individuals that run them also seek its advice when it comes to their personal finances.

There are a lot of people lower down the food chain that might quite like the idea of showing off about the performance of an investment portfolio created for them by Robo Sachs. Yeah, this new set of golf clubs? Robo-Sachs came through for me. You should try it!

However, a lot of finance houses are working on similar projects, so if Goldman is planning to create Robo Sachs to advise the mass market, it wouldn’t be alone.

Deutsche Bank launches tech startup lab in New York City (Reuters), Rated: A

Deutsche Bank AG (DBKGn.DE) has opened a new center in New York to work with financial technology startups that can help it improve its technology.

Based in Lower Manhattan’s Fulton Center, the lab’s team will help the bank deploy technology in artificial intelligence, cloud and cyber security and other areas, the German bank said on Tuesday.

London-based fintech company WorldRemit launches in Hawaii (Biz Journals), Rated: A

WorldRemit, which was founded in 2010, is available in more than 50 countries and allows users to send money to more than 140 countries.

For China’s middle class, Brooklyn real estate offers more than a green card (CNBC), Rated: A

Since the Great Recession, snapping up prime real estate in coastal American cities, sometimes sight unseen, has become an increasingly popular sport with China’s wealthy. In 2014, for the first time, the Chinese bought more Manhattan apartments than did the Russians, according to Reuters. The strength of the U.S. dollar compared to the fragile yuan is making China’s middle class a major force in the Brooklyn real estate market. The existing cultural infrastructure of its Chinatowns aside, the potential profit margin of owning property in Brooklyn’s up-and-coming areas is hard to beat.

Despite the $50,000 cap, China’s foreign direct investment in the United States hit a record $45.6 billion in 2016, according to a report by the Rhodium Group, a policy group that tracks global economic trends. That figure is triple the recorded amount of FDI that flowed from China to the United States in 2015, making the United States the world’s largest recipient of Chinese foreign direct investment.

For Chinese real estate investors who can’t reach the $50,000 level, or the combined $500,000 that often leads to working with a broker, smaller sums can now be invested through real estate crowdfunding platforms.

RealtyMogul’s Cofounder & CEO Jilliene Helman On The Future Of Investing (Forbes), Rated: A

Since launching, the company has funded more than $260 million in real estate transactions and raised more than $45 million from notable investors, including Canaan Partners and Sorenson Capital.

Helman has underwritten over $5 billion of real estate and was previously a vice president of Union Bank, where she spent time in wealth management, finance and risk management.

Jilliene Helman:We’ve done $260 million in transactions and we share the results of all of those transactions. Newer platforms don’t have the track record and history, nor the processes, as a result.

We’ve built our own internal real estate software to help analyze the credit quality of real estate investments.

We have over 110,000 investors on our platform which allows us to have more capital to place with real estate companies.

Our first REIT, MogulREIT I, is a public non-traded REIT. That means that it is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission, but is not traded on a stock exchange.

We spend over $1 million annually on data and technology to bring the most thorough credit analysis and underwriting to each investment opportunity.

All investments are carefully analyzed across four dimensions:

  1. People
  2. Location
  3. Property
  4. Third Parties

Cross River Names Regulatory Expert David Cotney to Board of Directors (BusinessWire), Rated: B

Cross River today announced the appointment of David Cotney to the bank’s Board of Directors. Mr. Cotney joins a team of experienced banking, regulatory, business and technology leaders who work with Cross River’s executive management team to provide the bank’s strategic direction and regulatory compliance framework.

Mr. Cotney holds a Masters of Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and an MBA from Boston University. He is a graduate Tufts University where he earned a BA in Political Science.

United Kingdom

What’s an IFISA? Many UK Investors Don’t Have a Clue (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

Crowdstacker, a peer to peer lender that has received the necessary regulatory approval and is offering the IFISA, says that recent research indicates that about half of investors have never heard of an IFISA.

Crowdstacker found at the top of the list of investment priorities included fixed income (17%), the opportunity to self-select how and where their money is invested (18%), and tax efficiency (24%). About 50% of savers are unaware of IFISAs with 29% uncertain as to what an IFISA is (but may have heard the name) and 5% indicating they understand the IFISA well enough to explain it to others.

UK bank Tandem loses licence after funding blow (Financial Times), Rated: AAA

Tandem, which is set to launch in the coming months as a mobile app-based bank, was due to receive £29m from House of Fraser, the UK department store chain that was bought by China’s Sanpower Group in 2014.

However, the bank said on Monday that House of Fraser had pulled its funding due to “uncertainty about whether China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange would approve the transaction”.

Tandem said it was still planning to unveil its app in the coming months, with the aim of helping people manage their money by categorising their spending. The bank is planning to offer credit cards later this year.

How a rise in institutional funds has changed the P2P lending landscape (Bridging&Commercial), Rated: A

A many-to-many model that works well and in which – much like the US experience – the lender base has changed quite a bit since it started. These online exchanges mostly appeared following the 2008 financial crisis to alleviate the shortfall in lending to individuals and were viable as a result of low-cost technology and fair margins. P2P today embraces lending to SMEs, student loans, personal credit and real estate lending.

Relendex launched its platform in 2013, so can claim to be one of the veterans. When platforms first start, they need to attract retail lenders (individuals) because institutions aren’t interested in these platforms until they scale up.

In the US, Lending Club started out with only retail lenders: the man or woman in the street looking for a return on their capital. Eventually the institutions began to take an interest in the space, and for good reason. First, the returns were good (averaging around 9% back then). Second, there was a good portfolio spread across thousands of personal loans (mostly from refinanced credit card debt) and the institutions didn’t need to do any administration to achieve that return. What’s not to like?

In the UK, that trend towards institutional lenders has also become evident. Some platforms even have the UK government or local authority funds as co-lenders. Investment trusts have been created just to lend through P2P platforms.

RateSetter recruits Richard Sollis as business development manager (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

RATESETTER’S commercial and residential property arm has appointed Richard Sollis as a business development manager.

Sollis (pictured) joins RateSetter Property Finance from Santander and will be based at the platform’s London office, taking on responsibility for the South and South West England.

RateSetter signs up to Women in Finance Charter (P2P Finance News), Rated: B

RATESETTER is among the latest round of firms to sign up to the government’s Women in Finance Charter, which aims to tackle gender inequality in financial services.

The ‘big three’ peer-to-peer lender is one of 122 firms that have now signed up to the Charter, employing over half a million people in the UK and covering almost 50 per cent of the financial services sector.

RateSetter is the second P2P lender to sign up to the Charter, alongside Landbay who joined last year.

Headache for savers as inflation soars to three-and-a-half year high (P2P Finance News), Rated: B

Figures from the Office for National statistics showed that UK inflation rose to 2.3 per cent in February, up from 1.8 per cent in January, exceeding analyst forecasts of 2.1 per cent.

“This might prompt more people to consider putting their money to work, by taking on some risk in order to earn a better return through peer to peer lending.”

European Union

Ireland’s fintech community grows as Circle and Kabbage to expand (Irish Times), Rated: AAA

Ireland’s fintech community is set to expand as social payments firm Circle announced plans to double its Irish workforce, while US firm Kabbage said it intends to base its European headquarters in Dublin.

Kabbage, a Georgia-based online financial technology company that provides funding through its automated lending platform, on Tuesday confirmed plans to set up shop in Ireland after one of its key investos secured a €50 million investment from a major State fund.

US private investment firm Reverence Capital Partners said it intends to create a number of high-quality financial services jobs in Ireland through its portfolio of companies following the investment from the Irish Strategic Investment Fund (ISIF), a State body controlled and managed by the National Treasury Management Agency (NTMA).

Separately, digital currency start-up Circle is to double staff numbers at its Dublin office over the next two years following a 300 per cent quarter-on-quarter increase in new customer acquisitions in the wake of its recent international expansion.

French retailer Carrefour launches new online banking service (Reuters), Rated: A

French retailer Carrefour on Tuesday joined the crowded French online banking field with the launch of C-zam, a current account for anyone over 18 that can be opened on presentation of two identity cards and activated online in 10 minutes.

Plassat said this month that Carrefour targeted a group business volume of 4 billion euros ($4.3 billion) from E-commerce by 2020 against 1.2 billion in 2016.

International

Klarna Brings Instant Financing Options To Shopify’s Online Merchants (Payment Week), Rated: AAA

Good news for thousands of online merchants in the U.S., U.K., and several other European countries, as they can now offer instant financing options to their customers courtesy of an integration between Klarna and Shopify.

Depending on the particular country involved, these options include flexible or fixed rate monthly payments, promotional interest rates and in Europe, the chance to delay payment for nearly 14 additional days at no extra cost.

According to PaymentsSource, countries include the U.S., U.K., Austria, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark and the Netherlands.

China

Marketplace lending ABS in China and US show different credit challenges and strengths (Moody’s), Rated: AAA

Moody’s Investors Service says that the marketplace lending sectors in both China and the US have shown differences in their development and prevailing characteristics, while both have also experienced a string of governance and misconduct issues over the past two years that have marred investor confidence.

Moody’s Investors Service says that the marketplace lending sectors in both China and the US have shown differences in their development and prevailing characteristics, while both have also experienced a string of governance and misconduct issues over the past two years that have marred investor confidence.

In China, marketplace lending ABS may be exposed to commingling risk, while in the US, deal structures include features to mitigate such risk. In addition, in China, such ABS are exposed to set-off risks, while in the US, such risks do not exist.

Furthermore, peer-to-peer (P2P) lending is still a significant part of the Chinese marketplace lending sector, but less so in the US.

Explaining the recent drop in P2P lending in China (The Asset), Rated: AAA

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

Friday September 30st 2016, Daily News Digest

Friday September 30st 2016, Daily News Digest

News Comments Today’s main news: Prosper shutting down secondary market; 3 major banks on their knees; JP Morgan deal with Invest Cloud. Today’s main analysis: Lending Club’s email to their clients. Today’s main thought provokers: How Monzo got 40,000 clients. United States A very interesting email from Lending Club, very smartly written in Patrick’s name and […]

Friday September 30st 2016, Daily News Digest

News Comments

  • Today’s main news: Prosper shutting down secondary market; 3 major banks on their knees; JP Morgan deal with Invest Cloud.
  • Today’s main analysis: Lending Club’s email to their clients.
  • Today’s main thought provokers: How Monzo got 40,000 clients.

United States

  • A very interesting email from Lending Club, very smartly written in Patrick’s name and from his point of view. Who’s Patrick ? I commented in line extensively paragraph by paragraph (as today was a slow news day and I had more time).
  • 3 banks are on their knees: Wells Frago, Deutsche Bank, and Commerzbank. Two of them are the major banks in Germany.  This news is critical for a few reasons. First, it will affect interbank interest rates, which will propagate into all interest rates. Second, if banks who are top lenders like Wells Fargo have to cut cost they will also cut business lines. Which is a great door open for our industry? And last, if this gets worse, it may, in fact, be the beginning of a next Greece-like crisis , except affecting major economies.
  • Prosper is discontinuing their secondary market because nobody is using it. I have a lot of thoughts on this and I wish they had reached out to talk about it 1st. I am a frequent user of both Prosper’s Secondary Market and Lending Club’s Secondary market. I wonder if anybody at Prosper is using both ? Here is my takeaway: if I want to sell something at Lending Club the process is simple, clear and I always manage to sell them. I tested and I can sell notes in seconds if I discount 20% the price. On Prosper I tried numerous times and I never managed to sell a single note. Why ? Both platforms are powered by the same legal setup with Folio Investing. So the problem is the process of listing, the pricing and the liquidity. I strongly believe a secondary market is MUST HAVE for these platforms. I deplore that they are closing it down. Please, please let me help launch it right so that you can keep it open.
  • JP Morgan signs deal with InvestCloud (not that long after the deal with OnDeck). Dimon committed to spending $300 million over the next three years on digital improvements in asset management.
  • Single-Family rentals vacancies inch up a little. I think it is still noise, no new signal.
  • How Monzo got 40,000 new clients with hardly any marketing spend? A very interesting process.

Other countries

  • Today I didn’t find any relevant news from other countries, regrettably. I am surprised as well. Please feel free to point us to news worth covering. Our readers in aggregate are by far my best source of news.

 

United States

 Update on where Lending Club stands, what we’re working on, where we’re headed, (Email Lending Club), Rated: AAA

Comment: this is an email sent from Lending Club to all clients. It was written in the name of their newly hired Chief Capital Officer, Patrick Dunne.


Dear George,

I wanted to take a moment to introduce myself. I’m Patrick, Chief Capital Officer at Lending Club. I joined the Lending Club team a few months ago. My job is ensuring that all of our investors have a great investment experience at Lending Club. I wanted to provide an update on where Lending Club stands today, what we’re working on, and where we’re headed.”

Comment: I like the direct personal tone and the feeling of approachability by introducing himself as Patrick instead of, the other extreme, which would be Mr. Dunne. As a retail client I relate to this tone well.

Email continues :

“Where we stand today. We’re proud that we have the largest retail investor base of any company in the marketplace lending industry and are committed to expanding our offering so more retail investors can access Lending Club products. Over the past several months, we have focused on strengthening our business processes and steps were taken to enhance asset quality by increasing interest rates and tightening credit criteria for loans. We added some tremendous talent including Sameer Gulati (Chief Operating Officer), Tom Casey (Chief Financial Officer), Russ Elmer (General Counsel), Valerie Kay (Head of Institutional Investors), and Raman Suri (Head of Retail Investors). We also welcomed Tim Mayopoulos (President and CEO of Fannie Mae) to the Lending Club Board of Directors.”

Comment: Outstanding job at building such a team in so short. The only concern would be if the stage Lending Club’s is in matches this new “very large company” team’s experience. This team didn’t build those companies. However Lending Club is not a startup anymore. And it often takes a complete new type of team to take a company from 0 to $1mil in revenue, from $1m to $20m, from $20m to $100m and from $100m to $1bil. So I do think that most likely a “large company” team will turn Lending Club into a large company (with its processes, bureaucracy and more) and perhaps that is what LC needs.

“What we’re working on. For the remainder of 2016, we are focused on serving you better. We’re making investments in reporting, compliance and controls, technology, and the organizational foundation that will drive the next phase of growth.”

Comment: I find it a little vague and predictable.

Where we’re headed. We have ambitious long term goals. We aspire to allow every type of investor – individual retail and institutional investors – to participate in what we believe is a compelling product that can offer solid risk-adjusted returns. Many more investors of all kinds may benefit from adding Lending Club products to their portfolios, and we’re looking forward to proving that we deserve a place in their portfolios.”

Comment: Many retail investors are concerned that if they are left unprotected institutional investors will have better API connections and technology and they will be left with the notes no sofisticated investor wants.

“Some investors have asked me–after 20+ years at Barclays Global Investors and BlackRock, why did I join Lending Club ? I had the unique opportunity to be a part of the innovative team that created iShares, which today is the global market leader in ETFs. It took many years to grow the iShares business and show investors that it should be a big part of their investment strategy. I see that same parallel with the products we offer at Lending Club”

Comment: There is a tradeoff between salary and equity. Rarely will a salary be a life changing event however it makes people comfortable. People join startups to create a non-negligible probability of a life changing event via equity. They also join to give themselves a challenge when they may be bored. And often at startup/young companies the reward is more proportional to the value added and success.

Fines, Withdrawals, Job Cuts. It Was an Ugly Day for Global Banks, (Bloomberg), Rated: AAA

Comment:These news are critical for a few reasons. First it will affect interbank interest rates, which will propagate into all interest rates. Second, if banks who are top lenders like Wells Fargo have to cut cost they will also cut business lines. Which is a great door open for our industry. And last, if this gets worse, it may in fact be the beginning of a next Greece-like crisis , except affecting major economies.

Commerzbank Chief Executive Officer Martin Zielke announced plans Thursday to eliminate 9,600 jobs

In Washington, came still more blistering attacks on John Stumpf, whose grip atop embattled Wells Fargo & Co., the largest U.S. mortgage lender, remains tenuous amid the uproar over a scandal involving unauthorized accounts.

And then, back in Germany, came the bombshell: revelations that some hedge funds were moving to reduce their financial exposure to Deutsche Bank, now the biggest worry in global finance; sending its New York-listed shares down as much as 9.1 percent

The 38-company Bloomberg Europe Banks and Financial Services Index has tumbled 24 percent this year.

A Message from Prosper and Folio Investing, (Email, Prosper), Rated: AAA

We are writing to let you know that as of October 27, 2016, Prosper will no longer offer the Folio Investing Note Trader platform, the secondary market for Prosper Notes. Prosper has found over time that very few investors are using the secondary market and, as such, has made the decision to no longer offer this service. We apologize for any inconvenience that this causes. Prosper remains committed to its retail investor clients and to providing them a great experience.

Once the secondary market trading service is terminated, you will not be able to sell Notes that you own, and you will need to hold them to maturity.

JPMorgan Hires InvestCloud In Response to Silicon Valley Threats, (Fortune), Rated: A

JPMorgan Chase jpm said it had hired and would take a stake in InvestCloud, which provides software that makes online transactions easier for customers with banking and investment accounts. The InvestCloud deal is also part of Dimon’s commitment to spend $300 million over the next three years on digital improvements in asset management.

Starting early next year, the bank will use InvestCloud to customize website dashboards and mobile apps for clients ranging from individuals with investments of $1,000 to managers of family investment offices with $1 billion or more.

Single-Family Rental Research: Performance Summary – September, (Morningstar), Rated: A

Vacancies increased to 5.0% from 4.8% in July, the first time this metric has touched 5.0% since November 2015. This month’s Performance Summary tracks the performance of 23 single-borrower transactions and more than 90,000 properties. Rents for properties backing single-family rental securitizations in September rose by 5.1% from their prior contractual rents. Delinquencies were flat at 0.6%.

How startup bank Monzo is using a community-based marketing approach, (Tradestreaming), Rated: A

The startup, still in test mode, has added 40,000 new users in under a year by taking a completely open approach to building a product that fits the needs of its customers, which it inevitably calls “Monzonauts.” For instance, Monzo users can submit their needs to an online forum or sound off on Twitter. The company has put its entire product roadmap online, where users can vote on features they’d like to see. For example, a Monzo app for Android devices. After getting 232 votes, this feature rolled out this week.

On its forum, which launched in December, users share tips on things like using a Monzo card abroad. The posts that generate the most discussion in its forum are also included at monthly meetings.

Referrals aren’t new. But they have given Monzo’s word-of-mouth tactics a turbo boost. When users download the app they are added to its waiting list. Those who refer a friend to the service with a unique code are bumped up the queue by 4,000 places. “What we wanted was to get everyone on that list to feel excited about it,” Kursar said. In 48 hours, its landing page received 12,000 submissions.

“We don’t want to become the kind of company where every campaign has 100 different iterations ending with something aggressive that says ‘download, download, download,’” she added.
Author:

George Popescu

Thursday September 29th 2016, Daily News Digest

Thursday September 29th 2016, Daily News Digest

News Comments Mail bag, from our community 1) I think far fewer people will read your content if you have to get it from a website rather than reading an email. For example, I read it on the underground when I can’t access the web. Why did you change it?” Lending Times answer: We have […]

Thursday September 29th 2016, Daily News Digest

News Comments

Mail bag, from our community

  • 1) I think far fewer people will read your content if you have to get it from a website rather than reading an email. For example, I read it on the underground when I can’t access the web. Why did you change it?”
  • Lending Times answer: We have not made any changes that we are aware of lately. All the content should be in the email. If people are having issues please let us know and we will tackle it.
  • “2) You say on September 28th that the content on the Zopa securitization is only a “B” as it had been so well covered before. Until today most of the coverage, except the Fitch report, has been uninformed rubbish, such as the Business Insider piece. The really interesting stuff, like the pricing, which is at record low spreads, only came out that day but you didn’t cover it, or at least not that we saw. “
  • Our reader is entirely right and I apologize. Indeed  I had not seen the interesting data our reader is mentioning here. I did search for it and found nothing. Please, when important content comes out do not hesitate to point it out to us. We will make sure to cover it. And in the meantime we are redoubling our efforts to cover Zopa’s securitization data today.

The Rush Summary

United States

United Kingdom

European Union

Canada

Hong Kong

India

News Summary

United States

Goldman Says It Can Beat Fintech Ventures With Online Loan Terms, (Bloomberg), Rated: AAA

Goldman Sachs Group Inc., the Wall Street investment bank pushing into online consumer lending, expects it can make loans on more competitive terms than Silicon Valley upstarts that pioneered and dominate the business.

Using deposits to fund loans — rather than drawing on outside investors — will give the firm more leeway when setting terms and fees, Stephen Scherr, head of the company’s banking operations, told an industry conference in New York on Tuesday.

“We view this as a balance-sheet activity,” he said. “That will avail us of a certain flexibility in the design of the product.”

In April, it completed the purchase of General Electric Co.’s online bank, adding $16 billion of deposits. The securities firm has since started a website where customers can open an account with as little as $1.

Its lending platform plans to make unsecured loans online to consumers with strong credit histories for purposes such as debt consolidation, a person familiar with the matter said last month.

RiverNorth Launches U.S. Pure Play Marketplace Lending Closed-End Interval Fund, (Business Wire), Rated: A

RiverNorth Capital Management, LLC (“RiverNorth”), a boutique investment management firm specializing in opportunistic strategies, today announced the launch of RiverNorth Marketplace Lending Corporation (NASDAQ:RMPLX) (the “Fund”), a registered 1940 Act closed-end interval fund dedicated to the rapidly growing marketplace lending (“online lending”) asset class.

The Fund will invest in a diverse mix of marketplace lending sectors, including unsecured consumer, small business, and specialty finance loan segments. The Fund’s investment objective is to seek a high level of current income.

RiverNorth Capital Management, LLC is an investment management firm founded in 2000. With approximately $3.4 billion in assets under management, RiverNorth specializes in opportunistic investment strategies in niche markets where the potential to exploit inefficiencies is greatest. RiverNorth is the investment manager to multiple registered and private funds.

Pursuant to Rule 23c-3 of the 1940 Act, the Fund must make a quarterly repurchase offer of at least 5% of the Fund’s outstanding shares. The Fund’s Board of Directors will set the actual level of the quarterly repurchase offers. It is possible that a repurchase offer may be oversubscribed, in which case shareholders may only have a portion of their shares repurchased.

IMC’s Berring Prepping New Structured Credit Hedge Fund, (Fin Alternatives), Rated: A

Former IMC Asset Management portfolio manager Simon Berring is launching a new structured credit hedge fund that will focus on securitized consumer and residential credit assets in esoteric, and under-invested segments of the structured credit market.

Berring will look to take advantage of technical weaknesses in credit niches where strong fundamentals and weak prices have created investment opportunities, according to information provided to FINalternatives by a person familiar with the matter. The fund’s opportunity set is further driven by declining participation from major dealers and missteps/retrenchment among several of the larger hedge funds that were focused on less liquid credit markets.

Berring reached an agreement to lift the credit strategy team, IP and track record out of Chicago-based IMC Asset Management earlier this year, the source said.

The new company is currently investing $40 million of initial anchor capital into its strategy, and hopes to raise an additional $100 million for its flagship Ayin Credit Opportunities Fund, the person added.

Ayin plans to launch the new fund in the fourth quarter of this year. While at IMC, Berring’s IMC Credit Fund booked annualized returns of 13% with relatively low volatility of 5% since 2009, and was up 4.4% last year.

Inside Capital One’s new retirement product for SMBs, Spark 401k, (Tradestreaming), Rated: AAA

The company rolled out Spark 401k, the evolved version of its online product for SMBs, ShareBuilder 401k, in August 2016.

“We knew that ShareBuilder 401k was not a website that would be mobile-responsive for some time,” explained Robertson. “We knew we needed to be there.”

Small business owners have some deep-seated fears when it comes to implementing a 401(k) plans for their employees. These preconceptions translate into problematic retirement savings statistics for SMB employees. Only 45 percent of companies with fewer than 100 employees had 401(k)s in March 2016.

What has changed over the past decade, however, is financial technology, and it’s shaking up the slumbering SMB 401(k) industry.

The upcoming DOL fiduciary rule will have a major impact on how companies of all sizes interact with their financial advisors, and companies founded with this ruling in mind could have an edge over more traditional 401(k) providers.

“The good news for SMBs is that [some] fintech players … have been built from the ground up to provide the level of fiduciary coverage that the DOL is mandating,” said David Ramirez, chief information officer at ForUsAll, an online 401(k) platform for SMBs.

Capital One found that no matter how simple or intuitive its technology is, SMB owners still want to speak to a human before they buy.

AltFi Global Summit 2016 – Opening Keynote, (Video), Rated: AAA

 

How Private Bank of Buckhead brings a human face to banking, (Tradestreaming), Rated: A

“We are small enough that we can make decisions customer by customer,” said Charlie Crawford, president and CEO of Private Bankshares, the parent company of the Private Bank of Buckhead. “There is a role in our industry for megabanks and a nice role for banks like ours that can be smaller, nimbler and more customized for the clients.”

“The role of the branch for us is more a place to house our employees and give a launching point to go out and take care of customers in their places of business and homes,” Crawford said.

Relationship banking is usually understood as a marketing tactic meant to increase cross-selling to customers. In the case of the Private Bank of Buckhead, relationships are strategic, rather than tactical.

Community banks have taken a hit in recent years, and consolidation trends continue to increase since the financial crisis. Market share for small banks  fell since 2010. They now hold 22 percent of the commercial and industrial lending market, 8 percent in the individual lending market, and 2 percent in the small business lending market, according to a Council of Economic Advisors paper from last August.

How Consumer Sentiment Has Changed the Dynamic of Financial Disruption, (Crowdvalley), Rated: A

“In the U.S., 33 percent of millennials (ages 15-34) believe that within next five years they will not even need a bank”. – McKinsey & Company. Global Payments 2015: A Healthy Industry Confronts Disruption.

It is difficult to conceive a reality where banks stand redundant and, while the probability of such a happening is highly unlikely, a large number of individuals globally are adopting a new set of expectations for the infrastructure that supports their pecuniary activities on a p2p, p2b level, e-commerce, or for cross border transactions.

In terms of advice from financial services firms, consumers don’t want to talk face to face with an advisor but they want to feel special & have the ability to switch seamlessly between personal and hands-off options.

While the focus seems to be on convenience, professionals in the sector indicate that the fundamental driver in consumer behavior is, in fact, cost.

It is in this quality and security that Matos sees the continuity of the physical bank: “People do recognize, as a setback, the time it takes to go to the branch or to use traditional banking channels, however many of them still think that’s the more secure way to do it.” 

Irfan Khan, CEO of UK based real estate investing portal, Yielders, talks about how it’s no longer about ‘Fin’ but about ‘Fintech’ in addressing how Yielders addresses the demands of clients and partners on providing fast, secure and transparent transacting infrastructure.

Essentially, the traditional banking channels are finding it difficult to keep up with the current pace of disruption.

While banks have always faced attackers, history is a testament to the idea that most startups will never gain solid footing. During the dot.com boom of 1997 to 2000, fewer than 10 of more than 450 payments startups survived, with PayPal being the most notable.

To succeed, financial institutions will need to dramatically increase their customer insights and understanding allowing for a tailored and unique experience for each customer interaction.

Online Lending’s Rapidly Changing Future to be Main Focus at LendIt USA 2017, (Email from Lendit), Rate: A

LendIt USA will be the world’s biggest show in online lending and fintech with more than 5,000 expected attendees and will be held in New York at the Javits Center from March 6 – 7, 2017. The conference will focus on the rapidly changing online lending industry, including the state of the industry to date and factors that will affect the industry going forward.

“Online lending as we know it is going through an evolution, shifting considerably since LendIt USA 2016,”

A featured addition to this year’s conference will be an industry awards event which will celebrate and recognize leading companies, emerging innovators and top executives within alternative lending and fintech. The awards dinner and ceremony, to take place on March 7, will be judged by a distinguished panel of 20 industry experts, representing a diverse cross-section of the industry. Confirmed judges include Don Potts – Senior Vice President at Capital One; Brian Korn – Partner at Manatt; Manish Gupta – Executive Vice President at American Express, Angela Ceresnie – Chief Operating Officer at Climb Credit and George Popescu – Editor-in-Chief of Lending Times.

CMBS Surveillance: Delinquency Report – August, (Morning Star Email), Rated: A

The delinquency rate for CMBS loans remained steady at 2.95%, down 1 basis point from July. While the delinquent unpaid balance declined just $200.6 million, the UPB of outstanding CMBS fell by $3.45 billion.

Liquidations fell to $792.9 million from $1.03 billion in July; however, August’s weighted average loss severity jumped to 51.4% after falling below 30% last month.

By collateral type, weakness has been concentrated in office and retail, both of which continue to underperform with delinquency rates of more than 5% of each property type’s balance.

Open Energy monthly newsletter, focus on the solar energy debt market, (Email), Rated: A

First-Ever SEC Fintech Forum, (JD Supra), Rated: AAA

On the SEC announced it will host a public forum to discuss financial technology (Fintech) innovation in the financial services industry.

The press release notes that the forum is designed to foster greater collaboration and understanding among regulators, entrepreneurs and industry experts into Fintech innovation and evaluate how the current regulatory environment can most effectively address these new technologies.

The panels will discuss issues such as blockchain technology, automated investment advice or robo-advisors, online marketplace lending and crowdfunding, and how they may impact investors. The forum will be on November 14, 2016. See more information here.

Crowdfunding ‘bridges’ the gap between real estate lenders and borrowers, (Tradestreaming), Rated: A

Patch of Land, an LA-based crowdfunding platform, is one of the few [Comment: Lending Times ecosystem database contains about 30 platforms focuses on the same or similar markets, not a few] platforms focused on bridge loans. Founded in 2013, POL has loaned out over $180 million to developers. Real estate crowdfunding platforms are a dime a dozen, but POL has found a twist to differentiate themselves from the rest of the market through their pre-funding process.

“If a loan doesn’t get fully funded, it still remains on the site,” said AdaPia d’Errico, chief marketing officer of Patch of Land. “We’re not like traditional crowdfunders where borrowers need to wait for full funding to get their money.

Choosing to focus on the debt side of investments is also a unique way to approach real estate crowdfunding. Underwriting a bridge loan isn’t as sexy as providing equity to build a project that includes higher upside. But loan terms are easier to understand, something d’Errico feels is important for investors.

Investing in debt may be easier to understand, but it’s still not without its risks.

Another issue is the nature of development. Rehabbing is an art, not a science, and all sorts of issues can slow up projects.

Yield Street crosses $ 9mil in principal and interest payments distributed to investors, (Email), Rated: A

Comment: Yield Street is interesting because they offer some unusual cash flow investments like fleet car leases, pre-settlement litigation portfolios, as well as real-estate.

With this occasion Yield Street quarterly investor updates:  the status of closed offerings will be sent at the end of each quarter.

United Kingdom

MOCA gets away, senior tranche priced 75bps better than SBOLT, (Alt Fi), Rated: AAA

MOCA 2016-1, the inaugural securitisation of Zopa loans, has priced. The pricing makes Fitch’s landmark rating of AA official, while also confirming Moody’s Aa3 rating. The complete breakdown of the pricing is available below.

Funding Circle pulled off the UK’s first securitisation, SBOLT 2016-1, in April of this year. Moody’s again assigned the senior tranche a rating of Aa3, while S&P rated the same tranche BBB.

The disparity in pricing between the UK marketplace lending sector’s debut securitisation and its second (SBOLT and MOCA respectively), notwithstanding the differences in underlying collateral, could suggest that European ABS investors are gradually becoming more comfortable with marketplace loans as an investable asset class.

Simon Champ, CEO of MW Eaglewood Europe, the manager of P2P GI – the original investor in the securitised Zopa loans, also weighed in:“This transaction marks a positive step in enabling us to deliver on our objective to both diversify the sources and reduce the cost of our funding. The funds raised by the issue will now be progressively deployed in line with the investment strategy and our intention remains to steadily increase our leverage ratio to 100%.”

Speaking exclusively to AltFi, Champ added that there was “very strong demand” for the deal, as is reflected in the pricing. “I think this a watershed moment in terms of opening up the asset class to European institutions who don’t necessarily want to buy P2PGI,” said Champ.“Hopefully this will further institutional adoption and lower the cost of leverage.” 

Three firms withdraw from P2P authorisation process, (Bridging and Commercial), Rated: AAA

A freedom of information request submitted by Bridging & Commercial to the FCA has uncovered that no peer-to-peer lenders have had their authorisation applications declined to date.

In March, the industry watchdog reported that eight P2P firms had been fully authorised. The FCA has since confirmed that a further four firms have been authorised, bringing the total to just 12.

Last month, data from the Peer to Peer Finance Association, which represents over 90% of the market, revealed that new P2P lending had taken a hit in Q2, with some lenders blaming it on economic uncertainty and the battle to gain full regulatory authorisation.

Earlier this week, Jonathan Davidson, director of supervision – retail and authorisations at the FCA, stated that it was assessing 85 additional applications, with 39 of those operating under interim permission.

LendingClub Founder Renaud Laplanche featured on stage at TechCrunch Disrupt London, (TechCrunch), Rated: A

In December at our Disrupt London event, Laplanche will make his first public appearance since leaving the company to talk about the past year, and what the future may hold for both him and LendingClub.

European Union

The Rise of the German Fintech Ecosystem, (Crowd Valley), Rated: A

The UK paid for uncertainties of the Referendum vote, which now represents a challenge and an opportunity for the whole European market. We agree with Anna Scally Partner, Head of Technology, Media and Telecommunications, and Fintech Leader, at KPMG in Ireland, when she says that: “Market access and the ability to passport services across the EU are hugely important for fintechs, regardless of their origin or stage of development. Post-Brexit, maintaining a pro-business approach in Europe is critical and these issues will likely feature strongly in discussions between the EU and UK.”

It’s interesting to note that in Germany it’s not just Berlin that does well with technology, Munich plays also an important part, as well as Hamburg, that is where Finanzcheck, one of the fastest growing fintech company in Germany, is located, and Frankfurt, home of the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (Frankfurt Stock Exchange), the world’s 10th largest stock exchange by market capitalization, and that is now growing as the country’s fintech hub.

here were no mega rounds of financing in Europe, in both the first and the second quarter, but we have anyway seen some considerable investments, including:

  • $46  million in a Series C round, raised by Finanzcheck, a consumer loans marketplace,
  • $40 million in a Series B round, raised by N26 (previously known as Number26), a mobile online bank,
  • $34.1 million through Private Equity, raised by AEVI, a cashless payments solutions provider.

These were the three biggest rounds of financing in Europe, and all the companies mentioned are based in Germany (see the image below).

Another interesting aspect is the increase of corporate participation in fintech investments. Corporations participated in 28% of the deals conducted, a percentage that’s much higher than the 12% registered in the same period of 2015.

The industry is now growing and evolving, not just in Europe but all over the world. Germany is building up what it seems to be a solid financial technology ecosystem, with the appetite to involve key cities and not just a single location, and it is now well positioned to play a bigger role in the financial technology industry in the future.

Deutsche in deep trouble, but a collapse is not on cards, (The Australian), Rated: A

The good news about the Deutsche Bank crisis is that the world has learnt its lesson from the 2008 collapse of Lehman Brothers, so it won’t allow a disorderly failure of the German banking colossus.

This is a bank tagged by the International Monetary Fund last June as the most significant contributor to global systemic risk, ahead of HSBC and Credit Suisse.

It’s a counterparty to almost every bank of meaningful size, far more so than Lehman, so it simply doesn’t bear thinking that governments and regulators would invite a prolonged nuclear winter by closing the bank’s doors.

While Deutsche has never really recovered from its 2008 losses, the latest round of volatility causing the share price to sink to its lowest level in decades followed news two weeks ago that the US Justice Department wanted $US14 billion ($18bn) to settle allegations of mis-selling of mortgage-backed securities (MBS).

Deutsche has said it has “no intention” of handing over anything like that amount. The penalty almost matches the bank’s $US16bn market capitalisation.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has ruled out state aid for Deutsche, and Cryan said overnight he hadn’t asked for it.

Canada

Lendified subsidiary Vault Circle receives exempt market dealer license from OSC, (Betakit), Rated: A

Small business loan provider Lendified announced today that its subsidiary Vault Circle has received regulatory approval for marketplace lending from the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC).

“The OSC approval represents a historic leap forward for Canada’s FinTech sector,” said Marcel Schroder, the managing director and chief compliance officer of Vault Circle. “Once launched, our platform will provide accredited investors with access to an exciting alternative investment option not available in Canada today.”

Lendified’s announcement also comes shortly after the OSC’s announcement of a LaunchPad Hub to help FinTech startups navigate the provinces’ regulatory framework. The cooperative approach taken by the OSC might be considered a good signal for fellow Canadian FinTech startup Lending Loop, which voluntarily halted new loan requests on its platform after questions of compliance with the Ontario Securities Act.

While the OSC approval applies to Ontario only, Lendified is planning to expand into other markets in the future. The announcement comes shortly after Lendified announced that it secured $24 million in funding for its online lending activities. The company also recently announced an increase in its lending capacity from $35,000 per loan to a maximum of $150,000 per loan for small business owners.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Creates a Fintech Sandbox for Banks, (Crowd Valley), Rated: A

The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) last week announced the launch of a financial technology sandbox, to allow banks to test new innovative products that do not yet meet compliance standards. The new regime is valid as of September 6.

The announcement comes a few months following similar action by various governments around the world, including the UK, Singapore, Australia and France, but more recently also in other countries in the area, including Malaysia, Thailand and last but not least Japan.

Within the Sandbox, banks can try out their new Fintech products without the need to achieve full compliance with the HKMA’s usual supervisory requirements.

The full speech of Norman Chan is available on the HKMA website

India

P2P firms in talks with NPCI for better integration with UPI, (Livemint), Rated: A

UPI is an interoperable system launched by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and NPCI, which will allow peer-to-peer and peer-to-entity payments by unifying the mobile number, Aadhaar number and the bank account number. The threshold of a single UPI transaction, which is currently Rs.1 lakh will also be a limiting factor for the P2P lending space as the loan amounts required are of higher values.

The newly launched Unified Payments Interface (UPI) may not currently be useful for peer-to-peer (P2P) online lending platforms like Peerlend, Faircent and I-lend, but this may soon change.

At present, even if lenders and borrowers transact with each other through UPI , the required information is not disseminated to these third-party platforms.

These companies are in talks with the National Payments Corp. of India (NPCI) so that these platforms can be integrated into the system.

The Need for Facilitating Electronic Payments in the Peer To Peer Lending Sector, (Barandbench), Rated: A

In order to facilitate the use of electronic modes of payment in P2P lending transactions, the following structure may be considered for the purpose of the Regulations to ensure such transactions are not in violation of the Money Lending Acts.

a) The P2P lenders would transfer monies that they intend to loan to borrowers firstly to the P2P Platforms (“Investment Amounts”) as investments into the P2P Platforms (“Investments”), and the Investment Amounts would be utilized by the P2P Platforms to grant loans to borrowers. The amounts received by the P2P Platforms from the borrowers (towards repayment of the loans granted) would be transferred to the lenders as repayment for the Investments. This structure would in effect render the P2P Platforms as ‘lenders’ to the borrowers. The reason we are suggesting this structure is because, if the P2P Platforms are regarded as ‘lenders’ (and since they are to be classified as NBFCs as stated above), then the Money Lending Acts would not be applicable ab initio in respect of the P2P lenders and hence would facilitate the use of electronic modes of payment in the P2P Lending Transactions.

b) Further, to avoid risk of mismanagement/diversion of the amounts payable to/receivable by the lenders and the borrowers as part of the P2P lending transactions (“P2P Amounts”), it can be stipulated that the P2P Amounts would be routed through a specific bank account (“Account”) in the name of the P2P Platforms.

c) Additionally, in this structure, the P2P Platforms’ role is to be limited to aggregating the transactions between lenders and borrowers, conducting KYC checks on the borrowers and the lenders, facilitating the execution of the transaction documents for the P2P lending transactions and transferring the monies received in the Account inter se between the lenders and borrowers.

d) In terms of documentation for this structure, there can be two options that can be considered:

i) the P2P Platforms would execute investment agreements with each of the lenders in terms of which the lenders would make the Investments, and the P2P Platforms would execute loan agreements with each of borrowers in terms of which the P2P Platforms grant loans to the borrowers using the Investment Amounts; OR

ii) the P2P Platforms would execute tripartite agreements with the lenders and the borrowers, in terms of which the lenders would make the Investments and the P2P Platforms would grant loans (using the Investment Amounts) to the borrowers.

Author:

George Popescu