Monday December 4 2017, Daily News Digest

mortgage delinquencies by credit score band

News Comments Today’s main news: Lending Club closes first-of-kind MPL transaction. Zopa the first P2P lender to lend 100M GBP in one month. Marcus’s personal loan hits the mark. China issues new rules for cash loan market. Lexinfintech delays IPO. China Rapid Finance posts quarterly earnings. Today’s main analysis: Mortgage delinquency case study. International P2P lending volumes. Today’s thought-provoking articles: China […]

mortgage delinquencies by credit score band

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

International

Australia/New Zealand

India

Asia

Canada

Africa

News Summary

United States

LendingClub Closes First-of-Its-Kind Transaction in Marketplace Lending (PR Newswire), Rated: AAA

LendingClub (NYSE: LC), America’s largest online marketplace connecting borrowers and investors, today announced that it has closed a first-of-its-kind transaction in marketplace lending — a whole loan transaction structured as a tradeable, pass-through security called a CLUB Certificate*. This first milestone transaction totaled $25 million with an institutional investor seeking a liquid vehicle with which to access the consumer credit asset class.

The CLUB Certificate transaction consisted of whole loans structured as a pass-through security. The instrument trades in the over-the-counter market with a CUSIP and is efficiently cleared through the Depository Trust and Clearing Company (DTCC).

Lending Club diversifies with pass through deal (Global Capital), Rated: A

The $25m transaction was purchased by an institutional investor seeking “a liquid vehicle with which to access the consumer credit asset class”, chief capital officer Patrick Dunne told GlobalCapital, though he declined to reveal pricing information or the buyer’s identity.

The inaugural CLUB certificate consists of whole loans structured as a pass-through security, and trades in the over-the-counter market with a CUSIP number, and cleared through the Depository Trust and Clearing Company (DTCC).

Unlike a securitization, the certificate only pools three year and five year loans of a particular grade that the investor is looking for.

Goldman Sachs’ Marcus Personal Loan Hits the Mark as Other Lenders Struggle (LendEDU), Rated: AAA

When Goldman Sachs launched Marcus, a personal loans product, a little over a year ago, it set an aggressive goal: lend $2 billion by the end of 2017. And while competing online lenders have reported a series of losses since then, Goldman announced this month that Marcus has hit that milestone.

Marcus offers loans from $3,500 to $30,000 on an unsecured basis, meaning they don’t require collateral such as a car or house. Borrowers must make monthly fixed payments, and interest rates range from 6.99 percent to 23.99 percent. On the Marcus website, a sample loan of $15,000 at 13 percent APR is estimated to cost a borrower $19,312 at the end of a 48-month term.

While Marcus has been soaring, other online lenders have been struggling. Lending Club, Prosper, and OnDeck all reported losses over the past 18 months.

Donuts at the CFPB, LC’s Pass-Through Security, Mortgage Delinquency Case Study (PeerIQ), Rated: AAA

On Friday, Lending Club completed a first-of-its-kind transaction in marketplace lending by selling a whole loan pass through security. The transaction size was for $25 Mn and was sold to a single institutional investor. LendingClub held 5% to comply with risk retention rules. The transaction is notable for the following reasons:

  • Expands the market. The pass-through security reflects the same risk and return characteristics of a whole loan pool.
  • Lower Financing Costs. Additionally, as market liquidity grows, the CUSIPs may enjoy lower-cost repo financing as an alternative to higher-cost credit facilities.
  • Secondary Markets. The product addresses certain investors’ demand for secondary market liquidity.
  • Valuation. The price discovery generated from markets in CUSIPs will enable valuation agents such as PeerIQ and Duff & Phelps to calibrate pricing to observed trades in the market.

Mortgage Delinquencies and the 2008 Crisis

Following the integration of TransUnion’s deep datasets on the PeerIQ platform, we examine the historical delinquencies for mortgages over the last 15 years. As seen below, we find that Mortgage delinquencies increased meaningfully, across all credit scores, one-year before the financial crisis.

Source: PeerIQ, TransUnion

We also show that the rise in delinquency levels above corresponds to the rise in Debt-to-Income levels (and other underwriting statistics – not shown) leading up to the crisis.

Source: PeerIQ, TransUnion

There’s a gift for student lenders in the education bill (American Banker), Rated: A

After the 2016 elections, there were high hopes that student lenders (and servicers) would benefit from a more favorable environment regulatory environment and expanded lending opportunities.

Until recently, however, there was not much to show in either respect. While the industry cheered the Department of Education’s decision in August to stop sharing servicing data with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, higher education did not appear to be a high priority for the Trump administration.

Ethan Senturia of Dealstruck (Lend Academy), Rated: A

Our latest guest is Ethan Senturia. He was the CEO and Co-Founder of Dealstruck, an online small business lender that was founded in 2013 and shut down in late 2016. Ethan talks about his journey as the CEO of Dealstruck and what led to its demise. He does not sugar coat anything and he takes a great deal of personal responsibility for everything that happened.

His has written a book about this journey called Unwound: Real-time Reflections from a Stumbling Entrepreneur and it is being released on Amazon today.

Beware Those Sketchy Loans Advertised on Instagram (Lifehacker), Rated: A

We’ve warned readers before about new, slick credit companies like Affirm, which want to replace credit cards with on-the-spot loans integrated right into online purchase pages. For all their talk of helping consumers, these companies aren’t much more than friendly loan sharks, re-branded to offer a “premium experience,” but still dangerous and even predatory.

But as Cagle points out, Affirm’s median interest rate of 19 percent is above the median credit card rate, and retailers use the company to build, and then aggressively advertise, the model of buying expensive products on credit. For all of Affirm’s talk of responsibility and helping consumers make better choices, their third most-popular buying category is fashion.

Affirm seems to be making the problem worse. As Cagle puts it: “Affirm is not just meeting a demand, but creating one, encouraging shoppers to buy and spend more. Affirm claims an average 75 percent boost in order values across all its merchant partners.”

MiaDonna Lifts AOV 36%, Repeat Purchases 17% With Financing Option (Retail TouchPoints), Rated: A

With a young, tech-savvy consumer base, MiaDonna, an online jewelry retailer specializing in ethically sourced lab-grown diamonds, wanted to be up-to-the-minute with its payment options as well. The retailer selected financing company Affirm, enabling shoppers to pay in three-, six- and 12-month increments.

MiaDonna, which now makes approximately 20% of its sales through Affirm, noted that shoppers using the service are both spending more and coming back. Affirm users make 17% more repeat purchases, with average order values (AOV) that are 36% higher compared to non-users.

The company’s target consumer is females aged 18 to 34 who are in a relationship and are close to getting engaged or married (within six to 12 months).

Marketplace Lenders Should Remember Experience Can Be Replicated, Experts Say (Bank Innovation), Rated: A

“The borrower experience at a marketplace lender is better than [the experience] at a bank, and that’s why it’s here to stay,” Don Davis, portfolio manager for Prime Meridian Capital Management, said today. during a panel discussion at the 3rd Annual Investors conference for Marketplace Lending, pointing to the ease of the online lending experience for borrowers.

Coinsource Adds 18 Bitcoin ATMs in Atlanta, Among Ten Most Unbanked US Cities (Bitcoin.com), Rated: A

The Texas-based bitcoin ATM network, Coinsource has deployed 20 new machines in the state of Georgia, marking its single largest installation to date. 18 bitcoin ATMs have been installed in the city of Atlanta, and 2 machines in the nearby college town of Athens.

survey by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) found that 7% of households (9 million) in the US are unbanked and an additional 19.9% of households (24.5 million) are underbanked.

“Atlanta, Georgia is in the top ten of most unbanked cities in the country, and more than one in ten households have no involvement with traditional banks. Around 30% of residents are underbanked, meaning they might have to check accounts, but have to rely on other kinds of services like pawn shops, check-cashing and payday loan companies to get cash and credit,” Clark said.

To maximize exposure to potential clients, the ATMs were set up near high traffic areas, as well as close to the Georgia State University and Emory University in Atlanta, and the University of Georgia in Athens. 16 of the new machines are for buying bitcoin only, while 4 have both buy and sell functionality.

The state of Georgia now has a total of 101 bitcoin ATM kiosks, making it the third largest US market for bitcoin ATMs behind the cities of Chicago and New York.

Data Science is Becoming the Most Important Skill in Fintech (Lend Academy), Rated: A

The world generates some 2.5 quintillion bytes of data every day.

Chris Skinner penned this interesting piece last week claiming the critical importance of data in banking:

Data is the new air, and the banks that breathe the best will win. In other words, banks that really get data analytics, and can apply machine learning to gain deep customer insights are the ones that will survive.

Data scientists are going to be needed in many areas of fintech businesses such as customer acquisition, cybersecurity, customer service – even compliance. For online lending businesses the other two critical areas are underwriting and collections.

Glassdoor releases an annual 50 Best Jobs in America report and for the second year in a row Data Scientist had the top spot.

Elevate Credit, Inc. to Present at KeyBanc Capital Markets Consumer Conference and Jefferies Consumer Finance Summit (BusinessWire), Rated: B

Elevate Credit, Inc. (NYSE:ELVT), today announced that it’s CEO Ken Rees and CFO Chris Lutes will present at the following upcoming conferences:

CU urges lawmakers to oppose repeal of CFPB’s payday loan protections for consumers (ConsumersUnion), Rated: A

Consumers Union, the policy and mobilization division of Consumer Reports, today urged Congress to not repeal a rule adopted by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) in October that would protect consumers who take out high-cost payday, installment and auto title loans. Under a Congressional Review Act resolution introduced today in the House of Representatives, the CFPB’s new rule could be repealed by lawmakers before it goes into effect in mid-2019.

New House bill would kill consumer watchdog payday loan rule (CNBC), Rated: B

A congressional resolution introduced Friday in the House would kill the CFPB’s new rule aimed at making sure borrowers of so-called payday loans can afford to repay their debt.

Consulting for regulatory approvals to open a peer to peer lending platform in USA (Upwork), Rated: B

I need an expert who can help with regulatory approvals to open a peer to peer lending platform in USA. You can be a lawyer or financial consultant who have experience in the domain and knows what’s involved. You must have experience related to lending industry.

United Kingdom

Zopa zooms ahead to become the first peer-to-peer group to lend out £100m in a month (City A.M.), Rated: AAA

The financial services firm lent £100m to low-risk borrowers in the UK last month, a 48 per cent increase on November 2016.

Zopa said it has lent more than £900m in 2017 to the end of November, with the increase in lending volumes being driven in part by its integration with price comparison websites.

It expects to have lent out £3bn in total by January 2018.

P2P platforms rush to launch innovative finance Isas (Financial Times), Rated: AAA

Peer-to-peer lenders including Funding Circle and RateSetter have set dates for the launch of their innovative finance Isas, but high demand and a clampdown from providers on the highest risk borrowers will slow the process for new investors.

This week, Funding Circle became the latest to launch an IF Isa.

Yet the platform, which facilitates lending to small businesses, will not be rolling out its IF Isa to new investors immediately to make sure it can match new loans to borrowers. Instead, it is opening access to its 74,000 existing lenders in batches. Those who have used the platform for the longest and who lend most frequently will be offered first chance to apply.

RateSetter also confirmed this week that it had set a February launch date for its IF Isa after receiving authorisation from the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in October. The platform, which facilitates loans to businesses and consumers, says it expects to raise £500m in the first full tax year after opening, but would only offer the IF Isa to existing investors in the short term. The platform said it had made that choice to reward loyal customers.

No Christmas cheer for P2P sector as Brexit pushes FCA review into 2018 (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

PEER-TO-PEER lending platforms will need to wait until at least the new year for the outcome of the Financial Conduct Authority’s (FCA) post-implementation review as Brexit and other market issues have taken priority at the City watchdog, Peer2Peer Finance News has learned.

However, it can also be revealed that a snippet of the industry data compiled by the Cambridge Judge Business School’s Centre for Alternative Finance (CCAF) for use in the FCA report will be unveiled before Christmas.

Crowd For Angels Launches £50 Million Bond Investment Opportunity (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

On Thursday, peer-to-peer lending platform Crowd For Angels reportedly announced the launch of its £50 million bond investment opportunity. This news comes less than a year after Crowd for Angels launched its first crowd bonds, which are described as specially created secured, high-interest products act are eligible for the platform’s IFISA.

According to P2P Finance Newsthe online lending portal is looking to raise the funds for a Liquid Crypto Bond, which will pay investors 3% over five years. The investors will then receive cryptocurrency tokens through an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) that may be traded on external exchanges or used for project investments on the Crowd For Angels peer-to-peer lending platform.

Brits to spend £1bn worth of work hours planning for Christmas (London Loves Business), Rated: A

With less than a month to go for Christmas, a new research from online lender Sunny has found that the number of hours Brits spend planning for Christmas and buying gifts online while at work are worth £1bn, with over 15m Brits admitting to planning for Christmas during work hours.

Whether at work or at home, Sunny’s research demonstrates a clear gender divide, with women most likely to take on the task of planning for Christmas. Almost a third (31%) of men admit they don’t spend any time planning meals and a quarter (24%) say they don’t do any cooking or preparing of meals, compared to only one in seven (15%) women. Men also don’t make time for Christmas cards, with a fifth (20%) not giving any time to writing them versus fewer than one in ten (9%) women.

Money saver Men who have tried this Women who have tried this
Shopped around online for gifts to make sure I’m getting the best deal 35% 51%
Started next year’s shopping in the January sales 12% 22%
Re-gifted presents 9% 26%
Used coupons/vouchers to buy food and drink for the Christmas period 24% 36%
Participated in secret Santa rather than gifting everyone 7% 16%


P2P platform appoints ex-Barclays manager
(Bridging&Commercial), Rated: B

RateSetter Business Finance has appointed Richard Steele as its regional manager for the Midlands.
The peer-to-peer lending platform said Richard brought experience to its team having previously served at Barclays as a relationship manager and BCRS Business Loans as a business development manager.

Revealed – the 25 people doing the most to spread the PropTech word (EstateAgentToday), Rated: B

This year the list was compiled in association with the UK PropTech Association, the trade body set up in February; in addition to property investment platform LendInvest, two UKPA figures – chairman Eddie Holmes and Estate Agent Today contributor and PropTech consultant James Dearsley – were on the judging panel.

Dan Hughes, director of data and information product management for RICS, has been named the top PropTech Influencer of the Year.

Professor Andrew Baum of Oxford University took second place, after authoring PropTech 3.0, a much-discussed document in the field of PropTech.

Third was digital strategist Antony Slumbers, while fourth was Gary Chimwa, the organiser behind Future:PropTech events.

You can see the full list of 25 here and the top 10 International Influencers here.

RICS director tops proptech influencer list (Development Finance Today), Rated: B

Dan Hughes of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) (pictured above, right) has topped LendInvest’s PropTech Influencer List for 2017.
In fourth place was Gary Chima, the organiser behind Future:PropTech events, and in fifth was Dominic Wilson, managing partner of proptech start-up incubator Pi Labs.
China

China issues new rules to clean up runaway cash loan market (SCMP), Rated: AAA

China on Friday issued new rules to clean up its controversial cash loan and online micro lending market, including prohibiting lending to people without an income and putting a curb on the total charges on runaway credit, according to an official notice seen by the South China Morning Post.

It ordered therefore, that with immediate effect, all organisations and individuals must obtain a licence to conduct lending business. All lending institutions must also state clearly a comprehensive charge, which includes interest rates and various fees charged for different categories of offerings for the loan.

The tightened controls attempt to curb a common practice where online lending platforms bypass the maximum legal interest rate charge of 36 per cent with additional add-on fees.

Lenders are also banned from rolling over the credit more than twice and must put a cap on the cost of each loan.

Funds from online micro loans are also banned from being used to speculate in stocks and pay for property down payment. In addition, asset management products offered by financial institutions and banks are disallowed to invest in products securitised by cash loans, campus loans – loans granted to students with no regular incomes – or property down payment loans.

Online micro lenders expanded by 23 per cent in two years to 452.4 billion yuan (US$68.4 billion) by the end of 2016.

China’s debt crackdown hits cash loan providers (Reuters), Rated: A

On Friday, China’s financial regulators introduced new measures aimed at restricting the industry, which is estimated to be worth 1 trillion yuan ($151.5 billion).

The number of repeat borrowers is rising, which could signal financial stress on borrowers, analysts say. The companies, however, say the repeat lending is just a sign of the attractiveness of their platforms.

Online consumer lending in China, of which cash loans are a significant portion, dwarfs similar activity in the rest of the world combined, accounting for over 85 percent of all such activity globally last year, according to a recent report by the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance.

The boom in micro-lending comes as lenders seek to cash in on rising incomes in a country where credit card penetration remains at about one-third of the population, according to data from the central bank, which says about half a billion consumers don’t have a credit score.

And the online cash loan sector is projected to reach 2.3 trillion yuan by 2020, according to the research firm iResearch.

Outstanding household debt in China equalled 45.5 percent of gross domestic product at the end of the first quarter, according to the Bank of International Settlements, compared to 27.9 percent five years ago.

Lexinfintech delays U.S. IPO pricing as China reins in micro-loan sector (Reuters), Rated: AAA

Chinese consumer lending firm Lexinfintech will delay the pricing of its planned Nasdaq IPO to conduct more due diligence, a source with direct knowledge of the situation said – a move that comes after Beijing issued new rules to tighten control of the micro-loan sector.

The source, who was not authorized to speak to the media and declined to be identified, did not say how long the IPO was likely to be delayed.

China Continues Its Quest For A Credit Ranking System (PYMNTS), Rated: AAA

China is on the hunt for a homegrown alternative to the U.S.-based FICO score credit ranking system as it attempts to keep up with the rapid expansion in consumer loans being offered through mobile.

Lacking such a single system, online lenders instead use a patchwork of methods to assess consumer credit worthiness, including things like online questionnaires and analysis of consumer data such as individuals’ eCommerce purchases.

The National Internet Finance Association of China — a two-year-old agency closely aligned with China’s central bank — is tasked with the job, but has offered little in the way of specific detail about how the three-year-old search for a system is progressing — past noting in a brief report late Monday that “this would complete an important rung in procedural order.”

China’s “Social Credit System” Will Rate How Valuable You Are as a Human (Futurism), Rated: AAA

In a contentious world first, China plans to implement a social credit system  (officially referred to as a Social Credit Score or SCS) by 2020.

Every citizen in China, which now has numbers swelling to well over 1.3 billion, would be given a score that, as a matter of public record, is available for all to see. This citizen score comes from monitoring an individual’s social behavior — from their spending habits and how regularly they pay bills, to their social interactions — and it’ll become the basis of that person’s trustworthiness, which would also be publicly ranked.

The companies that are implementing SCS include China Rapid Finance, which is a partner of social network giant Tencent, and Sesame Credit, a subsidiary of Alibaba affiliate company Ant Financial Services Group (AFSG). Both Rapid Finance and Sesame Credit have access to intimidating quantities of data, the former through its WeChat messaging app (at present with 850 million active users) and the latter through its AliPay payment service.

According to local media, Tencent’s SCS comes with its QQ chat app, where an individual’s score comes in a range between 300 and 850 and is broken down into five sub-categories: social connections, consumption behavior, security, wealth, and compliance.

THE CHINA RAPID FINANCE LTD – (XRF) POSTS QUARTERLY EARNINGS RESULTS (Bangalore Weekly), Rated: AAA

China Rapid Finance Ltd – (NYSE:XRF) announced its quarterly earnings results on Thursday. The company reported ($1.01) EPS for the quarter. The company had revenue of $10.46 million during the quarter.

Alibaba launches $ 7bn bond issue (Capital.com), Rated: A

Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba has launched a bond issue aimed at raising $7bn just three years after selling $8bn of debt.

The bonds are being offered in five tranches – 5.5-year, 10-year, 20-year, 30-year and 40-year.

Proceeds from the sale will be used to invest in long-term growth.

Private equity funds found to be investing in banned digital currencies offerings (SCMP), Rated: A

Beijing’s municipal financial regulator has warned private equity (PE) funds not to continue investing in initial coin offerings (ICOs), a practice banned by the mainland’s central bank three months ago.

Huo Xuewen, chief of the Beijing Bureau of Financial Work, said in a report published on Sunday that some of the funds had been found taking part in ICOs – fund-railings by the issuers of digital currencies such as bitcoin – outside the regulatory framework and he pointed out it was a wrongdoing that the regulator would seek to weed them out.

He added the authorities now plan to set up a strict monitoring system to track operations and investments by PE funds.

P2P Lender Hexindai: A Discussion with CFO Johnson Zhang Regarding the Recent IPO (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Hexindai (NASDAQ:HX), a China based peer to peer lender, became the most recent Chinese online lender to trade on a US exchange early last month. The company will report fiscal year results this coming Tuesday before markets open. Last month, Hexidai become another Chinese online lender to list their shares on the US markets in a successful IPO that raised approximately $50 million with each ADS priced at $10/each. The market cap of Hexindai stands at over $550 million today with shares in the company having traded between $10.90 and $17 since the IPO.

We asked Zhang why his company decided to list on the NASDAQ.  Zhang explained that in comparison to Hong Kong the US capital markets is wider and has more comparitive companies. Zhang noted that Yirendai and other online lenders now trade on US exchanges.  NASDAQ was selected because Hexindai is more tech focused. 

Zhang said a key component of their competitive advantage is their sophisticated risk management. Their application pass through rate is equal to just 25% of submitted applications and their default rates are very low.

Their second competitive advantage is their extended off line channels. For example, if a customer goes to a travel agency and wants to book a trip, the agency may say they have a financing solution and will provide the application to Hexindai and then they will determine whether or not they should provide a loan to the borrower.

“For our last fiscal year there were 200,000 borrowers and 110,000 active investors. An average loan size is 80,000 RMB. The typical use of the loans are for personal use like overseas traveling, continuing education or housing renovation. We believe loan proceeds are for self investment. Their life. For their job to become better. We help the emerging middle class.”

International

International P2P Lending Volumes November 2017 (P2P-Banking), Rated: AAA

Funding Circle reaches the milestone of 3 billion GBP loans originated since launch.

I removed Comunitae, because of the stop due the fraud case.

Source: P2P-Banking

The Market Maker’s Guide to Decentralized Exchange (Airswap), Rated: AAA

Market making is generally an ongoing process that includes ingesting data, generating a price, and placing an order on an exchange.

Source: Airswap

Decentralized exchange promises two major benefits:

  • Security and control
  • Global marketplace

Unlocking the ability to transact globally, through a decentralized exchange, will affect society in profound ways. Global information transfer birthed the term “globalization”. Global asset transfer will birth some new term that we all haven’t yet thought of, and in the end the borders that blockchain break down will be greater than the borders we saw the internet break down.

Decentralized exchanges will succeed, likewise, when there is liquidity and usability, both of which do not exist yet on any solution.

Source: Airswap

Micro-finance: do good and turn a profit (MoneyWeek), Rated: A

The ultimate example of this is the “micro-finance” movement. The idea is that you lend money to a micro-finance institution that in turn lends the money to ordinary folk (frequently women) in the developing world for practical projects that generate returns for investors. Investors hope to get back all of their money plus a return – net returns of around 2% a year aren’t uncommon.

The only trouble is that while micro-finance does score highly in terms of “impact”, it is often not so much crowd-based as “command-and-control” in style. In other words, it’s usually a credit institution making the actual lending decisions and you invest via their pool of funds.

Now, however, we have the crowd revolution and the rise of alternative finance and peer-to-peer (P2P) lending. In the Netherlands, this has given rise to companies such as Lendahand, which provide a marketplace for investing in individual projects for a defined return, usually via some form of bond. Over here in the UK, Ethex provides a similar marketplace for investors to back individual projects with real impact.

So, why not marry micro-finance, the crowd, and renewable energy into one product? That’s the idea behind a relatively new website called Lendahand, a joint venture between the Dutch platform and Ethex. The platform is working with local providers such as SolarNow in Uganda as part of its Energise Africa initiative to provide finance for solar panels. This is done via unsecured bonds that pay out 5%-6% a year for a period of between one and three years, with interest usually paid every six months (along with some of the debt, which is amortised as it is repaid).

Top 100 fintech companies revealed (Banks.am), Rated: A

First, second and third place, on this year’s Fintech100, are occupied by Chinese fintech firms: Ant Financial, which owns Alipay payments platform; ZhongAn, which uses big data to automate online property insurance; Qudian, an online electronics retailer offering monthly instalment re-payments.

The fourth and fifth places are occupied by Oscar, which seeks to radically transform health insurance through technology and Avant, the fastest-growing marketplace lending platform for short-term consumer credit.

The sectorial breakup of the Fintech100 is as follows: 32 lending companies, 21 payments companies, 15 transaction and capital markets, 12 insurance companies, 7 wealth companies, 6 regtech (regulatory technology-Banks.am) & cyber security companies, 4 blockchain and digital currencies companies, and 3 data and analytics companies.

Fintech100 includes a broad range of fintech companies from 29 different countries.

SelfKey Will Greatly Aid the Expansion of the FinTech Sector (Cryptocoins News), Rated: B

One blockchain based startup, SelfKey, is creating a blockchain-driven decentralized digital identity system that gives users full control over their personal information. The platform allows individuals to create their own secure personal identity wallet that stores important identity documents. This wallet also stores KEY tokens, which can be used to purchase services on the SelfKey marketplace. These services, which range from passport applications to opening bank accounts, don’t control users’ data–users do.

Users have the key, so to speak, that releases their own data.

Australia/New Zealand

CollinStar Holdings to Acquire BiWang Group in a 100 Million US Dollars Buyout (BusinessWire), Rated: AAA

On December 2, 2017, CollinStar Holdings paid $ 100 million US dollars to acquire the entire BiWang Group, including BW.COM.

AUSTRALIAN FINTECH LAUNCHES ALTERNATIVE FUND (Money Management), Rated: A

Australian fintech and fully licensed marketplace lender, Zagga has launched its Alternative Growth Fund aimed at wholesale investors, including self-managed super funds (SMSFs), which will target net returns of 6.5 per cent per annum.

The fund, which would have the minimum investment for wholesale investors of $50,000, was designed to add scale to the Zagga business model which uses a bespoke algorithm to match wholesale investors with borrowers, the firm said.

Banking gap widens as tech-savvy consumers look to new products (News.com.au), Rated: A

Peer-to-peer lender RateSetter has examined big bank profit margins and found that while they are paying record low rates on deposits their lending rates for personal loans and credit cards continue to climb.

“You can drive a bus through the spread between bank deposits and consumer lending rates,” said RateSetter CEO Dan Foggo.

“Publicity stunts such as dropping fees on ATMs are little more than a smokescreen for the poor value,” he said.

  • Online savings account rates have dropped from 6.55 per cent to 1.6 per cent;
  • Bonus saver account interest rates have fallen from 4.8 per cent to 1.85 per cent, but;
  • Credit card interest rates have climbed from 18.6 per cent to 19.75 per cent, and;
  • Unsecured personal loan rates rose from 13.8 per cent to 14.5 per cent.

FMA statistics show the fledgling NZ P2P lending sector is serving banks and fund managers well (Interest), Rated: A

But the Financial Markets Authority’s first statistical report on P2P lending, issued this week, highlights just how little actual P2P lending there has been in NZ to date.

The useful and informative FMA report details that there are 20,744 investors registered with licensed P2P services. At 207,230, there are about 10 times as many borrowers registered with P2P services. The volume of investors, or savers, versus borrowers sounds unbalanced and it is. But the bulk of money being lent through P2P platforms is coming from banks and institutional, or wholesale, investors.

Far and away the biggest NZ P2P lender is Harmoney. According to the FMA report, as of June 30 the total value of Harmoney loans outstanding was just under $239 million. The five other active P2P lenders had a shade under $50 million worth of outstanding loans between them.

India

Customers without credit scores can take the digital journey to get loans (livemint), Rated: AAA

Mumbai-based CreditVidya, a fintech start-up, uses alternative data sources to assess fraud and risk. It has recently raised $5 million Matrix Partners and had previously raised $2 million from Kalaari Capital. The money is being used for product development and hiring manpower. A lot of the investments are going into research and development and setting up the team right, which will include data scientists from the US. The plan is to have a total of 146 employees by end of 2018, said the founders of the company.

Currently you work with over 20 banks and non-banking financial (NBFCs) who are looking to assess customers of small unsecured credit. What is the quality of these banks and NBFCs?

Rajiv Raj: We have a mix of small and big banks and NBFCs. We have big banks such as State Bank of India, ICICI Bank Ltd and Axis Bank Ltd. There are many micro services that these companies use.

Abhishek Agarwal: We are also in talks with an MNC (multinational corporation) banks. Right now, 10 relationships are with large banks and NBFCs, out of the 27, and remaining are in mid- and small-sized banks. Every bank is focused on retail loans and in that pie on unsecured lendings. Personal loans, consumer durables and two-wheeler loans are the segment where there has been a tremendous rise.

Recently, P2P regulations came out. These companies will have to start reporting to credit bureaus. Has any P2P platform approached you to use alternate data?

Agarwal: We are currently working with three P2P lenders. Here again, it is for risk assessment of first-time borrowers. People who are digital savvy and want to access this facility, are first-time borrowers and under 35 years. Cibil’s (a credit bureau in India) penetration in the 25-35 age group is poor. Hence, 75-80% of the cases will have a no Cibil score.

Raj: These are thin-file customers who don’t qualify for loans.

Why are the traditional credit bureaus not using alternative or digital data to assess customers?

Raj: One, there is a regulatory issue. Two, they have never done this before.

Agarwal: Experian (a credit bureau) in the US has been around for the last 40 years. Digital lending in the US exists for the last 12 years. Experian never used alternative data in the US. It is not in their DNA. All the traditional bureaus in India are heavily influenced by their parent companies in the US. There is no product that the bureaus have launched in India that is only for the Indian market. They haven’t done anything that is new and specific to India.

While analysing customers, what parameters do you use to evaluate credit worthiness?

Agarwal: You look at five types of fingerprints—social finger print (anything you put on social media), device fingerprint (such as SMS), browser fingerprint (anything that identifies your device), click stream fingerprint (how fast you type) and biometric fingerprint (the physical fingerprint).

Fintech Trends to Watch Out for in 2018 (Entrepreneur), Rated: A

With a continuation to the credit line onboarding the digital trend, the next year will see more and more people borrowing using data, believes Vikram Sud, former APAC operations and technology head of Citibank and also ex-group COO of Kotak Mahindra Group.

Algorithm-based investments will see a hike, interactive brokers too will grow in numbers, while the cost of availing them will keep dropping.

While the majority of fintech users today rely on wallets and prepaid investments for transactions, many in the industry believe that that is set to change.

Citing a 360 degree financial inclusion and a future of uniform payments globally, Himaghna Dey Sarkar, Chief Expansion Officer, ToneTag spoke about how they are enabling sound-based payments. The app listens to the frequency of tones in the existing EVC machines, and enables transactions directly to the merchant’s bank account.

Sud believes that we are moving closer to a stage where the cards business is at a risk. With more and more retail lending options like buy now and pay later, Sud said that the line of credit will become more prominent.

A little bit of data can go a long way! (ETCIO), Rated: A

Imagine there being minimal record of your existence – your credit history and identification papers being almost non-existent. Unfortunately, this is not a movie plot but a reality that millions across the world have to grapple with. Both developing and under-developed economies have their fair share of people who have no formal credit footprint. These are people who have never borrowed from or interacted with formal banking channels in their lives. This lack of interaction with banking channels is one of the primary reasons that these people do not possess sufficient format documentation, a primary requirement of banks. The repercussion of this is that there is minimum information available about their credit history and when they do approach a lender for capital; more often than not they are deemed ineligible and are turned away.

Over the last few years, digital lending platforms have emerged as viable sources of credit for such borrowers.

By 2022, over 70% of India’s population is expected to own a smart phone. With a current smart phone user base of 300 million, smart phone penetration in rural India is growing at a much faster pace as compared to the urban India. This means that each one of us is generating reams of digital data giving online lenders a glimpse into our habits and preferences.

Asia

Integrated finance services in e-commerce (TelecomAsia.net), Rated: A

Again there is speculation in the US over whether companies like Amazon, Facebook, Apple or Wal-Mart could acquire a banking license.

If you go to buy items online, you might need finance for your purchase. The easiest solution nowadays is probably to use a credit card to make the payment. Then, depending on your card, you have more time and flexibility to make the payment. The problem is the actual annual interest rate of the card is easily 30% to 40%. You could get a loan with much lower interest rates, but it is complex to get a loan quickly when you are buying something.

Now we see a situation FinTech that integrated finance solutions are easily available for all kinds of retail services and they offer also a smooth customer experience. This is part of a much bigger development in the finance industry. Finance services are no longer their own isolated islands, but they can be components in any service.

Fintech competitiveness depends on AI technology (The Korea Times), Rated: A

Limiting individual investment in peer-to-peer (P2P) financing at 10 million won ($9,220) is a typical one. The ban on non face-to-face contracts on discretionary investments in the asset management field also limits the domain of fintech startups online. It is necessary to change perspectives in modifying regulations to something that will help new fintech companies.

Fintech can be classified into three areas: well-known money transfer and payment; P2P finance represented by cloud funding; and asset management represented by robo-advisors. The common technology necessary for all three is artificial intelligence (AI).

In P2P lending, supervised learning can be used in P2P for credit scoring and anticipation of expected returns. For asset management firms, reinforcement learning can be used for automated portfolio building.

Canada

National Bank of Canada capped off a better fiscal year with strong fourth-quarter profit as the Montreal-based lender enters a new phase of an aggressive plan to redefine itself.

And chief executive officer Louis Vachon said the bank is now shifting from a phase of heavy cost-cutting and job losses to one that reduces costs by using technology to automate more of its processes.

The bank is spending a total of $750-million a year on technology, about $350-million of which goes to new projects.

Profit from the core personal and commercial banking segment was $239-million in the fourth quarter, compared with $191-million a year earlier, as loans and deposits grew and deposit margins improved. The wealth-management arm also posted a 29-per-cent increase in profit to $110-million.

Provisions for credit losses – the money set aside to cover bad loans – rose to $70-million in the fourth quarter, from $59-million a year ago. But the increase effectively belonged to Credigy Ltd., a U.S. subsidiary that specializes on buying distressed loans at discounted prices.

The bank expects Credigy will continue to grow, but is tapering its appetite for unsecured consumer debt as it winds down an agreement that saw the firm buy $1.3-billion in prime loans from Lending Club, a U.S.-based online lending firm. Credigy will instead look at doing more deals for secured loans with lower spreads but also lower losses.

Africa

Kenyan, Nigerian startups make global Fintech 100 (Disrupt Africa), Rated: AAA

They include two Nigerian startups, namely payments company Flutterwave and financial management app Riby. Kenyan insurtech startup GrassRoots Bima also makes the list.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

Monday June 5 2017, Daily News Digest

ratesetter alfi

In the June 1 issue of Lending-Times, we highlighted a TransUnion report on how to identify and fight online fraud. A typo suggested we didn’t recommend report, however, we highly recommend it and you can download it here. News Comments Today’s main news: After buying George Banco RateSetter will not lend to its customers. Amartha receives regulatory […]

ratesetter alfi

In the June 1 issue of Lending-Times, we highlighted a TransUnion report on how to identify and fight online fraud. A typo suggested we didn’t recommend report, however, we highly recommend it and you can download it here.

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

European Union

International

Australia

India

Asia

Africa

News Summary

United States

Latest PeerIQ Loan Performance Monitor (PeerIQ), Rated: AAA

The US economy generated a seasonally adjusted 138 K jobs last month (vs. expectation of 185K) bringing the jobless rate to 4.2% and another step closer to full employment. As inflation risks emerge, the Fed is widely expected to increase rates another 25 bps at the upcoming FOMC meeting on June 14th.

On the regulatory front, the US House will vote on a bill sponsored by Jeb Hensarling (R-TX) to reform and repeal portions of the landmark Dodd-Frank financial reform bill.

On the securitization front, student lending originator CommonBond priced its $232 Mn private student loan ABS. Goldman Sachs was the structuring lead, and co-leads include Barclays and Citi. Also, AB Alert reports that Lending Club is preparing a multi-seller deal which includes collateral from multiple originators including potentially loans from Lending Club’s own balance sheet. As PeerIQ noted in the summer of last year, we believe marketplace lenders that can offer whole loan investors a reliable path to liquidity and low-cost permanent financing can generate a competitive advantage.

PeerIQ is pleased to present the PeerIQ Loan Performance Monitor. The monitor tracks interest rates, delinquency, and charge-off rates for both platforms across vintages and grades.

Source: PeerIQ MPL Loan Performance Monitor June 2017

Global Debt Registry Appoints Charlie Moore as President (PR.com), Rated: A

Global Debt Registry (GDR), the asset certainty company known for its loan validation expertise, today announced Charlie Moore, the firm’s Chief Commercial Officer, has been named President as former Chairman and CEO Mark Parsells returns to his FinTech consultancy practice.

As President, Moore will be focused on the continued delivery of loan level diligence services to the investment community, leading the daily operations of the company. Moore previously led the firm’s commercial operations including business development, partnerships and marketing and has over 20 years of experience building financial services technology businesses in the U.S. and Europe.

Investing in Real Estate: Single Family Homes or Multi-Family? (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

“Institutional multifamily” typically means dozens, if not hundreds, of distinct units within a single property, managed by a seasoned professional management firm. These properties have many different tenants, with a diversity of employment situations and lease structures. If one tenant leaves abruptly, many others will remain in place, and overall rental income will suffer only marginally. Multifamily managers can further mitigate vacancy risk by structuring leases to end on a rolling basis. Single family investments don’t carry the same benefit – a tenant living in a single-family home constitutes 100% economic loss for as long as the property remains vacant.

Investing through online crowdfunding platforms gives individual investors the opportunity to invest in a small piece of large multifamily projects that are institutional grade and have passed the underwriting of well-established lenders and co-investors who often have decades and billions of dollars of investing under their belt. The same can’t be said of most single-family investments.

While these benefits are most apparent for direct owners of (investors in) property, this benefit of multifamily investing should be passed along to individuals who co-invest via an online (crowdfunding) platform.

GTCR Announces Acquisition of Sage Payment Solutions (Guru Focus), Rated: A

GTCR, a leading private equity firm, announced today that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Sage Payment Solutions, Inc. (“SPS” or the “Company”) for $260 million. SPS, headquartered in Reston, Virginia, is a leading provider of payment processing and merchant acquiring solutions in North America. GTCR is acquiring SPS from The Sage Group plc (LSE: SGE) (“Sage”), a global provider of integrated accounting, payroll and payment solutions headquartered in the UK. GTCR is partnering with SPS management to pursue organic growth initiatives and fund future acquisitions in the payment processing industry. To support this strategy, GTCR has committed up to $350 million of equity capital to the platform. The transaction is expected to close in the third quarter following receipt of regulatory approvals and other consents.

SPS provides credit card, ACH, check, gift and loyalty card processing services to small and medium-sized businesses (“SMBs”) in the United States and Canada.

Where Incumbents Are Making Investments In Wealth Tech (CB Insights), Rated: A

Deals to wealth tech startups hit a record of 30 investments in Q1’17 amid a number of new early-stage entrants globally. In particular, robo-advisors have been gaining prominence and taking on incumbents in nearly 20 countries around the world.

Key takeaways:

  • Since 2012, several banks and wealth management firms have made co-invests in wealth tech. For instance, Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan Chase are co-investors in Motif, Northwestern Mutual and Citi Ventures are co-invested in Betterment, and UBS and Santander InnoVentures are co-investors in SigFig.
  • Incumbents have made the most investments to companies that fall into our robo-advisors category, including BettermentMotifPersonal CapitalWealthNaviFolioForwardLane, and SigFig
  • Blackrock invested in Personal Capital, the second most well-funded wealth tech company with approximately $207M in funding.
  • LearnVest is the only featured company on our map to have exited.

AUTOGRAVITY CAR FINANCING APP NOW AVAILABLE ACROSS NEW JERSEY (AutoGravity), Rated: A

AutoGravity, a FinTech pioneer revolutionizing car shopping and financing with the power of the smartphone, has unveiled an innovative mobile application to help car buyers in the Garden State finance any new or used car in minutes in just four easy steps.

With its unique platform, the AutoGravity app guides car buyers through an intuitive four-step process:

  1. Choose a car – Select any make, model and trim of any new or used car.
  2. Find a dealer – Choose from AutoGravity’s proprietary national dealership database; geolocation helps quickly identify nearby dealers that sell the car the selected.
  3. Search for financing – Car buyers can scan their driver’s license and connect to social media to quickly pre-fill the finance application.
  4. Select a lender – Receive up to four binding finance offers in minutes, then select a loan or lease offer and head to the dealership to complete the purchase.

FRB Governor: Data Aggregators Impact Bank Safety, Soundness as Part of the “Fintech Stack” (JD Supra), Rated: A

In a recent speech at the Northwestern Kellogg Public-Private Interface Conference, Federal Reserve Board Governor Lael Brainard indicated that the relationships between banks and data aggregators within the “fintech stack” may present safety and soundness concerns that warrant oversight by the FRB (and perhaps other prudential regulators).

Governor Brainard indicated that banks will need to apply significant resources to update their data infrastructure to allow access to real-time data for third-party developers.

Governor Brainard explained that because banks are more tightly regulated than the average fintech company, consumer protection and safety and soundness considerations should supersede experimental innovation.

While some banks may elect to give access to data aggregators, Governor Brainard observed that other banks may be unwilling or unable to provide permissioned access to third parties due to fears about compliance with laws and regulations and the ability to monitor and control the use and access to data. She then noted that the Fed’s supervisory role should focus on ensuring that financial institutions subject to its supervision operate safely and follow applicable law. At the same time, she stated that the Fed has “a strong interest in permitting socially beneficial innovations to flourish, while ensuring the risks that they may present are appropriately managed, consistent with the legal requirements.”

PeerStreet’s Jessica Murray Named One of HousingWire’s 2017 Rising Stars (BusinessWire), Rated: B

PeerStreet, a marketplace for investing in real estate backed loans, is honored to announce that its VP of Strategy, Jessica Murray, has been named to HousingWire’s 2017 Rising Stars list of young leaders to watch in the housing industry. HousingWire’s 2017 Rising Stars list recognizes talent that demonstrate leadership and innovation, inspiring not only those within their company, but also their communities and the industry at large.

In her time at PeerStreet, Murray established the company voice through social media, content marketing, customer communications and placed media while serving as the Head of Communications. In her current role, Murray maintains many strategic and operational responsibilities, which also include managing PeerStreet’s capital markets and hiring.

Roostify Names Sandeep Aji as Vice President of Products (BusinessWire), Rated: B

Roostify, a provider of automated mortgage transaction technology, today announced it has named Sandeep Aji as Vice President of Products. Aji will be responsible for overseeing the continued development of Roostify’s mortgage technology platform – from enabling more API-driven capabilities to improving user experience for lenders and consumers.

Prior to Roostify, Aji was Co-Founder and CEO of Impartus, a cloud-based, SaaS platform for higher education.

How To Get A Second Chance With Your Bank (NASDAQ), Rated: B

Despite a higher cost of capital, an online loan may be necessary for a small business. The reason: There has been a continued downtrend in lending from banks to small businesses. “Together, 10 of the largest banks issuing small loans to business lent $44.7 billion in 2014, down 38% from a peak of $72.5 billion in 2006,” reports The Wall Street Journal. Meanwhile, nonbank lenders have seized the opportunity and captured 26% market share up from 10%.

United Kingdom

RateSetter decides not to lend to George Banco’s customers (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

RATESETTER has announced that it has decided not to lend directly to George Banco’s customers as there are “better uses of our development resources”.

The ‘big three’ peer-to-peer lender bought a stake in the guarantor loan provider, which was a former wholesale lending partner, last month. It had also agreed to lend directly to its 10,000 customers, with George Banco acting as introducer.

The business and consumer lender will keep its equity stake in the firm and its co-founder Peter Behrens will remain as a non-executive director on George Banco’s board.

P2P platforms facing hybrid dilemma (P2P Finance News), Rated: A

THE PEER-TO-PEER finance industry could be on its way to becoming a polarised market, where the biggest firms stick to their core P2P lending activities and the rest are forced to evolve into hybrid models.

A wide range of industry onlookers have told Peer2Peer Finance News that it will be impossible for smaller firms to achieve profitability without either expanding into balance sheet lending, merging with direct lenders or morphing into a business model closer to that of a collective investment scheme.

“It’s incredibly difficult to build a straightforward P2P business to the size where it becomes profitable,” said Andy Davis, author of a report that pointed to hybrid models as an inevitable evolution in the sector.

“It’s intrinsically more profitable to arrange and lend rather than only arrange. We’re going to start seeing hybrid loans emerge.”

P2P is ultimately just a subset of direct non-bank lending, he argued, but with different technology in place and different market access. When a direct lender sets up a P2P platform, its return on capital goes up exponentially and it can immediately recycle those returns to originate more lending.

“Hybrid lending from some providers will increasingly be the chosen solution. This is not an issue or a problem for investors in and of itself, ” added 4th Way analyst Neil Faulkner.

Safety in banking (SilverSeek), Rated: A

It was probably with sound money and sound banking in mind that Goldmoney recently announced a tie-up with a British-based and regulated peer-to-peer lender, which enables owners of gold and silver bullion to use it as collateral to raise funds.ii The purpose of this article is to explain how honest banking worked before fractional reserve banking was devised. This is the logic behind the recently announced collaboration between Goldmoney and Lend & Borrow Trust Company Ltd.

On 23rd May, Goldmoney announced an investment and collaboration in and with the UK-based peer-to-peer lending platform, Lend & Borrow Trust Company Ltd. LBT is unique, being the only peer-to-peer facility in Western financial markets that allows businesses and individuals to use their investment-grade physical bullion as collateral against loans, without the loan obligations and collateral being comingled with other customer business.

At no time is LBT a principal in the transaction, so lenders and borrowers can agree an interest rate without having to take LBT’s creditworthiness into account, based solely on physical gold or silver as collateral.

The logic of a collaboration between Goldmoney and LBT is obvious, in that it enables customers to raise finance using bullion. But there is an underlying sound-money logic as well. Between them, Goldmoney and LBT are the template for sound-money banking as it existed before fractional reserve banking became the standard banking model, after Britain’s Bank Charter Act of 1844.

Peer-to-peer lending promised 6%, but I’ve been left red-faced and in the red (The Guardian), Rated: A

When James Patterson invested £1,000 in the peer-to-peer (P2P) lender Funding Circle back in 2015, his hope was that his money would grow a bit faster than the pitiful rates of interest offered by his bank. At the time, the relatively new lender was promising returns of 5-6% a year – 10 times more than his bank.

However, almost a year and a half on, his investment is now worth just £988 – a loss of £12. It’s because one of the firms that 10% of his money was lent to defaulted, leaving his account £128 in the red – a sum that his other investments at the platform have struggled to make up.

It has delivered some impressive returns to savers in recent years but, Patterson says, after his experience, he will not be investing anymore.

James Meekings, co-founder and managing director of Funding Circle, says Patterson will be back in the black in the next couple of months as the firm expects to recover some of his losses which, in turn, will be passed on to him.

Assetz Capital Review – 30 Days Access Account with 4.75% Target Rate (P2P-Banking), Rated: A

Recently I opened an account at p2p lending marketplace Assetz Capital to gain some first hand experiences. Assetz Capital offers secured business loans to small and medium British SMEs. I decided to start with the 30 days access account as it is mostly hands off and deposited a tiny amount, which was credited within an hour.

Assetz Capital has a minimum investment amount of 1 GBP. Assetz is open to international investors, but a UK bank account is required.

Assetz also offers a quick access account with 3.75% target rate, designed to provide immediate access to cash, in normal market conditions, for investors. Currently 19 million GBP are invested in this account. Further account types are the ‘Great British Business Account’ (GBBA) with 7% target rate, the ‘Green Energy Income Account’ (GEIA) with 7% target rate and the ‘Manual Loan Investment Account’ (MLIA) with 5.5% to 18% gross rate. See comparison of Assetz accounts. Assetz also features a secondary market without fees providing liquidity.

Assetz Capital adds ex-bank specialist to regional director team (P2P Finance News), Rated: B

ASSETZ CAPITAL has hired former bank finance specialist Samantha Williamson to boost its team of regional relationship directors.

Williamson will supervise the peer-to-peer lending platform’s activities in the South Manchester region.

She previously worked as business development manager at financial independent broker Positive Commercial Finance, helping firms grow through non-traditional finance avenues.

Prior to that, she served as senior real estate manager at Barclays and commercial lending manager at Santander, both posts located in the Manchester area.

From beach to boardroom: Iced coffee king surfing to success (London Loves Business), Rated: B

Who’s bankrolling you? 

We are. And so is Funding Circle. The banks have been completely useless.

What advice would you give other entrepreneurs trying to secure that kind of finance?

It depends on how much you’re looking for and how long you’ve been trading, but if you need money, I’d go crowd funding, 100 per cent. If you are well under the table with trading, I’d take a look at funding circle.

China

WeiyangX Fintech Review (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

Search engine giant Baidu Inc. is to quit crowdfunding market and pay more attention on artificial intelligence”]. Users will not see the “Baidu Crowdfunding” channel when they log in their Baidu Finance account, but will still be able to check the crowdfunding history.

On May 25, China Rapid Finance Limited, a leading online consumer lending marketplace in China, reported its unaudited financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2017.

2017

2016

Growth rate

Transaction and service fees

USD16.8 million

USD14.8 million

13.1%

Consumption loans

USD6.7 million

USD1.5 million

336.8%

Maintenance loans

USD10.1 million

USD13.3 million

24.4%

Operating aspect:

  1. Number of new borrowers added in the first quarter of 2017 was approximately 545,000. As of March 31, 2017, the Company had reached approximately 2 million unique borrowers on its marketplace since inception, and the total number of loans facilitated on the Company’s platform grew to approximately 15 million.
  2. Total loan volume facilitated on the Company’s marketplace in the first quarter of 2017 increased to USD485 million, primarily driven by the rapid expansion of consumption loans, which accounted for USD405 million of the total loan volume.
  3. Total number of consumption loans facilitated in the first quarter of 2017 was 4 million, while total number of maintenance loans facilitated was 6,000.

Ant Financial, the financial arm of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba, became the latest player in Hong Kong’s competitive mobile payments market after it announced the launch of its mobile wallet for Hong Kong users on May 24.

On May 25, Ant Financial announced to launch the car insurance rating mechanism for the insurance industry to improve the risk management capability.

Three primary reasons for the boosting Cash Loan in China (Xing Ping She Email), Rated: AAA

By Dr. Yang Li

From 2017, the number of cash loan companies have increased tremendously in China. Various kinds of cash loan firms have mushroomed, including CashBus, MagicCash, GoldBar of JingDong, Ants Borrow of Alibaba, WeiliDai of Tencent, etc. So far, there are already thousands of small cash loan platforms exists in China, and many of them have received fund financing from top VC investors such as Sequoia Capital, Innovation Works, and ZhenFund.

Why cash loan growth explosively in a short period? The following three reasons may explain.

Reason 1: The lower threshold of credit system by Big data method.
In the past, credit system was mainly referred to Central bank credit system, however, it could not cover most people. The information of vast majority of low-income, unregistered social groups have not been collected in the credit system, but they have extensive borrowing needs.

As big data technology developing fast these years, many data companies are growing rapidly, and they acquired data for business use. Owing to the big data credit system, cash loan platforms are able to evaluate the borrower’s credit situation from multi-dimensions: traits of character, consumption habits, loan demand, repayment willingness, etc. In this way, the problem of information asymmetry between the investors and borrowers is eliminated, making the cash loan business prosper in the broadest social group.

Reason 2: Vertical specialization of cash loan industry provides more business opportunities
The division of the cash loan industry is now divided into receipt, audit, lending and collection, each process are served by independent and professional companies or teams. With the booming of cash loans, an ecological chain around the industry has been derived, including data processing companies, business consulting companies, law office specialized in collection, etc.

The vertical specialization of the industry made cash loan platforms extremely convenient in obtaining customers, audit management and collection, so that the platforms can save more costs and gain more business opportunities.

Reason 3: Changing of the public consumption concept stimulated loan demands
With the improvement of people’s living standards and the popularization of deficit spending concept, the public consumption concept has been changing a lot.

Consumer demand is beginning to diversify. There are not only the need for food and clothing, but also spiritual needs of learning, fitness and travel, etc. And the consumers’ attitudes are gradually transforming from rational consumption to perceptual advanced consumption. Spending “future money” at “the present” is becoming a common social spending habit, for example, more and more people choose to purchase cars, houses and 3C electronic products on installment. The growing advanced consumption has stimulated the loan demand across society.

European Union

Fintech is King of Lithuania’s Tech Revolution (Red Herring), Rated: A

Under Soviet rule Lithuania became known as a center for laser technology and bioscience, the latter of which now accounts for 1% of GDP and is growing at almost 25% annually. Last year businessmen, scientists and the government signed an agreement to make Lithuania the European hub for health and biotech innovation by 2020.

But it is fintech that has taken the strongest grip on the country’s tech scene. TransferGo, WoraPay, Blender, Simplex and IBS are just a few of a small but growing clique of firms taking advantage of strong local talent, low wages and public pledges.

Lithuania is the only jurisdiction in the EU to have a special-purpose banking license, allowing the foundation of a bank with registered capital of just €1m ($1.1m).

Vaidas Adomauskas first imagined WoraPay, a payment platform, while waiting to pay for food at a restaurant. Now it is backed with almost $1m in funding and is headquartered in London–which many believe to be Europe’s fintech capital.

Capitalizing on the Lithuanian fintech craze, Rise, the Barclays-backed Rise coworking franchise, opened a location in capital city Vilnius last year. It has 50 working spaces, an auditorium and conferencing facilities for entrepreneurs trying to get a foothold in financial tech.

International

Marketplace Lending News Roundup – June 3 (Lend Academy), Rated: AAA

Behind the Scenes at Orchard Platform, a Struggle to Innovate from The New York Times – The long and winding road of Orchard’s plans for a secondary loan market.

Peer-to-peer lender RateSetter raises £13m, Woodford and Artemis lead from AltFi – In the UK RateSetter has closed another £13M equity round as they get closer to full FCA approval.

SoFi and JetBlue Help Customers Managing Student Loans Earn Reward Travel from PR Newswire – This week SoFi announced that you can earn up to 50,000 JetBlue reward points by refinancing a student loan.

Did someone cancel the fintech revolution? from Finextra – The promise of fintech has not yet been released says Accenture in a new report.

Kind of Blue from FinTech Junkie – The latest from Frank Rotman comparing startups to jazz and what to do when you hit a wrong note.

Are Small Business Borrowers Bank-Loyal to a Fault? from deBanked – Despite low approval rates banks are still the top choice for entrepreneurs looking for a loan.

The impact of the latest adjustments in peer-to-peer/marketplace lending from AltFi – Good summary of the latest developments at the big four marketplace lenders in the UK.

The impact of the latest adjustments in peer-to-peer/marketplace lending (AltFi), Rated: AAA

Funding Circle ditches property

Leading small business loans marketplace Funding Circle announced that it would be winding up its property-secured lending in April, with a view to stopping entirely by mid-2018.

AltFi Data’s analytics engine shows that only one quarterly cohort of Funding Circle’s property-backed lending resulted in any bad debt. This came in the third quarter of 2015. Bad debts for this cohort have reached 4.67 per cent – but it’s important to note that recoveries may still be made, and that this is just one of 17 quarterly cohorts. The size of this cohort is about £34m.

RateSetter stops wholesale lending

AltFi Data told us in March that RateSetter had originated £273m loans to lending businesses, equating to 15.6 per cent of its £1.748bn cumulative lending total at the time.

The firm has now lent a little over £1.9bn in loans, of which 15.4 per cent are wholesale. As can be seen in the chart below, the overall trend is down.

More capacity at MarketInvoice?

MarketInvoice announced the launch of a new longer-term product (MarketInvoice Pro) in February. This allows businesses to draw an open funding line, secured against their outstanding invoices.

Well, since unveiling the new product in February, MarketInvoice has posted back-to-back monthly origination records (versus all previous months in its existence), with £42m in March and £35m in April.

But this isn’t yet feeding through in terms of outstanding principal per month, which is hovering at around £25m per month, versus an all-time high of £35m.

Investors are falling over themselves for Zopa loans, but should they be?

The net returns delivered to Zopa investors has been fairly consistent at between 4.5 and 5.0 per cent for the past two and a half years. But the rate being paid by its borrowers is climbing.

Zopa’s average gross interest rate has steadily increased from 5.3 per cent at the outset of 2015 to 8.4 per cent in April 2017. The reason for this is simply that a higher proportion of Zopa’s loans are now being made to “riskier” borrowers. But the returns being offered by the platform haven’t yet adjusted to reflect this.

Crowdfunding, millennial buyers and higher mortgage rule real estate in 2017 (International Business Times), Rated: A

Interestingly, real estate crowdfunding is not limited to the US market. It is actually one of the hottest trends in the overall global realty market today. Realty crowdfunding platforms are continuously being launched in the UAE, Asia and even Egypt. In fact, a leading Singapore-based realty crowdfunding platform recently raised around S$1 million (AU$0.98 million) in the first funding round for a company.

If crowdfunding is the signature trend of real estate in 2017, the rise of millennial home buyers is a close second. The oldest millennials are now in their mid-30s and are planning to have their own houses. Marriage is on the cards for most of them, further creating the urgency for a new home. Most jobs have been designed for the 25 to 34 age bracket, with wages happily rising. Overall, it is a highly favourable situation for millennials to think of a new house this year.

On the other hand, the recent Brexit fallout has had a major impact in the contemporary real estate scene. With UK realty currently going through an uncertain phase, the US real estate scene is fast hogging the limelight in the global property market. The Chinese market, too, is currently moving along a slow tide, which presents an advantage for US developers. The American commercial real estate is to benefit in particular, and speculations are on the rise about steady foreign investments in the country.

Crowdsurfer adds Zopa data (Finextra), Rated: A

Zopa, the world’s first and one of the largest peer-to-peer (P2P) lenders, has lent in excess of £2.3 billion to customers in the UK, and the addition of its data set will deepen Crowdsurfer’s insight into the global alternative finance market.

Cambridge-based Crowdsurfer analyses data from more than 900 different alternative finance platforms, including equity, bonds, SME debt, P2P and more, and has mapped more than ten million transactions to provide the most in-depth take on global trends and patterns in alternative finance.

How robo advice fees compare to multi-asset funds (AltFi), Rated: A

Will robo advice spark a price war? We crunched the numbers looking at how much platforms charge compared to a typical multi asset fund.

Vanguard, a U.S. based passive fund manager, is planning to sell its index funds directly to UK consumers, charging just 0.23 per cent annually. Previously, individuals had to invest in funds through an intermediary or, more recently, via robo advisor to get access to the company’s funds.

Taking a look at the top UK robo advice platforms, we found that an investment of £10,000 would cost an average of £6.79 a month in both management, platform, and fund fees.

A £10,000 investment in 2015 held in the average fund in the IA’s 20-60% Shares sector would have cost an average £9.83 per month for a mixed fund, while the average fund in the IA’s 40-85% Shares sector would cost £10.25, according to data on the average ongoing charges figure from the Investment Association.

Putting this all together, for the average robo advice platform a £10,000 portfolio amounts to approximately 0.81 per cent fees, or £81 over a year. In comparison, the average multi-asset fund charges between 1.18 per cent and 1.23 per cent over the course of the year, with IA’s 40-85% Shares sector the higher of the two. This amounts to £118-£123 on £10,000, or approximately £40 more than the average robo advice portfolio.

Pre-RDR fees would have cost £15.42 and £14.92 on a £10,000 investment.

Moneyfarm, a robo advisor based in the UK and Italy, stands out because it doesn’t charge a management fee for any investments under £10,000, just the fund fee. Investments over £10,000 are charged 0.6 per cent.

Insurtech App Trov Connects with AXA Insurance & Celebrates UK Launch (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Trov has launched its on­-demand insurance platform in the UK, in partnership with AXA Insurance. Users are provided with a personalized quote and can quickly turn insurance on (or off) for an item without the need for any interaction with a traditional insurance agent.

Australia

FinTech Australia Announces New Board of Directors (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

FinTech Australia has announced the election of its new Board of Directors. The new Board is said to align with constitutional changes regarding gender diversity and representation from a broad number of states.

The new board members are:

  • David Ball – CEO and co-founder of HyperBank (Queensland representative)
  • Natalie Dinsdale – Director of Marketing at Tyro (NSW representative)
  • Luke Howes – Co-founder and CEO of Proviso (South Australian representative)
  • Lucy Liu – Chief Operating Officer of Airwallex (Victorian representative)
  • Alan Tsen – CEO of The Week in Bitcoin (Victorian representative)
  • Emma Weston – Co-founder and CEO of AgriDigital (NSW representative)

India

Monexo: Trying to fill the void (Free Press Journal), Rated: A

Our business structure focuses on P2P lending to three segments of borrowers – salaried individuals, practising professionals, and small and medium enterprise (SME). Right now, however, we focus only on the salaried individual segment.

Our typical borrower profile is salaried, aged 25-30 years, with an average salary of Rs 25, 000 for which the average borrowing works out upto Rs 1.50 lakh. Such a working population today is much more independent and amenable to migration. This in turn brings a lot of minor expenses and there such loans are very useful. Such borrowers are often under the under the banks’ lending radar who offer them Rs 8-10 lakh loans to start with but we create options for them (based on the amount requirement). The borrowers that we target are usually digitally savvy and appreciates the benefits that we bring to the table.

What are the benefits offered to borrowers?

First and foremost is time-saving. The borrower is made known in a minute if the loan is available or not.

Another benefit of Monexo is that it is active in the entire activity chain of P2P lending – origination, screening, profile-grading, pricing of each application, disbursement, client servicing and lastly debt collection. This is right now a key differentiator among our contemporaries.

Describe the business structure and how it would attract lenders?

Our fees are taken out of repayments made to lender (2.5 per cent) based on their actual EMI receipts.

Borrowers are graded in categories from M1 down to M8. They get an automatic upgrade when they create a repayment track record. One key criteria is that debt should not be more than 60 per cent of the borrowers’ income.

Our typical business process is approval of only 25 per cent of the applications submitted. This is because most of the 75 per cent are already defaulters somewhere.

Fintech Firm Pinjam Gears Up for Growth Spurt This Year (Jakarta Globe), Rated: A

Fintech company Gadai Pinjam Indonesia is gearing up for a growth spurt this year in a mission to expand the reach of financial services to unbanked small and medium enterprises.

The company, which provides pawnshop services and micro-loans through its online platform Pinjam.co.id, eyes to disburse between Rp 100 billion ($7.52 million) and Rp 200 billion this year, increasing up to 10 times its loan outstanding.

Pinjam will cooperate with state-owned post Pos Indonesia as well as some gold shops, to increase the number of outlets where their customers can pawn their goods. It plans to have more than 100 points in Jakarta by the end of this year.

Asia

P2P Lender Amartha Receives Regulatory Approval from Indonesian Financial Services Authority (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

Jakarta based Amartha (PT Amartha Micro Fintek) a peer to peer lending platform launched in 2010, is now officially registered with the Directorate of Institutional and Product IKNB (Financial Industry Non Bank) Financial Services Authority ( FSA).

Amartha said the approval by the financial regulators will boost public confidence in the platform and investing. Currently Amartha claims to have successfully financed over 34,000 micro businesses in parts of Indonesia to more than 10,000 registered investors, with total funds distributed to 87 billion rupiah (USD $6.5M).

Why Your Financial Planner Should Be a Robot (Knowledge.insead.edu), Rated: A

In 2015 the Singapore-based bank, DBS, surveyed 600 local mothers in their 30s about retirement. The results were revealing. Three-quarters had not started planning for their retirement. Only 25 percent thought they would have sufficient funds to retire on. The average Singaporean household, headed by a 45-year-old, spends US$3,800 per month. However, 69 per cent believe they would be able to retire on less than US$2,200 a month, while 38 per cent believe it would be less than US$1,500.

According to a 2015 Nielsen survey, six out of 10 Singaporeans only start saving for their retirement once they reach 45. They believe they will just need to double their current savings to retire comfortably with peace of mind.

In China, the social pension is the primary source of retirement income. However, 43 percent of respondents in a survey conducted by the Society of Actuaries in 2016 believe the government or their company will cut their benefits in the future. With an estimated 329 million Chinese turning 65 by 2050, it is projected there will be a US$118 trillion pension deficit.

At 55, the average male has US$98,000 and female has US$85,000, bringing the total household retirement assets at around US$183,000. However the couple now has only 12 years until retirement.

In Singapore, fintech boom is missing the ‘tech’ (Southeast Asia Globe), Rated: B

Big banks are putting a lot of effort in to improve their customer experience. WeChat Pay might not be big right now, but Alibaba bought Lazada, so Alipay’s coming. That’s going to change a lot of things. Banks are trying hard to capture their customers’ attention and build strong ties. Small-to-medium enterprise lending and security is big, particularly in Singapore. How do you protect your data? Singapore is a very strong private banking hub: a lot of money is parked here from very strange people. You don’t want to have this information leaked, so the regulation techspace is being upgraded.

Africa

Some options if you want advice from a robot (IOL), Rated: A

Jaco van Tonder, the director of advisory services at Investec Asset Management, says robo-advisers are useful to clients who cannot afford to pay for face-to-face professional financial advice.

Personal Finance looks at three offerings in the South African market:

1. Sygnia RoboAdvisor. The service was launched last year by listed asset manager Sygnia. Depending on your investment requirement and risk appetite, RoboAdvisor will expose you to unit trusts, exchange traded funds (ETFs), money market funds or cash.

• Minimum investment amounts: lump sum of R10 000 or a monthly debit order of R500.

• Management fees: 0.5% a year including VAT.

2. iTransactGo. This service is operated by Johannesburg-based exchange traded product investment platform iTransact. The company was established in 2010, and it launched its robo-adviser service last month.

• Minimum investment: lump sum of R5 000 or a minimum monthly contribution of R300.

• Investment term: there is a minimum term of one year.

• Management fees: not more than 1.14% a year including VAT, depending on the size of the investment.

3. Bizank. The company is independently owned and has appointed Anchor Capital as the asset manager of its robo-adviser. The robo-adviser, which was launched last year, creates a portfolio to meet your investment goal (for example, retirement or buying a house) based on your responses to its questions.

• Minimum investment: a lump sum of R10 000 or a monthly debit order of R1 000.

• Management fees: between 1% and 1.5% excluding VAT.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor