Analysis of the P2P Market in China After the Regulatory Crackdown

p2p lending China

China is the second largest economy in the world with a GDP of $11.8 trillion, and it’s the home to many mega banks and lenders. Like the US, savers investing in bank deposits were not getting good enough returns and small borrowers were being crowded out of the formal lending system by big corporations. P2P […]

p2p lending China

China is the second largest economy in the world with a GDP of $11.8 trillion, and it’s the home to many mega banks and lenders. Like the US, savers investing in bank deposits were not getting good enough returns and small borrowers were being crowded out of the formal lending system by big corporations. P2P lending looked like the perfect solution; it cut out the middlemen and democratized borrowing. As a result, China rapidly became the largest P2P market in the world. But the explosive growth of the P2P market in recent years has exposed the gulf of problems that have been plaguing the online lending market in China.

Numbers don’t lie

According to Beijing Bureau of Financial Work, nine out of 10 P2P lending platforms will find it difficult to survive 2017 once the government fully rolls out its stiff regulatory supervisions. Only 500 (approx 10%) P2P companies out of the total 4,856 across the country are expected to remain in operation after this year, according to the same report.

Chinese regulators have introduced tougher requirements for P2P lenders to stay in business. Every P2P lender now needs to appoint a custodian bank and needs to provide a full disclosure of the use of deposits. There are other variables like risk management, shareholder credibility, and the scale of business in play, as well. A lender not passing the review will eventually have to liquidate.

Raison d’être

In the beginning of 2016, Ezubao was one of the largest P2P lending platforms in the country. It was launched in 2014, but because it offered a lucrative rate of return (9%-15%) it quickly managed to attract a lot of investors. The company was actually running a Ponzi scheme and scammed 900,000 investors out of over $7.6 billion. It was the biggest Ponzi scheme in Chinese financial history. Reports said 95% of all listed borrowers were fraudulent. Such a massive fraud obviously woke up the regulators, and they came cracking down on the entire industry.

Fall of the giant: Hongling Capital

Hongling Capital was founded in 2009; it was one of the earliest and biggest P2P lending platforms in China. The pioneer P2P lending platform, once considered a benchmark in the industry, declared it will exit the online lending business and pay off investors by selling collateral properties. Though Hongling Capital was the largest P2P platform in terms of trade volume, the platform has barely made any profits. In 2016, the platform lost 183 million Yuan ($27.4 million).

Hongling Capital was established to provide small and medium enterprises easy access to capital, something they were not able to get from traditional banks and financial institutions. But it was its “guarantee of principal and interest” which set the platform apart from its contemporaries.

“Big Loan Model”

Another bet that went wrong for Hongling Capital was its “Big Loan Model.” Projects which required financing over 100 million CNY were considered “Big Loans” and Hongling matched the investor money with big projects. Considering that the majority of these projects had been rejected by traditional banks and were subprime meant it was a risky proposition from the get-go. The company, for example, granted 50 million Yuan in loans to China Huishan Dairy Holding. The company defaulted on its debt in late March. Loans like these were a major reason for Hongling Capital’s deep troubles.

The platform now has over 20 billion Yuan ($3 billion) assets to settle, which includes 5 billion Yuan ($750 million) of non-performing assets and 800 million Yuan ($120 million) of bad debts. As of August, Hongling Capital has 1.85 million investors, and the accumulated trade volume is 274.7 billion Yuan ($41 billion).

Regulation by Chinese Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC)

In August 2016, CBRC released “Interim Measures for the Management of Business Activities of Internet Lending Information Agencies.” The report clearly stated “on a single platform, the personal borrowing balance shall not exceed 200,000, and the enterprise shall not exceed one million” and “p2p platform must not provide vouching or principal and interest warranty for investors.”

This regulation hit the two cornerstones of Hongling- guaranteed payments and big loan models and rendered the company’s business model obsolete.

The online lending industry knows there are more restrictions to follow. People’s Bank of China and 17 other regulatory authorities issued a notice in July stating: “Effective measures must be taken to ensure that the number of internet financial entities and the scale of business operation are cut down.”

This goes to show that there is a concerted effort by the regulators to curb the P2P lending sector and ensure that all non-serious and fraud actors are removed from the ecosystem

Conclusion

Well, it is clear that Ezubao is not the only bad apple in the system. There are hundreds of P2P lenders which have evaporated in thin air and the existing regulations will lead to a major shakeup. Though this might be detrimental in the short term, it was necessary for the survival of the industry in the long run. Now investors will understand the risks facing them while investing in such schemes, and would be focused on collaborating with only compliant P2P lenders. It will force platforms to re-look at their business models and ensure sustainability is given precedence over growth.

Author:

Written by Heena Dhir.

Monday June 26 2017, Daily News Digest

banks stress test

News Comments Today’s main news: LendingClub on its latest securitization. Atom Bank gets 30M GBP from UK government. Yoyo raises 12M GBP. ArchOver, Escalate partner. Stripe enters 6 new markets. TD Bank opens new branch in British Columbia. Today’s main analysis: Banks pass stress test. Today’s thought-provoking articles: OCC advises fintechs, MPLs. Congressman launches alt lending investigation. BNP Paribas startup camp the […]

banks stress test

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

European Union

International

Australia/New Zealand

Asia

Middle East

Canada

News Summary

United States

LendingClub Closes First Self-Sponsored Securitization to Expand Investor Access (LendingClub), Rated: AAA

LendingClub (NYSE:LC), America’s largest online marketplace connecting borrowers and investors, today closed its inaugural self-sponsored securitization deal. The Consumer Loan Underlying Bond (CLUB) NP Credit Trust 2017-NP1 (CLUB 2017-NP1) issued $279.4 million in notes backed by consumer loan assets facilitated through the LendingClub platform. The transaction marks the start of LendingClub’s securitization program as Sponsor, Servicer and Administrator. LendingClub expects to sponsor programmatic securitizations and to use the CLUB structure for future transactions. This is the fifth securitization backed by consumer loan assets facilitated through the LendingClub platform and the third rated securitization of such assets overall.

LendingClub anticipates that programmatic use of the CLUB structure could provide institutional ABS investors with consistent access to securitized assets facilitated through its platform, standardization, consistency, and a more efficient means of financing for the long-term. The transaction was rated by Kroll and includes $162.4 million of Class A notes rated “A- (sf)”, $41.2 million of Class B notes rated “BBB (sf)” and $75.7 million of Class C notes rated “BB (sf)” backed by approximately $337 million of collateral. Each tranche of notes was oversubscribed by a diverse set of investors, most of whom were new to investing in assets facilitated by LendingClub. Citi and JP Morgan acted as lead underwriters. BNP and Jefferies acted as co-managers.

“I’m very pleased with our execution. We’re broadening our platform to tap into a large and liquid ABS market and with this deal we’ve reached 20 new investors, including insurance companies and large asset managers who are looking for new ways to access the platform,” said Patrick Dunne, Chief Capital Officer of LendingClub. “This transaction also demonstrates a capital markets financing alternative for the portfolios of our existing investors, which may provide better pricing transparency and enhanced liquidity.”

Bank Stress Tests Pass, True Lender Contest in CO, GS Marcus hits $ 1 Bn (PeerIQ), Rated: AAA

This week, major banks passed their Comprehensive Capital Adequacy Review (CCAR):

Source: Bloomberg, Federal Reserve, PeerIQ

One bank that has recently entered the lending market, GS Bank, reports they have achieved a $1 Bn lending milestone and remain on track to generate $2 Bn in loans by year-end – amongst the fastest growth rates we have seen across the PeerIQ data & analytics platform.

In the wake of emerging bank competition in the prime & super-prime category, non-banks are applying a few strategies:

  • Focus on underserved credit segments where traditional banks outside of a few specialists will not compete (e.g., Fair Square Financial, Loan Depot, various non-QM lenders)
  • Compete on brand and service, rather than rate, by offering a better customer experience and integrated product mix to a targeted customer segment. (e.g., SoFi)
  • Lending-as-a-Service models that enable banks and credit unions to compete with licensed technology (e.g., Upstart, Avant, LendKey)

On the securitization front, three deals from non-bank lenders priced this week including Springleaf ($650 MM), Lendmark ($350 MM), and Marlette ($323 MM).

OCC Offers Advice on Fintechs, Marketplace Lenders (Lexology), Rated: AAA

Defining a third-party relationship as “any business arrangement between the bank and another entity, by contract or otherwise,” the OCC explained that it can include activities that involve outsourced products and services; use of outside consultants, networking arrangements, merchant payment processing services, and services provided by affiliates and subsidiaries; joint ventures; and other business arrangements in which a bank has an ongoing third-party relationship or may have responsibility for the associated records.

Whether or not a fintech company arrangement can be considered a critical activity depends on a number of factors, such as whether significant bank functions (payments, clearing, settlements and custody, for example) are involved or other activities that could have a major impact on bank operations if the bank has to find an alternative third party or if the outsourced activities have to be brought in-house.

The bulletin also clarified that no requirement exists that a third party must meet the bank’s lending criteria in order to establish a relationship.

Banks must also establish appropriate processes and systems to effectively monitor and control the risks inherent within the marketplace lending relationships, the OCC said, from adequate loan underwriting guidelines to cover credit risk management to ensuring the marketplace lender has adequate compliance management processes in place to satisfy compliance risk management concerns.

To read Bulletin 2017-21, click here.

Congressman Cleaver Launches Investigation into Fintech Lending (House.gov), Rated: AAA

Today, U.S. Congressman Emanuel Cleaver, II launched an investigation into small business FinTech lending, including online companies that offer payday loan-like products for small businesses and individual consumers.

In a letter from Congressman Cleaver to the Chief Executive Officers of several rapidly emerging FinTech small business lenders, the executives were asked to share information about their company products, fees, and methods when it comes to disclosures and potentially discriminatory practices. The letters were sent to Lending Club, Biz2Credit, Fora Financial, Prosper, and Lend Up. Companies are expected to respond by August 10, 2017.

How To Fix And Flip A Property While Wearing Your Bathrobe (Forbes), Rated: A

In the first quarter of 2017, according to ATTOM Data Solutions, there were 43,615 single family homes and condos flipped. These types of transactions accounted for 6.7% of all homes sold in Q1. Across all markets, flippers averaged a $64,284 gross profit, according to ATTOM.

This other way to invest has to do with another statistic in ATTOM’s report: “Flippers” borrowed an astounding $3.5B in Q1 to facilitate property acquisition and repairs. What’s not widely known is that a majority of this capital comes not from banks, but from private investors.”

  • The platforms source projects from real estate flippers through digital and boots-on-ground marketing.
  • Each platform has underwriting criteria that helps to determine which projects will be selected for funding. Our firm requires the flipper to have completed at least three projects in the last 12 months.
  • If everything checks out, the platform will fund the project and secure a first-position mortgage on the house.
  • Most platforms are “pre-funding” the loan, meaning they’re using their own capital to originate the loan.
  • For your investment, you can earn anywhere between 7-12% annualized return.

However, there are still some limitations.

  • Accredited investors only
  • Startup risk
  • Lack of control

Online Lender Accused Of Linking With Tribe To Get Immunity (Law360), Rated: AAA

A group of Virginia residents filed a proposed class action in federal court Thursday alleging that an internet lending company engaged in a “rent-a-tribe scheme” to allow it to charge illegally high interest rates on its loans while attempting to use a Michigan tribe’s sovereign immunity as a shield from suit.

Lula Williams and four other plaintiffs claimed in their complaint that Big Picture Loans LLC purported to be owned and operated by the Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians.

CHOICE Act Helps Sharing Economy and FinTech, but a Senate Bill May Harm It (CEI.org), Rated: A

The U.S Senate should get to work on passing portions of the CHOICE Act, particularly regarding the sharing economy and FinTech. It should also shelve legislation that would harm those sectors.

One example of the latter is a terrible bill from Sen. Charles Grassley (R-IA) and Diane Feinstein (D-CA) that would shove any “issuer, redeemer or cashier” of a “digital currency” into the same anti-money laundering regulations as those that govern the big banks. This bill is called the Combating Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Counterfeiting Act of 2017.

Small Business Financial Stability: What is the Role of Mission-Based Lenders? (Huffington Post), Rated: A

Small business ownership’s promise of long-term asset generation is not without tradeoffs. Unexpected shortfalls in revenues or increases in expenses can be devastating to a young business, and recent research by the JPMorgan Chase Institute reveals that small businesses operate with tenuous cash reserves to cover these costs. In fact, the typical small business could only cover expenses for 27 days in the case of a financial emergency. For businesses in low-wage industries, that time window drops to 19 days.

Business cash flow volatility often has consequences for household finances. Most small business owners (76%) respondto cash flow challenges by using personal funds. This could mean drawing from personal savings, foregoing a personal salary or maxing out credit utilization limits, which can damage one’s credit score and impact opportunities to secure future sources of financing. (The majority of small business owners use personal credit scores to apply for business capital.) Accion and Opportunity Fund borrowers generally re-invest business profits into the business rather than the household – 55% of study respondents experienced an increase in business profits in the previous six months but only 30% increased their household savings over the same period.

Often, small business owners find themselves in a cycle of debt after taking out a high-cost loan. In fact, approximately one in four small business loan applicants cite refinancing existing debt as their main reason for applying. Recognizing this trend in their own applicant pool, Opportunity Fund analyzed alternative loan contracts for 104 small business owners seeking relief from high-cost loan debt. Their analysis found that the average loan imposed an annual percentage rate (APR) of 94%. Further, the average monthly loan payment for business owners was nearly double their net income.

What is the role of mission-based lenders?

  • Lending innovation: alternative finance products fulfill an important demand—to keep the doors open in the case of a pressing financial need. Mission-based small business lenders must better meet that immediate need before entrepreneurs turn to costlier options.
  • Financial advising: Among those who participated in Accion and Opportunity Fund’s study, just over a half (54%) used a business financial plan. This illustrates the imperative of increased investment in financial advising that better equips business owners to plan for and manage financial emergencies while building long-term stability.
  • Education: The financial landscape is convoluted and ever-changing, and entrepreneurs need support in navigating their options. Accion publishes 90+ online resources per year to help business owners build their business and financial skills. Opportunity Finance Network’s Venturize campaign, which helps small business owners understand their financing options, generated over 73 million impressions in its first year.
  • Leadership: Advancing responsible lending practices is not just a moral imperative. It’s also a business imperative to ensure client satisfaction and business survival.

Robo-advice and payments are counterrevolutionary, but not fintech lending (AltFi), Rated: A

Worse: because it can easily be adopted by incumbents, robo may not just be un-revolutionary but actively counterrevolutionary, claims a new report by Silicon Valley think tank the Christensen Institute.

Payments is put in the same boat, noting it requires close cooperation with powerful businesses who control important infrastructure. And cooperation means large chunks of fees collected from merchants must be shared.

The report reserves higher praise for the marketplace lending which, it claims, has enormous potential and could even undermine banking majors’ ability to set interest rates.

Nevada Imposes Fiduciary Obligations on Broker-Dealers and Investment Advisers (National Law Review), Rated: A

Broker-dealers and investment advisers with clients in Nevada should review the fiduciary obligations contained in new amendments to the Nevada financial planner statute that go into effect on July 1, 2017.

As a result of the June 2017 Amendments, broker-dealers, investment advisers, and their representatives will now be classified as “financial planners” for purposes of the Nevada Securities Act and will become subject to the following provisions of the financial planner law:

  • Duties—A financial planner has the duty of a fiduciary toward a client. Accordingly, a financial planner shall disclose to a client, at the time advice is given, any gain the financial planner may receive, such as profit or commission, if the advice is followed.
  • Liability—If loss results from following a financial planner’s advice under any of the following circumstances, the client may recover from the financial planner in a civil action the amount of the economic loss and all costs of litigation and attorney fees.[2] The circumstances giving rise to liability are that the financial planner (1) violated any element of his or her fiduciary duty;[3] (2) was grossly negligent in selecting the course of action advised, in light of all of the client’s circumstances known to the financial planner; or (3) violated any law of Nevada in recommending the investment or service.

However, there are still some uncertainties that arise from this determination by Nevada to apply a statute intended for financial planners to broker-dealers and investment advisers. These include the following:

  • Duties—The June 2017 Amendments could be read to create a continuing fiduciary duty after delivering a financial plan. Registered investment advisers now deliver the plan and state that delivery ends the relationship (i.e., no continuing duty).

  • Delivery of Compensation Information—Delivery timing may be slightly off from Form ADV delivery. Form ADV is delivered to a client at or before the opening of the account, while the June 2017 Amendments call for delivery at the time advice is given.

  • Point of Sale Disclosure—It is not clear if the point of sale disclosure of compensation is intended to be different from the level of disclosure currently provided. In this regard, use of the term “gain” can be viewed as involving a different calculation than fees charged.

  • Broader Inquiry—The obligation under the June 2017 Amendments to “keep currently informed, concerning the client’s financial circumstances and the client’s present and anticipated obligations and goals for his or her family” arguably is a greater burden than is currently required.

Reg CF Portal Pivot: DreamFunded Abandons Startups for Real Estate Crowdfunding (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

DreamFunded, a FINRA approved Reg CF portal, has pivoted from its original model of providing access to capital for early stage companies. Today, instead of the next cool startup gracing the pages of DreamFunded there are single family homes up for investment.

Currently, they are in the legal process of getting our 1st Title III real estate debt deal approved, which expects to go live on July 5th, 2017.

Edward Jones Tops Internet Search Ranking (Barrons), Rated: B

The 15,000-advisor firm is dominating its rivals when it comes to pulling those searchers to its sites, InvestmentNews reports, citing a new study from Hearsay Systems and Moz.

Edward Jones spends nearly half of its media investment on digital marketing, Olsen tells the publication. Most of that is geared to the local digital space. Each advisor and branch has a custom microsite—a separate site outside the main company homepage.

Morgan Stanley ranked second in overall click share percentage. It also came out on top in paid searches, or ads. Wells Fargo Advisors and Fidelity Investments came in second and third on that list.

Lendy Expands: Appoints Three New Senior Hires to Team (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: B

Peer-to-peer lending platform Lendy recently announced it has appointed three new senior hires to its growing team. Shane Lewin was named compliance officer, while Shaun Reynolds was appointed development finance support manager, and Pamela Guillamon was appointed international marketing manager.

United Kingdom

Atom Bank gets £30 million from the government as Philip Hammond pledges investment boost (Business Insider), Rated: AAA

Startup bank Atom has received a £30 million funding boost from the state-owned British Business Bank (BBB).

British Business Bank Investments, the commercial arm of the BBB, announced it has agreed a £30 million Tier 2 capital facility with Atom, a digital-only bank founded in 2014. The facility, effectively a loan to Atom, will allow the Durham-based bank to lend out more money to small businesses.Startup bank Atom has received a £30 million funding boost from the state-owned British Business Bank (BBB).

Yoyo raises £12m as fintech defies Brexit fears (Financial Times), Rated: AAA

Yoyo Wallet, the fast-growing British mobile payments app, has raised £12m from investors including the German retailer Metro Group and fund manager Neil Woodford to finance its expansion in Europe and the US.

Yoyo, which recently passed the milestone of processing more than 1m monthly payments for its 400,000 registered users, has grown rapidly since its creation four years ago as a mobile app to pay for goods in university student unions.

The app is used to handle payments in 1,700 outlets, including over 60 UK and Irish universities; the canteens of several big companies such as JPMorgan Chase; and retailers such as Caffè Nero and Planet Organic.

The latest fundraising, which takes the total Yoyo has raised in three rounds to over £20m, will be used to finance the company’s expansion in the US.

ArchOver partners with Escalate (Bridging & Commercial), Rated: AAA

Peer-to-peer lending platform ArchOver has become the first UK lender to partner with commercial dispute resolution service Escalate.

The partnership will increase ArchOver’s ability to provide loans for the SME market, as well as helping borrowers collect disputed payments and enhancing security for lenders.

Escalate will enable ArchOver to recoup any disputed assets being used as security for loans over the ArchOver platforms.

WiseAlpha Set to Complete Crowdcube Round With More Than £1.1 Million in Funding (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

WiseAlpha, a UK online lending platform that gives everyday investors access to high yield institutional bond and loan investments, is set to close its equity crowdfunding campaign on Crowdcube with more than £1.1 million secured from nearly 1,000 investors.

The new ISA that pays 6.1% interest on your money – everything you need to know (Mirror), Rated: A

The average interest on a cash ISA is running at 0.4% according to recent figures.

So the news that a new ISA is paying 6.1% is bound to make people’s ears prick up.

Customers can put as much as £20,000 into a Zopa innovative finance ISA.

There are two rates on offer – a “Core” deal paying 3.9% returns and a “Plus” offering that pays 6.1%.

So far this year just 0.08% of loans have defaulted, although in the worst years of the credit crunch as many as 4.21% did.

Most of the time, fewer than 2% of loans actually default.

Investec Wealth launches ‘robo advice’ platform offering active management (AltFi), Rated: A

Investec Wealth & Investment has launched a new online investment platform called Click & Invest, aimed at competing in the fast growing ‘robo advice’ market.

The firm, which is one of the larger wealth management firms and part of the wider Investec group, has more than £32.5bn of client funds under management.  Its new platform aims to differentiation from the majority of robo-platforms “by going beyond algorithms and offering an actively managed investment strategy”, selecting from over 300 actively managed funds.

Individuals are not charged for setting up and creating a portfolio, commission, transferring in, withdrawing money or closing an account. Fees for Click & Invest are 0.65 per cent on the first £100,000 invested, 0.50 per cent on the, £10,000 invested and 0.35 per cent on any amounts invested over £250,000.

Fintech LendInvest’s growth slows due to ‘challenging’ property market and investment (Business Insider), Rated: A

Online mortgage marketplace LendInvest saw revenue growth slow and profits dive last year as it invested for growth and dealt with “challenging” market conditions.

Accounts seen by Business Insider show LendInvest’s revenue grew from £18.6 million to £22.1 million in the year to March 2017. That’s a significant slowdown on the prior year when revenues jumped to £18.6 million from £7.2 million in 2015.

The company made a loss of £1 million in the year to March 2017, down from a pre-tax profit of £2.4 million in 2016. Operating profits shrunk from £3.3 million to £52,000.

Linked Finance talking to AIB about lending deal (Independent.ie), Rated: A

Irish online lending company Linked Finance is in talks with AIB and other major Irish banks about future collaborations, its founder said.

Serial investor Peter O’Mahony, who founded the peer-to-peer lending platform, said the firm had been approached by AIB, Bank of Ireland and Ulster Bank.

Talks with all three banks are still at an early stage, but O’Mahony said there were a number of possibilities for collaboration.

China

Tencent and Bank of China jointly set up a joint financial and technical laboratory (01Caijing), Rating: AAA

Recently, the “Bank of China – Tencent Financial Technology Joint Laboratory” was established. Bank of China and Tencent Group will focus on cloud computing, large data, block chain and artificial intelligence and other aspects of deep cooperation, build Pratt & Whitney Finance , cloud finance, smart finance and technology finance.

Credit Insurance Meets Fintech: Hong Kong’s Atradius Launches New Digital Platform (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

Hong Kong-based credit insurance provider Atradius announced on Thursday the launch of its new digital fintech platform, Atrium. The company describes the portal as an innovative tool that provides customers and distribution partners with real-time data to better understand buyers, credit limits, and risks a company poses.

Chinese acquirers face tougher due diligence (Financial Times), Rated: A

A regulatory probe announced by China into the “systemic risk” of some of its biggest overseas acquirers is both welcome and troubling. Welcome because Beijing is raising a red flag over corporations long known for high leverage and opaque operations. Troubling because it creates big uncertainties, both for the future of Chinese outbound investment and for the several notable US and European brands snapped up in recent years.

The companies included so far in what is being called a “fact-checking” initiative are Dalian Wanda, the property-to-entertainment company, Fosun International, the consumer group, HNA, a diversified conglomerate, and Anbang, an unlisted insurer. Together, these four have bought $56bn-worth of companies in the past five years.

DCM Ventures leads $ 10m Series A in Chinese real estate crowdfunding platform (Deal Street Asia), Rated: A

DCM Ventures has led a $10-million Series A round in Duocaitou, a crowdfunding platform for accommodation industry, according to a company announcement.

Shunwei Capital, which is co-founded by Xiaomi’s chief executive Lei Jun, also joined this round.

To date, it claims total fundraising on the platform has reached RMB4.6 billion ($670 million) from more than 10,000 individual investors.

WeiyangX Fintech Review (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Jiangsu Suning Bank Co., Ltd., a private online bank backed by Suning Commerce Group Co., Ltd., officially launched last Friday.

Like many of its peers, Suning Bank aims to create an online-to-offline bank driven by technology and taking advantage of its 1,576 offline direct-sale stores and thousands of franchise stores to offer payment and banking services to customers. Suning Commerce and Jiangsu Sunrain Solar Energy contributed CNY 1.2 billion and CNY 944 million to the new bank, holding a 30% and 23.6% interest respectively, and the total valuation of the bank exceeded CNY 4 billion.

On June 12th 2017, in presence of the Prime Ministers of both countries, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between China’s National Internet Finance Association (NIFA) and Luxembourg House of Financial Technology (LHoFT), providing a framework to intensify the cooperation between both countries in the area of digitalization of financial services.

Shenzhen Futian district has announced that it is forming a Fintech advisory committee to conduct industrial policy research, giving advice on investment promotion and gather input on regulation issues and industry trends. The committee will include 30 experts and representatives from various sections of the fintech industry.

Additionally, Futian district and Shenzhen Stock exchange also announced the launch of the first FinTech Index in China, which provides a benchmark to track the performance of companies engaged in financial technologies. The index includes all technologies applied to financial services as blockchain, digital payment and P2P online payment. It is based on May 26, 2017, and the base points are 3000.

On June 14, China Asset Management Co., Ltd. (China AMC) and Microsoft Research Asia jointly announced that the two sides will carry out strategic and cooperative research on the application of artificial intelligence in financial services and promote the intelligent transformation of the asset management industry.

On June 14, the Shenzhen Internet Finance Association, Hong Kong’s Internet Professional Association (iProA) and Singapore’s FinLab announced the establishment of the Shenzhen-Singapore-Hong Kong Fintech Hubs Federation.

China’s biggest dairy firm, Yili Industrial Group plans to invest CNY 300 million to set up a small-loans lender in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

Personal credit card issued by the “letter” or will be established (iFeng), Rated: A

Phoenix WEMONEY news on the evening of June 22, Phoenix WEMONEY was informed that the personal credit card issued by the suspension, a number of third-party institutions or will initiate the establishment of “letter of the Union.”

April 20, the central bank credit management bureau director Wan Cunzhi in the “personal information protection and credit management” international seminar, for the first time announced, including sesame credit, Tencent letter, including the first batch of eight pilot personal credit card Of the credit business without a qualified.

Should You Worry About Baidu’s Fintech Move? (Madison.com), Rated: A

About 160 million people in China took out 1.2 trillion yuan ($180 billion) in online loans last year, according to iResearch. The firm sees that figure growing at an annual rate of 50% over the next three years.

iResearch reports that the average overdue rate ranges from 10% to 20%, and is the “main factor that prevents online lending from becoming a mainstream channel in China’s financial industry.”

Baidu’s Financial Services Group (FSG), which was officially formed a year ago, had 25 billion yuan ($3.7 billion) in assets at the end of its last quarter, which accounted for 12% of its total assets.

Fitch believes that Baidu’s credit risk is higher than Alibaba and Tencent’s, since those two companies are more profitable and have stronger cash flows.

But even if Moody’s downgrades Baidu’s debt from A3 to Baa1, or Fitch cuts its current rating from A to A-, the bonds would still be well within “investment grade” parameters.

European Union

BNP Paribas to Setup a 1,000-Startups Campus in Paris, France (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

There are nowadays gazillions of accelerators, incubators and startup labs, but no one comes close to Station F. Here is why:

  • The sheer size of the campus: 34,000 square meters, 310 meters long (the size of the Eiffel tower!), 1,000 startups, 3,000 startup workstations, and a total capacity to host 9,000 people. The building also houses 8 event spaces and many recreational areas, including a tennis court. More than 250 million euros are invested in its construction.
  • More than 17 big brand incubators. Next to BNP Paribas, HEC Business School, Facebook, China-based Serrinnov, online retail group Vente-Privé, VC firm Daphni, industrial group Thalès, South-Korea’s Naver, and more than a dozen other companies from all sectors will run their innovation lab or startup accelerator from Station F to benefit from the emulation and the synergies that the space offers.

For its Station F program, BNP has chosen to partner with a global partner, Plug and Play, a Silicon Valley-headquartered innovation platform with 22 locations around the world. Plug and Play prides itself with a track record of more than 2,000 backed or accelerated startups, including well-known brands like DropBox and SoundHound, and Fintechs like PayPal and Lending Club. Plug and Play invests in over 100 companies every year and connect startups to corporations.

The partnership between BNP Paribas and Station F will extend beyond hosting the accelerator. BNP Paribas will also become a reference bank for the startups and digital workers of Station F. Depending on their needs, these young companies will be able to draw on the wide range of services of the group which covers the whole spectrum from corporate finance and private equity to mobile personal finance.

Stripe refocuses European effort with 6 new markets and expanded payments platform (VentureBeat), Rated: AAA

Stripe has announced a handful of tidbits that underscore the fast-growing fintech startup’s aspirations in Europe.

Thus far, Stripe has only been fully available to businesses in the U.K., Ireland, Denmark, France, Spain, Norway, Finland, and Sweden. But as of this week, another six markets have been added to the mix: Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, and Luxembourg.

Sarego, a New Crowdfunding Platform for Real Estate, Starts with Large Housing Project in Vienna (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

German real estate crowdfunding platform Sarego that uses platform technology from CrowdDesk, private investors may now invest in the first real estate project on the platform. The project  is for the development company Vermehrt GmbH who is crowdfunding one million euros for the energy-efficient renovation and modernization of Gründerzeit-old building in Vienna.

International

FinTech VC Funding Slowing (Forbes), Rated: AAA

US VC funding for Fintech was down by 13% to at $6.2 billion in 2016, much of this attributed to poor performance of lending platforms and a contraction of investment as VCs re-examine where the money is going to be made in FinTech moving forward. It was noted that there were virtually no new entrant digital banks in the US.

The UK attracted $834 million of investment in 2016, down by 38%, mainly attributed to Brexit, though a bumper venture round following the referendum delivered 8 of the top 20 deals attracting $368 million.

New digital challenger banks Atom and Monzo jointly attracted over $150 million in the first half of 2017 highlighting some of the differences between US and UK FinTech when it comes to lending platforms and digital banks.

FinTechs across the payments space continue to grow and MortgageTech / RealEstateTech is emerging and is being watched closely.

Though later stage valuations have appeared to come down, they still look high, and “flat” appears to be the new “up”.

Of the many attributes that VCs look for in startups: market, product fit, disruption and innovation, the key one critical to success is talent:  the founder / CxO and team:

  • Repeat entrepreneur?
  • Domain expertise?
  • Do strategy within a complex highly regulated ecosystem?
  • Marry strategy with detail and execution?
  • Recruit outstanding people that follow?

EY Fintech Adoption Index: China Leads the Pack. USA is Just Average (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

EY has published the “Fintech Adoption Index 2017” that grades the various markets where EY operates so just about most of the developed world. When you think about the giant internet firms in China, and the ubiquity of mobile internet, it just makes sense that China leads the way.

 

Australia/New Zealand

ASIC permanently bans former AMP Financial Planning adviser from financial services (Leaprate.com), Rated: A

ASIC announced that has permanently banned Perth man, David Fong, from providing financial services and engaging in credit activities after it was found that he acted dishonestly in the course of providing financial services and failed to comply with the ‘best interests’ duty.

ASIC decided to ban Mr Fong permanently after finding that he:

  • engaged in dishonest conduct relating to client records and applications for financial products;
  • provided advice to clients that did not comply with the best interests duty, was not appropriate and did not leave them in a better position having received the advice.
Asia

Itochu partners with Sinar Mas on Indonesian fintech (AltFi), Rated: B

Itochu, Japan’s second-largest trading company, has bought a US$50 million stake in an Indonesian P2P lending company as it views Indonesia’s weak financial infrastructure as a fertile harvest for fintech credit services, Nikkei Asian Review reports.

Middle East

A deeper look at the Middle East’s FinTech market (ITP.net), Rated: A

Despite a record-setting 2015 year that saw total global funding to Fintech companies reach $46.7bn, 2016 saw a decline in Fintech investment by 47.2%.

The quarterly report noted that despite VC investments slowing down in the second half of 2016, the year concluded with $2bn invested in Q416 across 200 deals. As a result, VC funding to Fintech companies reached a record of $13.6bn in 2016, up from the $12.6bn reported the year before.

KPMG also highlighted that corporate VC investment in Fintech rose for the seventh year in a row, reaching 145 deals and a total of $8.5bn in 2016.

Canada

TD opens new branch in Richmond, B.C. at Gilbert and Lansdowne (Newswire), Rated: AAA

TD opened a new concept branch in Richmond’s Cadence by Cressey community that marries environmental sustainability and legendary customer service in a uniquely inviting space. The branch, at the corner of Gilbert Road and Lansdowne Road in Richmond, is conveniently located in the new Cadence community which is walkable and close to the waterfront and Richmond’s Olympic Oval.

More comfort, convenience and sustainable attributes include:

  • An inviting, open concept feel encourages collaboration and conversation so customers can get the meaningful, personalized advice they need. When customers come into the branch, there is a mural of the Lansdowne Park Race Track circa 1928.
  • Energy-efficient design sustainably-sourced finishes help reduce the branches environmental footprint and reinforce our commitment to the environment.
  • A customer lounge offers a comfortable space to gather or wait for an appointment with access to tea and coffee.
  • Free Wi-Fi access for customers to use while they wait or to use during an appointment.
  • Digital displays throughout the branch offer customers access to current information, advice and tips to help manage their finances while they wait to see a customer service representative.
  • Sustainable interior elements like responsibly sourced wood finishes, recycled materials and low-energy LED lighting.
  • A flexible, scalable design allows the branch to easily grow and adapt along with the needs of the community.

The branch is also designed to be a full-service advice centre with employees to meet all its customers’ financial needs in multiple languages, including English, Mandarin and Cantonese.

As part of TD ‘s extended hours, the branch is open seven days a week – 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, Monday through Wednesday; 9:00 am to 8:00 pm Thursday and Friday; 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on Saturday; and 11:00 am to 4 pm on Sunday.

Fintech Sandbox expands to Canada (Finextra), Rated: A

Today Ontario Centres of Excellence (OCE) and Boston-based FinTech Sandbox, signed an historic memorandum of understanding (MOU) to collaborate and expand the FinTech Sandbox model into Canada, starting in Ontario.

FinTech Sandbox will open its program in Ontario, which will provide quality data products from 32 industry-leading partners, to qualified start-ups in Ontario.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor

Friday June 23 2017, Daily News Digest

fintech Australia

News Comments Today’s main news: KBRA assigns preliminary ratings to SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-4. Lending Club closes $279.4M self-sponsored securitization. Wellesley directors paid over 900K GBP last year. Renren’s Q1 results. Harmoney hits $500M. Vindi, Smartbill merge. Today’s main analysis: Recent Fed credit survey exposes clear small business financing opportunities Today’s thought-provoking articles: How the P2P sector has fared […]

fintech Australia

News Comments

United States

United Kingdom

China

European Union

International

Australia/New Zealand

Asia

Africa

Latin America

News Summary

United States

Kroll Bond Rating Agency Assigns Preliminary Ratings to SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-4 (BusinessWire), Rated: AAA

Kroll Bond Rating Agency (KBRA) assigns preliminary ratings to two class of notes issued by SoFi Consumer Loan Program 2017-4 LLC (“SCLP 2017-4”). This is a $499.5 million consumer loan ABS transaction that is closing on July 5th, 2017.

Initial credit enhancement levels are 22.69% for the Class A Notes and 12.77% for the Class B Notes. Credit enhancement consists of overcollateralization, subordination (in the case of the Class A Notes), excess spread and a reserve account funded at closing.

Preliminary Ratings Assigned: SoFi Consumer Loans Program 2017-4

Class Preliminary Ratings Principal Balance
A AA (sf) $443,000,000
B A (sf) $56,500,000

LendingClub Closes $ 279.4 Million Self Sponsored Securitization (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: AAA

LendingClub (NYSE:LC) has announced its first first self sponsored securitization deal had closed. Announced after the market closed, Lending Club issued $279.4 million in notes backed by consumer loans originated on the LendingClub platform. The Consumer Loan Underlying Bond (CLUB) NP Credit Trust 2017-NP1 (CLUB 2017-NP1) was described as marking the start of LendingClub’s securitization program as Sponsor, Servicer and Administrator.

Kroll rated the securities that included $162.4 million of Class A notes rated “A- (sf)”, $41.2 million of Class B notes rated “BBB (sf)” and $75.7 million of Class C notes rated “BB (sf)” backed by approximately $337 million of collateral.

In a separate note, LendingClub also announced that Brad Coleman, Principal Accounting Officer and Corporate Controller, will be resigning from his position as Principal Accounting Officer to pursue other opportunities, effective on August 10.

There’s A New Way To Pay For IVF, But No Guarantee It’ll Pay Off (BuzzFeed), Rated: AAA

Future Family, which officially launches on Thursday, aims to make the complicated, expensive, and emotionally fraught world of fertility treatments “accessible and affordable,” in the words of CEO Claire Tomkins, a former SolarCity executive. “We think of it as modern insurance for a woman,” she told BuzzFeed News.

Because most insurance plans don’t cover these services, fertility patients tend to have high incomes to begin with. In one survey by FertilityIQ, an online advice resource for patients, 42% reported yearly earnings between $100,000 and $199,999. But not everyone has necessarily saved enough to comfortably afford IVF, which costs around $20,000 on average, according to FertilityIQ. In a 2015 Prosper-commissioned survey of 213 US women, 84% said they had financial concerns about their treatments, and nearly half said that those concerns affected how much treatment they pursued.

Future Family’s standard IVF plan, which covers one cycle, is $250 a month, with no down payment. Customers can sign up for a minimum of 5 years and a maximum of 10 years, making the total cost at least $15,000. That would be cheaper than the national average cost of $20,000. The top-tier plan, which covers one cycle as well as egg storage, costs as much as $33,000 ($275 a month for up to 10 years).

Meanwhile, Future Family’s top-tier egg-freezing plan costs as much as $21,000, at $175 a month for up to 10 years of storage. FertilityIQ’s Anderson-Bialis estimates that, nationwide, egg retrieval and freezing costs average $16,000, while storage costs about $3,700 for five years.

Two years ago, Prosper, a peer-to-peer lending service, purchased, for $21 million, a lender with loans for fertility and other non–insurance-covered medical procedures. And in 2014, LendingClub spent $140 million on a similar acquisition. Its fertility loans range from $2,000 to $50,000, while Prosper’s go as high as $100,000.

One year in: How JPMorgan is transforming small-business lending (Tearsheet), Rated: A

For JPMorgan Chase, small business is big. The bank is among the third top lender of Small Business Administration loans by unit in the U.S.

As of May, Chase approved 2,375 loans in 2017 for a total $679 million. But beyond SBA loans, the bank also extended more than $24 billion in credit to 4 million small business customers in 2016 through its business banking, Ink from Chase credit card and commercial term lending. In each of the last four years, it’s extended more than $19 billion in new small business loans.

After the recession, the largest U.S. banks, Chase itself included, halted most of their small business lending, later creating the opportunity for online lenders to enter the market — like Bond Street or OnDeck. Last year, JPMorgan began using OnDeck’s technology for its Chase Business Quick Capital product, a  short-term, quickly funded small business loan. It was one of the first banks to embrace a partnership-type relationship with a fintech startup, at a time when the industry narrative still focused on startups’ potential to displace banks.

Lending Club Decision Provides Guidance For Bringing Section 11 Claims Based on Weaknesses in Internal Controls (National Law Review), Rated: A

We have been following defendants’ motions to dismiss in the In re Lending Club Securities Litigation class action, No 3:16-cv-02627-WHA, in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California (“the Lending Club Litigation”).

As the Supreme Court noted in Omnicare, generally a plaintiff pursuing a claim under Section 11 “need not prove . . . that the defendant acted with any intent to deceive or defraud.”  However, defendants in the Lending Club Litigation argued that plaintiffs’ claims under Section 11 sounded in fraud because they employed the same factual allegations to allege fraudulent conduct under Section 10(b), and therefore needed to satisfy the heightened pleading standard of Rule 9(b), which requires plaintiffs alleging fraud to state with particularity the circumstances constituting fraud.

Plaintiffs argued that their Section 11 claims were not grounded in fraud and therefore did not need to satisfy the heightened pleading standard of Rule 9(b).

Despite this holding, the Court found that lead plaintiff had “met that heightened pleading standard with respect to three of its Section 11 claims.”  Id.  In particular the court held that lead plaintiff adequately pleaded its Section 11 claims relating to representations at the IPO regarding (1) the strength of Lending Club’s internal controls and financial reporting, (2) its relationship with Cirrix, and (3) its data integrity and security.[1]

Henry W. Ramsey Acquires 9,500 Shares of Elevate Credit Inc (ELVT) Stock (Transcript Daily), Rated: A

Elevate Credit Inc (NASDAQ:ELVT) insider Henry W. Ramsey purchased 9,500 shares of the stock in a transaction on Friday, June 2nd. The stock was acquired at an average cost of $7.17 per share, for a total transaction of $68,115.00. Following the completion of the acquisition, the insider now owns 9,500 shares of the company’s stock, valued at approximately $68,115.

Banks Going Digital – Transforming Branches, Apps and a Focus on Customer Experience (Lend Academy), Rated: A

The big banks have all started to understand that the traditional way of banking is a thing of the past. Keynote speaker Yolande Piazza, CEO, Citi Fintech talked about disrupting from within, changing how they operate to enable the customer and move to a mobile first approach. She explained how this approach is radical for a bank and the layers of compliance did not make the transition smooth. They have completely rethought how they hire, 50 percent of their fintech talent is from outside the company.

Other interesting areas to note while at the event were BioCatch’s innovations in cyber security with keystroke and mouse analysis along with behavioral biometrics. New payments provider Zelle launched with 40 partners, including 34 top level banks, to allow consumers to send and receive money in minutes. Banks are starting to become innovation hubs and fintech companies, once seen as competitors in the past, are helping the banks make this transformation.

Leading fintech companies like SoFi, Lending Club and OnDeck provide a template for a better customer experience and banks are taking notice.

Recent Fed Credit Survey Exposes Clear Small Business Financing Opportunities (Forbes), Rated: A

The Federal Reserve just published its 2016 Small Business Credit Survey examining the current small business conditions and credit environment. The Fed found that although big banks are still the major lenders, small business owners are having trouble accessing credit and are therefore looking elsewhere. However, while many small businesses are turning towards online lenders, SBA loans are largely underutilized.

Overall, 10,000 surveys were completed by employer firms across all 50 states. Of those surveyed, roughly half were profitable and almost two-thirds expected their revenues to grow over the coming year. Even job growth looked good, with 39% of small businesses expecting to add jobs within the next year.

PayPal has jumped into the alternative lending game and now finances as much as $3 billion in total small business capital. What’s more, PayPal recently increased its maximum financing limit to $125k, meaning that a majority of small businesses who applied for credit in 2016 could fulfill their financing needs with PayPal.

Online lenders like SmartBiz have a 62% approval rate, on average.

The Fed’s survey found that CDFIs had a 77% approval rate and small banks had a 67% approval rate. Both of these rates higher than many online lenders that are known to typically have some of the easier qualifications.

By comparison, the overall approval rate among larger banks is 54% and 46% among credit unions.

Banks should avoid replicating their millennial strategy for Gen Z (American Banker), Rated: A

Facebook chatbots (kids love messaging apps!), smartphone-enabled ATMs (they spend so much time on their smartphones!) and an on-demand ATM on wheels that will come to you (Uber is the only way to get around!). Not only are these investments failing to resonate with millennials, but the money spent is also failing to plan ahead for the next generation: Generation Z.

Born between 1995 and 2010, Gen Z consumers are looking for something more than simple digital updates: They are looking for a partner that offers them solutions for all pieces of their financial life, including their pressing concern over mounting college debt. In fact, offering “digital” solutions to traditional banking products will not be enough to impress Gen Z, as they are the first to grow up in the post-digital era, giving them high standards for technological capabilities.

Gen Z is also a highly skeptical generation with little brand loyalty; if they see a well-researched, proven option available to them, they will have no hesitation jumping ship or avoiding traditional providers altogether. Whereas 45% of millennials favor loyalty programs, only 30% of Gen Z consumers do. In fact, 41% of Gen Z say they would consider banking services from digital power players like Google, Amazon, Apple or Facebook because they are brands that they interact with daily and trust.

Acting comptroller’s wish list echoes long-held demands by banks (American Banker), Rated: A

In his first testimony to Congress, acting Comptroller of the Currency Keith Noreika is set to submit a laundry list of detailed proposals to loosen regulatory restrictions on financial institutions of all sizes — recommendations that appear to jibe with those made by the Treasury Department this month.

Noreika is offering 17 specific legislative proposals that echo the banking industry’s wish list for regulatory reform.

LendingTree Subsidiary Purchases MagnifyMoney (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

LendingTree, Inc. (NASDAQ: TREE) announced on Tuesday its subsidiary, LendingTree, LLC, has acquired the company behind consumer-facing media property platform, MagnifyMoney. This news comes just days after LendingTree announced it acquired DepositAccounts.com.

According to LendingTree, the acquisition purchase has a possible total consideration of $29.5 million, which consists of 29.5 million in cash at closing, and contingent consideration payments of up to $10 million.

A former cohead of tech at Goldman Sachs has joined a startup that wants to be the iOS of Wall Street (Business Insider), Rated: A

Paul Walker, the former cohead of technology at Goldman Sachs, has joined the board at OpenFin, a startup that helps electronic-trading firms build their desktop applications.

Bain Capital Ventures, Pivot Investment Partners, and Nyca Partners have already invested in OpenFin, as have the likes of Cris Conde, former CEO of SunGard, and Tom Glocer, former CEO of Thomson Reuters.

Walker retired from Goldman in 2016 after 15 years with the Wall Street titan. Walker joined the firm in 2001 as a vice president in FICC strategies. He made partner at the firm in 2008.

OpenFin is looking to become Wall Street’s version of what the iOS and Android platforms are to the mobile application space.

Orchard Platform Pivot? Not So Fast. (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

Earlier this week there was note circulating the Orchard was in the midst of a pivot.  Specifically, the report said Orchard was pivoting from a data/analytics platform to a loan trading platform. This was interesting as the secondary transaction platform for securities based on online loans has been in the works for quite some time.

“We have wanted to have a trading platform for years now,” said Matt Burton, CEO and co-founder of Orchard. “I am not certain where that came from. We have always wanted to facilitate [secondary] transactions. We still have the same vision.”

LENDonate Changes The Game of Nonprofit Financing by Creating Swift Access to High Quality Loans (PR.com), Rated: A

LENDonate, a fintech company, today announced the launch of its distinct hybrid, online lending platform for 501(c)(3) nonprofits. The first-of-a-kind, hybrid platform uses an innovative process that lets nonprofits source loans and donations simultaneously. LENDonate unites nonprofits with lenders, including financial institutions, philanthropic organizations, and accredited investors for quick funding of high-quality, low cost loans. LENDonate is the only marketplace lending platform that enables nonprofits to effortlessly expand their donor base while financing major projects or smoothing out uneven cash flow.

LENDonate was founded by Vivienne Hsu, CEO, a seasoned investment professional and nonprofit fundraiser. She was motivated by a desire to improve nonprofits’ access to the low-cost funding, while providing high-quality, socially impactful investment opportunities for banks and philanthropists.

Which Loans Can Help You Expand Your Small Business? (NASDAQ), Rated: A

Below is an exhaustive list of documents that your lender may request. Online lenders are less stringent and may ask for less, while traditional banks will want the entire suite. Also expect lenders to pull your personal credit score and your business credit score as part of the approval process.

  • Personal financial statement: This SBA form requires you to list your personal assets (cash, investments, real estate and cars) and liabilities (mortgages, other debts and unpaid taxes). Private lenders may ask for a similar statement.
  • Business certificate/license
  • Business plan
  • Loan application history
  • Income tax returns
  • Resumes
  • Business lease

The Small Business Administration (SBA)—which guarantees a percentage of the loan amount to banks rather funding directly—is particularly helpful for expansion loan options. The SBA will guarantee up to 85 percent of loans for as much as $150,000 and up to 75 percent of loans over $150,000. A small SBA loan of $25,000 or less can get an 8% interest rate with a payment term of fewer than seven years. The rate on a loan over $50,000 can drop to as low as 6.5% with the same payment terms. Some banks may offer private loans, but their requirements are even stricter than those of the SBA.

Online lenders offer loans with higher rates. But the online lenders often have a faster approval process than banks originating SBA loans.

Another borrowing source on the rise is peer-to-peer lending, or marketplace lending, for businesses.

OCC, CSBS Exchange Views on OCC’s Special-Purpose Charter (Banking Journal), Rated: A

The OCC’s proposed limited-purpose charter for fintech companies was the subject of a lively discussion at the American Bankers Association’s Payments Forum today, as regulators from the OCC and Conference of State Bank Supervisors exchanged at-times opposing views.

Margaret Liu, SVP and deputy general counsel at CSBS reiterated her organization’s view that in moving forward with the limited-purpose charter, the OCC overstepped its authority under the National Bank Act (the CSBS previously filed a lawsuit against the OCC on those grounds).

Kathy Oldenborg, director of payments systems policy at the OCC, emphasized that under the limited-purpose charter, fintech companies would be held the same high regulatory standards as banks, based on the products and services they provide to consumers. She added that while much of the focus around the OCC’s work on innovation has centered on the charter proposal, “the broader initiative was… the ability to signal to banks that it’s okay to innovate. You can work with fintech companies, you can partner with fintech companies, you can buy one if you want. There’s nothing that says you can’t work with fintech companies outside this whole chartering discussion.”

Home Point Financial Establishes Institutions Group (Marketwired), Rated: B

Home Point Financial Corporation (“Home Point”) a national multi-channel mortgage originator and servicer, today announced the formation of its new Institutions Group. This group will include Correspondent Lending, Capital Markets and Home Point’s wholly-owned warehouse lending subsidiary, NattyMac. Led by Maria Fregosi, Chief Capital Markets Officer, the Institutions Group will be able to efficiently and effectively serve correspondent clients with services and products that capitalize on the financial resources, technology and expertise of Home Point Financial.

Cross River on OCC Comptroller’s testimony calling on clarification of the applicability of the “Valid when Made” doctrine (Cross River Bank Email), Rated: B

Cross River Bank, a marketplace leading originator and pioneer in the banking financial technology space, released the following statement on the recommendation by acting OCC Comptroller of the Currency Keith Noreika to clarify the applicability of the “Valid when Made” doctrine.

It is of the utmost importance to deliver regulatory certainty and foster innovation while providing access to credit to all consumers in a compliant, safe, and sound environment. We commend Comptroller Noreika for his testimony this morning recommending clarification of the applicability of the “Valid when Made” doctrine. Cross River remains a steadfast supporter of the Comptroller’s, and the entire regulatory agency community’s, efforts to bring clarity to the regulatory framework and advance the interests of the consumers while ensuring their protection.

Aspire Retains SenaHill (Aspire Email), Rated: B

“Aspire Financial Technologies Inc. (“Aspire”) is announcing today that it has retained SenaHill Advisors LLC (

Crowdfunding Becoming Viable Way to Fund Real Estate (Realty Biz News), Rated: B

It’s estimated that by 2025 the crowdfunding real estate industry will be worth more than $300 billion. One of the reasons for this prediction is that it provides individual investors the opportunity to participate in large real estate deals even if they only have a small amount of capital to invest. Just a few years ago things were very different as crowdfunding had yet to gain traction. In 2010 the crowdfunding industry was worth $880 million but is now worth $34.4 billion which is an incredible rate of growth.

CFPB details complaint process at Comply2017 Conference (JD Supra), Rated: B

At the Comply2017 conference held earlier this week in New York City, Scott Steckel, a member of the CFPB’s Office of Consumer Response, gave a presentation in which he detailed the CFPB’s complaint process and how the CFPB shares complaint data through its complaint database.

United Kingdom

Wellesley directors were paid more than £900,000 last year (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

WELLESLEY & Co’s directors collectively pocketed £923,000 last year, while the property lender reported a full-year loss of £210,288.

Chief executive and founder Graham Wellesley was awarded the highest salary of £342,000, while co-founder Andrew Turnbull took home £244,000, according to the latest annual report filed with Companies House earlier this month.

Former Lloyds Banking Group chief executive Eric Daniels, who stepped down as non-executive chairman at the end of May 2016, received £50,000. Daniels has now joined the board of Funding Circle.

How has the P2P sector fared in the year since the Brexit vote? (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

Funding Circle, which received full FCA authorisation last month, has seen new lending grow each quarter since the referendum, from £151,803 lent in the second quarter of 2016 to £182,854 in the third and £305,970 in the fourth. It lent £328,059 in the first three months of this year.

Similarly, Zopa, also now fully authorised, has seen lending increase each quarter, from £154m in the second quarter of 2016, to £175m in the third. There was £194.3m of lending in the fourth quarter and £246.4m at the start of the year.

RateSetter, the last of the big three still awaiting full FCA approval, has seen both consumer and business lending increase.

New business lending was at £59.8m in the second quarter of 2016, rising to £73.8m in the following three months before dropping to £60.5m at the end of the year. It bounced back to £72.5m at the start of 2017.

Landbay has been more mixed, with new lending dropping from £5m in the second quarter to £282,820 in the third and £193,800 in the final three months of the year. New lending was back up to £833,300 at the start of the year.

RateSetter has seen the biggest increase, taking on 9,573 up to the first quarter of 2017 to 44,402.

Funding Circle was a close second, taking on 8,604 to 59,740, while Zopa took on 6,091, taking the total number of lenders to 60,755.

Only MarketInvoice saw a drop by 47 to 220.

Zopa has taken on the most new borrowers at 41,310 since the referendum to 171,607 while RateSetter has taken 30,286 to 203,994.

Landbay and Thincats have taken on the least, at four and 34 respectively.

The FCA received 77 submissions for the second phase of the regulatory sandbox, more than applied for cohort one. 31 applications met the sandbox eligibility criteria and were accepted to develop towards testing. The current cohort consists of the 24 firms that are ready to begin testing shortly.

AssetVault

AssetVault enables consumers to catalogue all of their assets in a secure online register and better understand their total value. AssetVault then works with insurance providers to protect the consumer and their assets with appropriate insurance products.

Beekin

Leverages artificial intelligence and data sharing to build transparency and liquidity in alternative assets (real estate, angel investments), and offers risk management and analytics services to small investors.

Experian

A mortgage eligibility tool that can be used to help consumers who are in the research phase of buying a home by increasing awareness of their eligibility, based on the lender’s affordability criteria.

FloodFlash

FloodFlash provides event-based flood insurance, even in high-risk areas.

Insure A Thing

An alternative insurance business model where the consumer makes payments at the end of the month, based on the exact cost of claims settled during that period.

Nimbla

Nimbla provides flexible trade credit insurance and credit and invoice management tools to UK SMEs, via an online platform

Paylinko A DLT-based payments solution enabling users to send and receive payments using a link.

We are now accepting applications from firms to be part of our third sandbox phase. Firms have until 31 July 2017 to submit their applications.

Departing Bank of England rate-setter takes swipe at Mark Carney in final speech (Belfast Telegraph), Rated: A

A departing rate-setter at the Bank of England has taken a final swipe at dovish Governor Mark Carney, saying record-low interest rates are no longer justified.

In her final speech as an external member of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), Kristin Forbes questioned the continued need for “emergency” level interest rates, as well as the “substantial amount of stimulus” rolled out in the wake of the Brexit vote, stressing that forecasts for a recession and higher unemployment after the referendum have failed to materialise.

No sign of decreasing P2P appetite, claims lender (Bridging & Commercial), Rated: A

There has been no sign of a decrease in demand for peer-to-peer finance, online platform RateSetter has told Bridging & Commercial.

“…We’ve seen steadily increasing demand from advisers, and the value of IFA-administered accounts on our platform has doubled over the last year.

“Although there are clearly hurdles – for example, direct investments in peer-to-peer lending are not currently available through investment platforms commonly used by IFAs to buy products on their clients behalf – we see no signs of decreasing appetite.”

Jane Dumeresque, CEO at Folk2Folk, explained that the FCA process was extremely tough and was not too surprised that some had withdrawn.

Peter McDermid: help to build (The Scotsman), Rated: A

Today marks the Scottish launch of the LendInvest Property Development Academy, an adult education course that puts development skills at the fingertips of aspiring house builders.

The first London course was ten times oversubscribed and to date more than 120 “students” have completed our courses. Now we’ve rolled out countrywide to satisfy demand.

Sessions are led by experienced and, as importantly, local advisers who know what it takes to get small-scale property developments delivered on time and on budget.

Development issues

Access to finance continues to be the biggest hurdle. A severe lack of lenders in Scotland is problematic.

Any experienced developer knows that applying for and awaiting planning permission can be a long, exhausting and expensive process. This is where it pays to do your research.

Structuring a professional team is one of the most important aspects of planning for a development, and a task that can be more complex than it first appears. There are various questions that a developer needs to ask: what are the key development costs? How long will a project take?What consultants are involved in a development project and how should they all work with one another? How do developers insure their teams against delays and accidents?

Sales and marketing are commonly regarded as an afterthought, something to worry about “later”, when in fact marketing needs to be in the forefront of a developer’s mind from the very beginning.

Three out of four investors refuse to pay for financial advice (Money Observer), Rated: A

A survey conducted by investment management company Legg Mason has found that only 24 per cent of investors would be prepared to pay the typical hourly fee for financial advice – which works out on average at £150 per hour, according to unbiased.co.uk.

Just 10 per cent of those who answered said they would be willing to pay £150 or more, while an additional 11 per cent agreed that they would pay between £50 and £149.

Over a third of respondents (36 per cent) said they would refuse to pay for financial advice outright, while 15 per cent said they were unsure what they would be happy to pay.

Why Financial Advisers Won’t Succumb To The Robots Any Time Soon (Huffington Post), Rated: B

Add to this, low levels of financial education, low levels of trust in financial services generally and overwhelming product choice (e.g. 2,000+ investments) and engaging customers without a human adviser is tough. That’s why, according to the industry’s regulator the FCA, of the £208 billion invested by consumers last year 78% was through advisers.

The vast majority of investment advice consumers now get from advisers is supported by online, model driven, financial technology (FinTech) which helps advisers more scientifically assess their risk profile and develop probability based investment strategies which give them a higher chance of meeting their goals at an acceptable risk level.

There are four developments now emerging, which will almost certainly change the game:

  1. Simple, automated advice
  2. Account aggregation
  3. Social networks
  4. Artificial intelligence
China

Renren Announces Unaudited First Quarter 2017 Financial Results (PR Newswire), Rated: AAA

  • Total net revenues were US$20.9 million, a 94.3% increase from the corresponding period in 2016.

    • Advertising and IVAS net revenues were US$11.6 million, a 90.2% increase from the corresponding period in 2016.
    • Financing income was US$9.3 million, a 99.7% increase from the corresponding period of 2016.
  • Gross profit was US$6.4 million, a 172.6% increase from the corresponding period in 2016.
  • Operating loss was US$17.6 million, compared to an operating loss of US$19.2 million in the corresponding period in 2016.
  • Net loss attributable to the Company was US$16.2 million, compared to a net loss of US$23.2 million in the corresponding period in 2016.
  • Adjusted net loss(1) (non-GAAP) was US$11.0 million, compared to an adjusted net loss of US$15.9 million in the corresponding period in 2016.

P2P Industry News (Xing Ping She Email), Rated: AAA

Internet Finance Giants Ant Financial, Baidu etc., working with bank for new opportunities on fintech. 

It seems a trend that internet financial giants working with traditional banks in China. Recently, Baidu built a strategic partnership with Agricultural Bank of China (ABC). The cooperation focuses on fintech areas, including co-building of financial brains and portraits of clients , precise marketing, customer credit evaluating, risk monitoring, robo-advising, etc.

Previously, both Jingdong Finance and Ant Financial Services Group have announced partnerships with banks. On 16th June, Jingdong signed a framework agreement on financial business cooperation with ICBC, planning to conduct cooperation in fintech, retail banking, enterprise credit, etc. While in the late of March, the CCB has signed a tripartite cooperation agreement with Alibaba and Ant Financial. According to the agreement, Ant financial would help CCB to boost the online credit card business. They are going to strength cooperation in offline & online channel and electronic payment business, so as to open up the credit system.

Bank of China Set Up the Inclusive Finance Division

On 20th June, the Inclusive Financial Division of BOC was founded officially. The new division aim at providing financial services in comprehensive coverage of rural and urban. According to reports, China Construction Bank (CCB), Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) and Agricultural Bank of China (ABC) have all set up their Inclusive Financial Division at the general bank level.

Baidu and the Agricultural Bank reached a strategic cooperation in the layout of intelligent finance (Sina), Rated: A

In accordance with the strategic cooperation agreement, the cooperation mainly focused on the field of financial technology, including the construction of financial brain and customer portrait, precision marketing, customer credit evaluation, risk monitoring, intelligent investment, intelligent customer service and other specific applications, Around the financial products and channel users and other areas to start a comprehensive cooperation.

Bank of China Begin Fintech Move (AI Topics), Rated: B

Bank of China (BOC) and Tencent have established a joint financial technology laboratory, the lender said in a statement this week. The lab will work on cloud computing, big data, blockchain and artificial intelligence to promote financial innovations.

European Union

IDA ‘confident’ of Brexit investments pipeline, banking event told (Irish Times), Rated: A

IDA Ireland’s head of international financial services, Kieran Donoghue, has said he is “confident” that the Republic will secure a number of wins as his organisation “aggressively” pursues the opportunity to lure financial activity from London following Brexit.

Luxembourg’s politicians pin economic hopes on fintech drive (Financial Times), Rated: A

Britain’s planned departure from the EU has provided policymakers with an incentive to build a fintech hub in Luxembourg that could attract UK technology companies looking to maintain a foothold in the EU.

Prime minister Xavier Bettel has made the country’s digital transformation a priority since succeeding the long-serving Jean-Claude Juncker in December 2013. Mr Bettel launched the Digital Lëtzebuerg [Luxembourg] initiative the following year as a platform for encouraging new technology in the financial industry as well as society as a whole.

The flagship project to encourage fintech is the Luxembourg House of Financial Technology, opened with much fanfare in April with backing from the government and business groups.

Its focus is on insurance, banking and fund technology in areas such as digital investment and portfolio management, blockchain applications, payment platforms, data analytics, artificial intelligence, security and authentication.

International

How Fintech is Disrupting Banking for Businesses Around the Globe (Due), Rated: A

Same day bank transfers were rolled out in the United Kingdom almost a decade ago. NACHA, the regulatory organization responsible for the ACH system, announced efforts for faster transfers two years ago. However, very few banks are actually implementing faster transfers.

Digital wallets are a key concept in bringing financial services to the unbanked and underbanked.

Multiple large banks have added bot features to their customer service toolset, and there is no limit to how far it can go. Just a few months ago at LendIt I captured a video of someone asking a computer for help picking a credit card.

Over $36 billion were poured into FinTech ventures in 2016 alone, and about a quarter of that went to banking related ventures. Payments, investments, and wealth management were other major categories for 2016 FinTech investment.

Australia/New Zealand

Harmoney’s Marketplace Hits $ 500,000,000 (Scoop), Rated: AAA

Peer-to-peer lending marketplace Harmoney announced today that $500,000,000 in lending has been transacted through the platform in just under three years of operation. 30,000 Kiwis have made the choice to join the Harmoney community with additional support from two challenger NZ owned banks TSB and Heartland.

Kiwis have borrowed for all sorts of reasons;

  • 12,000 to pay off debt, mainly expensive Credit Card debt
  • 4,000 have completed home improvements and renovations
  • 3,000 have taken a special trip or holiday
  • Almost 2,000 have upgraded their car and;
  • 10,000 have borrowed for a vast array of other reasons, from dream weddings, book publishing to achieving their dreams at the Paralympics.

Consultation on personalised robo-advice (JD Supra), Rated: AAA

There is a clear demand, from both industry and the regulator, to allow personalised robo-advice to be provided ahead of the FAA reforms. As a result, the FMA is consulting on an exemption to allow this to happen – the exemption consultation can be found here.

The exemption will be subject to conditions but these are very similar to those that regulators have imposed in other jurisdictions (such as Australia) where our offices have been advising on for some time. We don’t expect there to be too much objection to these.

Limits:

  • Service: The exemption will be limited to financial advice or investment planning services and won’t cover the provision of DIMS under the FAA or the FMCA.
  • Product type: The robo-adviser will be limited to advice on financial products that are highly liquid or easily transferable. The FMA’s over-riding concern here is that consumers should be able to easily unwind their holdings if the robo-advice is poor or unsuitable. The proposed product list for robo-advice will be:
  • KiwiSaver and managed funds that are continuously offered and redeemed at a price based on the value of the scheme property
  • Listed equities and listed debt
  • Government bonds
  • General insurance products (home, contents and vehicle) and
  • Savings products and credit contracts (other than mortgages).

Conditions: 

  • Pre-notification procedure: A robo-adviser will need to give prior notice to the FMA setting out ‘good character’ declarations in relation to senior managers and directors and giving details of any criminal convictions in New Zealand or overseas. The FMA will need to issue a no objection confirmation in relation to the good character declarations before the robo-adviser starts business.
  • Status disclosure: The robo-adviser will need to clearly disclose that it is relying on the exemption and that the FMA has not in any way endorsed, approved or reviewed the service.
  • Disclosure: Before giving advice to a client, the robo-adviser will need to give the client sufficient information to make an informed decision, including:
  • The nature and scope of the service and whether the service is limited to a particular range of products. This will need to include:
  • Clarification of the extent of human involvement
  • Clarification that the advice provided will depend solely on the information provided by the client
  • An explanation of any limits on the advice or portfolios generated by the algorithm
  • A concise explanation of the benefits and risks of the service.
  • An explanation of the fees that must be paid.
  • Details of how the robo-adviser is paid and disclosing any actual or potential conflicts of interest that may influence the services provided.
  • An explanation of how complaints can be made.

Regulator seeks feedback on robo-advice exemption (NZ Adviser), Rated: A

The Financial Markets Authority (FMA) is seeking feedback on its proposals that would enable entities to provide robo-advice.

The current law, passed in 2008, did not contemplate digital advice, meaning that personalised advice, or advice that takes into account an individual’s financial situation or goals, can only be given by “a natural person”.

The purposes of the Financial Advisers Act (‘FA Act’) are aligned with the Financial Markets Conduct Act, which include “promoting innovation and flexibility in financial markets.”

Global Credit Investments gives OnDeck Australia A$ 22.5m financing (AltFi), Rated: A

Asset manager Global Credit Investments has hit up its network of rich Australian families and raised A$22.5 million to refinance OnDeck Australia’s small business loan book.

A press release issued by both companies said the capital raise was “significantly oversubscribed”, with wealthy Australians attracted to the returns offered by OnDeck‘s loans, typically in the high-single-digits.

FinTech Australia releases fintech ecosystem map (Fintech Australia), Rated: A

Australia’s fintech industry body today released its first member ecosystem map, which helps build domestic and international understanding of the nation’s fintech strengths and diversity, particularly in wealth generation and lending.

The ecosystem map shows that wealth and investment, and consumer and business lending, are Australia’s two largest fintech sub-sectors – an outcome that is consistent with findings from last year’s.

Online Lender Prospa Appoints Damon Pezaro as Chief Product Officer (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: B

Prospa, an Australian online lender for small businesses, has appointed Damon Pezaro as its first Chief Product Officer.

Pezaro joins Prospa from Domain, where as CPO he led major transformation across the business and, apparently, a dramatic period of growth.

Asia

Asian Fintech Scene ‘Leapfrogging’ Over US In Innovation (Benzinga), Rated: A

While fintech companies proliferate in the United States, driving the expansion of a well-established financial sector with flourishing credit card and personal banking industries, Orchard Platform CEO Matt Burton is turning an eye to the east.

“In a lot of Asia, that doesn’t exist whatsoever,” Burton said at Benzinga’s 2017 Fintech Awards. “The population there are getting loans for the first time ever. There’s no credit bureaus there, so any data set that you’re able to acquire is completely proprietary.”

Matt Burton, CEO of Orchard Platform, at the 2017 Benzinga Global FinTech Awards

Africa

End of the road for mobile money loan defaulters (Standard Media), Rated: AAA

Credit reporting firm TransUnion yesterday said it had introduced into the Kenyan market a mobile score card that profiles borrowers using mobile lending platforms, which it will be sharing with banks and other lenders.

TransUnion Kenya Chief Executive Billy Owino said the Mobile Score Card would enable lenders access predictive and customised risk views while offering consumers alternative access to credit and an opportunity to build a positive credit score.

This wil be made possible by making use of mobile lending platforms. He added that the mobile money ecosystem has outgrown necessity-based transactions and peer-to-peer lending and is now transiting into mobile credit and loans.

Latin America

Two Brazilian Companies Merged to Create a Super Fintech (Crossroads Today), Rated: AAA

Vindi, a Sao Paulo, Brazil-based provider of subscription/recurring billing and payment solutions, merged with Smartbill, a Sao Paulo, Brazil-based provider of a subscription management system.

The financial terms of the deal were not disclosed, but the merger of the two companies aims to consolidate the market of payments focused on the service sector in Latin America.

Companies like Thomson Reuters, Movile, B2W, Empiricus, Serasa Experian, Buscape, Smartfit, Editora Abril and the most important subscription businesses are using Vindi and Smartbill solutions.

Authors:

George Popescu
Allen Taylor