Wednesday August 16 2017, Daily News Digest

unsecured personal loan market

News Comments Today’s main news: SoFi battles its first PR crisis. Small businesses braced for higher costs post-Brexit. ID Finance sees potential in Brazilian market, sees 82% revenue growth in 2017 first half. Today’s main analysis: Pullback in subprime loans. Prosper’s Q2 numbers. Today’s thought-provoking articles: New fintech lenders encroaching on business banking turf. Pullback on subprime loans. Hongling Capital […]

unsecured personal loan market

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News Summary

United States

SoFi battles its first major PR crisis (Tearsheet), Rated: AAA

In a wrongful dismissal suit filed last week, a former employee reportedly claimed he was let go after he told management he had seen female employees subjected to lewd and inappropriate comments and that managers canceled loan applications when internal errors were made — a tactic to secure quarterly bonuses of up to $15,000. There’s also talk of a second class-action lawsuit alleging broader mistreatment of employees at the company.

But experts said the extent of the damage to the SoFi brand will center on whether other employees come forward to corroborate the allegations.

Jim Prosser, vp of communications and policy at SoFi, said the company carried out an internal investigation into the matter and challenged the notion that loan applications could be arbitrarily cancelled.

Based on sentiment expressed on Twitter, the lawsuit hasn’t made a big dent in SoFi’s brand reputation. Since the news broke Friday, 119 tweets mentioned the SoFi Twitter handle, 53 percent of which were positive and 47 percent were negative, according to Brandwatch. Compared to the past month, the SoFi handle attracted 920 mentions, 75 percent of which were positive. Still, Terry maintains that it’s not a massive conversation, and the news may have gotten less play with the violence in Charlottesville, Virginia, capturing headlines.

Start of a New Trend? Pullback in Subprime Loans Observed (GlobeNewswire), Rated: AAA

For the first time since 2012, originations to subprime consumers declined year-over-year for a number of major credit products, according to TransUnion’s (NYSE:TRUQ2 2017 Industry Insights Report. The report, powered by PramaSM analytics, found that 4.63 million subprime consumers originated an auto loan or lease, personal loan or credit card in Q1 2017. Comparatively, 4.89 million subprime consumers originated one of these products in Q1 2016.

In Q1 2017, subprime personal loan originations declined 10.6% year-over-year, compared to a positive annual growth rate of 11.0% in Q1 2016. This marks three straight quarters of year-over-year declines in originations. More than 100,000 fewer subprime consumers opened a personal loan in Q1 2017 than in Q1 2016.

In fact, personal loan originations declined for all risk tiers, but at lower rates than for subprime originations. Total originations dropped 6.9% from 2.99 million in Q1 2016 to 2.78 million in Q1 2017.

In the credit card market, subprime originations declined by 1.8% to start 2017, the second consecutive quarter of decline. Since 2014, subprime originations had increased at a rapid rate, averaging growth of 29.2% in the first quarters of 2014, 2015 and 2016. In Q1 2017, subprime originations declined at nearly the same rate as total originations (down 1.9%).

As subprime consumers gained access to credit cards, lenders kept subprime credit lines low. In Q1 2017, subprime consumers held just 2.6% of total credit lines.

Auto loan originations declined 8.9% year-over-year from Q1 2016 to Q1 2017. Originations to subprime consumers dropped to 1.10 million in Q1 2017, down from 1.20 million in the first quarter of 2016. At the same time, total originations declined just 2.9% to 6.73 million in Q1 2017.

Source: TransUnion

Mortgage Delinquency Rate Drops to New Low since Recession

The mortgage delinquency rate reached the lowest level since the recession in the second quarter of 2017, dropping below 2% for the first time in almost 10 years. The mortgage delinquency rate was 1.92% in Q2 2017, down 16.5% from 2.30% in Q2 2016.

Viewed one quarter in arrears, mortgage originations remained relatively steady year-over-year in the first quarter of 2017. Up slightly from 1.46 million in Q1 2016, mortgage originations reached 1.49 million in Q1 2017. Largely due to the rise in interest rates, originations declined 28.3% between Q4 2016 and Q1 2017. A year prior, originations only declined 9.4% between Q4 2015 and Q1 2016.

More than 83% of mortgage originations were in the prime and above risk tiers in the first quarter of 2017. Market share of prime and above risk tiers has remained roughly in that range since Q4 2013.

The average new account balance, also viewed one quarter in arrears, declined 1.6% from $223,262 in Q1 2016 to $219,743 in Q1 2017.

Source: TransUnion

Total Credit Card Balances Rise Following Rich Credit Offers in 2016

The latest TransUnion Industry Insights report found that total credit card balances continued their steady year-over-year increase in the second quarter of 2017. Total card balances reached nearly $714 billion, up 7.8% from $662 billion in Q2 2016. The average balance per consumer grew 3.3% to $5,422, up from $5,247 in Q2 2016.

The credit card delinquency rate reached 1.46% in Q2 2017, up 13.2% from 1.29% in Q2 2016. This brings the card delinquency rate above the average Q2 delinquency reading of 1.27% for the last three years.

Source: TransUnion

Auto Delinquency Rate Rises after Years of Non-prime Origination Growth

TransUnion’s latest Industry Insights Report found that the auto delinquency rate reached 1.23% in Q2 2017, an increase of 10.8% from 1.11% Q2 2016.

Viewed one quarter in arrears, auto originations declined to 6.73 million in Q1 2017, down 2.9% from 6.93 million in Q1 2016. This marks the third consecutive quarter of year-over-year declines in auto originations and the first decline in origination growth in any first quarter since 2010.

Total auto balances achieved a new high in Q1 2017, reaching $1.145 trillion. The total balance was up 6.9% from $1.072 trillion in Q1 2016.

Source: TransUnion

Personal Loans Reach New Milestones as Balances Grow and Delinquencies Drop

In the second quarter of 2017, the personal loan delinquency rate declined to the lowest level since 2009. The delinquency rate was 3.02% in Q2 2017, an 8.5% decline from 3.30% in Q2 2016.

Personal loan balances achieved a new milestone of nearly $107 billion in Q2 2017, growing 10.8% over Q2 2016, when total balances were $96 billion. While balances increased, the growth rate was lower than the average Q2 growth rate of 24.7% for the past three years. The average balance per consumer also reached a new high at $7,781 in the second quarter, up slightly from $7,745 in Q2 2016.

Personal loan originations, viewed one quarter in arrears, declined 6.9% to 2.78 million in Q2 2017, compared to 2.99 million in Q2 2016.

Source: TransUnion

Please visit  more charts and details about TransUnion’s Q2 2017 Industry Insights Report or to register for TransUnion’s Q2 2017 Industry Insights Webinar.

Prosper Reports Strong Q2 Numbers – Is Cash Flow Positive Again (Lend Academy), Rated: AAA

Source: Lend Academy

As you can see in the graphic above Prosper had a rocky 2016. They went from a quarterly origination high of over $1.1 billion in Q4 2015 to a low of $312 million in Q3 2016. Since that time they have shown some solid growth with originations in Q2 2017 coming in at $775 million up from $586 million in Q1. They still have a long way to go before they reach record levels but growth has returned to the first US marketplace lender.

  • Total originations from inception through June 30, 2017 was $9.7 billion.
  • Transaction fee revenue rose to $35.4 million, up 32% quarter-over-quarter and 84% year-over-year.
  • Whole loans represented 94% of total loan volume in Q2.
  • Adjusted EBITDA was $6.7 million up from a loss of $11.6 million in Q2 2016.
Source: Lend Academy

New Fintech Lenders Encroaching On Business Banking Turf (The Financial Brand), Rated: AAA

Small and micro businesses struggle to get the cash they need. According to the Federal Reserve’s small business credit survey, 60% of applicants obtained less financing than they needed.

And they need money. The top challenge facing small businesses, says the Fed, is credit availability or securing funds for expansion (44%), followed by paying operating expenses (36%), making payments on debt (25%), and purchasing inventory or supplies to fulfill contracts (17%).

Unfortunately, size makes these loans unattractive to many banking providers. More than half (55%) of small businesses needed $100,000 or less and three-quarters sought $250,000 or less.



Can Smaller Banks and Credit Unions Compete? And Should They?

First, while online lender websites may be alluring, small business owners are still concerned about data security and privacy — particularly with these neo-lender startups. Second, the product features among fintechs are not always clearly stated, making it difficult to compare product offerings and costs.

These issues mean many small businesses still prefer to get a loan from a bank. Half (50%) seek financing from a large bank, and 21% from online lenders. And their preference is for loans not credit cards; 86% say they applied for a loan or a line of credit vs. only 31% who just applied for a credit card.

Smaller loans can be profitable, if you approach them in new ways using new tools.

  1. Reengineer the Process with Big Data. With so much data available on small business owners and more computing power, banks can use big data in innovative ways to decision loans. No longer limited to a credit score, big data can analyze the behavior of the business and predict its ability to pay back the loan. Big data also means that fewer applications must be sent to a human for decisioning. Real-time decisioning cuts costs for the bank and since so much customer data is already digitized, there’s less need to require borrowers to submit reams of documentation.
  2. Partner with Fintech. Rather than try to compete with online alternative lenders, consider joining them. IN 2015, J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. announced a partnership with On Deck Capital to create online small business loans. Called Chase Business Quick Capital, it provides Chase customers with faster access to cash than a traditional bank loan. Chase states that the capital can be available in the same day. In the past, a small business loan could take weeks to decision and then fund.

Goldman Tops Banks Betting on a New Type of Hedging (Bloomberg), Rated: A

Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and JPMorgan Chase & Co. are leading big banks in plowing record funds into outside ventures trying to disrupt their industry, a role typically dominated by venture capital firms, according to a report from Opimas, a management consultancy.

Goldman Sachs has invested in about 15 so-called fintech firms focusing on capital markets businesses this year, while JPMorgan has bet on nine, the report shows. Altogether, banks and other established companies will probably pump a record $1.7 billion into the sector through 44 deals in 2017, Opimas estimated.

A hot fintech startup has amassed nearly $ 5 billion from people willing to hand over their bank logins (Business Insider), Rated: A

  • Personal Capital is a startup known for its free platform, which allows people to plug in their bank and investment accounts to see all their financials at once.
  • CEO Jay Shah says Personal Capital has been monetizing the business by getting richer clients to pay for financial advice.
  • The startup recently raised an additional $40 million in outside funding.

The company is managing assets for Americans worth about $4.9 billion, and increasingly the customers are more affluent, Personal Capital’s CEO, Jay Shah, told Business Insider in a recent interview.

Shah declined to say how many of the company’s estimated 1.5 million free users convert to paying for financial advice from the free platform.

What you need to know about financial services fraud (Tearsheet), Rated: A

In finance, there are three distinct patterns of fraud: transaction fraud, application fraud and account takeover fraud.

Card issuers lost $15.72 billion (72 percent) in gross fraud losses in 2015 and merchants and acquirers lost the remaining $6.12 billion (28 percent), according to the Nilson Report.

Application fraud is the fastest-growing type of fraud in financial services and happens when a fraudster actually pretends to be you using actual account credentials to open new lines of credit. We can break it down even further into three types:

  • Third party fraud: when someone gets enough of someone’s personal information from a compromised data set to go to a bank and pretend to be that person to apply or a loan or credit card
  • First party fraud: when the person coming to the bank (or other service) really is the person he or she claims to be but intends to not pay back the loan or credit card; in instances of first party fraud, the bank or business is the victim, not the customer
  • Synthetic fraud: when someone creates a persona using fake or borrowed information, like a social security number, and adds other, made-up elements of personally identifiable information like a name, address or date or birth

Account takeover fraud is the final type of fraud (for the purposes of this primer, at least). It happens to people when fraudsters obtain their various user IDs and passwords to be able to access other accounts that involve financial transactions.

Did those new chip cards I got help?
Kind of! Account takeover incidents increased 61 percent to $2.3 billion from 2015 to 2016, according to research by Javelin published in February. Victims pay an average of $263 out of pocket and spent 20.7 million hours to resolve it in 2016 – six million hours more than in 2015.

Community banks stand to gain from blockchain — if they work together (American Banker), Rated: A

Blockchain is most widely known as the platform to house virtual currencies such as bitcoin,ethereum and litecoin. But the uses for blockchain are going well beyond virtual currencies. The Republic of Georgia, for example, voted in April 2016 to implement a land ownership registry that relies on blockchain to verify ownership of property. If the United States did something similar with blockchain, banks could close real estate loans more quickly. Think about a world where ownership interests in real estate can be verified immediately and with certainty.

In this world, the expansive role of the title agent would essentially dissipate (or be greatly minimized), the time taken to verify title would be eliminated and, most important, the cost associated with confirming a title interest through title insurance would be dramatically reduced. All of these results would improve the closing process, both from an efficiency standpoint for banks and from a cost standpoint for the customer.

Technologists are also using blockchain to try to replace our needlessly difficult residential mortgage loan origination processes so that the process, from application to closing, can be reduced from a few weeks to a few days.

To realize these kinds of opportunities, community banks in a region should collaborate on strategies to bring blockchain into the banking industry.

Top and The Best Peer-To-Peer (P2P) Lending Sites For Online Loans (FX Daily Report), Rated: A

A PriceWaterhouseCoopers report noted that though the P2P industry is in its infancy loans to the tune of $5.5 billion have been disbursed by the P2P websites in the U.S. in 2014 alone. According to PriceWaterhouseCoopers, P2P lending could be more than $150 billion by 2025.

#1: Funding Circle

Funding Circle has disbursed more than $1 billion in loans to over 8,000 businesses in the world. Along with the growth in terms of the number of businesses borrowing from the company, Funding Circle has seen a substantial growth in the number of investors too. In fact, Funding Circle’s investor base includes banks, other financial institutions, and more than 40,000 retail investors. Even the U.K. government is an investor.

#2: Lending Club

As leading online lending marketplace, the company that connects borrowers and lenders has disbursed loans to the tune of $11,167,217,348 as of mid-2015.

#3: Upstart

The minimum amount you can borrow is $3,000 and the maximum is $35,000. The annual percentage rate or APR starts at 4.7 percent. They offer loans for just about everything.

#4: CircleBack Lending

Loans are offered by CircleBack Lending for tenures of 3 or 5 years and amounts ranging from $3,001 to $35,000. The APR ranges from 6.63 percent to 36 percent.

#5: Prosper Marketplace

The company has registered tremendous growth since its inception and currently has a client base of more than 250,000. Prosper has disbursed loans worth more than $4 billion so far.

#6: Peerform

This popular lending marketplace offers 3-year loans ranging from $1,000 to $25,000 with an APR of 7.12 percent to 29.99 percent. Peerform does not look at the FICO score alone in order to measure the risk of lending. The company’s Loan Analyzer carries out the evaluation on a case to case basis. According to Peerform, the Loan Analyzer was developed in consultation with leading economists and it follows a differentiated method for determining the creditworthiness of each borrower. As a result, even individuals whose credit scores are in the range of 600 may be able to secure loans.

#7: SoFi

SoFi’s offers loans starting from $5,000 and up to $100,000, which is higher compared to the standard amount of $35,000 offered by many other players in the peer-to-peer marketplace.

CFPB Says Tribal Online Lender Case Belongs In Illinois (Law360), Rated: A

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau urged an Illinois federal judge Monday not to transfer a suit claiming four Native American tribe-owned companies charged excessively high interest for online loans, saying there’s much more reason to keep the suit in Illinois than to move it to the companies’ preferred Kansas venue.

Golden Valley Lending Inc. and three other online lenders owned by the California-based Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake Tribe had asked U.S. District Judge Thomas M. Durkin in June to transfer the CFPB’s suit to Kansas,….

Why fintech startups love advertising on the New York City subway (Tearsheet), Rated: A

For a consumer fintech startup, it’s the perfect place to put some advertising dollars. TransferWise has built its business around the ability to let people send money overseas at a low cost. Sixty percent of its users are immigrants; 40 percent are American-born. Its employees represent more than 50 countries. Its user base and prospective customer pool looks a lot like the people of New York.

Even if they’re American-born, theres still a chance they moved to New York from someplace else. TransferWise wants to send the message that it celebrates that diversity.

The subway is a hot destination for startups in general, looking to stretch their marketing budgets. E-commerce startups like Thinx and Casper both love advertising on the subway, calling them “conversation starters” and a way to be in a city where “trends are set.” They’re also effective, say these companies: David Zhang, Casper’s CMO, told Tearsheet’s sister site, Digiday that subway ads are highly effective to target local audience because when riders get stuck on the train, they have nowhere to look except at those ads.

Three years ago Venmo ran an ad campaign around the New York subway featuring an everyday millennial called “Lucas” (who, it turns out, was a Venmo engineer). Venmo’s message to subway riders was the same (although less nostalgic and bittersweet): we do the same things you do, we understand you. The campaign sparked a lot of frustration and confusion for consumers — but the company was engaging with them.

Charlotte fintech startup targets couples who don’t merge finances (Charlotte Agenda), Rated: A

Couples today are getting married later.

And when they do get hitched, they’re much less likely to combine their finances. Only one-third of millennial couples are putting everything in a joint bank account and fully merging their money. That’s down from about half of couples overall, according to research from TD Bank.

Honeyfi, an app planning a formal beta launch later this week, is designed to allow couples to blend finances to the extent they’re willing to — and figure out how to manage things accordingly.

Both sides load in all their financial accounts but can choose what’s visible to their significant other — both at the account level and at the individual transaction level. If you want to keep your shopping spree under wraps, you can do that with Honeyfi.

Small banks’ fintech efforts held back by Volcker Rule (American Banker), Rated: A

The Dodd-Frank Act’s Volcker Rule was meant to protect the financial system by prohibiting banks from engaging in certain risky activities. But it may also be stopping community banks from being able to reap significant benefits from the fintech revolution.

I bought a new Surface with the Surface Plus program (onmsft.com), Rated: A

Here’s a couple of things to note: In order to be considered for the Surface Plus Program, you are required to purchase Microsoft Complete and you will be required to do a credit check through KLARNA. KLARNA handles the financing and you will have to make your monthly payments through KLARNA and NOT Microsoft. After choosing the Surface Pro (fan-less Intel Kaby Lake i5 processor, 8 GB RAM, 256 SSD)I found that my 24-month payment plan is similar to a AT&T phone payment plan.

I have not started making payments yet, but my payments will be about $63 a month, with an option to upgrade after 18 months.

 

It takes about a week. I placed my order on August 1, got order on August 8. It is annoying that there is no tracking, but they don’t next-day a device to you when you order online through KLARNA. It can be frustrating I know, I checked my status every day freaking out. Going to a Microsoft Store is a better option.

Alan Gellman Joins Credible as Chief Marketing Officer (PR Web), Rated: B

In the latest move to capitalize on its expanded offerings and accelerate recent growth, personal finance marketplace Credible.com today announced that former Esurance CMO Alan Gellman is joining Credible as its first chief marketing officer.

Gellman who, prior to Esurance, led digital marketing at Wells Fargo, said joining Credible will allow him to pursue his goal of helping a consumer-centric growth-stage company realize its potential.

After launching as the first personal finance marketplace to provide instant, personalized offers for student loans, Credible expanded its offerings to include personal loans, and this month announced the pilot of its credit card marketplace. In the first half of 2017, more than 80,000 people qualified for loan offers through the Credible marketplace.

In his most recent position as chief marketing officer at Esurance, a leader in the self-directed insurance market, Gellman was named one of “The 50 Most Innovative CMOs in the World” by Business Insider. His appointment follows an announcement earlier this month that Ron Suber joined Credible as executive vice-chairman and a member of the board of directors.

New Leaf Communities, in Partnership With RealtyeVest, to Build 35 Unit Townhome Project Near Amazon Fulfillment Center (GlobeNewswire), Rated: B

New Leaf Communities, in partnership with RealtyeVest, announced plans today to raise capital for the new construction of Camden Crossing, a 35-unit townhouse development located in thriving northeast Jacksonville, FL. Online retail giant, Amazon, has plans to open a fulfillment center which will add approximately 1,200 new jobs located less than 2 miles away from the planned property. Additionally, Camden Crossing will be located less than 2 miles from River City Marketplace (a large, bustling outdoor shopping center) and Jacksonville International Airport (JIA). Forbes named Jacksonville one of America’s fastest growing cities in 2017. The 1,495 square foot townhouses will have 3 bedrooms, 2.5 baths, single car garages, and will be located on 6.15 acres.

According to Lee Arsenault of New Leaf Communities, Camden Crossing will offer investors an opportunity to earn an above market return while being secured in a hard asset like real estate.

RealtyeVest was chosen exclusively to raise capital for this project due to their powerful real estate crowdfunding platform, which allows individuals to review and invest in real estate online.

United Kingdom

Funding Circle: Small businesses braced for higher costs after Brexit (P2P Finance News), Rated: AAA

MORE THAN two thirds of small businesses that import goods and services expect costs to increase when Britain leaves the European Union, Funding Circle claims.

A poll of 1,325 small business borrowers by the peer-to-peer platform found 69 per cent of firms expect their average costs to increase by £5,300 per month resulting in £60,000 per year of extra spending.

Businesses were also deflated by the overall result of the general election with only 12 per cent stating that they feel positive about the outcome, while 41 per cent were concerned.

Buy-to-let property platform hits £50m milestone (Property Industry Eye), Rated: A

Founded in 2012 with an initial focus on Manchester, the House Crowd claims to offer investors returns of 8-10% to fund property projects, known as peer-to-peer (P2P) lending.

There have been 307 projects funded so far, all of which are secured on the underlying property.

 

4thWay Criticizes Competitors: “Comparison Websites Display Wildly Inaccurate Information About Peer-to-Peer Lending” (Crowdfund Insider), Rated: A

The worst inaccuracies were found to be:

  • Five of the six are presenting peer-to-peer lending as “savings” rather than “investing” a year after the Financial Conduct Authority expressed well-founded concerns about this practice.
  • The two money sites that compare P2P investments in their comparison tables include P2P lending in savings account comparison tables rather than separate investment comparison tables.
  • Risk of fraud and negligence were not mentioned by any of the money sites.
  • Just one of the six mentioned the risks to investors of concentrating their pots on just one P2P lending platform.
  • Risks identified in behavioral investing theory (such as poor investing results from those who are too greedy or fearful) were not mentioned by any of the sites.
  • None of the six explained the full costs to investors of using P2P services, typically covering just a smaller part of the costs (the lending fee), while sometimes leaving the impression that lending is completely free. (It is never free for investors due to hidden costs.)
  • No money sites made clear the vast difference in risks between the various P2P lending platforms.
  • Just one generic money site explains that bad debts might be higher in a financial downturn.
  • While all showed the risk of losses if a P2P lending platform goes out of business, five did not explain that you could experience delays in getting your money back.
  • Five out of six relied heavily on provision funds and on the level of interest rates to assess whether a P2P lending platform is safe, assuming safety is always correlated. (Interest rates are an unreliable measure of risk and provision funds are a secondary risk-control or risk-measurement devices. Much more important factors include such things as solid underwriting and credit-risk models, good security and low bad debt history.)
  • Some of the money sites did not explain that provision funds might not always be sufficient to cover losses.
  • All six fail to mention that you might not in all circumstances be able to get your money back as soon as you expect, even if there is an option to sell your loans and exit early.

The Start Up Loans Company and NatWest to help UK firms access alternative finance (Startups.co.uk), Rated: A

The Start Ups Loans Company, headline sponsor of the Startups Awards 2017, has announced a partnership with NatWest to help UK businesses access alternative sources of funding.

The government-backed Start Up Loans Company joins six other finance providers on the Capital Connections scheme including Seedrs, Funding Circle, Assetz Capital, iwoca, Together and NatWest Social & Community Capital.

Robo roundtable: Restricted advice like buying an ill-fitting suit (Citywire), Rated: A

New Model Adviser® sat down with the heads of three robo firms, or ‘digital wealth managers’.

  • Adam French, chief executive, Scalable Capital
  • Johann Bornman, director of product, ETFmatic
  • Giovanni Dapra, chief executive, Moneyfarm